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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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Assesment of the Characteristics of Hydraulic Storage in Volcanic Region for Applying the Artificial Hydraulic Fracturing - Ulleungdo Site
Kim Man-Il ; Chang Kwang-Soo ; Suk Hee-Jun ; Kim Hyoung-Soo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 125~134
In order to establish the in-situ application of the artificial storage and recovery (ASR) technology which is used the property of the aquifer storage of groundwater. We carried out to the in-situ experiments such as borehole TV logging, pumping test and artificial hydraulic fracturing in volcanic island, Ulleungdo. In-situ experiments were conducted to divide the before- and after-hydraulic fracturing. Pumping test was achieved to confirm the two fracture zones, GL-13m and GL-21m, which are determined by the borehole TV logging. From the results of the before- and after-pumping tests, the hydraulic connectivity was confirmed to locate at GL-13m in the residual deposit zone of pumice media as alluvium. However, in the bedrock tone at GL-21m the hydraulic connectivity could be considered to faulty. Consequently, in this study area the artificial recharge has a little unsatisfied to geo-structural condition and desired to more detail investigation works.
Slope Failure Predicting Method Using the Monitoring of Volumetric Water Content in Soil Slope
Kim Man-Il ; Nishigaki Makoto ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 135~143
This study presents the results of a series of laboratory scale slope failure experiments aimed at clarifying the process and the condition leading to the initiation of rainfall-induced slope failures. For the evaluation of hydrologic response of the model slopes in relation the process of failure initiation, measurements were focused on the changes in volumetric water content during the initiation process. The process leading to failure initiation commences by the development of a seepage face. It appears reasonable to conclude that slope failures are a consequence of the instability of seepage area formed at the slope surface during rainfall period. Therefore, this demonstrates the importance of monitoring the development seepage area for useful prediction about the timing of a particular failure event. The hydrologic response of soil slopes leading to failure initiation is characterized by three phases (phase I, II and III) of significant increase in volumetric water content in association with the ingress of wetting front and the rise of groundwater level within the slope. The period of phase III increase in volumetric water content can be used to initiate advance warning towards a failure initiation event. Therefore, for the concept outlined above, direct and continuous monitoring of the change in volumetric water content is likely to provide the possibility for the development of a reliable and effective means of predicting the occurrence of rainfall-induced slope failures.
Monitoring of Micro Noxious Chemicals Caused by Fiber and Chemistry Industrial Wastewater on the Nakdong River Water System
Kim Man-Il ; Kang Mee-A ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 145~152
Industry development caused numerical and quantitative increase of noxious chemical substances that contain risk assessment in water resources. For use of efficient water resources a pre-treatment of contaminant source which is flowed in water resources is recognized in essential process. Therefore, the discharged water quality from discharged company began to control contaminant by total amount of pollutant in domestic. However, to estimate closely chemical substances it is not proved up to now, monitoring is very important. This study achieved a monitoring of micro noxious chemical substance by fiber and chemistry industrial wastewater inflow to examine risk assessment of the water system of Nakdong river. Chloroform was measured highest among volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that the results of water quality of influent and effluent are detected from 7 companies of study area. The other side, because measured value of detected chloroform is indefinite detection level in the same company, it is difficulty in management of water quality. However it may not be much effects of the water system of Nakdong river because these company's effluent is high treatment efficiency of chloroform (more than 88%) in sewage treatment plant. On the other hand, in the investigated results for the European Union specified priority substance that is detected to relationship influent and effluent from fiber/chemistry associated industries, these substances were not detected and domestic data was hardly referred. Therefore, data construction of continuous monitoring about this water quality may have to be achieved certainly to utilize as country policy.
Evaluation of Treatment Efficiency using non-Control Indicator in Drinking Water Treatment Process
Lee Jae-Young ; Kang Mee-A ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 153~159
The discharges of time, technology and finance was increased and it was difficult to use water resources effectively by serious water pollutions. Thus the main aim of this work was focused on effectiveness of water treatment process using non-controlled indicators such as UV absorbance(
) and particle counts that provided analytical results with simple and rapid. The soluble aluminum was increased by the increase of aluminum doses for turbidity removals It means that the water quality was not controlled by only turbidity monitoring cause maximum turbidity removal did not guarantee minimum residual aluminum in an aluminum-based coagulation. E removal efficiency appeared to be the promising indicator for monitoring the effectiveness of the water quality process such as coagulation and nanofiltration membranes for arsenic(V). On the basis of the particle monitoring, it was also found that the particle counts could be used very useful for changing the coagulants in real water treatments.
A Short Seismic Reflection Survey for Delineating the Basement and the Upper Units of the Gomso Bay, Yellow Sea
Kim Ji-Soo ; Ryang Woo-Hun ; Han Soo-Hyung ; Kim Hak-Soo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 161~169
A short seismic reflection survey was performed to map the basement and the upper units in the Gomso Bay. This research was mainly aimed at clarifying the basement by improving the signal-to-noise ratio in data processing steps. The strategies employed in this research included enhancement of the signal interfered with large-amplitude noise, through pre- and post-stack processing such as time-variant filtering, bad trace edit, careful muting after f-k filter and NMO correction. The subsurface structure mapped from this survey mainly consists of the top of basement and the upper three units, which were well correlated to the result from the previously conducted MT survey. Furthermore seismic section clarifies approximately 30m deep subhorizontal event of the top of the basement, which was not shown in the central portion of the MT section due to data qualify.
Fast and Accurate Analyzing Technology for Earthquakes in the Seas around the Korean Peninsula Using Waveform Format Conversion and Composition
Kim So-Gu ; Pak Sang-Pyo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 171~178
The seismological observation of Korea began in 1905, and has been run with continuous earthquake network of observation, expanding to the advanced country, but still has some problems in accuracy and speed for report. There are many problems to announce the early warning system for earthquakes and tsunami in the East Sea because most events in the East Sea occur outside the seismic network. Therefore multi-waveform data conversion and composition from the surrounding countries such as Korea, Japan and Far East Russia are requested in order to improve more accurate determination of the earthquake parameters. We used FESNET(Far East Seismic Network) technology to analyze the May 29 and June 1 Earthquakes, and the March 20, 2005 Fukuoka Earthquake in this research, using the data sets of KMA, Japan(JMA/MIED) and IRIS stations. It was found out that use of FESNET resulted in more better outputs than that of a single network, either KMA or JMA stations.
A Study on the Source Mechanism of Micro-crack by Radiation Pattern
Lee Sang-Eun ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 179~187
Two specimens of mortar containing artificial slit and Geochang granite containing the straight notch were selected to be used in this research. Source mechanism of micro-crack by radiation pattern based on dislocation the-ory was estimated by the first motion of longitudinal wave and spatial distribution between the location of transducers for monitoring acoustic emission and source coordinates determined by the application of the least square method. Result of analysis showed that the orientation of dislocation surfaces due to shear dislocation and tensile dislocation squares considerably with crack direction visually observed. The ultimate goal of this study is to provide fundamental information for source mechanism of micro-crack within materials.
A Case Study on the Reinforcement of Stabilizing Piles against Slope Failures in a Cut Slope
Song Young-Suk ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 189~199
This paper presents a field study of the stability of slope collapsed during road construction and proposes a reasonable countermeasure if the current slope is unstable. As a result of slope investigation, it was found that the slope includes five tension cracks and the sliding surface is started from the tension crack and propagated the surface soil layer through weathered rock layer. The slope stability analyses are conducted in case of dry and rainfall seasons. The results indicate that the slope is unstable status. A reinforcement method of slope failure should be selected according to the scale of failure. That is, the scale of slope failure, which is classified small, middle and large size determines the reinforcement method of slope. Since the slope interested in this study is large size failure slope, the reinforcement method to control slope failure is selected stabilizing piles, and seed spray and drainage of surface waterare also selected to remain the factor of safety. The SLOPILE (Ver. 3.0) program is applied in order to do stability analysis of slope reinforced by piles. As the result of analysis, the slope reinforced by a row of piles shows the stable state. It is clearly confirmed that the stabilizing of piles can improve the stability of slope.
Characteristics of Rainfall and Landslides according to the Geological Condition
Kim Kyeong-Su ; Song Young-Suk ; Cho Yong-Chan ; Kim Won-Young ; Jeong Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 2, 2006, Pages 201~214
To study the relationship between rainfall conditions and landslides according to a geological condition in land-slides areas such asJangheung Kyounggi, Sangju and Pohang Kyoungbuk, the data of rainfall and landslides are investigated and analyzed. Many landslides occurred at these areas because of the heavy rainfall in two or four days of the summer 1998. The data of rainfall are collected in observatories within a 50km radius from landslides occurrence areas, and the data of landslides are investigated directly in landslides areas. The data of rainfall are the accumulative rainfall and the rainfall intensity, and the data of landslides are the occurrence frequency considering the geological condition. These data are analyzed statistically to know the relationship the rainfall and landslides. The landslides are concentrated in the heavy rainfall area from the analysis of these data. It knows that the land-slides are triggered by the heavy rainfall. Meanwhile, the rainfall factors such as the accumulative rainfall, the rain-fall intensity and the dropping time are different in each landslides area, and the shape and frequency of landslides are different respectively. The landslides have occurred in the area of high accumulative rainfall, while the land-slides have not occurred around that area. Therefore, the rainfall is very important factor induced by the landslides, and the accumulative rainfall is really related to the frequency of landslides.