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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 15, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 15, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 15, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 15, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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Test Application of Electrical Conductivity Measurement in Borehole for Determining Aquifer Properties
Kim Yeong-Hwa ; Kim Ji-Hoon ; Hong Jeong-Pyo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 1~8
As a trial to find an efficient technique for determining hydraulic conductivity, a test application of electrical conductivity measurement technique was made using a signal conditioning data acquisition system in borehole. The experiment was made in two test boreholes BM-2 and BM-3 which are located in the Experiment forests of Kangwon National University in Bongmyongri, Chunchon. We obtained series of electric conductivity variation curves after the beginning and completion of saline water injection using these two bore-holes as the pumping well and the observing well alternatively, The analysis of time series electrical conductivity data suggests kinds of valuable information about aquifer properties by holes and depths, and we could confirm the potential of this method as an efficient tool for in situ aquifer test.
A Study on the Slope Analysis of Weathered Limestone Soils during Rainfalls
Kim Jong-Ryeol ; Kang Seung-Goo ; Kang Hee-Bog ; Park Seung-Kyun ; Park Chol-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 9~17
A set of soil samples were picked up from a failed slope formed by rainfall in limestone zone in Jangseong-gun, Jeonnam, Korea, to find out its physical and mechanical characteristics for this study, and variation of safety factor depending on slope inclination was defined by analysing slope stability affected by rainfall. Decomposed limestone soil in the research area is composed of quartz, orthoclase, gibbsite, geothite, etc., with specific gravity of 2.73, and this soil is included in SC by unified soil classification system. Calcium ingredient decreased remarkably during weathering at its mother rock. Coefficient of permeability is 2.56×10/sup -4/ cm/ sec, similar to its value of silty clay. Cohesion decreases remarkably from 3.0 t/ ㎡ to 0.72 t/ ㎡, and Φ value of internal friction angle tends to decrease as it turns to be saturated soil from partial saturated soil in the shear test. To analyze slope stability affected by rainfall, it is reasonable to seek seepage depth with reference to rainfall＊ intensity. In the slope stability analysis, when the seepage depth is the larger, its safety factor is the less, which makes the slope unstable. Comparing with minimum safety factor, 1.5 of cut slope in consideration of the seep-age line, safety factor is found to be satisfactory only when inclination of cut slope of decomposed limestone soil is more than 1：1.2 slope at least considering rainfall. It is also found that decrease of cohesion has great effect on decline of safety factor of slope while partial saturated soil turns to be saturated soil.
Application of Gold Exploration Using Three-dimensional Resistivity Inversion in Sambo mine
Park Jong-Oh ; Kim Hee-Joon ; Song Moo-Young ; You Young-June ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 19~27
The Sambo mine is located in Hae-je Myeon, Moo-an Gun, Chollanamdo, which consists of host gneiss and rhyolite possessing quartzite veins with other compositions such as gold, silver, and sublimated sulfur. The ore grade estimated from the core was 0.05～10.9g/t or less in gold and 0.05～389g/t or less in silver, indicating a partial mineralization. The purpose of this paper is to understand the subsurface structures and the distribution of mineralized bodies in the Sambo mine using a combined method of Schlumberger, Wenner, and Dipole-di-pole resistivity surveys on the surface and the resistivity tomography survey in boreholes. The result of three-dimensional resistivity inversion showed that the mineralized body is extended to 240m long in the N10°～20°E direction, with 30m wide and 80 m thick from the surface. The low resistivity zones (<1,000ohm-m) determined from the resistivity image were in good agreement with the mineralized bodies and weak zones identified from the logged cores.
Evaluation of Oil Infiltration Behavior in Porous Media Using Dielectric Response
Kim Man-Il ; Jeong Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 29~39
For detecting a ground contamination survey, soil sampling method have been used a drilling or coring technique in general. However these methods are very difficult to systematically real-time monitoring of variation of contamination degree in field. ]'n this research frequency Domain Reflectometry (FDR) system was suggested and carried out to experimental approaches for determination of oil contamination on surface and underground. Experimental method using FDR method was discussed with feasibility of measurement in the laboratory column test. It is determined to degree of oil contamination due to response of dielectric constant re-lated with volumetric water content(θ/sub w/) and volumetric oil content( θ/sub al/ ) of saturated and unsaturated soil media. And physical properties such as effective porosity and oil residual ratio of saturated soil media were also measured through real-time monitoring works using installed FDR measurement sensors, which are defected characteristics of oil movement in the saturated soil media under the soil column tests. In the results of these experiments, a range of effective porosity was estimated to about 0.35 compared with initial porosity 0.40 of manufactured saturated soil media, which is also calculated to about 87.5% to the ratio of initial porosity to effective porosity. Finally oil residual ratio which is compared with volumetric water content and volumetric oil content was calculated about 62.5%.
Ground Characterization of the Cheongju Granite Area Using the Geophysical Methods
Kim Ji-Soo ; Han Soo-Hyung ; Seo Yong-Seok ; Lee Yong-Jae ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 41~55
This research is aimed at investigating the ground characterization of the Cheongju granite area using the geophysical methods. Test site was chosen from the building site in Chungbuk University, Chongju, Chungbuk province. Furthermore, geophysical methods are employed on the outcrops in the east to map the distribution of fault and intrusion and reveal the degree of weathering. The subsurface structure mapped from seismic re-fraction survey mainly consists of two units of weathered soil and rock. Threshold of the units were determined on the basis of seismic velocity of 800 m/s, supported from the standard classification table. From the results of standard penetrating test(SPT), these units are found to show medium-high and high density, respectively. Weathering soil is subdivided in unsaturated layer and saturated layer with thresholds of seismic velocity (500 m/s) and resistivity (200 ohm-m). In particular, unsaturated layer is again classified into dry and wet portions using the GPR section. The boundary between unsaturated and saturated weathering soils corresponds to the groundwater table at depth of approximately 5～6.2 m, which is well correlated with the one from drill-core data. However, bedrock is not delineated by geophysical methods. In the GPR section, fault and intrusion observed on the outcrop are revealed not to extend to the building site. With respect to weathering degree, the outcrop characterized by low resistivity and velocity corresponds to the grade of 'completely weathered' from the geotechnical investigations.
Characteristics of Slope Failure Due to Local Downpour and Slope Stability Analysis with Changing Soil Depth and Groundwater Level
Baek Yong ; Kwon O-Il ; Kim Seong-Hyun ; Koo Ho-Bon ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 57~66
The failure of cut slope and landslide sometimes come from a local downpour within a short duration in Korea. Especially, most of recent downpour converged upon a limited region and seemed the characteristics of guerilla. Characteristics of slopes failed due to local downpour are analyzed. failure mode is also analyzed with respect to the depth of soil layers and the change of groundwater level. To blow the influence factors of the slope stability during local downpour, the authors conducted field survey for failed slopes and tried to make a comparative study of 1,372 cut slope data distributed in the national road. FLAC-SLOPE(ITASCA Co.) is used to analyze slope stability with changing depth of soil layers and groundwater level. The result shows that the failed types of domestic slopes during local downpour are mainly shallow collapse and landslide. The change of soil depth and groundwater level have influenced on the stability of slopes.
Application of Artificial Neural Networks for Prediction of the Unconfined Compressive Strength (UCS) of Sedimentary Rocks in Daegu
Yim Sung-Bin ; Kim Gyo-Won ; Seo Yong-Seok ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 67~76
This paper presents the application of a neural network for prediction of the unconfined compressive strength from physical properties and schmidt hardness number on rock samples. To investigate the suitability of this approach, the results of analysis using a neural network are compared to predictions obtained by statistical relations. The data sets containing 55 rock sample records which are composed of sandstone and shale were assembled in Daegu area. They were used to learn the neural network model with the back-propagation teaming algorithm. The rock characteristics as the teaming input of the neural network are: schmidt hardness number, specific gravity, absorption, porosity, p-wave velocity and S-wave velocity, while the corresponding unconfined compressive strength value functions as the teaming output of the neural network. A data set containing 45 test results was used to train the networks with the back-propagation teaming algorithm. Another data set of 10 test results was used to validate the generalization and prediction capabilities of the neural network.
Recent Techniques for Design and Construction of CFRD
Park Dong-Soon ; Kim Hyoung-Soo ; Lim Jeong-Yeul ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 15, issue 1, 2005, Pages 77~86
CFRD(Concrete Faced Rockfill Dam) is in widespread use because this type of dam has superior characteristics in structural, material aspects comparing with earth cored rockfill dam. On this paper, up-to-date re-searches and techniques are summed up to be available for future needs in design and construction of CFRD. For example, such items as embankment using weak rock, experience of sand-gravel fill CFRD, connecting slab applied between plinth and face slab, raising experience of old dm, inverse filtration problem, environmental friendly zone, thickness and reinforcing of face slab, alluvial foundation treatment, and curb element method, are summarized for understanding of related engineers.