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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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Comparison of Rock Young's Moduli Determined from Various Measurement Methods
Ryu Kuen-Hwan ; Chang Chan-Dong ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 1~14
Various measurements were carried out to estimate the modulus of deformation in two dominant rock types in Korea: granite and gneiss. Four most commonly used methods were utilized: Goodman jack tests, PS well logging, laboratory ultrasonic tests and laboratory uniaxial loading tests. Laboratory static and dynamic Young's moduli depend on the magnitude of the applied axial stress, range of Sequency used for measurement and the loading/unloading condition. As the laboratory measurement condition approaches to that in situ, the resultant moduli also appear to be comparable to that in situ. This suggests that the simulation of in situ stress condition is important when the modulus of rock is determined in the laboratory Dynamic Young's modulus is generally higher than static Young's modulus because of (micro)crack behavior in response to the stress, different range of frequency used for measurements, and the effect of the amplitude of deformation. Understanding of the relations in moduli from different measurement methods will help estimate appropriate in situ values.
A Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Disturbed Sandy Soils by Particle Analysis and Falling Head Method
Jeong Ji-Gon ; Seo Byong-Min ; Ha Seong-Ho ; Lee Dong-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 15~21
Sandy soils obtained from the field were examined by the way of particle analyses. The hydraulic conductivity values of the disturbed soil samples were measured by the falling head method. Then the correlations between the hydraulic conductivity and particle distribution were defined. The soil which was a product of the weathering of the granitic rocks belonged to sand and loamy sand area in a sand-silt-clay triangular diagram. The measurements of hydraulic conductivity were
which is the range of sand and silt. It was clearly observed that the hydraulic conductivity measurements of the sandy soils showed stronger correlations with the particle variances rather than the mean grain sizes. The larger the variances, the smaller the hydraulic conductivity measurements. The sandy soil which was a product of weathered granite and whose mean grain size was
showed regression curves of
in a correlations between hydraulic conductivity and particle variances. Accordingly, it is clearly concluded that making estimates with-out any consideration about particle variances can produce serious errors.
Orientations of Tecto-lineaments and Discontinuities for Different Rock Types in Andong Area
Kim Gyo-Won ; Ihm Myeong-Hyeok ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 23~30
This study was carried out to understand the relationship between orientation of tecto-lineaments obtained from aero-photograph and orientation of discontinuities measured at field for the rock types of igneous, sedimentary and metamorphic rocks in Andong area. Total 847 tecto-lineaments were extracted from the aero-photographs and total 1,940 discontinuities including joints, foliations and faults were measured during geologic survey. By using the software DIPS, preferred trends of tecto-lineaments were deduced as N30E-N40E for igneous rocks and N50E-N60E for both sedimentary and metamorphic rocks, while the trends of discontinuities were found as N40E-N50E for igneous rocks, N50E-N80E for sedimentary rocks and N50E-N60E for meta morphic rocks. Even though both orientations for a given rock type showed relatively good agreement in its trend, some discrepancy is also appeared. Since construction safety of geo-structures such as tunnel and slope, etc., is significantly affected by the orientation of discontinuities in rock masses, it is highly recommended to perform a detailed geologic survey as well as an aero-photograph interpretation at a design stage.
A Study on the Characteristics of Bearing Capacity of Soft Silt Soils Mixed with Sand
Lee Sang-Eun ; Park Sang-Bum ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 31~43
As a result of calculating bearing capacity of soft silt soil(ML) and soft silt soils(ML', SM, SM') mixed with sand, all kinds of soils showed smaller values than existing expressions and when theoretical values are applied, considerable review is required. It was found that ultimate surcharge(bearing capacity) of soft silt soil was
that of ML' soil in soft silt soils mixed with 3 kinds of sand
, that of SM soil
and that of SM' soil
, Consequently, as content of sand having greater permeability than silt soil in creased, soil was stabilized gradually.
Development of a Computer Program to Analyze Stability of Slopes Reinforced by the Earth Retention System
Hong Won-Pyo ; Song Young-Suk ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 45~58
A new computer program SLOPILE(Ver 3.0) is developed to analyze stability of slopes containing an earth retention system composing of piles, nails and anchors. SLOPILE(Ver 3.0) can calculate the slope stability for both planar failure surfaces in infinite slopes and arc failure surfaces. In order to investigate a design adaptability of SLOPILE(Ver 3.0), analysis results of TALREN and SLOPE/W programs are compared with that of SLOPILE(Ver 3.0). SLOPILE(Ver 3.0) can calculate the slopes reinforced by earth retention system such as piles, nails and anchors. But, TALREN and SLOPE/W can not calculate the slope reinforced by piles. As a analysis result of the example case, SLOPILE(Ver 3.0) is accuracy and suitable program for the stability analysis of slopes reinforced by earth retention system. Therefore, SLOPILE(Ver 3.0) is the most suitable program to analyze the slope reinforced by the earth retention system.
Correlation between Engineering Properties of Rocks in Korea
Kim Gyo-Won ; Kim Su-Jeong ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 59~68
About 6,000 rock properties obtained from laboratory tests are collected from various projects conducted in Korea Peninsular and the distribution of the properties such as uniaxial compressive strength, cohesion, kriction angle, tangential strength, Young's modulus, p-wave velocity and S-wave velocity are analysed and correlated each other. The empirical equations deduced with 84% of reliability would be useful for preliminary design of geo-structures.
Analysis of a Groundwater Flow System in Fractured Rock Mass Using the Concept of Hydraulic Compartment
Cho Sung-Il ; Kim Chun-Soo ; Bae Dae-Seok ; Kim Kyung-Su ; Song Moo-Young ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 69~83
This study aims to evaluate a complex groundwater flow system around the underground oil storage caverns using the concept of hydraulic compartment. For the hydrogeological analysis, the hydraulic testing data, the evolution of groundwater levels in 28 surface monitoring boreholes and pressure variation of 95 horizontal and 63 vertical water curtain holes in the caverns were utilized. At the cavern level, the Hydraulic Conductor Domains(fracture zones) are characterized one local major fracture zone(NE-1)and two local fracture zones between the FZ-1 and FZ-2 fracture zones. The Hydraulic Rock Domain(rock mass) is divided into four compartments by the above local fracture zones. Two Hydraulic Rock Domains(A, B) around the FZ-2 zone have a relatively high initial groundwater pressures up to
and the differences between the upper and lower groundwater levels, measured from the monitoring holes equipped with double completion, are in the range of 10 and 40 m throughout the construction stage, indicating relatively good hydraulic connection between the near surface and bedrock groundwater systems. On the other hand, two Hydraulic Rock Domains(C, D) adjacent to the FZ-1, the groundwater levels in the upper and lower zones are shown a great difference in the maximum of 120 m and the high water levels in the upper groundwater system were not varied during the construction stage. This might be resulted from the very low hydraulic conductivity
in the zone, six times lower than that of Domain C, D. Groundwater recharge rates obtained from the numerical modeling are 2% of the annual mean precipitation(1,356mm/year) for 20 years.
A Suggestion of the Modified Weighting Values of the RMR Parameters Using a Multiple Regression Analysis on Rock Slopes
Chae Byung-Gon ; Kim Kwang-Sik ; Cho Yong-Chan ; Seo Yong-Seok ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 85~96
This study was conducted to suggest a method to determine weighting values of each parameter of the RMR system considered with geologic characteristics of a study area. This study reviewed the weighting values of the RMR system for the Cretaceous sedimentary rocks distributed in Ulsan area. Based on the data of field survey at the study area, a multiple regression analysis was used to set up an optimal weighting values of the RMR parameters. For the multiple regression analysis, each parameter of the RMR and the slope gradient were regarded as the independent variable and the dependent variable, respectively. The analysis result suggested a modified weighting values of the RMR parameters as follows; 30 for the intact strength of rock; 18 for RQD; 8 for spacing of discontinuities; 32 for the condition of discontinuities; and 12 for ground water.
Study on Design and Construction of CFRD under Unfavorable Conditions
Park Dong-Soon ; Kim Hyoung-Soo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 1, 2006, Pages 97~107
Or this study, prevailing design and construction methods of dam under various unfavorable conditions are summarized. for example, foundation treatment with large scale alluvium site or weathered rock mass, dam constructing techniques with unfavorable topographic conditions are studied for the better understanding of relating engineers. Also, zoning by using weak rocks and sand-gravel fill techniques are summed up.