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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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The Korean Society for Geospatial Information System
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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GIS-supported Evaluation System for Road Traffic-related Air Pollution
Pior, Myoung-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 13~25
Road traffic-related environment problems has become now serious problem common in the urban life throughout the world. In this study, a GIS-supported evaluation system has been developed for dealing with the road traffic-related environment problems, especially focusing on air Pollution in the urban areas. The developed system consists lof three essential parts: GIS; traffic-related air pollution simulation model; and the database for potential strategies. In establishing the simulation model, a GIS-supported environment can provide a useful tool for handling a wide range of data characterizing study areas and for preparing more accurate estimation on real locations. Such roles of the GIS-supported system can be helpful to more efficient analysis and more reasonable decision-makings. As a preliminary stage in developing the system, the metropolitan area of Cairo in Egypt was applying into being as a Pilot study to test the Potentiality of the prototype system.
GIS-Supported System for Measuring the Effect of Social Infrastructure Improvements
Pior, Myoung-Young ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 27~42
In this study, a GIS-supported system is used to measure the effect of social infrastructure improvements. Benefit evaluation approach is based on two types of approaches -the simple hedonic approach and Rosen's two step approach. The land attribute data for both approaches are efficiently collected and generated in a GIS-supported environment. Moreover, it conveys more objective and correct data. The benefits are estimated on real locations by using GIS. The potentiality of the developed system for practical application has been verified by its application to Joban New Line in Tokyo metropolitan area. By incorporating benefit evaluation routines into GIS, the proposed system will be a useful tool for decision making on the improvements of social infrastructure.
IGIS: An Internet Geographic Information System in WWW
Moon, Jin-Yong ; Koo, Yong-Wan ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 43~49
In this paper, we designed and implemented an Internet Geographic Information System called IGIS, that supports the client/server architecture connected via the Internet. IGIS is consists of the Map Server and the Map Viewer which can be located at a server site and client sites, respectively. In addition, we used the Common Gateway Interface(CGI) to service the geographic information on the Internet and used a DXF(Data exchange Format) file as a geographic data in IGIS.
Dynamic Traffic Assignment Using Genetic Algorithm
Park, Kyung-Chul ; Park, Chang-Ho ; Chon, Kyung-Soo ; Rhee, Sung-Mo ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 51~63
Dynamic traffic assignment(DTA) has been a topic of substantial research during the past decade. While DTA is gradually maturing, many aspects of DTA still need improvement, especially regarding its formulation and solution algerian Recently, with its promise for In(Intelligent Transportation System) and GIS(Geographic Information System) applications, DTA have received increasing attention. This potential also implies higher requirement for DTA modeling, especially regarding its solution efficiency for real-time implementation. But DTA have many mathematical difficulties in searching process due to the complexity of spatial and temporal variables. Although many solution algorithms have been studied, conventional methods cannot iud the solution in case that objective function or constraints is not convex. In this paper, the genetic algorithm to find the solution of DTA is applied and the Merchant-Nemhauser model is used as DTA model because it has a nonconvex constraint set. To handle the nonconvex constraint set the GENOCOP III system which is a kind of the genetic algorithm is used in this study. Results for the sample network have been compared with the results of conventional method.
A Study on the Trip Assignment Model for GIS Transportation Component Development
Lee, Kyung-So ; Rhee, Sung-Mo ; Kim, Chang-Ho ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 65~72
Travel demand forecasting is the important process of transportation policy and planning, especially trip assignment is also important because it finds deficiency of network GIS can be applied to transportation due to its various merits. Recently Program development environment is changed to component-based and transportation-component is necessary. This study evolves in implementing trip assignment model with GIS and tries to apply the system to the Cheongju City.
Classification of Map-matching Techniques and A Development
Chung, Youn-Shik ; Yoon, Hang-Mook ; Choi, Kee-Choo ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 73~84
Map matching technique is an essential part of the car navigation and other related positioning fields such as dead reckoning and GPS data logging upon the GIS database. This paper is to break down map matching techniques, to categorize them, and to propose a simple technique for GPS based map matching technique. For categorization of techniques, two approaches have been adopted. One is to only use geometric information, and the other is to use both geometric and topological information. Some pros and cons of each method have been described. In addition, a simple map matching technique, set forth in this paper, has been introduced for properly utilizing the advantage of GPS points after the absence of the chronic problem of selective availability, which had been prevailed recently. Some research opportunities and problems of the technique have also been discussed.
Update/Revision of Digital Map by Using the Drawing of Work Completion Surveying
Kim, Won-Dae ; Lee, Kang-Won ; Park, Hong-Gi ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 85~95
There is a recent emphasis on the need for updating and revision of existing digital maps as more digital maps are used and produced. Various type of data sources, such as photographs, ground surveyed data and satellite images, are used in the revision and the updating process. The process is very time consuming and costly, especially for small regional areas. This study, attempts to present an effective update/revision method using the as-built surveying drawings and the accuracy of the digital map which has been updated and revised using this method was also investigated. This study showed that by using as-built surveying drawings of scale 1/1,200 to update a digital map of scale 1/1,000, the resulting accuracy satisfied the requirements of the national digital map accuracy specification for the corresponding scale. The necessity of the existence of the necessary drawings and maps is a requirement of this process and it is also suggested that densification of local control points especially in the urban areas is necessary for producing accurate as-built surveying drawings. This would require the establishment of rules and regulations which would require constructions to perform as-built surveying, immediately after the construction has been completed.
GIS Application for 1-1-9 Caller Location Information System
Hahm, Chang-Hahk ; Jeong, Jae-Hu ; Ryu, Joong-Hi ; Kim, Eung-Nam ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 97~103
The main purpose of 1-1-9 Caller Location Information System is to identify and display the precise location of emergency incidents such as natural or man - made fires, medical emergencies and accidents. The state - of- the - art technologies such as Am (Automatic Number Identification), GIS(Geographical Information System) and GPS (Global Positioning System) were applied and integrated in the system for efficient and effective location identification. It displays a radius of 25M, 50M and 100M on the map after location identification. The system can also provide the shortest path to an incident location from a fire station or a fire engine. In case of a fire breakout in or near a building, the attribute information of the building, called a building attribute card, is displayed along with the map location. The system then matches the information with the fire situation and sends an alert to a responsible fire station by phone or fax in order to help promptly react to the problem. An attribute card includes the critical information of a premise such as building's location, number of stories, floor plans, capacity, construction history, indoor fire detection and Prevention facilities, etc.
A Study of Evaluation of the Feature from Cooccurrence Matrix and Appropriate Applicable Resolution
Kwon, Oh-Hyoung ; Kim, Yong-Il ; Eo, Yang-Dam ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 105~110
Since the advent of high resolution satellite image, possibilities of applying various human interpretation mechanism to these images have increased. Also many studies about these possibilities in many fields such as computer vision, pattern recognition, artificial intellegence and remote sensing have been done. In this field of these studies, texture is defined as a kind of quantity related to spatial distribution of brightness and tone and also plays an important role for interpretation of images. Especially, methods of obtaining texture by statistical model have been studied intensively. Among these methods, texture measurement method based on cooccurrence matrix is highly estimated because it is easy to calculate texture features compared with other methods. In addition, these results in high classification accuracy when this is applied to satellite images and aerial photos. But in the existing studies using cooccurrence matrix, features have been chosen arbitrarily without considering feature variation. And not enough studies have been implemented for appropriate resolution selection in which cooccurrence matrix can extract texture. Therefore, this study reviews the concept of cooccurrence matrix as a texture measurement method, evaluates usefulness of several features obtained from cooccurrence matrix, and proposes appropriate resolution by investigating variance trend of several features.
A study on the transformation of cadastral map using Geo-Spatial Information System
Kim, Jung-Sik ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 111~120
A cadastral map that is base map on Land Information System is divided by two categories, graphical and digital cadastre. And digital cadastre can be displayed with location coordinates of nodes that depict parcel boundary on digital cadastral records. The transformation of digital cadastral records means that imported text data of node coordinate would be transformed into system data. This study was implemented to search reasons of errors resulted from transformation of graphic data and then to analyze the accuracy in terms of Position and area. For this, checking of software used in Geo-Spatial Information System was implemented at first and it was found that the accuracy is up by using double precision in coordinate transformation. On the position accuracy the errors at nodes was erased during making topology and the errors did not effect other nodes. On the area may the area errors because of being in error limit of allowable area had no problems in using of system
Extraction of SAR Imagery Informations for the Classification Accuracy Enhancement - Using SPOT XS and RADARSAT SAR Imagery
Seo, Byoung-Jun ; Park, Min-Ho ; Kim, Yong-Il ;
Journal of Korean Society for Geospatial Information System, volume 8, issue 1, 2000, Pages 121~130
For the land-cover classification we have usually used imagery of the optical sensors only. But currently a number of the satellite with various sensors are operating and the availability of using the data acquired from them are increasing. SAR sensors, in particular, can produce additional informations on the land-cover which has not been available from optical sensors. On this study, I have applied the SAR Image to the SPOT XS image in the classification procedures, and analysed the classified results. In this procedure I have extracted texture informations from SAR intensity images, then applied both intensity and texture informations. From the accuracy analysis, overall accuracy are increased slightly when the SAR texture was applied. In case of the Built-up class the results showed higher accuracy than those of when only the SPOT XS image was used. From this result I can show that overall accuracy was increased slightly but the spatial distribution of classes was visibly improved.