Go to the main menu
Skip to content
Go to bottom
REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Process Development for Optimizing Sensor Placement Using 3D Information by LiDAR
Yu, Han-Seo ; Lee, Woo-Kyun ; Choi, Sung-Ho ; Kwak, Han-Bin ; Kwak, Doo-Ahn ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 3~12
In previous studies, the digital measurement systems and analysis algorithms were developed by using the related techniques, such as the aerial photograph detection and high resolution satellite image process. However, these studies were limited in 2-dimensional geo-processing. Therefore, it is necessary to apply the 3-dimensional spatial information and coordinate system for higher accuracy in recognizing and locating of geo-features. The objective of this study was to develop a stochastic algorithm for the optimal sensor placement using the 3-dimensional spatial analysis method. The 3-dimensional information of the LiDAR was applied in the sensor field algorithm based on 2- and/or 3-dimensional gridded points. This study was conducted with three case studies using the optimal sensor placement algorithms; the first case was based on 2-dimensional space without obstacles(2D-non obstacles), the second case was based on 2-dimensional space with obstacles(2D-obstacles), and lastly, the third case was based on 3-dimensional space with obstacles(3D-obstacles). Finally, this study suggested the methodology for the optimal sensor placement - especially, for ground-settled sensors - using the LiDAR data, and it showed the possibility of algorithm application in the information collection using sensors.
Analysis of Network-RTK(VRS) Positioning Accuracy for Surveying Public Control Point
Han, Joong-Hee ; Kwon, Jay-Hyoun ; Hong, Chang-Ki ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 13~20
Currently, NGII(National Geographic Information Institute) provides VRS(Virtual Reference System) service using 44 CORS(Continuously Operating Reference Stations). Since the VRS provides high-precision coordinate in a short time, the users and applications are expected to be rapidly increasing. The accuracy analysis on the VRS service, however, was not sufficiently performed yet. Therefore, in this study, the VRS data is acquired from various circumstances and its accuracy is analyzed. According to analysis, it was concluded that the VRS could be applied to public control point survey. Furthermore, it was found that the PQ(Position Quality) which represents variance of estimated coordinates rather than GDOP(Geometric Dilution of Precision) is more relevant as a factor to determine the accuracy of coordinates. Based on the analysis of data from four manufacturers (TRIMBLE, MAGELLAN, LECIA, TOPCON), it was confirmed that the standard deviations better than 3cm. Therefore, VRS Survey apply to public control point survey.
Air Pollution Monitoring RF-Sensor System Trackable in Real Time
Kim, Jin-Young ; Cho, Jang-Ho ; Jeon, Il-Tae ; Jung, Dal-Do ; Kang, Joon-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 21~28
Air pollution monitoring has attracted a lot of interests because it affects directly to the human life quality. The most of the current air pollution monitoring stations use the expensive and bulky instruments and are only installed in the specific area. Therefore, it is difficult to install them to as many places as people need. In this work, we constructed a low price and small size Radio Frequency(RF) sensor system to solve this problem. This system also had the measurement range similar to the ones used in the air pollution forecast systems. This system had the sensor unit to measure the air quality, the central processing unit for air quality data acquisition, the power unit to supply the power to every units, and the RF unit for the wireless transmission and reception of the data. This system was easy to install in the field. We also added a GPS unit to track the position of the RF-sensor in real time by wireless communication. For the various measurements of the air pollution, we used CO,
sensors as gas sensors and also installed a dust sensor.
LiDAR Ground Classification Enhancement Based on Weighted Gradient Kernel
Lee, Ho-Young ; An, Seung-Man ; Kim, Sung-Su ; Sung, Hyo-Hyun ; Kim, Chang-Hun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 29~33
The purpose of LiDAR ground classification is to archive both goals which are acquiring confident ground points with high precision and describing ground shape in detail. In spite of many studies about developing optimized algorithms to kick out this, it is very difficult to classify ground points and describing ground shape by airborne LiDAR data. Especially it is more difficult in a dense forested area like Korea. Principle misclassification was mainly caused by complex forest canopy hierarchy in Korea and relatively coarse LiDAR points density for ground classification. Unfortunately, a lot of LiDAR surveying performed in summer in South Korea. And by that reason, schematic LiDAR points distribution is very different from those of Europe. So, this study propose enhanced ground classification method considering Korean land cover characteristics. Firstly, this study designate highly confident candidated LiDAR points as a first ground points which is acquired by using big roller classification algorithm. Secondly, this study applied weighted gradient kernel(WGK) algorithm to find and include highly expected ground points from the remained candidate points. This study methods is very useful for reconstruct deformed terrain due to misclassification results by detecting and include important terrain model key points for describing ground shape at site. Especially in the case of deformed bank side of river area, this study showed highly enhanced classification and reconstruction results by using WGK algorithm.
Comparison of High Resolution Image by Ortho Rectification Accuracy and Correlation Each Band
Jin, Cheong-Gil ; Park, So-Young ; Kim, Hyung-Seok ; Chun, Yong-Sik ; Choi, Chul-Uong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 35~45
The objective of this study is to verify the positional accuracy by performing the orthometric corrections on the high resolution satellite images and to analyze the band correlation between the high resolution images corrected with orthometric correction. The objectives also included an analysis on the correlation of NDVI. For the orthometric correction of images from KOMPSAT2 and IKONOS, systematic errors were removed in use of RPC data, and non-planar distortions were corrected with GPS surveying data. Also, by preempting the image points at the same positions within ortho images, a comparison was performed on positional accuracies between image points of each image and GPS surveying points. The comparison was also made on the positional accuracies of image points. between the images. For correlation of band and correlation of NDVI, the descriptive statistics of DN values were acquired for respective bands by adding the Quickbird images and Aerial Photographs undergone through orthometric correction at the time of purchase. As result, from a comparison on positional accuracies of Orthoimages from KOMPSAT2 and Ortho Images of IKONOS was made. From the comparison the distance between the image points within each image and GPS surveying points was identified as 3.41m for KOMPSAT2 and as 1.45m for IKONOS, presenting a difference of 1.96m. Whereas, RMSE between image points was identified as 1.88m. The level of correlation was measured by using Quickbird, KOMPSAT2, IKONOS and Aerial Photographs between inter-image bands and NDVI, showing that there were high levels of correlation between Quickbird and IKONOS identified from all bands as well as from NDVI, except a high level of correlation that was identified between the Aerial Photographs and KOMPSAT2 from Band 2. Low levels of correlation were also identified between Quickbird and Aerial Photographs from Band 1. and between KOMPSAT2 and IKONOS from Band 2 and Band 4, whereas, KOMPSAT2 showed low correlations with Aerial Photographs from Band 3. For NDVI, KOMPSAT2 showed low level of correlations with both of QuickBird and IKONOS.
Establishing of Fishing Bank GIS System
Kim, Jin-Kwang ; Choi, Kap-Jun ; Lee, Young-Jo ; Song, Seung-Hyun ; Kim, Jang-Ryul ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 47~54
Today, administration management of fishing industry is formed by paper documents. So, it is suffered damage and loss concern by the long-term storage. when the new informations is renewed, much of manpower and time are wasted also. In addition, it has caused confusion to by used coordinate system which is not been consistent. To build a national standardized information system of fishing banks, in this study, fishing map DB and system based on GIS is constructed for fishery right area of JeollaNamdo (Mokpo city and other 14 counties) which has 55% of fishing permissions of Korea. Then administration management of fishing industry is constructed computerization for the user that business processing and for fishermen to improve their convenience. Also, It will be possible to link another system.
Experiment LOS Analysis of 3D Point Spatial Data
Park, Jae-Sun ; Eo, Yang-Dam ; Yeon, Sang-Ho ; Moon, Jae-Heum ; Kim, Hyung-Tae ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 55~61
Using 3D point data implemented from terrestrial LiDAR, this research has modelled geospatial data in 2 categories(gridded & un-gridded) and conducted LOS analysis experiment using outcome from the modeling exercise. To compare LOS analysis results from each of the 2 models in the above, maximum LOS (line of sight) range in the experimental area was specified as 30m in Area A, 40m in Area B and 50m in Area C and the time taken by LOS analysis and the number of visible points were measured. As for the LOS analysis experiment results, in comparison with the gridded model, the un-gridded model took about 3.9 times more time in Area A, 5.4 times in Area B and 6.5 times in Area C. In addition, about 0.97 times fewer points were measured in Area A, 0.93 times in Area B and 0.94 times in Area C. The difference between gridded model and un-gridded model in terms of the time taken by LOS analysis increased, as the maximum LOS range extended. On the other hand, the number visible points did not vary significantly in reference to the size of visible range.
Slope Terrain Analysis According to Geographical Feature and Survey Place Based on Terrestrial LiDAR Data
Choi, Seung-Pil ; Ham, Ju-Hyoung ; Kim, Mun-Sup ; Yang, In-Tae ; Kim, Uk-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 63~68
In this study, subject areas with different topographic feature were selected for the purpose of measuring the slope terrain by setting Terrestrial LiDAR in different places. And the slope terrain was analyzed based on three-dimensional raw data obtained through the measurement of slope terrain. With DEM data obtained from five measurement instances with 5mm of scan interval by setting Terrestrial LiDAR on the site 30m away straight from the slope terrain consisting of asphalt, rock, soil, and plants, the slope terrain was analyzed according to topographic feature. In addition, in consideration of changes in setting location that might affect the measured result, this study reviewed the accuracy of measured data obtained from different measurement areas.
The Analysis of Hydrological Response Structure Based on Spatial Correlation of Extracted Geomorphic Variables by Using DEM
Kim, Joo-Cheol ; Choi, Yong-Joon ; Kim, Jae-Han ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 69~78
The hydrological-geomorphic character is closely related with runoff in basin. A development of GIS greatly helps investigating about mechanism between theirs. We analyze local slope and hillslope length which are related with hydrological response. But variation of these geomorphic variables has very wide range at each pixel. So there's a limit as to use directly. Therefore we investigate a relation between hydrological response and distributed geomorphic variables according to statistical character of distributed map considering spatial correlation. As a result, the local slope affects peak discharge, and the hillslope length affects peak discharge and time, mean and variance of hydrological response. Henceforth these hydrological-geomorphic analyze methods can be improved that hydrology response is directly analogized with DEM data.
Pan-Sharpening Algorithm of High-Spatial Resolution Satellite Image by Using Spectral and Spatial Characteristics
Choi, Jae-Wan ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 79~86
Generally, image fusion is defined as generating re-organized image by merging two or more data using special algorithms. In remote sensing, image fusion technique is called as Pan-sharpening algorithm because it aims to improve the spatial resolution of original multispectral image by using panchromatic image of high-spatial resolution. The pan-sharpened image has been an important task due to various applications such as change detection, digital map creation and urban analysis. However, most approaches have tended to distort the spectral information of the original multispectral data or decrease the spatial quality compared with the panchromatic image. In order to solve these problems, a novel pan-sharpening algorithm is proposed by considering the spectral and spatial characteristics of multispectral image. The algorithm is applied to the KOMPSAT-2 and QuickBird satellite image and the results showed that our method can improve the spectral/spatial quality compared with the existing fusion algorithms.
Analysis of Land Use Pattern Change of Sub-Watershed -Focused on Moyar, India-
Malini, Ponnusamy ; Yeu, Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 87~92
Large pressure on the growing population has increased rapid change in the LULC (land use/land cover) patterns in the watershed area. Spatial distribution of LULC information and its changes are desirable for any effective planning, managing and monitoring activities. The aim of the study is to produce the 1,50,000 scaled LULC change map for the sub-watershed, Western Moyar, India using the multi-temporal satellite image dataset of IRS LISS III images for the year 1989, 1999, and 2002. About 9 classes are extracted using onscreen visual interpretation techniques for all the three years. The change detection analysis was performed using matrix method for period I (1989-1999) and period II (1999-2002). The study reveals that the changes noticed in period II (1999-2002) is comparatively more than period I (1989-1999), which is dynamic information to protect the sub-watershed area from the deterioration and paves the way to for the sustainable development.
Error Correction of Interested Points Tracking for Improving Registration Accuracy of Aerial Image Sequences
Sukhee, Ochirbat ; Yoo, Hwan-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 93~97
This paper presents the improved KLT(Kanade-Lucas-Tomasi) of registration of Image sequence captured by camera mounted on unmanned helicopter assuming without camera attitude information. It consists of following procedures for the proposed image registration. The initial interested points are detected by characteristic curve matching via dynamic programming which has been used for detecting and tracking corner points thorough image sequence. Outliers of tracked points are then removed by using Random Sample And Consensus(RANSAC) robust estimation and all remained corner points are classified as inliers by homography algorithm. The rectified images are then resampled by bilinear interpolation. Experiment shows that our method can make the suitable registration of image sequence with large motion.
A Study of PV System Facilities Using Geo-Spatial Information System
Lee, Ji-Young ; Kang, In-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 99~105
Photovoltaic system is the core one among the new and renewable energy of the low Carbon and green growth. Recently, the necessity developing PV is emerging since its of less green hose gas emissions. However, a survey or research on the PV system has been hardly performed. It's not easy to find a appropriate location in consideration of environment. These circumstances encourages a systematic approach for the PV system development. The purpose of this study is to propose a methodology of the location analysis for developing PV system. With this, constraint and location criteria with weights of Analytic Hierarchy Process are established and quantification method of each factor is presented. The location analysis of PV system using the GIS were generalized and the results of analysis for redundant topographic features were presented as 3 criteria of the suitability rank.
Location Analysis for Wind Power System Using Geo-Spatial Information System
Lee, Soo-Ju ; Song, Seok-Jin ; Kang, In-Joon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 107~112
Wind power generation is the natural source energy without pollution, and the highest economic efficiency among renewable energies. Amid the recent development of small wind power generation, wind power generation facilities can be installed in the super high-rise buildings or complexes. It is necessary to conduct analyses on appropriate locations in a bid to promote efficient power generation in those locations. In this study, relative weight of the elements required for the wind power generation were estimated by using the Analytic Hierarchy Process in Busan City, and the characteristics of wind velocity and wind direction in Busan City were expressed. As a result, 'Dadae 1-dong, Cheolma-myeon, Noksan-dong' was selected as the candidate region inside Gangseo-gu, Gijang-gun, Saha-gu by using the geo-spatial information system.
A Study of Data Structure for Efficient Storing of 3D Point Cloud Data
Jang, Young-Woon ; Cho, Gi-Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 113~118
Recently, 3D-reconstruction for geographic information and study of geospatial information is progressing in various fields through national policy such as R&D business and pilot project. LiDAR system has a advantage of acquisition the 3D information data easily and densely so that is used in many different fields. Considering to characterist of the point data formed with 3D, it need a high specification CPU because it requires a number of processing operation for 2D form expressed by monitor. In contrast, 2D grid structure, like DEM, has a advantage on costs because of simple structure and processing speed. Therefore, purpose of this study is to solve the problem of requirement of more storage space, when LiDAR data stored in forms of 3D is used for 3D-geographic and 3D-buliding representation. Additionally, This study reconstitutes 2D-gird data to supply the representation data of 3D-geographic and presents the storage method which is available for detailed representation applying tree-structure and reduces the storage space.
Simulation Based Performance Assessment of a LIDAR Data Segmentation Algorithm
Kim, Seong-Joon ; Lee, Im-Pyeong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 119~129
Many algorithms for processing LIDAR data have been developed for diverse applications not limited to patch segmentation, bare-earth filtering and building extraction. However, since we cannot exactly know the true locations of individual LIDAR points, it is difficult to assess the performance of a LIDAR data processing algorithm. In this paper, we thus attempted the performance assessment of the segmentation algorithm developed by Lee (2006) using the LIDAR data generated through simulation based on sensor modelling. Consequently, based on simulation, we can perform the performance assessment of a LIDAR processing algorithm more objectively and quantitatively with an automatic procedure.
Analysis of Digital Photographic Interpretation Status Map Production Technic for the Architecture Information Management
Kim, Won-Dae ; Kim, Jeong-Hoon ; Yeu, Yeon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 2, 2010, Pages 131~138
To manage the architecture information of Seoul, aerial photographs have been taken and Photographic Interpretation Status Maps(PISP) have been produced through interpretation process. However PISP of SEOUL has a number of errors and difficulties to update maps, owing to its analogue formation by hand skill. In this study, some digitizing methods are tested to make Digital Photographic Interpretation Status Maps(DPISP). The digitizing methods by scanning maps, using ortho-images and true ortho-images, digital correction plotting process, and LiDAR techniques were used for comparative analysis of PISP. As a result of this study, the author suggest DPISP by the digital correction plotting method is proper for economical efficiency and its accuracy of the architecture information.