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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 22, Issue 4 - Dec 2014
Volume 22, Issue 3 - Sep 2014
Volume 22, Issue 2 - Jun 2014
Volume 22, Issue 1 - Mar 2014
Selecting the target year
The Analysis of Parcels for Land Alternation in Jinan-Gun jeollabuk-Do based on GIS
Lee, Geun Sang ; Park, Jong Ahn ; Cho, Gi Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 3~12
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.003
Cadastre is a set of activity registering diverse land information in national scope land management works. A nation examine land information and register it in a cadastral book, and must update data when necessary to properly maintain the information. Currently, local governments execute work about parcels of land alternation by manual work based on KLIS road map. Therefore, it takes too much time-consuming and makes problem as missing lots of parcels of land alternation. This study suggests the method selecting the parcels of land alteration for Jinan-Gun of Jeollabuk-Do using the GIS spatial overlay and the following results are as belows. Firstly, the manual work on the parcels of land alteration was greatly improved through automatically extracting the number and area of parcels according to the land classification and ownership by GIS spatial overlay based on serial cadastral maps and KLIS road lines. Secondly, existing work based on KLIS road lines could be advanced by analyzing the parcels of land alternation using the actual-width of the road from new address system to consider all road area for study site. Lastly, this study can supply efficient information in determining the parcels of land alternation consistant with road condition of local governments by analyzing the number and area of parcels according to the land classification and ownership within various roadsides ranging from 3m, 5m, and 10m by GIS buffering method.
The Compensation Cost Analysis of Parcels for Land Alternation according to Occupation Ratio to Road
Lee, Geun Sang ; Park, Jong Ahn ; Cho, Mi Su ; Cho, Gi Sung ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 13~22
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.013
Recently, many civil appeals have been occurred in land management work because of discord between cadastral records and actual land use pattern. it is important to select parcels for land alternation exactly using land information and to evaluate compensation cost according to scenarios for advancing this problem. This study operated GIS spatial overlay based on serial cadastral maps and actual-width of the road and analyzed the number and area of the parcels for land alternation by the land classification and ownership applying fuzzy membership function according to occupation ratio to road. Also compensation cost was calculated according to scenarios using individual public land price information of the parcels for land alternation and was arranged by district as Eup and Myeon according to land classification and ownership. This study can efficiently support the work of the parcels for land alternation complying with the financial condition of local government, by supplying compensation cost according to scenarios to the parcels of land alternation by district as Eup and Myeon.
Effects of Spatial Resolution on PSO Target Detection Results of Airplane and Ship
Yeom, Jun Ho ; Kim, Byeong Hee ; Kim, Yong Il ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 23~29
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.023
The emergence of high resolution satellite images and the evolution of spatial resolution facilitate various studies using high resolution satellite images. Above all, target detection algorithms are effective for monitoring of traffic flow and military surveillance and reconnaissance because vehicles, airplanes, and ships on broad area could be detected easily using high resolution satellite images. Recently, many satellites are launched from global countries and the diversity of satellite images are also increased. On the contrary, studies on comparison about the spatial resolution or target detection, especially, are insufficient in domestic and foreign countries. Therefore, in this study, effects of spatial resolution on target detection are analyzed using the PSO target detection algorithm. The resampling techniques such as nearest neighbor, bilinear, and cubic convolution are adopted to resize the original image into 0.5m, 1m, 2m, 4m spatial resolutions. Then, accuracy of target detection is assessed according to not only spatial resolution but also resampling method. As a result of the study, the resolution of 0.5m and nearest neighbor among the resampling methods have the best accuracy. Additionally, it is necessary to satisfy the criteria of 2m and 4m resolution for the detection of airplane and ship, respectively. The detection of airplane need more high spatial resolution than ship because of their complexity of shape. This research suggests the appropriate spatial resolution for the plane and ship target detection and contributes to the criteria of satellite sensor design.
The Efficiency Analysis of using NFC Cadastral Control Point and a Cadastral Information Application
Kim, Sung Jun ; Lee, Jong Dal ; Kim, Sung Hun ; Bae, Jae Yeol ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 31~39
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.031
The trend of information service and its utilization has been gradually evolving due to the technological breakthrough in IT industries and the spread of smart phones. Especially regarding smart phones, a vast array of applications are being developed and employed for the purpose of providing real time information. Recently, numerous studies have been made and applied in regards to the efficient management and the supply of cadastral control point information. This research has developed and applied the NFC Cadastral Control Point, an advanced version of QR code Cadastral Control Point, which is installed and utilized in Dong-gu Ulsan, Korea, and an application that can utilize both the QR code and the NFC. In addition, this research continues on to analyzing the utility of the two methods that the survey use of a General Cadastral Control Point and the NFC Cadastral Control Point. Having implemented both methods, NFC Cadastral Control Point outweighed its counterpart in terms of the damage it gets from the outside influence and availability. Moreover, through developing Cadastral Control Point that could apply both the QR code Cadastral Control Point and NFC Cadastral Control Point, the research saw tremendous improvements compared to the survey method using the previously existing reference point performance. The results conveyed the fact that cadastral information application was time saving, convenient, and efficient in terms of finding information. Henceforth, with government`s administration over Cadastral Control Point and with the development of more application for providing information, a nation-wide monitoring of Cadastral Control Point is considered possible and an efficient usage of information service is expected as well.
A Study on the Optimization of Suwon City Bus Route using GWR Model
Park, Cheol Gyu ; Cho, Seong Kil ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 41~46
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.041
Bus service is easily adjusted to accommodate the changed demand. Despite the flexibility of that, its relocation should overcome the following problems: first, Bus line rearrangement should consider the balance between the demand and the supply to enhance the transit equity among the users scattered around the area that supply against demand imbalances. Second, the existing demand analysed is to crude since the demand was analysed based on TAZ. mainly based on the Dong unit. Utilization of the GWR and GIS-T data can resolve the problem. In this paper, the limitation of the conventional transit demand analysis model is overcome by deploying the GWR model which identifies the transit demand based on the geographic relation between the service location and those of the users. GWR model considers the spatial effect of the bus demand in accordance with the distance to the each bus stops using SCD(Smart Card Data) and BIS(Bus Information System). This demand map was then superimposes with the existing bus route which identified the areas where the balance between demand and supply is severly skewed. since the analysis was computed with SCD and BIS at every bus stops. the shortage and surplus of bus service of entire study area could computed. Further. based on this computational result and considering the entire bus service capacity data. Bus routes optimization from the oversupplied areas to the undersupplied area was illustrated thus this study clearly compared the benefits the GIS.
Development and Positioning Accuracy Assessment of Precise Point Positioning Algorithms based on GPS Code-Pseudorange Measurements
Park, Kwan Dong ; Kim, Ji Hye ; Won, Ji Hye ; Kim, Du Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 47~54
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.047
Precise Point Positioning (PPP) algorithms using GPS code pseudo-range measurements were developed and their accuracy was validated for the purpose of implementing them on a portable device. The group delay, relativistic effect, and satellite-antenna phase center offset models were applied as fundamental corrections for PPP. GPS satellite orbit and clock offsets were taken from the International GNSS Service official products which were interpolated using the best available algorithms. Tropospheric and ionospheric delays were obtained by applying mapping functions to the outputs from scientific GPS data processing software and Global Ionosphere Maps, respectively. When the developed algorithms were tested for four days of data, the horizontal and vertical positioning accuracies were 0.8-1.6 and 1.6-2.2 meters, respectively. This level of performance is comparable to that of Differential GPS, and further improvements and fine-tuning of this suite of PPP algorithms and its implementation at a portable device should be utilized in a variety of surveying and Location-Based Service applications.
Low-Carbon Information Management of Street Lamps and Street Trees Using GIS
Choi, Byoung Gil ; Na, Young Woo ; Kwon, Oh Sub ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 55~62
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.055
Diverse improvement projects such as replacing street lamps with LED, street trees, etc are currently in progress in Korea to reduce greenhouse gas so as to cope with change in climate. However, the effect of climate change policy is not exactly analyzed, because exhaust quantity and absorption quantity of greenhouse gas of the target street lamp and street trees are not arranged as information. Thus, this study studied the method to systematically manage low carbon related information of urban facilities by using GIS. It was found that low carbon information of the urban facilities is necessary to exactly analyze effect of climate change policy and the method to calculate carbon exhaust quantity and absorption quantity of each facilities should be established to build exact low carbon information of urban facilities. Further, it was found that the visualization of information related to low carbon of street lamp and street trees by using GIS easily and visually grasps and systematically controls the effect of policy coping with change in climate than the existing numeral data of exhaust quantity and absorption quantity of greenhouse gas.
Analysis of Pattern Change of Real Transaction Price of Apartment in Seoul
Kim, Jung Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 63~70
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.063
This study is to analyze impact of geography and timing on the real transactions prices of apartment complexes in Seoul using data provided by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport. The average real transactions and location data of apartment complex was combined into the GIS data. First, the pattern of apartment real transaction price change by period and by area was analyzed by kriging, the one of the spatial interpolation technique. Second, to analyze the pattern of apartment market price change by administrative district(administrative `Dong` unit), the average of market price per unit area was calculated and converted to Moran I value, which was used to analyze the clustering level of the real transaction price. Through the analysis, spatial-temporal distribution pattern can be found and the type of change can be forecasted. Therefore, this study can be referred as of the base data research for the housing or local policies. Also, the regional unbalanced apartment price can be presented by analyzing the vertical pattern of the change in the time series and the horizontal pattern of the change based on GIS.
Impervious Surface Mapping of Cheongju by Using RapidEye Satellite Imagery
Park, Hong Lyun ; Choi, Jae Wan ; Choi, Seok Keun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 71~79
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.071
Most researches have created the impervious surface map by using low-spatial-resolution satellite imagery and are inefficient to generate the object-based impervious map with a broad area. In this study, segment-based impervious surface mapping algorithm is proposed using the RapidEye satellite imagery in order to map impervious area. At first, additional bands are generated by using TOA reflectance conversion RapidEye data. And then, shadow and water class are extracted using training data of converted reflectance image. Object-based impervious surface can be generated by spectral mixture analysis based on land cover map of Ministry of Environment with medium scale, in the case of other classes except shadow and water classes. The experiment shows that result by our method represents high classification accuracy compared to reference data, quantitatively.
A Study on the Improvement classification accuracy of Land Cover using the Aerial hyperspectral image with PCA
Choi, Byoung Gil ; Na, Young Woo ; Kim, Seung Hyun ; Lee, Jung Il ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 81~88
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.081
The researcher of this study applied PCA on aerial hyper-spectral sensor and selectively combined bands which contain high amount of information, creating five types of PCA images. By applying Spectral Angle Mapping-supervised classification technique on each type of image, classification process was carried out and accuracy was evaluated. The test result showed that the amount of information contained in the first band of PCA-transformation image was 76.74% and the second accumulated band contained 98.40%, suggesting that most of information were contained in the first and the second PCA components. Quantitative classification accuracy evaluation of each type of image showed that total accuracy, producer`s accuracy and user`s accuracy had similar patterns. What drew the researcher`s attention was the fact that the first and the second bands of the PCA-transformation image had the highest accuracy according to the classification accuracy although it was believed that more than four bands of PCA-transformation image should be contained in order to secure accuracy when doing the qualitative classification accuracy.
A Method to Use the Land-Use Zoning Information to Extract the DIF Zones
Lee, Yong Jik ; Choei, Nae Young ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 22, issue 1, 2014, Pages 89~99
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2014.22.1.089
The current Development Impact Fee (DIF) Zoning Law allows Korean localities to designate the DIF Zone for the areas where there have been up-zoning in land-uses due to any minute additions and/or amendments in the existing clauses or provisions in the National Territory Planning Law as well as all other laws related to urban and regional planning. In reality, however, it is almost impossible to trace the sporadic and infinitesimal changes that might occur in every corner of the statutory clauses of a great number of planning related laws. This study, in an effort to overcome such practical difficulties, tries to chase the time-series zoning alterations in especially the consecutive land-use information layers of the Korea Land Information System (KLIS) as comparable analogues of the outcomes of the amendments in various planning laws. A study locality is chosen among the entire localities in the Capital Region based on the selection criteria dictated by the DIF Zoning Law such as the population- and building permit increase rate. It has been verified that the methodology suggested herein is practically applicable and successfully capable of extracting a number of DIF zones with considerable areal sizes, which could not have otherwise been possible. The consequences of this study, in this context, are expected to contribute to prevent the uncontrolled developments as the DIF Zoning Law itself was originally intended to achieve.