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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 13, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 13, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 13, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 13, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
Selecting the target year
Analysis on the contamination and source of VOCs in groundwaters of Gwangju area
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 389~404
VOCs were detected in the 21 groundwaters out of 37 groundwaters sampled from around the Hanam Industrial Complex and the Gwangju stream. Ten components of chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons of VOCs were detected in the 18 groundwater samples. Among them, total trihalomethanes (TTHM) concentration is in the range of
, CECs concentration is
, and chlorinated solvents concentration containing PCE, TCE, etc. is
respectively. Ten components of the aromatic hydrocarbons of VOCs were detected in the 5 groundwater samples, but their concentration are less than
. Detection frequency and concentration of the chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons components from the groundwaters in the Hanam Industrial Complex are higher than those of nearby downtown Gwangju stream. VOCs components except for TCE are lower than the MCL of USGS drinking water standard. TCE concentration of the 2 groundwater samples is over MCL, whose concentrations are 5 and 25 times higher than MCL, respectively. TCE is detected from the H8 and H10 groundwater samples and CFCs is detected H8 and H11 groundwater samples in the Hanam Industrial Complex. TTHM in study area is estimated from leakage of the main waters or sewage waters. Because most of the studied groundwater is under an aerobic condition, aromatic hydrocarbons are well degraded. But chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbons are degraded very slowly.
An Experimental study to estimate physical properties of porous media by a permittivity method
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 405~418
Measurements of volumetric water content and saturation of porous media are very important factors in understanding the physical characteristics of soil, groundwater recharge by rainfall, pollutant movement, and slope failure. To measure such physical parameters, a permittivity method using electromagnetic wave is applied and use is made of the special permittivity response of understand to water and ethanol. In particular, the estimation is required because permittivity is influenced by the nature of the underground environment. In this study, we carried out experiments on the relative dependency of soil density, temperature and salinity of standard sand and granitic weathered soil using FDR-V system (Frequency domain reflectometry with vector network analyzer) within a frequency range of 1 - 18 GHz. The results of the study showed that the dielectric constants of standard sand and granitic weathered soil increased with increased volumetric water content of soil. However, the dependency of soil density was found to be a little low. Changes of dielectric constant with temperature appeared definitely in the real part of 1 GHz. That is, the dielectric constant of real part at 1 GHz of water and standard sand increased with the rise of temperature. However, ethanol showed decreased tendency. The study also showed that dielectric constant increased with increase in salinity at imaginary part of 1 GHz. It could be concluded from this study FDR-V system can adequately measure the physical properties of soil and the degree of salinity concentration of porous media within 1 GHz frequency range using dielectric constant.
Determination of porosity and effective porosity of saturated porous media using a permittivity method in the laboratory
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 419~428
In order to evaluate groundwater movement and the infiltration of contaminants, such as petroleum products, the determination of porosity and effective porosity is very important. Porosity and effective porosity are important physical parameters that determine the transfer and movement of water and solutes in porous media. Various methods of determining these parameters have been developed, with varying degrees of accuracy and applicability. Most of the existing methods produce static results. They do not produce instantaneous and real time of porosity and effective porosity in a porous media. In this study, we used a new permittivity method called Frequency Domain Reflectometry with Vector analyzer (FDR-V) to determine the porosity and effective porosity of some sand samples in the laboratory. The advantage of the FDR-V method is that it instantaneously determines the temporal variation of dielectric constants of porous media. Then, the porosity and the effective porosity of porous media are computed using well established empirical equations. Results obtained from the FDR-V method compared favorably with results from other permittivity methods such as gravimetric, injection and replacement tests. The ratio of effective porosity to porosity was 85 - 92 %, when FDR-V was used. This value compared favourably with 90 %, which has been usually quoted in previous studies. Considering the convenience and its applicability, the EDR-V permittivity holds a great potential in porous media and contaminant transport studies.
Occurrence, physical and petrochemical properties of the marbles by geological ages in South Korea
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 429~444
Domestic marbles are mostly distributed in Gyeonggi and Yeongnam Massifs, southwest and northeast Ogcheon Belts, which belong to Precambrian, age-unknown, Cambrian-Ordovician ages, respectively. The former marbles occur as interbedded rocks in metasediments and xenoliths in granitic gneisses. Age-unknown ones occur as interbedded in the formations of Hyangsanri, Gyeomyeongsan, Hwajeonri and Munjuri, and some in metasedimentary rocks. The latter ones occur as interbedded in Pungchon Limestone, and in Jeongseon Limestone, Hwacheonri Formation and Great Limestone Group, respectively. Among physical properties, porosity shows irregular patterns to density and compressive strength, respectively. Absorption ratio has a linear pattern of positive trend to porosity, and compressive strength mostly shows a positive trend to tensile strength. Compressive strengths of the marbles are as follows : Precambrian
, respectively. Tensile strengths have decreasing trends as the above order of geologic age. In diagrams of major elements,
generally show positive trends with increasing
. MgO/CaO of Precambrian and age-unknown marbles have much higher values than Cambrian and Ordovician marbles as follows, Precambrian 0.31, age-unknown 0.30, Cambrian 0.03 and Ordovician 0.08. And MgO shows a negative trend with increasing CaO, which nay be caused by dolomitization. By MgO contents they can be classified into calcitic dolomite, dolomitic limestone, limestone and dolomitic limestone, respectively.
Investigation of the Lining Load Induced by Backfill and Consolidation Grouting
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 445~456
Backfill grouting and consolidation grouting are major reinforcing methods that enhance the stability of tunnel by filling the gap between the tunnel lining and the ground and increasing the stiffness of the ground. However, the effect of the grouting on the tunnel lining is not well established. Field measurements such as pressuremeter test, Lugeon test, and lining instruments were peformed to analyze the grouting effect on the tunnel lining for a waterway tunnel. The elastic modulus was increased up to 5 times than that of original rock mass due to consolidation grouting. This study shows that only 10% of grout pressure was acting on the back face of the tunnel lining. The final results are expected to be used for the design of the concrete lining.
Characteristics of Waterlevel Fluctuation in Riverside Alluvium of Daesan-myeon, Changwon City
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 457~474
This study aims to elucidate characteristics of groundwater level fluctuation at riverbank filtration sites in Daesan-myeon, Changwon City. Groundwater level fluctuation, river water level change and stream-aquifer interaction are very important to estimate optimal discharge rate of the pumping well. Water level contours from February 2003 to October 2003 show normal decreasing trend toward the Nakdong river with the hydraulic gradient of 0.008. However, flow reversion occurs when groundwater is discharged at the pumping wells or rise of the Nakdong river by rainfall. The fluctuation of the Nakdong river ranges 0 - 10 m msl. Autocorrelation analysis was conducted to the groundwater levels measured on the six monitoring wells (DS1, DS2, DS3, DS4, DS6 and DS7). The analyzed waterlevel data can be grouped into three: group 1 (DS1 and DS3) represents strong linearity and long memory effect, group 2 (DS1 and DS6) intermediate linearity and memory, and group 3 (DS4 and DS7) weak linearity and memory. Waterlevels of group 1 wells are relatively closely related to the change of river-water level. Those of group 2 wells are largely affected by the pumping and the river-water level, and those of group 3 wells are strongly linked to pumping.
Application of GPR to Prospect Archaeological Remains
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 475~490
The purpose of this study is to apply one of the geophysical methods, GPR to archaeology. Time slice of analysis method was used to interpret archaeological feature before excavation. Study areas are Pubcheonri burial mound group in Wonju, Songhakdong no. 1 tomb, Gosung in Kyungsangnamdo, and Yoshinogari 2 rows of jar-coffins burial in Saga Prefecture, Japan. We found a stone tomb, spreaded and piled stones from spoiled tombs of the Baekje Dynasty as archaeological features in Pubchonri, Wonju. Songhakdong no. 1 tomb in Gosung was the unique keyhole-shaped tomb in Kyungsangnamdo as we know. But we found that the tomb consists of 3 tombs and there are lots of stone tombs according to the GPR and excavation. From the GPR exploration and excavation, it turned out not be a keyhole-shape tomb. We also found jar-coffins burial in Yoshinogari, Japan. As a result GPR was very helpful to detect archaeological features and pattern before excavation in advance.
Cone Nailing Method for Supporting Rock Slope
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 13, issue 4, 2003, Pages 491~496