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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Prediction Method of Ground Displacement by Deep Excavation
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 1~21
Recently, the rapid industrialization and urbanization of the country due to a high economic growth, require optimization, usage and the expansion of underground space. Therefore the consturction of large and deep basements takes place in braced excavated area where their earth retaining structures cause many problems such as settlement and damages of nearby buildings and underground utilities. this study deals with the influence distance of settlement and the amount for settlement based on the measurement which were obtained at five excavation construction sites. Maximum ground surface settlement, (0.28∼0.3)(%)H utilizing depth, is similar to the measurement and the value by Clough's method. It was found that the settlement and the influence distance of settlement calculated by Clough's method were rational.
Practical visualization of discontinuity distribution in subsurface using borehole image analysis
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 23~34
Borehole image analysis has been carried out to obtain the detailed geological data by approach of direct observation. Direct application of borehole image analysis inevitably gives rise to a few of restriction of data acquisition due to the limited information within narrow borehole space. Considering the apparent dip of discontinuity surface depending upon the direction, the visualized program of two-dimensional subsurface discontinuities is coded. Borehole image analysis can compensate the distribution of subsurface discontinuity extending into the expected area of investigation. In order to draw subsurface profile in the proposed area of subsurface construction, visualized program is coded as a window GUI (Graphic User Interface) using Fortran and Visual Basic Programming languages. It is to open publicly for the usage of whoever is in want. Discontinuity distribution map is visualized along the Proposed line of tunnel in the Janggye-ri area, Jangsu-gun. Using the visualized program, the limited information from borehole spatially applies into analysis of overall subsurface structures, and the distributional characteristics of discontinuity anticipate at the proposed area. In addition, spacing and extension of joint and depth of discontinuity effecting tunnel safety can be visualized along the direction of the proposed tunnel. These lines of visualization apply design and construction of fundanmental structures.
Hydrogeological Stability Study on the Underground Oil Storage Caverns by Numerical Modeling
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 35~51
This study aims to establish the methodology for design of an optimum water curtain system of the unlined underground oil storage cavern satisfying the requirements of hydrodynamic performance in a volcanic terrain of the south coastal area. For the optimum water curtain system in the storage facility, the general characteristics of groundwater flow system in the site are quantitatively described, i.e. distribution of hydraulic gradients, groundwater inflow rate into the storage caverns, and hydrogeologic influence area of the cavern. In this study, numerical models such as MODFLOW, FracMan/MAFIC and CONNECTFLOW are used for calculating the hydrogeological stability parameters. The design of a horizontal water curtain system requires considering the distance between water curtain and storage cavern, spacing of the water curtain boreholes, and injection pressure. From the numerical simulations at different scales, the optimum water curtain systems satisfying the containment criteria are obtained. The inflow rates into storage caverns estimated by a continuum model ranged from about 120 m
/day during the operation stage to 130~140m
/day during the construction stage, whereas the inflow rates by a fracture network model are 80~175m
/day. The excavation works in the site will generate the excessive decline of groundwater level in a main fracture zone adjacent to the cavern. Therefore, the vertical water curtain system is necessary for sustaining the safe groundwater level in the fracture zone.
Study on Suggestion a Standard Installation for Damage Reduction alarm System using Cut-Slope Data
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 53~61
Cut-slope due to the road construction is one of the most significant problems in the domestic case, that is, 70% of the land is covered by mountain. Moreover, typhoons or heavy rains concentrated in summer season causes the failure of cut-slope. Rock-fall and soil slope failure take 40.8% and 29.5% out of the entire domestic cut-slope failure, respectively. Rock-fall is quickly occurred by the free fall or rolling of rock fragments generally in the upper slope. Soil slope failure produces a clastics-flow and increases casualty especially when caused by heave rainfall because the velocity of the movement is verb high. Considering the car speed and rock-fall velocity, it will take a life in a moment. This study analyzes a set of field data of most recently collapsed domestic road cut-slopes to characterize these cut-slopes and the nature of rock-falls and clastics flows at each site. Based on the results, design criteria for a road alarm system are proposed, considering the relationship between the time required for clastics-flow and the velocity and braking distance of a cat at the incidence. The road alarm system proposed herein would operate instantly after a rock-fall and it will minimize damages, by warning drivels approaching to the collapse or collapsing location in advance.
Electrical resistivity survey for evaluation of reinforced region by cement grouting in dike
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 63~73
To evaluate reinforced region of dike by cement grouting, we investigated both the electrical resistivity and the strength of cement grout having various water-cement ratio with curing time. These investigation results showed that the electric conductivity of grout is much higher than that of water and that the apparent resistivity of grouted region is much lower than that of unoccupied region by grout. It was founded that electrical resistivity survey might be quite effective to detect grout region in dike. As the results of electrical resistivity sounding at three dikes, apparent resistivities after grouting showed several tens to several hundreds of ohm-m which were lower than those of pre-grouting and showed stabilizing trend with curing time. From these results, we could estimate that this behavior of apparent resistivity is due to increasing strength with curing time.
A Study on the Calculation of Lateral Flow Pressure of Polluted Soils with Various Water Contents
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 75~88
When unsymmetrical surcharge is worked on polluted soft soils, large plastic shearing deformation such as settlements, lateral displacement, upheavals and shearing failure occured in the soils and they have often done considerable damages to the soils and structures. Accordingly, this study conducts laboratory pilots test to investigate the determination method of lateral flow pressure of polluted soft soils by comparing it to existing equations. The model test is performed that a model stock device is made and polluted soils are filled in a container which fires the soils. Then the displacement is observed as surcharge load is increased by regular intervals at untrained condition. The result shows that test the lateral flow pressure is adequately calculated by the equation (P=K
YH) and the maximum value of lateral flow pressure Is found near 0.3H of layer thickness(H) and is higher to ground surface than synthesis pattern, Poulos distribution pattern and soft clay soils(CL, CH) which is not polluted.
The Determination of settlement boundary for the rock filled embankment using seismic geotomography
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 89~93
Seismic geotomography method was performed to verify rock-filled settlement and its stability in No.38+0 profile and No.40+0 profile. The velocity distributions of geotomography method expressed the quantitative value of the ground conditions. The rock-filled layer and in-situ sediments layer are clearly divided on the basis of seismic velocity 2100 m/sec which is derived from the results of seismic geotomography and boring. Current rock-filled settlement conditions are somewhat different from designed settlement estimation line. Seismic geotomography represents current settlement conditions as a quantitative analysis.
Secondary Mineral Formation and Expansion Mechanisms Involved in Concrete Pavement Deterioration
;Rober D. Cody;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 1, 2002, Pages 95~109
A significant question is what role does newly-formed expansive mineral growth play in the premature deterioration of concrete. These minerals formed in cement paste as a result of chemical reactions involving cement paste and coarse/fine aggregate. Petrographic observations and SEM/EDAX analysis were conducted in order to determine chemical and mineralogical changes in the aggregate and cement paste of samples taken from lowa concrete highways that showed premature deterioration. Formation and expansive mechanisms involved in deterioration were Investigated. Brucite, Mg(OH)
, is potentially expansive mineral that farms in cement paste of concretes containing reactive dolomite aggregate as a result of partial dedolomitization of the aggregate. No cracking was observed to be spatially associated with brucite, but most brucite was microscopic in size and widely disseminated in the cement paste of less durable concretes. Expansion stresses associated with its growth at innumerable microlocations may be retrieved by cracking at weaker locations in the concrete. Ettringite, 3CaO.Al
, completely fills many small voids and occurs as rims lining the margin of larger voids. Microscopic ettringite is common disseminated throughout the paste in many samples. Severe cracking of cement paste causing premature deterioration is often closely associated with ettringite locations, and strongly suggests that ettringite contributed to deterioration. Pyrite, FeS2, is commonly present in coarse/fine aggregates, and its oxidation products is observed in many concrete samples. Pyrite oxidation provides sulfate ions for ettringite formation