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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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A Study on Correlation between RUSLE and Estuary in Nakdong River Watershed
Hwang, Chang-Su ; Kim, Kyung-Tag ; Oh, Che-Young ; Jin, Cheong-Gil ; Choi, Chul-Uong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 3~10
The development of various spatial information and GIS has led to the research on interpretation of natural phenomena and correlational studies. This study is aimed to analyze the correlation between RUSLE(Revised Universal Soil Loss Equation) around Nakdong River area during the period of 1955 to 2005 and the amount of area change in the islets at the estuary terrain calculated in the study "Change Detection at the Nakdong Estuary Delta using Satellite Image and GIS". For the calculation of RUSLE, The 'Revised-USLE' model, a modified USLE model commonly used in Korea was used. For the rainfall erosion factor to calculate and compare the area of islets, the actual observation data for one year before the observation of satellite image from all observatories across Korea was used. The correlation coefficient between RUSLE and area change of islets was 0.57 for Jinwoo Islet; 0.7 for Sinja Islet; 0.87 for Doyodeung. This results showed that there was a great influence from Doyodeung where the main water way of Nakdong River runs. This study showed that the study using USLE for various fields and through identifying the characteristics of each factor is useful to understand natural phenomenon in practice.
Analysis of the 3D Data Model and Development of an Application for Landslide Region Information Service
Kim, Dong-Moon ; Park, Jae-Kook ; Yang, In-Tae ; Choi, Seung-Pil ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 11~19
In recent years, Korea has witnessed an increase to natural disasters such as landslides due to localized sudden and intensive rainfalls. Thus there have been researches on surface displacements to detect and monitor displacements in the areas prone to landslides by using high-precision and density numerical elevation data from LiDAR, which is an advanced 3D measuring equipment. However, the commercial software to process large-capacity LiDAR data, is expensive and difficult to be applied to specialized tasks such as analysis of landslide. In addition, there are no measures for many users to easily access diverse spatial information related to landslides and put it to intuitive uses. Thus this study developed an application program to analyze landslides by processing time series LiDAR data and intuitively serve many users with information about the topography and landslides of given areas. It analyzed the current state of landslides in the subject region through case study and proposed that 3D-based landslide and topography information can be served intuitively.
Earthwork Volume Calculation of Anchorage Underground Capacity Using Laser Scanner
Choi, Seok-Keun ; Kim, Dong-Yeun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 21~27
When the capacity of underground caverns' structures is measured, a general surveying is difficult to decide an accurate section of irregular shape and a photographic surveying has problems on picture acquisition due to underground dusts, noise and lighting conditions, etc. The laser scanner system is being much used for 3-dimensional modeling such as topography, planimetric features and structures, etc. without a target by measuring arriving time of a laser pulse reflected after scanning the laser pulse and calculating space coordinates of the reflection position. Accordingly, the present research carried out section and earthwork volume measurement of a tunnel by using a laser scanner in underground anchorage excavation work that a bridge construction is being executed.
Building a Model for Estimate the Soil Organic Carbon Using Decision Tree Algorithm
Yoo, Su-Hong ; Heo, Joon ; Jung, Jae-Hoon ; Han, Su-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 29~35
Soil organic carbon (SOC), being a help to forest formation and control of carbon dioxide in the air, is found to be an important factor by which global warming is influenced. Excavating the samples by whole area is very inefficient method to discovering the distribution of SOC. So, the development of suitable model for expecting the relative amount of the SOC makes better use of expecting the SOC. In the present study, a model based on a decision tree algorithm is introduced to estimate the amount of SOC along with accessing influencing factors such as altitude, aspect, slope and type of trees. The model was applied to a real site and validated by 10-fold cross validation using two softwares, See 5 and Weka. From the results given by See 5, it can be concluded that the amount of SOC in surface layers is highly related to the type of trees, while it is, in middle depth layers, dominated by both type of trees and altitude. The estimation accuracy was rated as 70.8% in surface layers and 64.7% in middle depth layers. A similar result was, in surface layers, given by Weka, but aspect was, in middle depth layers, found to be a meaningful factor along with types of trees and altitude. The estimation accuracy was rated as 68.87% and 60.65% in surface and middle depth layers. The introduced model is, from the tests, conceived to be useful to estimation of SOC amount and its application to SOC map production for wide areas.
Spatial-Temporal Interpolation of Rainfall Using Rain Gauge and Radar
Hong, Seung-Jin ; Kim, Byung-Sik ; Hahm, Chang-Hahk ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 37~48
The purpose of this paper is to evaluate how the rainfall field effect on a runoff simulation using grid radar rainfall data and ground gauge rainfall. The Gwangdeoksan radar and ground-gauge rainfall data were used to estimate a spatial rainfall field, and a hydrologic model was used to evaluate whether the rainfall fields created by each method reproduced a realistically valid spatial and temporal distribution. Pilot basin in this paper was the Naerin stream located in Inje-gun, Gangwondo, 250m grid scale digital elevation data, land cover maps, and soil maps were used to estimate geological parameters for the hydrologic model. For the rainfall input data, quantitative precipitation estimation(QPE), adjusted radar rainfall, and gauge rainfall was used, and then compared with the observed runoff by inputting it into a
model. As a result of the simulation, the quantitative precipitation estimation and the ground rainfall were underestimated when compared to the observed runoff, while the adjusted radar rainfall showed a similar runoff simulation with the actual observed runoff. From these results, we suggested that when weather radars and ground rainfall data are combined, they have a greater hydrological usability as input data for a hydrological model than when just radar rainfall or ground rainfall is used separately.
The Applicability of the Genetic Algorithm on Spatial Distribution of Demographic Characteristics
Choei, Nae-Young ; Lee, Kyung-Yoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 49~56
The Genetic Algorithm is one of the population surface modelling tool in the field of urban and environmental research based on the gridded population data. Taking the East-Hwasung area as the case, this study first builds a gridded population data based on the GIS databases as well as municipal population survey data. The study then constructs the attribute values of the explanatory variables by way of GIS tools. The regression model constructed with the same variables is also run as a comparative purpose at the same time. It is shown that the GenAlg output predicted as much consistent and meaningful coefficient estimates for the explanatory variables as the regression model, indicating that it is a very useful interdisciplinary research tool to find optimal solutions in urban problems.
Development of Digital Watermarking Technology to Protect Cadastral Map Information
Kim, Jung-Yeop ; Lee, Hyun-Joon ; Hong, Sung-Eon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 57~65
This research aimed to prevent illegal distribution and reproduction of digital cadastral map information using digital watermarking. To this end, a digital watermarking was developed in consideration of the properties of cadastral maps and based on watermarking methods, after which its performance was evaluated. A watermark key and a one-way function was used to compensate for the algorithm and, therefore, watermarking security, based on the existing research results. In these ways, the present method meets the requirements for fidelity, robustness, false positive rate and the maintenance of consistent topology. The advanced techniques suggested in this paper were devised so as to be suitable for vector data such as GIS and navigation data as well as cadastral maps. Moreover, if the existing methodology is further improved, it could be expected to be used even more widely.
A Study on Data Model Migration for Transportation Digital Map to be available as a Raw Database of Car Navigation System
Hahm, Chang-Hahk ; Joo, Yong-Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 67~74
The aim of this paper is to come up with a methodology of migration for current transportation digital map in order to construct NDRM, which is the most essential map data for car navigation system. The model suggested through our study is able to efficiently produce navigable service map for route finding and guidance as well as to make the best of general road network developed by KOTI.
Service for Bicycle Use Information Based on Low Carbon Green Growth
Kim, Eui-Myoung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 75~81
Existing studies on the bicycle road were mostly for the promotion of bicycle road through the creation of bicycle road. However, as the gradually increase of bicycle users, it has been required service based on low carbon green growth in order to promote the use of bicycles which are green means of transportation. Analysis of existing bicycle use information is mainly based on calculating the amount of exercise, so the diverse needs of bicycle user does not accommodated. Therefore, in this study, it is proposed that methodology compute to reduce cost or amount of carbon dioxide, fuel, and processing costs of global warming by using bicycle. For this, a program is implemented to display bicycle use information provided in the form of GPX based on Google Earth in three-dimensional environment and to service based on low carbon, green growth. The developed program is compared with existing commercial software. Through this study, new services have been developed to carry out low carbon and green growth in terms of bicycle users, and it is considered that the services can be applied to devices such as smart phones.
A Selection of Artificial Surveillance Zone through the Spatial Features Analysis of Crime Occurrence Place
Kim, Dong-Moon ; Park, Jae-Kook ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 83~90
In modern society, there has been an increase in needs to protect the life and property of the people, because the number of various crimes is on the increase due to the sudden and complicated changes of the urban environment. For the needs, security persons in the urban area are expanding the role and skill of police for more effective crime prevention and surveillance, although the number of policeman/woman is insufficient and their tasks are hard. Recently, a system to observe and prevent crime in effective has been introduced by using such an artificial surveillance device as CCTV to monitor focusing on one area for 24 hours. However, the system brings such problems as the insufficiency of systematic criteria to install surveillance device and the invasion of privacy. Therefore, in this study, artificial surveillance zones to monitor crimes are selected by applying spatial features between artificial surveillance devices including CCTV and crime occurrence place, and using GIS spatial analysis techniques. As a result of selecting, it's found that the number of CCTV is absolutely insufficient and spatial distribution is not fully considered in the existing location of installed CCTV.
Analysis of the Noise Variation on Land Use Using Data of Noise Monitoring Network
Eo, Jae-Hoon ; Yoo, Hwan-Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 91~96
Depending on the transportation, information and communication technology development, urban such as the superficial spreading and the changing structure of internal space of the organism has various shape and speed of the changes. In particular, the main cause of these changes is the development of the traffic and this transport system is having a close connection with land use. This study presents the results about characteristics and changes of noise on each land use zoning. Therefore the result shows that the measured data could be used to evaluate noise distributions on urban land use and then make up the basis process for producing noise maps of land use zoning.
Flood Simulation by using High Quality Geo-spatial Information
Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Hong, Sung-Hwan ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 97~104
The important factors in a flood simulation are hydrologic data (such as the rainfall and intensity), a threedimensional terrain model, and the hydrologic inundation calculation matrix. Should any of these factors lack accuracy, flood prediction data becomes unreliable and imprecise. The three-dimensional terrain model is constructed based on existing digital maps, current map updates, and airborne LiDAR data. This research analyzes and offers ways to improve the model's accuracy by comparing flood weakness areas selected according to the existing data on flood locations and design frequency.
A Study on Converting Cadastral Coordinate System into Global Coordinate System
Park, Chun-Soo ; Hong, Sung-Eon ; Park, Jong-Oh ; Jeong, Taek-Seung ; Sung, Baek-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 3, 2010, Pages 105~114
This study considers and analyzes the position and area errors and the related problems through the experimental study of the converting process from the cadastral coordinate system to the global coordinate system. Also, based on the result, the points of improvement have been considered. According to the conversion of the coordinates in the study area, the standard deviations for the conversion of coordinates in regard to every parcel boundary point (478 points in total) have been calculated as X=0.0079m and Y=0.0153m respectively. It can be considered that such values are extremely excellent. Also, after analyzing the area errors, it has been found that there is a difference of
on average. Such a difference stays within the range of the allowable error tolerance specified by the current laws. Therefore, in regard to the limited area which is subject to the study, it can be concluded that the difference is not great in differences of the position or the area. As a result, the converting process into the global coordinate system is possible.