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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Journal DOI :
The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 23, Issue 4 - Dec 2015
Volume 23, Issue 3 - Sep 2015
Volume 23, Issue 2 - Jun 2015
Volume 23, Issue 1 - Mar 2015
Selecting the target year
Analysis of Temporal and Spatial Distribution of Traffic Accidents in Jinju
Sung, Byeong Jun ; Bae, Gyu Han ; Yoo, Hwan Hee ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 3~9
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.003
Since changes in land use in urban space cause traffic volume and it is closely related to traffic accidents. Therefore, an analysis on the causes of traffic accidents is judged to be an essential factor to establish the measure to reduce traffic accidents. In this regard, the analysis was conducted on the clustering by using the nearest neighbor indexes with regard to the occurrence frequencies of commercial and residential zone based on traffic accident data of the past five years (2009-2013) with the target of local small-medium sized city, Jinju-si. The analysis results, obtained in this study, are as follows: the occurrence frequency of traffic accidents was the highest in spring and the lowest in winter respectively. The clustering of traffic accident occurrence at nighttime was stronger than at daytime. In addition, terms of the analysis on the clustering of traffic accident according to land use, changes according to the seasons was not significant in commercial areas, while clustering density in winter tended to become significantly lower in residential areas. The analysis results of traffic accident types showed that the side-right angle collision of cars was the highest in frequency occurrence, and widespread in both commercial areas and residential areas. These results can provide us with important information to identify the occurrence pattern of traffic accidents in the structure of urban space, and it is expected that they will be appropriately utilized to establish measures to reduce traffic accidents.
Trade Area Delimitation Using AMOEBA Technique
Kwon, Pil ; Yu, Ki Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 11~16
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.011
In general, problems of delimitating trading area are that it takes much efforts depending on regions and the results are not scientific due to agencies' own rules and criteria. Especially, areas like Hongik University Station, where countless stores are opening and closing simultaneously, the field survey needs even more time and expenses. Despite of its drawbacks, it has been considered that the field survey is the most credible method in delimitating trading area. The purpose of this study, therefore, is reducing the field survey when agencies delimitate trade area by maximizing use of previously built GIS database and utilizing spatial analysis. Publicly notified individual land value and floating population of Gwanak-gu were utilized to delimitate trading areas. For an evaluation method, the study results were compared to other trading area boundaries.
Riparian Connectivity Assessment Using Species Distribution Model of Fish Assembly
Jeong, Seung Gyu ; Lee, Dong Kun ; Ryu, Ji Eun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 17~26
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.017
River corridors facilitate dispersal and movement and prevent local extinction of species. As a result of stream restoration projects, which include installation of waterfront and flood control structures, the number of animals, which rely on river corridor, is decreasing. For the study, factors affecting fish assembly were extracted by a species distribution model with the fish data collected from the Seom River in Hoengseong County and City of Wonju, Ganwon Province, Korea between March to October 2013. The riparian connectivity was assessed using species richness and rarity. According to result of the field survey, there were 38 species and 7,061 individuals for fish. The analysis suggests the following. Firstly, factors affecting fish richness in species distribution model results are shown to be velocity, riffle, riparian width, and water width. The accuracy of the model proves to be suitable with the correlation coefficient of 0.83 and MAPE of 19.2%. Secondly, the low rarity area is shown to be straight streams in Jeon river near to Hongseong County and the high rarity area to be streams with large width, existing alluvial area at channel junction between Jeon river and Seom river. Thirdly, according to connectivity results, areas where weirs are installed or riparian buffer area is removed showed low connectivity. The areas where farmland near riparian and forest areas showed high connectivity. The results of this study can be utilized to improve current facilities and enhance connectivity as a restoration guide.
Accuracy Analysis of 3D Position of Close-range Photogrammetry Using Direct Linear Transformation and Self-calibration Bundle Adjustment with Additional Parameters
Kim, Hyuk Gil ; Hwang, Jin Sang ; Yun, Hong Sic ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 27~38
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.027
In this study, the 3D position coordinates were calculated for the targets using DLT and self-calibration bundle adjustment with additional parameters in close-range photogrammetry. And then, the accuracy of the results were analysed. For this purpose, the results of camera calibration and orientation parameters were calculated for each images by performing reference surveying using total station though the composition of experimental conditions attached numerous targets. To analyze the accuracy, 3D position coordinates were calculated for targets that has been identically selected and compared with the reference coordinates obtained from a total station. For the image coordinate measurement of the stereo images, we performed the ellipse fitting procedure for measuring the center point of the circular target. And then, the results were utilized for the image coordinate for targets. As a results from experiments, position coordinates calculated by the stereo images-based photogrammetry have resulted out the deviation of less than an average 4mm within the maximum error range of less than about 1cm. From this result, it is expected that the stereo images-based photogrammetry would be used to field of various close-range photogrammetry required for precise accuracy.
Assessing the Positioning Accuracy of High density Point Clouds produced from Rotary Wing Quadrocopter Unmanned Aerial System based Imagery
Lee, Yong Chang ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 39~48
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.039
Lately, Unmanned Aerial Vehicles(UAV), Unmanned Aerial Systems(UAS) or also often known as drones, as a data acquisition platform and as a measurement instrument are becoming attractive for many photogrammetric surveying applications, especially generation of the high density point clouds(HDPC). This paper presents the performance evaluation of a low-cost rotary wing quadrocopter UAS for generation of the HDPC in a test bed environment. Its performance was assessed by comparing the coordinates of UAS based HDPC to the results of Network RTK GNSS surveying with 62 ground check points. The results indicate that the position RMSE of the check points are
in Horizonatal plane, and
in vertical, and the maxium deviation of Elevation was 0.570m within block area of ortho-photo mosaic. Therefore the required level of accuracy at NGII for production of ortho-images mosaic at a scale of 1:1000 was reached, UAS based imagery was found to make use of it to update scale 1:1000 map. And also, since this results are less than or equal to the required level in working rule agreement for airborne laser scanning surveying of NGII for Digital Elevation Model generation of grids
and 1:1000 scale, could be applied with production of topographic map and ortho-image mosaic at a scale of 1:1000~1:2500 over small-scale areas.
A Study on Development Directions of System for the Level Diagnosis of U-City for U-City Activation
Jang, Hwan Young ; Lim, Yong Min ; Lee, Jae Yong ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 49~58
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.049
Up to the present point in time, the level diagnosis system for urban reactivation have utilized various methods for establishment and management in Korea and overseas, such as city competitiveness evaluation, urban decay diagnosis, etc. However, contrary to performing diagnosis and evaluations on general cities in existing studies, it is found to be a very complex and difficult task to perform a diagnosis on the level of U-City due to its unique characteristics. It is difficult to determine the level of a U-City using a level diagnosis system used for general cities because a U-City is comprised of a connection/fusion of various structural elements. Therefore, in order to perform a systematic diagnosis of a U-City, it is necessary to primarily observe the structural characteristics of a U-city to derive a diagnosis system based on the relativity between each structural element. This study aims to propose a directivity of a U-City level diagnosis system in comprehensive consideration of various elements, such as the objective of a U-City, as well as the structural elements that compose a U-City based on the definitions prescribed in U-City legislations, including ubiquitous city planning, ubiquitous city infrastructure, ubiquitous city technology, services, etc. The results of this study are expected to provide a resolution for the regional quality differences of U-Cities, and also establish a stepping-stone for the realization of U-Cities with high degree of completion.
The Planning and Design of Urban Streams Based on 3D Terrain Modelling
Park, Eun Gwan ; You, Ji Ho ; Lee, Hyun Jik ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 59~67
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.059
When planning for streams, adequate and definite flood control should be in the primary consideration of the planner; likewise, flood control is the basic prerequisite for the recent river restoration taking place nationwide. Planning 'safe' streams and rivers that are predictable and controllable begins from accurate survey data. In this research, we will create streams in 3D terrain models and apply them through hydraulic analysis and restoration using smart geospatial information. This process allows the extraction of more accurate data regarding streams and rivers, which makes possible precise hydraulic analysis that is superior in details to the conventional methods. The study also proposes optimal vertical section interval for efficient data processing on hydraulic analysis, applicable when LiDAR data is utilized on hydraulic analysis of urban streams. The study proposes 3D design plan and various applications for spatially planning and restoring rivers and streams.
The Spatial Location Analysis of Disaster Evacuation Shelter for Considering Resistance of Road Slope and Difference of Walking Speed by Age - Case Study of Seoul, Korea
Lee, So Hee ; Goo, Sin Hoi ; Chun, Young Woo ; Park, Young Jin ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 69~77
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.069
In Korea, local governments have decided the location of shelters as part of their disaster planning. However, no quantitative standards, such as assuming different hazard and shelter types, shelters' capacity, are specified in that planning. To propose the direction of disaster evacuation policy, first of all, the current state of shelters' location and evacuation area is needed to be analyzed. In addition, considering topographical condition such as road slope and physical strength by age are important factors to measure optimal evacuation route. The purpose is to suggest a new methodology of estimating optimal evacuation route considering resistance of road slope and difference of walking speed by age. Moreover, as a case study of Seoul, Korea, using coverage analysis of GIS analysis tool, the accessible area (or vulnerable area) to the shelters is evaluated based on the spatial distribution of disaster evacuation shelters and their accommodation capacity, according to evacuation time within 7.5, 15 and 30 minutes. The main results are summarized as follows: 1) The average area of disaster evacuation shelter per person is calculated as 0.45 square meters. Considering that the minimum shelters' area per person is 1 square meters, only 45% of people in Seoul can be accommodated. 2) The ratio of inhabitants who live in accessible area within 7.5 minutes presents only 33% of all. Furthermore, the ratio of inhabitants by age group of 5~9 or over 65 years old shows significantly lower percentage in comparison with 15~49 years old people.
Research on Standardization for Survey Control Points
Lee, Hyun Jik ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 79~88
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.079
In any production and construction of geospatial information covering surveying, survey control point is a vital geospatial information. Survey control points in South Korea are currently classified as following: national control points, public control points, and cadastral control points. Each of these different categories of survey control points act as a basis and sets perimeters for the production, management and operation of subjects within the category. Universal standard, the unified format between different survey control points, also, are not yet defined, causing difference in basic information provided by altering categories and disturbance in connecting, managing, utilizing and operating survey control points. Establishment of a standard regarding survey control points, is therefore required for the efficacy of their utilization. This study, to solve such inadequacies, selects management items for creation of standardized survey control point, by investigating domestically and internationally the status of operating survey control points, determining data model for management, establishing TTA and agency standards, and establishing of activation methodology for survey control point standards.
Spatial Clustering Analysis based on Text Mining of Location-Based Social Media Data
Park, Woo Jin ; Yu, Ki Yun ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 89~96
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.089
Location-based social media data have high potential to be used in various area such as big data, location based services and so on. In this study, we applied a series of analysis methodology to figure out how the important keywords in location-based social media are spatially distributed by analyzing text information. For this purpose, we collected tweet data with geo-tag in Gangnam district and its environs in Seoul for a month of August 2013. From this tweet data, principle keywords are extracted. Among these, keywords of three categories such as food, entertainment and work and study are selected and classified by category. The spatial clustering is conducted to the tweet data which contains keywords in each category. Clusters of each category are compared with buildings and benchmark POIs in the same position. As a result of comparison, clusters of food category showed high consistency with commercial areas of large scale. Clusters of entertainment category corresponded with theaters and sports complex. Clusters of work and study showed high consistency with areas where private institutes and office buildings are concentrated.
Study on the Integration of MMS and Airborn Survey Data for the Implementation of Precise Road Spatial Database
Hwang, Jin Sang ; Kim, Jae Koo ; Yun, Hong Sik ; Jung, Woon Chul ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 97~104
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.097
Due to the introduction of various IT devices, including the recently smartphones and the widespread use of the car navigation system to the location-based information service space has been increased. Spatial information users have been requiring higher levels of quality. In this paper, we study how to build accurate three-dimensional space information by integrating MMS(Moblie Mapping System) survey and airborne survey data. Thus, to analyze the tendency of deviation between the MMS survey and airborne survey data observed in the experimental region, the deviation tendency of the data, it was confirmed that was not consistent. Deviation correction model to select how to change the georeferencing information directly contained in the GPS/INS processing results for the determination, classifies the standard is a method for acquiring the correction reference point coordinates using the calibration model, and analyzed their advantages and disadvantages. With the information of the reference point obtained by airborne photograph of a project, using the method of correcting the MMS survey data. Not only clear the deviation existing between the MMS survey data, it was possible to confirm that the deviation exists between the airborne survey data and MMS survey data was also almost erased.
Spatio-temporal Data Model for 2D Map and It's Implementation Method
Hwang, Jin Sang ; Kim, Jae Koo ; Yun, Hong Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 23, issue 2, 2015, Pages 105~111
DOI : 10.7319/kogsis.2015.23.2.105
Domestic 2D maps includes only most up-to-date information at the time of production without historical information. Therefore, it is hard to identify the change history of real world objects. In this research, Spatio-temporal model for 2D map were developed and it's compatibility was verified through the pilot project conducted on the Gwanggyo area of Gyeonggi province. Also, the procedure to generate 2D spatio-temporal database using maps made periodically on the same target area was introduced for showing the possibility of realizing nation wide spatio-temporal 2D map using the national base map updated periodically.