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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
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Accuracy Assessment of 3D Geopositioning of KOMPSAT-2 Images Using Orbit-Attitude Model
Lee, Sang-Jin ; Kim, Jung-Uk ; Choi, Yun-Soo ; Jung, Seung-Kyoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 3~10
In this study, the orbit-based sensor modeling is applied to the digital plotting and the accuracy of digital plotting is analyzed. The KOMPSAT-2 satellite image with orbit-attitude model is used for the analysis. The precise sensor modeling with various combination of parameters is performed for the stereo satellite image. In addition, we analyze the error range of ground control points by applying the result of stereo modeling to digital survey system. According to the result, it is possible to produce digital map using stereo image with a small number of GCPs when the orbit-based sensor modeling for KOMPSAT-2 is applied. This means that it is suitable for the generation of digital map on a scale of 1/5,000 to 1/25,000 considering the resolution of KOMPSAT-2 image.
Extraction of Spatial Information of Tree Using LIDAR Data in Urban Area
Cho, Du-Young ; Kim, Eui-Myoung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 11~20
In situation that carbon dioxide emissions are being increased as urbanization, urban green space is being promoted as an alternative to find solution for these problems. In urban areas, trees have the ability to reduce carbon dioxide as well as to be aesthetic effect. In this study, we proposed the methodology which uses only LIDAR data in order to extract these trees information effectively. To improve the operational efficiency according to the extraction of trees, the proposed methodology was carried out using multiple data processing such as point, polygon and raster. Because the existing NDSM(Normalized Digital Surface Model) contains both the building and tree information, it has the problems of high complexity of data processing for extracting trees. Therefore, in order to improve these problems, this study used modified NDSM which was removed estimate regions of building. To evaluate the performance of the proposed methodology, three different zones which coexist buildings and trees within urban areas were selected and the accuracy of extracted trees was compared with the image taken by digital camera.
The Parallelization Effectiveness Analysis of K-DRUM Model
Chung, Sung-Young ; Park, Jin-Hyeog ; Hur, Young-Teck ; Jung, Kwan-Sue ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 21~30
In this paper, the parallel distributed rainfall runoff model(K-DRUM) using MPI(Message Passing Interface) technique was developed to solve the problem of calculation time as it is one of the demerits of the distributed model for performing physical and complicated numerical calculations for large scale watersheds. The K-DRUM model which is based on GIS can simulate temporal and spatial distribution of surface flow and sub-surface flow during flood period, and input parameters of ASCII format as pre-process can be extracted using ArcView. The comparison studies were performed with various domain divisions in Namgang Dam watershed in case of typoon 'Ewiniar' at 2006. The numerical simulation using the cluster system was performed to check a parallelization effectiveness increasing the domain divisions from 1 to 25. As a result, the computer memory size reduced and the calculation time was decreased with increase of divided domains. And also, the tool was suggested in order to decreasing the discharge error on each domain connections. The result shows that the calculation and communication times in each domain have to repeats three times at each time steps in order to minimization of discharge error.
Coordinate Accuracy Comparison of Online GPS Data Processing Services
Won, Ji-Hye ; Son, Eun-Seong ; Park, Kwan-Dong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 31~39
In this study, the performance of the online GPS processing services provided by diverse institutions was compared so that domestic GPS users in geodesy and surveying can easily get precise coordinates using those services. In order to evaluate the accuracy of each online GPS processing service, we calculated coordinates of seven GPS permanent stations located in Korea and foreign countries using APPS, CSRS-PPP, AUSPOS and OPUS. And the results were compared with published coordinates by IERS and National Geographic Information Institute. In the cases of foreign stations, the mean value of the horizontal errors was 9.3 mm and the descending order of accuracies was APPS, AUSPOS, OPUS and CSRS-PPP. In the cases of Korean stations, the mean value of the horizontal errors was 37.6 mm, although the order of accuracy was similar to the foreign cases; AUSPOS, APPS, OPUS and CSRS-PPP. Also, the average value of 3-D errors in Korean cases was about 3 cm larger than that of foreign cases and a bias of 3 cm was observed in the north direction.
A Plan for Estimation of Damaged Area from Forest Fire Using Digital Photographs
Jeong, Soo ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 41~50
Because mountain area covers a large proportion of entire country, the forest fire have been an important matter in disaster prevention in Korea. Estimation of damaged area after forest fire would be very important because it would be the basis to make budget or to calculate quantities in the restoration plan for the damaged area. In Korea, the damaged area from forest fire is generally surveyed using GPS. In practice, however, the estimation of damaged area from forest fire have been inaccurate in lots of case due to some problems. Korea Forest Service which is taking charge of prevention of forest fire in Korea is managing a large number of helicopters for forest service on the whole country. So, it would be possible to take snapshots of the damaged area after forest fire from the helicopter using a digital camera. This study aims to establish a suitable method to estimate damaged area after forest fire using snapshots which are taken in the air using a digital camera. So, several approaches were implemented and compared. In future, results of this study could be used in a development of a system for investigation of damages from forest fire using digital photographs.
Spatial Aggregation of Contiguous Population Distribution Grid Cells Based on Stepwise Cell Grouping Scenarios
Choei, Nae-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 51~60
In 2008, the Development Impact Fee Zoning has been newly amended and added to the existing National Territory Planning Act. Since the beginning of 2009, many local governments nationwide started to adopt the law as a powerful tool to prepare the prescirbed masterplans for the installment of adequate infrastructure and to procure the financial resources to realize the plan. The study, in this context, tried to build gridded population data and analyzed the population cells that exceed the legal criteria of population increase rate required by the law over the case area of Sooyoung-Ri in Hwasung City. The study further probed to group the selected population cells in five specified increasing steps on which the alternative impact fee zones are built. Throughout the process, the study could properly set a reasonable impact fee zone and suggested a practical examples of the final zone specification applicable by the localities.
Landslide Susceptibility Analysis Using Bayesian Network and Semantic Technology
Lee, Sang-Hoon ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 61~69
The collapse of a slope or cut embankment brings much damage to life and property. Accordingly, it is very important to analyze the spatial distribution by calculating the landslide susceptibility in the estimation of the risk of landslide occurrence. The heuristic, statistic, deterministic, and probabilistic methods have been introduced to make landslide susceptibility maps. In many cases, however, the reliability is low due to insufficient field data, and the qualitative experience and knowledge of experts could not be combined with the quantitative mechanical?analysis model in the existing methods. In this paper, new modeling method for a probabilistic landslide susceptibility analysis combined Bayesian Network with ontology model about experts' knowledge and spatial data was proposed. The ontology model, which was made using the reasoning engine, was automatically converted into the Bayesian Network structure. Through conditional probabilistic reasoning using the created Bayesian Network, landslide susceptibility with uncertainty was analyzed, and the results were described in maps, using GIS. The developed Bayesian Network was then applied to the test-site to verify its effect, and the result corresponded to the landslide traces boundary at 86.5% accuracy. We expect that general users will be able to make a landslide susceptibility analysis over a wide area without experts' help.
Slope Navigation based on the Cut Slope Data Management System
Bae, Sang-Woo ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ; Lee, Jong-Hyun ; Koo, Ho-Bon ; Lee, Yun-Rae ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 71~77
Cut Slope Management System(CSMS) is a systematic maintenance and management system designed to prevent the collapse of cut slopes located along national roads. In order to implement safe road operation system, KICT has started the inventory of cut slopes and developed a cut slope database since 2006. Cut slope database management system using GIS technology and navigation system was developed as a Information Technology application. Through the Cut Slope Navigation System(SLOPE-Navi.), the previously developed database was checked and verified. The converted cut slope inventory data and field investigation data of 28,707 cut slopes were loaded on the navigation map. We consider that the Cut Slope Navigation Management System can be useful as in-situ system, which can be systematic and effective DB management and operation to prevent cut slope collapses and establish a remedial countermeasure as mitigation concerning disasters.
Insolation Modeling using Climate and Geo-Spatial Elements
Kim, Byung-Woo ; Kang, In-Joon ; Han, Ki-Bong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 79~86
This research is a thing about reverse operation about the solar power for location decision and increasing efficiency of the solar power generation equipments. The purpose of this research is reverse operation about the amount of sunshine using the climate and spatial elements. Following the result of correlation analysis, the wind-speed and cloud-amount factor are excluded, because the correlation and significance coefficients are out of value. Each outcome of regression analysis using the other four climate elements, and regression analysis using spatial elements is what the amount of sunshine and the solar altitude are the most influence to the insolation-modeling. Doing the regression analysis based on the precedent result make the result that climate elements have bigger coefficient of regression than spatial elements. This outcome means the climate elements are more influence than spatial elements.
Current Survey Method of The Road Cutting Slope Area Using Ntrip Service
Jang, Soo-Ik ; Kang, In-Joon ; Kang, Ho-Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 87~92
With recent localized heavy rain, the collapsing accident of the cut slopes occur repeatedly every year. The maintenance of the cut slopes is very crucial as the collapsing of cut slopes causes various calamities such as human causalities and sweeping away of the roads. By looking at the study of current situation of the cut slopes, designed for maintenance of cut slopes, the locations of the damaged districts are hard to figure out as they are represented through distance mark and longitude and latitude. In this paper has used NDGPS methods and VRS service through GPS signal corrections that are received by DGPS standard department to correctly analyze the exact location and the shape of the slope. The result of this analysis shows that both methods produce similar shape of the slope. Therefore, these two methods, NDGPS methods and VRS service, can be applied to other analysis of cut slopes in different areas.
Availability Evaluation of Network DGPS Positioning for Various Facilities Management In Dense Housing Area
Kim, In-Seup ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 93~99
Since the facility management for various facilities in urban area are conducted by general managers who have poor knowledge for surveying technology, it is not easy to trace the exact location of the facility in a short time with the GIS map only by themselves in the field. In order to improve it, VRS-RTK or SBAS DGPS system integrated with UMPC and PDA which is uploaded GIS field software are being used recently however lot of difficulties are still existed with the GPS positioning in urban area due to the lack of visible satellites, no reception of correction data and multipath error by the interruption of the high buildings and houses etc. Therefore, in this study, we applied with Network DGPS system which allows better reception of satellite signal and correction data even in dense housing areas with the use of GNSS receiver and CDMA mobile phone. Based on the analysis of field data, it was confirmed that standard deviations of the Network DGPS positioning are 0.3 to 0.84m with a very high positioning rate even in dense housing areas. Therefore, it was concluded that the Network DGPS system could be used widely to fast and accurate positioning for various facilities management works in dense housing areas in the future.
A Multi-Resolution Database Model for Management of Vector Geodata in Vehicle Dynamic Route Guidance System
Joo, Yong-Jin ; Park, Soo-Hong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 101~107
The aim of this paper is to come up with a methodology of constructing an efficient model for multiple representations which can manage and reconcile real-time data about large-scale roads in Vector Domain. In other words, we suggested framework based on a bottom-up approach, which is allowed to integrate data from the network of the lowest level sequentially and perform automated matching in order to produce variable-scale map. Finally, we applied designed multi-LoD model to in-vehicle application.
A Research on the Development of Trend Analysis Models for Residential Water consumption using realtime sensing data and on the Grafting of a GIS for Water Supply Administrative Purposes
Kim,, Seong-Hoon ; Lee, Si-Hyoung ; Kim, Dong-Moon ; Kim, Eui-Myoung ; Park, Jae-Kook ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 109~117
The ultimate purpose of this study is to propose a method to improve water supply management efficiency which is one of the two main approaches to solve the water supply-related problems. As an effort, targeting commercial water, a series of efforts was performed such as choosing a field area, selecting a sensing point, installing a sensor and server systems, and monitoring the real time data. Through the analyses of the real time data gathered, a series of water consumption trend analysis models were developed for each day and for each month. And Also proposed are the related utilization of the developed trend analysis models and a GIS. As a result of the aforementioned research, the proposed trend analysis technique is expected to offer some important role for the water supply forecasting agministation and management.
Estimation of Aboveground Biomass Carbon Stock in Danyang Area using kNN Algorithm and Landsat TM Seasonal Satellite Images
Jung, Jae-Hoon ; Heo, Joon ; Yoo, Su-Hong ; Kim, Kyung-Min ; Lee, Jung-Bin ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 119~129
The joint use of remotely sensed data and field measurements has been widely used to estimate aboveground carbon stock in many countries. Recently, Korea Forest Research Institute has developed new carbon emission factors for kind of tree, thus more accurate estimate is possible. In this study, the aboveground carbon stock of Danyang area in South Korea was estimated using k-Nearest Neighbor(kNN) algorithm with the 5th National Forest Inventory(NFI) data. Considering the spectral response of forested area under the climate condition in Korea peninsular which has 4 distinct seasons, Landsat TM seasonal satellite images were collected. As a result, the estimated total carbon stock of Danyang area was ranged from 3542768.49tonC to 3329037.51tonC but seasonal trends were not found.
Development of a Web-based System for Raster Data Analysis Using Map Algebra
Lee, In-Ji ; Lee, Yang-Won ; Suh, Yong-Cheol ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 131~139
Recent spread of GIS and the increasing demand of spatial data have brought about the development of web GIS. In addition to sharing and mapping spatial data, web GIS is also required to provide spatial analytic functions on the web. The FOSS(free and open source software) can play an important role in developing such a system for web GIS. In this paper, we proposed a web-based system for raster data analysis using map algebra. We employed GRASS as an open source software and implemented the GRASS functionalities on the web using java methods for invocation of server-side commands. Map algebra and AHP were combined for the raster data analysis in our system. For a feasibility test, the landslide susceptibility in South Korea was calculated using rainfall, elevation, slope angle, slope aspect, and soil layers. It is anticipated that our system will be extensible to other web GIS for raster data analysis with GRASS.
Quality Analysis of Three-Dimensional Geo-spatial Information Using Digital Photogrammetry
Lee, Hyun-Jik ; Ru, Ji-Ho ; Kim, Sang-Youn ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 18, issue 4, 2010, Pages 141~149
Three-dimensional geo-spatial information is important for the efficient use and management of the country and the three-dimensional expression and analysis of urban projects, such as urban plans devised by local governments and urban management. Thanks to the revitalization of the geo-spatial information service industry, it is now being variously used not only in public but also private areas. For the creation of high-guiltily three-dimensional geo-spatial information, emphasis should be placed on not only the quality of the source image and three-dimensional geo-spatial model but also the level of visualization, such as level of detail and texturing. However, in the case of existing three-dimensional geo-spatial information, its establishment process is complicated and its data are not updated frequently enough, as it uses ready-created digital maps. In addition, as it uses Ortho Images, the images exist Relief displacement. As a result, the visibility is low and the three-dimensional models of artificial features are simplified to reach LoD between 2 and 3, making the images look less realistic. Therefore, this paper, analyzed the quality of three-dimensional geo-spatial information created using the three-dimensional modeling technique were applied using Digital photogrammetry technique, using digital aerial photo images by an existing large-format digital camera and multi-looking camera. The analysis of the accuracy of visualization information of three-dimensional models showed that the source image alone, without other visualization information, secured the accuracy of 84% or more and that the establishment of three-dimensional spatial information carried out simultaneously with filming made it easier to gain the latest data. The analysis of the location accuracy of true Ortho images used in the work process showed that the location accuracy was better than the allowable horizontal position accuracy of 1:1,000 digital maps.