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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 14, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 14, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 14, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 14, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Characterization of Fracture Roughness in Coarse.medium.fine Grained Granite
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 147~168
Purpose of this study is to quantitatively characterize the fracture roughness which was measured with a confocal laser scanning microscope. The roughness discrete data measured by confocal laser microscope were analyzed by spectral analysis and fast Fourier transform (FFT).The roughness data by used noise reduction filter were applied for fractal analysis to describe roughness features quantitatively. Artificial fractures created by Brazilian test on granites were used to measure fracture roughness under the confocal laser scanning microscope. Measurements were performed along three scan lines on each fracture surface. 36 scan lines were determined on 12 specimens in total. Features of roughness showed that coarse and medium grained granites tend to more rough features than those of fine grained granites. Continuous analog data of roughness is possible to described as discrete data of measure roughness with a fixed interval under the confocal laser microscope. Results of FFT with the measured data showed the highest values on the second harmonics. Distribution of average amplitude of second harmonics was observed 0.9853 in coarse grained granite, 1.0792 in medium grained granite and 0.6794 in fine grained granite. This indicates that the larger roughness has the higher energy of harmonics as the result of fractal analysis in low frequency zone.
A Study on the Estimation of Physical Parameters of Unsaturated Porous Media in the Laboratory
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 169~177
The permeation movements of groundwater recharge and contaminate materials receive a eat effect due to porosity and effective porosity of porous media which is composing underground consisted of saturation and unsaturated states. This study developed Frequency Domain Reflectometry(FDR) system and measurement sensor, and then carried out the laboratory experiments to measure effective porosity for unsaturated porous media. Also, I suggested dielectric mixing models(DMMs) which can calculate the effective porosity from relation of measured dielectric constants. In the experimental results the extent range of effective porosity of standard sand and river sand which are unsaturated soil sample were measured in about 65∼85 % for porosity. In relation of effective porosity and porosity, especially, effective porosity confirmed that displays decreasing a little tendency as porosity increases. This is because unsaturated soil did not reach in saturation enough by air of very small amount that exist in pore between soil particles.
A Study on the Determination of Dielectric Constant of Saturated Porous Media Using Frequency Domain Reflectometry System
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 179~187
This study conducted a laboratory work to determine the change of dielectric constant of saturated soil porous media, which is injecting EML to use Frequency Domain Reflectometry(FDR) system and length 7cm-length measurement sensor. It is purpose of study that estimate a movement path through pore of soil for an ethanol mixing liquid(EML) which have the same specific gravity of water at
, and determine to a dielectric measuring range for the measurement sensor. As an outflow point of saturated soil column upper part recedes from an EML inject point in EML diffusion test, the diffusion extent of EML through pore of saturated soil was expanded. And results of ail EML flow experiment were measured the change of dielectric constant at all measurement sensors which are placed to constant interval at the same travel time for saturated soil column. Therefore, the displace process of water that exist in pore of saturated soil by EML injection is enough available and confirm together mobility through pores.
A Study on Pneumatic-Fracturing for Development of Groundwater in Rock Mass
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 189~197
For a long time, groundwater has been used for a substitution for surface water but recently many problems have risen due to shortage of water resources and decrepitude of waterwells. Pneumatic fracturing technique is likely to be an efficient way to solve the problem of tile wells, in which pressure under the ground is applied to increase the amount of ground water. When applied pressure is given artificially to unstabilize the rock stress or to remove substances between fractures the groundwater can inflow. As the air pressure applied on the base rocks is stronger, permeability is getting higher, thus producing much groundwater than ever before. The result of this study show 15% increase of pumping rate in the P-5 well. After pneumatic fracturing pumping rate changed from 26m3/day to 30m3/day, drawdown rate increase from 51.12m to 56.58m, and specific yield also increased from 0.51m3/day to 0.53m3/day.
The Physical and Mechanical Properties of the Weathered Shale Soils in Hwasun Area
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 199~210
In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of the weathered shale soils distributed in the Hwasun area have been measured in the laboratory. The physical and mechanical properties of the weathered shale soils in the study area as follows: the specific gravity is 2.66 to 2.68, the liquid limit is 36.39 to 36.92(%), the plastic limit is 18.53 to 19.48(%), the plasticity index is 17.44 to 17.86 and soil classification is CL. The maximum dry unit weight and optimum moisture content as calculated by compaction test is 22.5 to 23% and 1.58 to
, respectively. The result of direct shear testing show that cohesion in saturated and unsaturated conditions increases according to the increase of dry unit weight. Internal friction angle in an unsaturated condition increases with an increase of dry unit weight, but in a saturated condition, it increases after decreasing. When compares with engineering characteristics of tile weathered shale soils in the Daegu area (Kim et al., 1995), specific gravity is found to be similar, but the liquid and plastic limit of soil samples in this study area is slightly higher than those of soil samples in the Daegu area.
Development of a Logistic Regression Model for Probabilistic Prediction of Debris Flow
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 211~222
In this study, a probabilistic prediction model for debris flow occurrence was developed using a logistic regression analysis. The model can be applicable to metamorphic rocks and granite area. order to develop the prediction model, detailed field survey and laboratory soil tests were conducted both in the northern and the southern Gyeonggi province and in Sangju, Gyeongbuk province, Korea. The seven landslide triggering factors were selected by a logistic regression analysis as well as several basic statistical analyses. The seven factors consist of two topographic factors and five geological and geotechnical factors. The model assigns a weight value to each selected factor. The verification results reveal that the model has 90.74% of prediction accuracy. Therefore, it is possible to predict landslide occurrence in a probabilistic and quantitative manner.
A Comparative Study on Groundwater Flow Depending on Conceptual Models in Tunnel Modeling
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 223~233
When the groundwater outflow occurs due to tunnel excavation during the road and railroad construction, depletion of groundwater resources, deficiency in the living and agricultural waters, and changes in the surface water flux are expected. The MODFLOW is a most commonly used and three dimensional finite difference model to predict changes in the groundwater system due to the tunnel construction. A conceptual model is one of the most important elements for the proper modeling results. Essential information will not be extracted from an oversimplified conceptual model while excess time and resources with much field data are required for the very complicated one. This study presented a comparison of the modeling results depending on some conceptual models and discussed construction of the efficient conceptual model for reasonable and realistic results in the tunnel modeling.
A Short Note on 3-Dimensional Slope Stability Analysis
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 14, issue 2, 2004, Pages 235~241