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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Mapping the Spatial Distribution of Drainage Density Based on GIS
Kim, Joo-Cheol ; Lee, Sang-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 3~9
Drainage density, defined as the degree to which a landscape is dissected by streams, is a fundamental property of natural terrain that reflect the comprehensive morphologic response of watershed. In this study the spatial variability of drainage density is analyzed by statistical approach to it and its plotting method is proposed. Overland flow length is confirmed to be a highly variable spatial factor from the result of statistical analysis. Distribution map of drainage density based on spatial autocorrelation length in this study would be a superior tool to the classical definition of drainage density.
Application of Flood Discharge for Gumgang Watershed Using GIS-based K-DRUM
Park, Jin-Hyeog ; Hur, Young-Teck ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 11~20
The distributed rainfall-runoff model which is developed in the country requires a lot of time and effort to generate input data. Also, it takes a lot of time to calculate discharge by numerical analysis based on kinematic wave theory in runoff process. Therefore, most river basins using the distributed model are of limited scale, such as small river basins. However, recently, the necessity of integrated watershed management has been increasing due to change of watershed management concept and discharge calculation of whole river basin, including upstream and downstream of dam. Thus, in this study, the feasibility of the GIS based physical distributed rainfall-runoff model, K-DRUM(K-water hydrologic & hydraulic Distributed RUnoff Model) which has been developed by own technology was reviewed in the flood discharge process for the Geum River basin, including Yongdam and Daecheong Dam Watersheds. GIS hydrological parameters were extracted from basic GIS data such as DEM, land cover and soil map, and used as input data of the model. Problems in running time and inaccuracy setting using the existing trial and error method were solved by applying an auto calibration method in setting initial soil moisture conditions. The accuracy of discharge analysis for application of the method was evaluated using VER, QER and Total Error in case of the typhoon 'Ewiniar' event. and the calculation results shows a good agreement with observed data.
Change Detection at the Nakdong Estuary Delta Using Satellite Image and GIS
Oh, Che-Young ; Park, So-Young ; Choi, Chul-Uong ; Jeon, Sung-Woo ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 21~29
Nakdong Estuary Delta plays various roles of worldwide habitat for migratory birds and a sand supplier to Haewoondae Beach and Gwanganri, which are tourist attractions of Busan. In this study, long-term topographical changes of Nakdong Estuary (Jinwoo Islet, Sinja Islet, Doyodeung, Dadae Beach) coast were detected and interpreted. Through the analysis of 34 years' satellite images, it was found out that a part in between front side and back side of Jinwoo Islet increased, Sinja Islet was divided into two belts in 1970, and has formed an islet since the 1980s and extended westward. Due to the rapid development of small islets in front of Baekhabdeung since 1990s, Doyodeung formed in the late 1990s and is still growing. To make coastal map of Nakdong Estuary area, 13 images, of which the tide level was
, from the 112 Landsat images of the period from 1975 to 2009 were selected to section into water zone and land zone using NDV. And the rates of coastal line change such as MATLAB EPR(End Point Rate) and LRR(Linear Regression Rate) were calculated using DSAS 4.0(Digital Shoreline Analysis System). Through detecting topographical changes, EPR showed that the front(south) and back side(north) of Jinwoo Islet moved southward at -0.93~2.56m/yr, and changes in costal line and area of Jinwoo Islet were low and stable. The front and backside of Sinja Islet moved northward at 1~4m/yr, whereas the west side of Sinja Islet was stable at 2~3m/yr and east side of Sinja Islet moved northward at 10m/yr or faster. The front and back side of Doyodeung moved northward at 18~27m/yr, causing the increase of area, while the coastal line of Dadae Beach moved westward at 7m/yr, causing the expansion of the beach. LRR also demonstrated a similar trend to EPR. Although analysis of satellite images and GIS could enabled detection of topographical changes and quantitative analysis of natural phenomena, we found that continuous observation of natural phenomena and various analytical methods are required.
Producing Wind Speed Maps Using Gangwon Weather Data
Kim, Gi-Hong ; Youn, Jun-Hee ; Kim, Baek-Seok ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 31~39
After oil shock, the importance of renewable energy has emerged and it came to the fore again as Korean government declared the policy on low-carbon green growth. Among various renewable energies, it is generally accepted that wind power is the most practical alternative. In this paper we showed the process of producing wind speed map from Gangwon Regional Meteorological Administration's 2008 data. We mapped monthly average and maximum wind speed and compared several interpolation methods applied to the weather data. This wind speed map, which reflects Gangwon's topographical and climatic regional characteristics, is expected to be a good tool for wind farm location analysis.
Facilities Management Using Multi-Dimension Spatial Information
Choi, Seok-Keun ; Jo, Ui-Hwan ; Lee, Byung-Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 41~46
The latest multi-dimension spatial information technology is emerging its importance as material for carrying out efficient facilities management's supporting business about numerous facilities inside a university, budgeting decision-making supporting business such as operating expenses' budgeting and management, etc. and admission advertisement, etc. Accordingly, the present study selected an optimal location that can maximize spatial utilization of a building to be newly built by constructing multi-dimension spatial information for facilities management of a university, and executed a site suitability analysis according to transfer of a university symbol and a landscape analysis, etc. according to external environment change. As a result, it appeared that the effects such as prevention of duplicate investment and budget saving, etc. due to university's comfortable spatial composition and systematic comprehensive development & budgeting or decision-making support in case of execution, etc. caused by rationalization of facilities plan & management can be maximized.
A Study of Ecological Flow Assesment for Environmental Development in Natural River
Hahm, Chang-Hahk ; Kim, Gee-Hyoung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~53
The correct river discharge is a important item to keep a river role of using, controlling and ecology. Especially river role of ecology is very important for environmental development of river. In assesment of ecological flow, exact information of river life and topograph is very important. In this paper, the assesment of environmental flow is conducted using geo-spatial data of basin and river. The geo-spatial data is used as a important basic data in river restoration.
A Study on The Need and Direction for Development of Imagery Transmission Format Standard
Lim, Seong-Ho ; Park, Wan-Yong ; Cho, Jae-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 55~61
As digital images combined with various types of information became popular, the development of transmission format standard for effective application of imageries is demanded. The purpose of the format standard is to provide a universal format that facilitates the exchange of images and related information. In this paper, we found optimal requirements of imagery transmission format standard after reviewing current state of both military and commercial products and studying functions of various types of format standards including NITF (National Imagery Transmission Format). In addition, future research direction of the imagery transmission format standard that complies with current trend of high-resolution and mass storage imagery data is proposed.
Earthwork Plan Using the Precise 3D Topographic Data
Lee, Jin-Nyoung ; Pyeon, Mu-Wook ; Koo, Jee-Hee ; Park, Jae-Sun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 63~72
In this study, an earth work design program which will improve the efficiency of earth work and enable to carry out the design using 3D Geospace-based earth work modelling in design stage was developed. Estimate of accurate earth work volume is achievable using 3D grid DEM, and based on this, a mass calculation chart was developed for movement of earth and equipment. In consideration for the resources for various construction equipments needed for civil engineering works, soil conversion and the passage is displayed. In addition, the result is restored in the form of open API-based KLM to make it possible for the users to identify the progress of the construction, thereby enhancing the intuitive understanding of three-dimensional visualization and making it easier to share the result of the analysis.
Extracting High Quality Thematic Information by Using High-Resolution Satellite Imagery
Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Ru, Ji-Ho ; Yu, Young-Geol ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 73~81
In recent years, there have been diverse researches and utilizations of creating geo-spatial information with high resolution satellite images. However thematic maps made with middle or low resolution satellite images have low location accuracy and precision of thematic information. This study set out to propose a method of making a precision thematic map with high resolution satellite images by examining the conversion from the conventional method based on middle or low resolution satellite images to the automatic method based on high resolution satellite images of GSD 1m or lower, extracting thematic information of middle or large scale of 1/5,000 or lower, and analyzing its accuracy. Seven classification classes were categorized according to the object-oriented classification in order to automatically extract thematic information with high resolution satellite images. And the classification results were compared and analyzed with the old middle scale land cover map and 1/1000 digital map.
Charaterization of Cities in Seoul Metropolitan Area by Cluster Analysis
Song, Min-Kyung ; Chang, Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 83~88
This paper has analyzed Seoul metropolitan area on the basis of cluster characteristics and it is to understand the traits of each clusters. In order to modelize the area, 10 different indicators were selected among components of a city such as population, activities, land and facilities. Also through principal component analysis, similar characteristics or congenialities of the variables were derived as a common factor. The result was organized by factor score from hierarchical clustering method and as a final result, metropolitan area was clustered into five areas.
Data Process and Precision Analysis of Ship-Borne Gravity
Keum, Young-Min ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ; Lee, Ji-Sun ; Choi, Kwang-Sun ; Lee, Young-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 89~97
The ship-borne gravity data is essential to construct geoid in Korea surrounding ocean area. The altimeter data was used in previous study, however, the ship-borne gravity data could be used due to more ship-borne data was collected by improvement of instrument, positioning system. Therefore, the study on verification of precision of ship-borne gravity data and practical usage analysis is needed. In this study, free-air anomaly having 16.47mGal and 18.86mGal as mean and standard deviation was obtained after consistent processing such as Eotvos correction, Kalman Filter, Cross-over adjustment etc. The calculated free-air anomaly was compared to DNSC08 altimeter data and the difference was computed having -0.88mGal and 9.46mGal of mean and standard deviation. The reason causing those differences are owing to spatial limits of data acquisition and effects of ocean topography. To use ship-borne gravity data for precision geoid development, the efforts to overcome the limits of data collection and study for data combination should be proceeded.
Comparative Study Between U-City Plan and Related Plans
Park, Chan-Ho ; Lee, Jae-Suk ; Shin, Dong-Bin ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 99~109
The U-City comprehensive plan has been settled on November in 2009 by U-City law which was enacted in 2008. On this, the U-City plan's framework which local governments established has been set. However, those who work for U-City in local governments and private sector would be fallen into confusion because they have not fully understood yet the concept of planning system in the U-City plan. In this condition of the early stage, some problems that are overlapping investments and lack of coordination between plans may occur. On this background, it is needed to understand the U-City plan's status and role by figuring out the relationship between U-City plan and other related plans. The goal of this paper is to suggest implications that are differences and similarities for coordination among the plans through a comparison with detailed instructions and laws related to U-City planning.
A Research on the Development of a GIS-Based Real-Time Water Monitoring Technique
Kim, Seong-Hoon ; Lee, Si-Hyoung ; Kim, Dong-Moon ; Kim, Eui-Myoung ; Park, Jae-Kook ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 111~118
The purposes of this study are to raise the awareness of urban water not being efficiently managed and to propose a method for resolving this issue. To serve these purposes, a methodology was proposed to obtain sensing data in a real-time monitoring method and to build them into a GIS. Some sample data among sensing data was used to perform a series of trend analyses using several polynomial models. As a result of the aforementioned research, the proposed monitoring technique is expected to offer some important information in order to improve the reliability of urban water.
A Study on the U-City Information Characterization for the Effective Information Management
Ahn, Jong-Wook ; Shin, Dong-Bin ; Kim, Jung-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 119~127
In this study, U-City to effectively manage information as a basis for studies of U-City Info characteristics were analyzed. U-City services are currently being discussed which is about 228. Short-term possibility of applying these services, the service's practicality and availability of services based on public services analyzed, 39 were selected. Next, the selected U-City to target services to analyze the flow of information and analysis based on the characteristics of U-City information was derived. U-City information derived from this study, the characteristics of real-time information, and service-specific mandatory and optional information, melting complex information, dynamic information, large amounts of data, user-customized information, and information security vulnerabilities, revealing personal information and privacy is. The results of this study, governments and municipalities to promote the construction of the U-City can be used effectively. To do so, considering the characteristics of U-City information, information management standards should be established.
Analysis of Carbon Emissions and Land Use Change for Low -Carbon Urban Management - Focused on Jinju
Eo, Jae-Hoon ; Kim, Ki-Tae ; Jung, Gil-Sub ; Yoo, Hwan-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 129~134
Low-carbon Green Growth is highlighted as the main political issue from in and outof Korea. Recently Korean government announced the vision for low-carbon green growth. Considering this as a starting point the carbon emission estimation has become an important factor in the city planning. In order to realize the carbon reduction planning, this research was focused on the trend analyzes between the carbon exhaust estimation as well as the land use change for the past 40 years in Jinju. The image processing data of past aerial photography and the land suitability assessment databases were used to collect the useful information's for the land trend analysis for 40 years. As the results, the land use changes by new residential developments have led to increase the carbon emissions and population concentration rapidly. The urban management planning for low carbon and green growth should consider carbon emissions by population growth derived from land use change. Further research need to estimate the accurate carbon exhaust using relationship model with fuel consumption, carbon estimation, and land use.
Advanced National Base Map by Using High-Resolution Digital Aerial Photograph
Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Koo, Dae-Sung ; Park, Chan-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 1, 2010, Pages 135~143
The national base map has its value sand roles as the basic spatial information of the nation. The current national base map that is a 1/5,000 digital map, however, has failed to perform its roles as basic spatial information due to the limitations with its quality and accuracy and requires measures to complement them. Thus this study set out to suggest ways to advance the current 1/5,000 national base map, selected topography and natural features of a digital map that could be made with GSD 0.25m digital aerial photographs, and set up the optimal ways to make a digital map by conducting an experiment of making an optimal digital map with such photographs. It also analyzed the map made with GSD 0.25m digital aerial photographs for accuracy and usability. In order to establish a set of criteria of making a digital map with GSD 0.25m digital aerial photographs, the investigator carried out analyses and picked topography and natural features items, which include 9 large categories, 31 medium categories, and 509 small categories. Then an experiment of making a digital map was conducted according to the digital map making method. As a result, solid drawing was selected as the optimal way to making a digital map, and the optimal process was established. Using the research achievements, a model digital map was made with GSD 0.25mm digital aerial photographs. The map recorded about two times horizontal and vertical location accuracy than the old 1/5,000 digital map and was capable of detailed descriptions of topography and natural features. A new national base map made with GSD 0.25m digital aerial photographs will provide reliable spatial data, thus increasing the level of satisfaction among people and the level of advancement of national base maps.