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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
Estimation of the hydraulic conductivity profile in fractured rocks using the borehole flowmeter test
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 257~271
The vertical distribution of hydraulic conductivity of 3 boreholes located at Kongju National University was estimated by the ambient flow and the pump-induced flow measurements using a heat-pulse flowmeter. The ambient flow measurements showed that a great amount of groundwater (1~2 m
/day) flowed in the boreholes through the conductive fractures. The analyzed conductivity profiles we similar to those of the packer test performed for the same boreholes. The conductive fractures in which the differential net flow changed greatly could be identified by the BIPS logging. The water-quality logging data showed that quality of groundwater changed abruptly at some depths of the boreholes. This change in water quality can be attributed to the presence of conductive fractures that have resulted in the mixing of groundwater of different quality flowing in different fracture channels. However, compared to the flowmeter test, the water-quality logging showed low capability in identifying locations of conductive fractures.
A study on damage propagation characteristics of granite in different damage levels
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 273~284
The purpose of this study is to characterize damage propagation in granite which exists in South Korea. Coarse, medium and fine-grained granite specimens were sampled respectively In order to perform this study, elastic wave velocity test and permeability test were carried out to estimate the physical specificities of specimens before and after damage. Cellulose acetate film duplication method was used to select only cracks from cross section and to make these visible. Using dark-field illumination, approach photographing technique was used to get more distinct photographs of cracks from acetate peel. Computer programs named Photoshop were used to describe cracks. After damage, coarse and medium-grained granite had lower elastic wane velocity, higher permeability, more cracks and more distinct shear fractures than fine-grained granite.
Nitrate Contamination of Confined Groundwaters: Application of Nitrogen, Oxygen, and Hydrogen Isotopes
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 285~294
The origin of nitrate in confined groundwater was studied using oxygen (
180), hydrogen (
D), and nitrogen (
15N) stable isotopes, along with chemical data of NO3-N. We analyzed groundwaters from more than sixty manufactories producing natural mineral waters around the country During the period of 1998-2001, an average value of nitrate was fair]y low (0.95 mg/
), however, groundwaters from six sites showed more than 2 mg/
of nitrate. The stable isotope data of the groundwaters are -8.3~-11
D, which lies in an average range of the groundwaters. The nitrogen isotope data with -11.8~-5.1
15N suggest that manure, organic nitrate, and fertilizers can not be the origin of nitrate in the goundwaters.
Consideration of the Plane-Failure Condition of Rock Slopes according to Failure Characteristics in Korea
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 295~303
The stability of rock slopes is closely related to the factors such as: type of rock, development of geological structures, weathering, characteristics of rock, and the shape of the geological features. When we design the rock slope, the slope stability is determined by the discontinuity causing the circular, plane or wedge failure. The failure happens when the slope is under the unstable geological condition. But in some cases, slope failure has occurred even though the slope is under stable geological conditions. In this respect, this paper presents the plane failure conditions for domestic rock slopes through research of sites where slope failure has occurred regardless of whether or not it satisfied the stable geological conditions.
Fracture Analysis for Evaluation of Groundwater Flow around the Geumjeong Mountain, Busan
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 305~317
Geological, structural, and fracture density maps were drawn up to clarify the groundwater flow system around the Geumjeong Mountain, Busan. The results show that the topographical basin formed in the Sanseong Town is considered as a major recharge area of groundwater around the Geumjeong Mt. Because NS-trending fault and ENE-trending fault are intersecting and NS-trending and EW-trending fracture sets are highly developed in the basin, it is believed that the geological structure was developed in the basin which facilitates ground recharge. Based on the density distributions and characteristics of fractures, it is possible that the recharged groundwater in the basin would circulate to the depth of about 3~4 km and finally would reach the Dongnae Hot-spring region.
Estimation of the Effective Hydraulic Conductivity in the Granite Area as an Equivalent Continuum Medium
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 319~332
This study is focused on the characterization of an effective hydraulic conductivity in each hydrogeologic unit assumed as an equivalent continuum medium in the granitic area. Four boreholes of 3" diameter were installed and a Multi-packer system was facilitated in the selected borehole. Various in-situ tests including the fracture logging, constant injection and fall-off tests, slug and pulse tests were carried out. A hydrogeologic unit was defined into the upper and lower zones based on the variation of fracture properties and hydraulic conductivities. The difference of the result obtained by the various hydraulic tests and the effective characterization techniques on rock mass permeability are also discussed. The effective hydraulic conductivity of the upper unit was measured by two times(5.27E-10 m/s~7.57E-10 m/s) that of the lower unit(2.45E-10 m/s~6.81E-10 m/s)through the constant injection and fall-off tests.
Discontinuous Fracture Characteristics and Fractal Dimensions of Groundwater Flow Section in Youngchun Waterway Tunnel
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 333~344
To clarify the relationship between groundwater flow tate and statistical distribution of fractures in Youngchun waterway tunnel, the fracture characteristics and fractal dimensions of groundwater flow section were evaluated. The flow rate of 84,465m
/day was identified in fault, accounting for about 70 percent of the total How rate. The flow rate of 36,525m
/day was identified in joint, accounting for about 30 percent of the total flow rate. The flow late in the NATM section of sedimentary rocks increased with the fractal dimensions. The fractal dimensions determined in fault or fracture zones show more positive relation with the flow rate than those in joint developed zones.
A Study on Slope Stability Analysis of Sedimentary Rock using Interfaces Module of FLAC
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 3, 2002, Pages 345~360
This study was for analysing the sedimentary rock slope stability and providing the reinforcement method that can heighten stability. The study area consists of Cretaceous basalt or basaltic tuff belonging to Hak-Bong Basalt Formation in Ha-Yang Group. Nature of geological structure confirmed in this area ars bedding, joint and fault. Majority of geological structure that affect most relationship rock slope stability is bedding. It is shown that dip direction is 120~160/15~25. In other structure, joint sets are shown that dip direction of set 1 is 310~330/65~85 and set 2 is 230~250/70~85. Joint set 3 shows above 85
high angle on NE trend although do not show clear. Stability analysis about rock slope used kinematic analysis, limit equilibrium method and FLAC by numerical analysis method. FLAC is continuum model that use Fintie Defferentce Method, but could use Interfaces Module and get discrete model's analysis effect such as UDEC.