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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 4 - Dec 2002
Volume 12, Issue 3 - Sep 2002
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Jun 2002
Volume 12, Issue 1 - Mar 2002
Selecting the target year
A Study on the Stability Analysis and Countermeasure of Tunnel Portal Failure Slope - in Suanbo Hot Springs 1 and 2 Tunnel Failure Site
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 367~378
Recently, the number of tunnels on national roads has been increased due to the trend that construction of the large-scaled cut slopes is limited because of the environmental issues. Therefore, the slope failures of tunnel portal have often occurred. The tunnel portal in use has limitations on selection of the countermeasure and construction against slope failure. In the cases of Suanbo hot springs 1 and 2 tunnel portals, seedding was chosen and constructed as the countermeasureof slope failure when the tunnel was first built but collapsed in April, 2002. In this study, the failure sites were examined accurately through the site investigation and an efficient countermeasure according to stability analysis is presented. It is shown that it is very efficient to use resloping for Suanbo hot springs 1 tunnel and concrete buttress, rock anchor to reinforcement countermeasure, and attached rockfall prevention net by dividing the site into 3 sections for Suanbo hot springs 2 tunnel.
Groundwater Quality and Contamination in the 'A' section of Seoul Metropolitan Subway
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 379~394
This study was initiated to identify groundwater quality and contamination at present in the 'A' section of Seoul Metropolitan Subway. Groundwater samples were collected at 21 boreholes along the 'A' section and appeared to show mainly
type. In 20 samples, concentration of
, Cd, Pb, Fe, Mn, Al, F and
were higher than those of Korean drinking water quality standards. From chemical data and saturation Indices, contaminant sources of individual chemical elements were inferred to be buried wastes and surface sediments over the study area. The result of factor analysis suggested that the pollution factor should account for about 47% of data variation.
Speculation on the Water Quality for the Natural Mineral Water
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 395~404
Contents of the specific components in the natural mineral water was discussed in relation to the well depth and geology. According to water quality data during the last five years(1998~2002), the nitrate and fluoride concentrations, and pH averaged 0.89~ 1.09 mg/L, 0.37~0.45 mg/L, and 7.30~7.59, respectively. These values are the similar range to those of generalized groundwater having same well depths, implying that shallow groundwaters flow into the production wells. In general, no clear relationships between the water quality, well depth, and geology were found. The average arsenic concentration of the natural mineral water increased from 0.0024 mg/L in 1999 to 0.0066 mg/L in 2002. The percentage of production well with arsenic level higher than 0.001 mg/L also increased from 20.1% in 1999 to 64.9% in 2002. In 2002, 11 out of 57 production wells exceed 0.001 mg/L which will be announced as a new arsenic standard for drinking water by USEPA.
A Study of Roughness Measurement of Rock Discontinuities Using a Confocal Laser Scanning Microscope
Byung Gon Chae ; Jae Yong Song ; Gyo Cheol Jeong ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 405~419
Fracture roughness of rock specimens is observed by a new confocal laser scanning microscope (CLSM; Olympus OLS1100). The wave length of laser is 488 nm, and the laser scanning is managed by a light polarization method using two galvano-meter scanner mirrors. The function of laser reflection auto-focusing enables us to measure line data fast and precisely. The system improves resolution in the light axis (namely z) direction because of the confocal optics. Using the CLSM, it is Possible to measure a specimen of the size up to
which is fixed on a specially designed stage. A sampling is managed in a spacing
along x and y directions. The highest measurement resolution of z direction is
, which is more accurate than other methods. Core specimens of coarse and fine grained granite are provided. Fractures are artificially maneuvered by a Brazilian test method. Measurements are performed along three scan lines on each fracture surface. The measured data are represented as 2-D and 3-D digital images showing detailed features of roughness. Line profiles of the coarse granites represent more frequent change of undulation than those of the fine granite. Spectral analyses by the fast Fourier transform (FFT) are performed to characterize the roughness data quantitatively and to identify influential frequency of roughness. The FFT results suggest that a specimen loaded by large and low frequency energy tends to have high values of undulation change and large wave length of fracture roughness.
Anisotropy of shear strength according to roughness in joint surface
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 421~437
In order to quantify the anisotropic properties of rock included joints and shear behavior in joint surface, the mold is Produced for rock joint surface using gypsum Plaster and Peformed for replicated joint models made of cement mortar. Rock sample is measured using mechanical profilometer before testing and their result is expressed quantitatively. The statistical parameters and the fractal dimension by fractal theory for roughness is investigated its coordinate value for numerical process. The shear strength to the shear displacement in low level normal stress ismaintained or increased in most joint models. Their results present that this relationship is depended several roughness properties in joint model for natural rock joint. The relationship between the shear strength and the Properties for profiles estimated by some statistical parameter in roughness has the low correlation and is not constant. The result between the data for direct shear test and using Barton's equation, Barton's equation has not the effectiveness for the effect of anisotropy and has not suitable to recognizing the properties for joint surface. It means that JRC has not the properties of anisotropic rock surface. The fractal dimension is well correlated with the data of direct shear test than those of JRC. New experimental formulae using fractal dimension is comported with the anisotropic properties for direct shear test.
Study on Spatial Characteristics of Physicochemical Components of Spring Water in Mts. Geumjeong and Baekyang Area Using Kriging
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 439~457
Sping waters at 60 sites and groundwaters at 6 wells in Mts. Geumjeong and Baekyang area were investigated for measuring nine physicochemical components (temperature, pH, Eh, EC, TDS, DO, salinity, alkalinity and discharge rate). The pH of spring waters ranges from 5.06 to 8.38, alkalinity from 7.93 to 102.21 mg/ㅣ, electrical conductance from 9.5 to
, Eh from 64.2 to 685.9 mV, DO from 4.57 to 12.13 mg/l, and the discharge rate from 4.26 to 182.2 ml/s. General statistics was carried out to analyze statistical characteristics of those components. To compare the components with one another, regression analyses were carried out. And the components of spring waters were compared to those of groundwaters. Kriging was used to estimate the spatial variation of DO, pH, Eh, EC, alkalinity and discharge rate in the study area. The kriged isopleth maps were made using normalized kriged values to find anomalies of the physicochemical components and to compare anomalies of different components.
A study on the Consolidation Characteristics of remolding Marine Clay and Weathered Granite Soil by SCT and CRSC
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 459~469
We have remolded marine clay sample collected along the vertical and horizontal directions and investigated the characteristics of the consolidation constants by SCT and CRSC methods. We have studied also on consolidation chracteristics and application for weathered granite soil using SCT and CRSC methods for undisturbed and disturbed samples. As the result, values of pre-consolidation stress, compression index, excessive pore pressure, pore water pressure ratio of the marine-clay were different due to different test methods(SCT and CRSC) and sampling directions(vortical and horizontal directions). Disturbed and undisturbed samples of the weathered granite soil have showed similar change aspect like marine clay during over-consolidatied and normally consolidatied stages.
Nitrate Contamination of Alluvial Groundwaters in the Keum River Watershed Area: Source and Behaviors of Nitrate, and Suggestion to Secure Water Supply
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 12, issue 4, 2002, Pages 471~484
Alluviums in the Keum River watershed cover an areal extent of
and contain about 8.1 billion tons of groundwater. However, the waters are severely polluted by nitrate, possibly due to the application of nitrogen fertilizer (>250 N kg/ha) on agricultural land. This paper aims to elucidate the pollution status and behaviors of nitrate in alluvial groundwaters in the Keum River watershed area, based on regional hydrogeochemical study. Most of the collected samples (n = 186) are polluted by nitrate (average = 42.2 mg/L, maximum = 295 mg/L). About 29% of the samples have the nitrate concentrations exceeding Korean Drinking Water Standard (44 mg/L
). The distribution of nitrate concentrations in the study area is largely dependant on geochemical environments of alluvial aquifers. In particular, the decrease of redox potential of alluvial groundwaters showed a good correlation with the decreases of nitrate, iron, and manganese concentrations. Thus, the change of redox state in alluvial aquifers, likely reflecting their sedimentary environments, controls both the behavior and fate of nitrogen compounds and their natural attenuation (denitrification) in aquifers. A carbon-rich, silty layer within alluvium strata forms a reducing condition and possesses a buffering capacity on nitrate pollution.