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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 11, Issue 3 - Dec 2001
Volume 11, Issue 2 - Aug 2001
Volume 11, Issue 1 - Apr 2001
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Rock Pressure Wedge Failure During Ground Excavation
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~11
The geological characteristics of Korea are that we can encounter the rock layer only after 10m of excavation, methods to presume the rock pressure distribution of the rock layer is urgently needed. When using the existing empiric science of Terzaghi-Peck, Tschebotarioff to measure the rock pressure of the rock layer, underestimate the real strength because of the cohesion is ignored. Therefore calculating the horizontal sliding force of wedge block, which includes the dips and shear strength of discontinuities and surcharge load etc., think to be to getting a closer rock stress of the real rock pressure acting upon the earth structure in rock mass. This research use Coulomb soil pressure theory assuming that the backfill soil will yield wedge failure when it has cohesion, applying Prakash-Saran(l963), and then it uses equilibrium of force and shear strength
of the cliscontinuities. Analyzing shear strength and dips of cliscontinuities using calculated theory according to the status of discontinuities aperture, we were able to find out that because the cohesion and friction angle of the rock layer itself is large enough, how the dip directions and dips facing the excavation face is the only factor deciding whether or not the rock stress is applied. The evaluated theory of this research should be strictly estimated, so that the many parameters such as c,
value, types and structures of rock class, excessive lateral pressure, dynamic load, earthquake, needed later when calculating shear strength of discontinuities and especially the ground water effect acting on rock layer should be coumpted with many measuring data achieve at the insite to study the application.
Stability Analysis of Rock Slope with Consideration of Freezing-Thawing Depth
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 13~23
Rock slope near the road or railroad is affected by the outside temperature and iterative freezing-thawing process during winter and early spring. The purpose of this study is to analyze the stability of rock slope which is iniluenced by deterioration due to the freezing-thawing. Method of analysis is homogenization method which find the strength property of discontinuous rock mass and as a strength failure criterion, Drucker-Prager failure criterion is used, The deterioration property of real rock is obtained by a freezing-thawing labordtory test of tuff and this quantitative property is used as a basic data of stability analysis of rock mass. To evaluate the deterioration depth due to the freezing-thawing in the field rock slope, one dimensional heat conductivity equation is used and as a a result we can find the depth of which is affected by a temperature. After determined the freezing-thawing depth of model slope, the pattern of rock mass strength value of model rock slope which excess the limit of self-load is analyzed.
Evaluation of Seismic Response Characteristics of Hong-Seong Area based on In-Situ and Laboratory Tests
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 25~35
For the ground resrxmse analysis, both in-situ and laboratory testing techniques such as downhole, SASW, resonant column and torsional shear tests were perlormed for Hong-Seong area. The grOlmd upper 30m is classified as SD since it has an average shear wave velocity as 209m/s. The response specLrums obtained by site-specific analyses generally satisfied the seismic code, but near the resonance period the motion was evaluated to be higher than the code.
A Study of Numerical Analysis on Hydrogeological Influence by Groundwater Development around Underground Oil Storage Cavern
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~50
Through the modeting study on the groundwater now system around the underground stockpile site of crude oil near Seoul, we carried out the research on the influence of the groundwater yield near the site, the effect of the water curtain construction in order to reduce the influence of water yield, and the realized case study by measuring the water level change after the construction of the water curtain. For the simu1ation of the water yield and the water curtain, the nwnerical analysis code, MODFLOW has been utilized. Groundwater levels of the observation wells which were established to observe the hydraulic head around underground oil storage cavern of the study area have been changed in the range of from EL.+30 to +60 meter, while the simulation study revealed that groundwater levels changed in the range of from EL.+20 to +5Om. The hydrogeological condition of the underground oil storage cavern becomes stable by injection water to maintain the groundwater level around the cavern. The result shows the proper input of the hydrogeological factors helps the management to be effective for the oil stockpile site.
Microscopic Analysis of the Rock Cleavage for Jurassic Granite in Korea
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 51~62
Jurassic granites of three sites, Pocheon, Geochang and Habcheon, were analysed with respect to the characteristics of the rock cleavage. Microscopic analysis for the oriented thin sections of the specimens was conducted by using the scanline survey technique to measure microcrack direction, spacing and length. The results showed that the preferred orientations of microcrack developed in quartz and feldspar arc coincident with the orientation of quarry planes. The length of microcrack is related to grain size. The length of microcrack in coarse-grained granite is longer than that in relatively fine-grained granite. In all granites, microcracks related to the preferred orientations are well developed in order of rift, grain and hardway planes in number, length and density.
Hydraulic Parameter Estimation of a Granite Area Using Slug Tests
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 63~79
This study is aimed for estimating hydraulic parameters using the Cooper-Bredehoeft-Papadopulos, the Hvorslev, and the Bouwer & Rice methods at nineteen test holes in Me. Geumjeong area composed of Bulguksa granites, and for characterizing hydraulic properties at the test holes with relatioll to drill core data. The relation among hydraulic Dammeters obtained by the three methods is also considered. The study area is divided into four sub-areas to consider the hydraulic characteristics. The difference of hydraulic conductivity estimates between the injection and the withdrawal slug test may be due to penncable fracture distlibutions around the test hole and/or the disturbance of fine mateIials in the fractures induced by the pressure variation due to different mechanisms of test initiation. The hydraulic conductivity estimates detennined by the Cooper-Bredehoeft-Papadopulos, the Hvorslev and the Bouwer & Rice methods ranges from 10
m/sec, and the ranges of average values are from 10
m/sec. Also, the transmissivity ranges from 10
/sec. Comparing average hydraulic conductivity by the Cooper-Bredehoeft-Papadopulos, the Hvorslev and the Bouwer & Rice methods, by the Hvorslev method has the highest values, then the Bouwer & Rice method, and the Cooper-Bredehoeft-Papadopulos method has the lowest.
Field Experiments on the Cutoff Grouting Around Waterway Tunnel
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 81~99
In order to clarify an effect of the cutoff grouting, a series of field experiments were performed during construction of the waterway tunnel from the River Gilancheon(Andong) to the Youngcheon dam. The experiments were conducted in three different ways based on the grouting time in the construction sequence, i.e., the pre-grouting, after-grouting and consolidation grouting tests. And those were also planned to compare the efficiency of grouting in relation to the material types of grout, base rock types and other geologic factors such as discontinuities, depth and direction of grouting holes, and number of grouting stages. Among the materials of grout employed in the experiments, such as a common Portland cement, a micro-cement, a micro-cement with sodium silicate, and a urethane, the urethane was the most effective as the cutoff grouting. And for the same grout material, the pre-grouting was more effective to cutoff the water inflow comparing to the after-grouting and the consolidation grouting. For the rock types, the grouting efficiency in the sedimentary rocks as a base rock was less than the other rocks such as granite and volcanic rocks, which is believed due to the smaller separation of joints and the abundance of infilling materials in the joints developed in the sedimentary rocks. There was no direct relationship between the total RMR value of the rock mass and the grouting efficiency, however, the joint separation which is one of the RMR criteria is believed to have positive relation to the grouting efficiency. And the direction of the grouting holes might not so much affect on the grouting efficiency while increasing the number of grouting stage showed the better results.
Estimation of Usable Cut-out Volume Considering the Structural and Engineering Properties of Rock Mass
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 11, issue 1, 2001, Pages 101~113
Structural and geological engineering properties of the rock mass distributed in the Yokmang mountain area were investigated to detenninc the usable cut-out volume and quarrying efficiency. The study area is located in the southern tip of the Yangsan fault system which controls the geological structure of the Kvungsang basin. As a result, the study area is mainly composed of andesicic. rhyolitic. and granitic rocks of the Cretaceous Kyungsang Supergroup and a series of right-handed strike-slip faults is developed along NNE-SSW direction. These regional faults significantly affect the spatial and meclwnical characteristics of joints such as spacing, frequency, and compressive strength. The joint frequency is highest along the fault zones and decreases toward the remote region. Based on the geological information obtained from the field survey, the detailed structure of the Yokmang mountain was analyzed and the volume of the rock mass was assessed. Considering the minimum rock block size required for the construction of a coastal dumping site, potential cut-out volume is then estimated to be 4,018,000m
the volume % of which is 48% of Yokmang mountain including the soil and weathered rock and 61% of the unweathered rock mass.