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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 16, Issue 4 - Dec 2006
Volume 16, Issue 3 - Sep 2006
Volume 16, Issue 2 - Jun 2006
Volume 16, Issue 1 - Mar 2006
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A Model Study of Processing Methods of Seismic Refraction Data for Mapping Geological Discontinuities - GRM, GLI, Tomography
Kim, Ji-Soo ; Kim, Su-Hyun ; Lee, Jun-Ho ; Kim, Won-Ki ; Lee, Yong-Jae ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 327~335
Three processing strategies of seismic refraction data are tested in terms of velocity and depth profiles or structures for mapping of geological discontinuities: GRM(generalized reciprocal method), GLI(generalized linear inversion), Tomography. The test data used in this study are the shot gathers reconstructed by numerical modeling for the structures of 3 planar layers(horizontal, inclined), the buried vertical fracture zones, and vertical fault zones. Tomography is shown to be very efficient for mapping of more complicated tone such as vertical fault and buried fracture zones, whereas GRM and GLI can be useful for horizontal and/or inclined layers, probably on their bases of analysis of first arrivals in travel time curves.
A Case Study on Stochastic Fracture Network Modeling for Rock Slopes of Busan-Ulsan Highway(Reach 5)
Heo, In-Sill ; Um, Jeong-Gi ; Kim, Yang-Phil ; Kim, Kook-Han ; Lee, Young-Kyun ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 337~349
Seven hundred and fifty one fractures of the rhyolitic tuffaceous rock masses were mapped using 6 scanlines placed on rock slope exposures that were within 8.02 km of Busan-Ulsan highway. These data were analyzed to find the number of fracture sets that exist in the rock slopes and the probability distributions of orientation, spacing, trace length and fracture size in 3-D for each of the fracture sets. All the fracture set orientation distributions exhibit high variability. The Fisher distributions were found to be unsuitable to represent the statistical distribution of orientation for most of the fracture sets. The probability distributions, gamma, exponential and lognormal were found to be highly suitable to represent the distribution of spacing and semi-trace length of fracture sets. In obtain-ing these distributions, corrections were applied for sampling biases associated with spacing and trace length. The generated fracture system in 3-D was used to make predictions of fracture traces for each fracture set on 2-D win-dows. Developed stochastic 3-D fracture network for the rock mass was validated by comparing statistical proper-ties of the observed fracture traces on scanlines with the predicted fracture traces on the scanlines. This exercise fumed out to be successful.
Preparatory Monitoring of Trace Chemicals Load into Nakdong River
Kang, Mee-A ; Jo, Soo-Hyun ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ; Lee, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Sun-Il ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 351~357
Recently there is increasing the flow of hazardous chemical substances caused by industrial waste waters into a main river. It is needed to make the high treatment in drinking water treatment plants for reducing a health risk. Therefore, the monitoring of trace hazardous chemical substances by the industrial waste water inflow is available increasing economical efficiency of river management as well as reduction of risk. In this study, the most important substance among numerical and quantitative trace hazardous chemicals is Hexachlorobutadiene in an effluent of industrial wastes. However all items of GroupII which was included with semiconductor, electricity/electron and metal assemble was not detected. It means that we must consider the characteristics and behavior of load pollutants to water resources to select monitoring items. That was called 'preparatory monitoring'. We can reduce an economical consumption as well as risks from these pollutants using the preparatory monitoring.
Soil Characteristics according to the Geological Condition of Soil Slopes in Landslide Area
Kim, Kyeong-Su ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 359~371
In this study, the soil characteristics are analyzed using the result of various soil tests as an object of the soil layer of natural slopes in landslides areas composed with gneiss, granite, and the tertiary sedimentary rock. To investigate the soil characteristics according to landslide and non landslide areas, soils are sampled from Jangheung, Sangju and Pohang. The landslides at three areas are occurred due to heavy rainfall in same time. The geology of Jangheung area, Sangju area and Pohang area is gneiss, granite, and the tertiary sedimentary rock, respectively. On the basis of the landslide data and the result of soil test, the soil characteristics at the landslide area and the differentiation between landslide area and non landslide area are analyzed. However soil characteristics have a little differentiation to geological condition, the uniformity coefficient and the coefficient of gradation of soils at the landslide area is larger than those of soils at the non landslide area. Also, the proportion of fine particle of soils at the landslide area is higher. The plastic limit of soils sampled from the granite and the sedimentary rock regions is larger than that sampled from the gneiss region. However the liquid limit is irrelevant to the geological condition. Also, the consistency of soils at the landslide area is smaller. The natural moisture content of soils in the sedimentary rock regions is larger than that of the granite and gneiss. It is mainly influenced by mineral composition, soil layer structure, weathering condition, and so on. The soils sampled from landslide area have higher porosity and lower density than those from non landslide area. It means that the soils of landslide area have poor particle size distribution and loose density. Therefore, the terrain slope with poor distribution and loose density is vulnerable to occur in landslides. Also, landslides are occurred in the terrain slope with high permeability. The permeability is mainly influenced by the soil characteristics such as particle size distribution, porosity, particle structure, and the geological origins such as weathering, sedimentary environment. Meanwhile, the shear strength of soils is little difference according to the geological condition. But, the internal friction angle of soils sampled from the landslide area is lower than that of soils from the non landslide area. Therefore, the terrain slope with low internal friction angle is more vulnerable to the landslide.
Impact Assessment of River Water Quality using Organic Pollutant Index - Industrial Waste Water -
Jo, Soo-Hyun ; Kang, Mee-A ; Choo, Yang-Yeop ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ; Jung, Dong-Hee ; Yi, Jun-Heung ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 373~379
We investigated the relationship of the organic pollutant index in wastewater where the high percentages of an organic load to a water body was found. Measuring of TOC was to identify the relationship with COD and BOD which were used already. The correlation coefficient (r) of TOC/COD, BOD/COD and TOC/BOD were effected by the types of industry such as paper, textile, chemical, food and metal industries. In food industry it was found that the highest correlation coefficient (r) of TOC/COD, BOD/COD and TOC/BOD as 0.967, 0.969 and 0.990, respectively. There is low correlation coefficient in many cases. Hence it was impossible that the use of TOC for the water standard or monitoring instead of COD and BOD directly. However it can be used as alternative index to management a water process in the case of waste water where there was found high correlation coefficient of TOC/ COD, BOD/COD and TOC/BOD. It was sure that the water quality of river body can be protected if we use these the relationship among organic index.
Shallow Shear-wave Velocities Using the Microtremor Survey Method
Hwang, Yoon-Gu ; Kim, Ki-Young ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 381~392
The passive surface wave survey using microtremor is conducted in areas of crystalline rock basements to obtain average shear-wave velocity structures to 30 m deep (Vs30), on which the earthquake-resistant design standard is based. Test data were recorded at two sites with triangular and L-shaped arrays for 4 seconds with an sampling interval of 2 ms. The microtremor recorded at a site were analysed using the spatial autocorrelation method to obtain phase-velocity spectra and effects of major factors such as size and shape of away and number of record and receiver were examined. At the other site, shear-wave velocities were derived from VSP and microtremor data separately. The results from these two methods agree to each other reasonably well, indicating that the microtremor method can be an effective geophysical tool to measure Vs30.
The Contamination Characteristics of BTEX and TPH Components in Silty Soils with the Oil Leakage Event from Point Source
Kang, Dong-Hwan ; Chung, Sang-Yong ; Go, Dong-Ho ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 393~402
The contamination characteristics of BTEX and TPH components in silty soils with the oil leakage event from point source were studied. The over ratios of three soil pollution standard for TPH component were
times higher than that of BTEX component. The mean and maximum values of BTEX and TPH components with sample points were B-zone > A-zone > C-zone, and the highest concentrations were measured at
depth below surface. BTEX and TPH components were increased with linear distance in zone within 120 m and 80 m from point source. For the zone more than 120 m, BTEX and TPH concentrations were under soil pollution standard. The cutoff values of indicator kriging using BTEX and TPH components were defined as confirmative limit, warn- ing limit and counterplan limit. The variograms of indicator-transformed data were selected linear model. The contamination ranges of BTEX and TPH components using confirmative limit and warning limit were estimated similar, but the contamination range of those using counterplan limit was much reduced. The maximum contamination probabilities were estimated by probability maps usinB confirmative limit, warning limit and counterplan limit. The maximum contamination probabilities with three soil pollution standard were estimated 26%, 26% and 13% for BTEX component, and 44%, 38% and 26% for TPH component.
Impact Assessment of Turbidity Water caused Clays on Algae Growth
Park, Chan-Gab ; Kang, Mee-A ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 403~409
This study was performed to assess the clay impact on alga growth which was a primary producer, in view of food chain in ecosystem. As clay minerals caused turbidity, a low sedimentation, high adsorption capacity with organic matter, adsorption - desorption effect with ionic chemicals, clay minerals were supposed to have a significant effect on the aquatic system. In study we tried to turn out NOAEL (No-observed-adverse-effect-level) of clay materials on the algae growth inhibition using such as kaolinite, sericite and montmorillonite. This study was indicated. (1) In both of kaolinite and sericite, the
of them shows 2,752 mg/L and 2,775 mg/L, respectively. (2) On the other hand, in the case of montmorillonite, the
is not shown a significant difference to that of control samples. (3) It can be explained that is also a very important parameter in an alga growth. Because an alga growth was increased when the permeability of W visible radiation was increased in all clay cases. (4) It is demonstrated alga growth was affected by the characteristics of clay materials. Hence we can assess the
water environmental risk assessment caused clay materials
using the alga growth inhibition level indirectly.
Groundwater Flow Analysis in Fractured Rocks Using Zonal Pumping Tests and Water Quality Logs
Hamm, Se-Yeong ; Sung, Ig-Hwan ; Lee, Byeong-Dae ; Jang, Seong ; Cheong, Jae-Yeol ; Lee, Jeong-Hwan ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 411~427
This study aimed to recognize characteristics of groundwater flow in fractured bedrocks based on zonal pump-ing tests, slug tests, water quality logs and borehole TV camera logs conducted on two boreholes (NJ-11 and SJ-8) in the city of Naju. Especially, the zonal pumping tests using sin91e Packer were executed to reveal groundwater flow characteristics in the fractured bedrocks with depth. On borehole NJ-11, the zonal pumping tests resulted in a flow dimension of 1.6 with a packer depth of 56.9 meters. It also resulted in lower flow dimensions as moving to shallower packer depths, reaching a flow dimension of 1 at a 24 meter packer depth. This fact indicates that uniform permissive fractures take place in deeper zones at the borehole. On borehole SJ-8, a flow dimension of 1.7 was determined at the deepest packer level (50 m). Next, a dimension of 1.8 was obtained at 32 meters of packer depth, and lastly a dimension of 1.4 at 19 meters of packer depth. The variation of flow dimension with different packer depths is interpreted by the variability of permissive fractures with depth. Zonal pumping tests led to the utilization of the Moench (1984) dual-porosity model because hydraulic characteristics in the test holes were most suitable to the fractured bedrocks. Water quality logs displayed a tendency to increase geothermal temperature, to increase pH and to decrease dissolved oxygen. In addition, there was an increasing tendency towards electrical conductance and a decreasing tendency towards dissolved oxygen at most fracture zones.
A Preliminary Study on Correction for Density Log in Cased Boreholes
Kim, Yeong-Hwa ; Kim, Ji-Hoon ; Lee, Seung-Jin ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 429~435
A preliminary study was made for density correction for the effect of separation between sonde and borehole wall due to the existence of casing in a borehole. Firstly, series of gamma-gamma measurements were obtained with 3 different separations in 3 different density models constructed in Kangwon National University. Secondly, density correction charts were made based on the 'spine and ribs' technique in mud cake correction. Using these charts, we could determine effectively the true density from the measurement in the thinly cased borehole.
The Geometric Characteristics of Landslides and Joint Characteristics in Gangneung Area
Cho, Yong-Chan ; Chang, Tae-Woo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 437~453
More than 3,000 landslides were occurred by torrential rains in Gangneung area due to the typhoon Rusa in 2002. In order to analyze the landslide origin and its geometric characteristics, 1,365 landslide data were collected from the field survey of Sacheon, Jumunjin, and Yeongok areas in which the intensive landslides took place. The average landslide size in the study area was composed of 10m width, 30m length, and
slope angle, and the plane view of landslides A-type (i.e. wide shape of lower part) that contains approximately 50.5% of the landslides commonly occurred. In particular the area of Sacheon heavily damaged by mountain fires had more occurrence of landslides than other areas. The landslides of uniform tendency of slope direction were examined resulted from the contribution of topographic characteristics due to the weathering and wind direction during heavy rainfalls. In order to analyze the direction of joint, 249 orientation data were collected from the study area. The window method was employed to determine the characteristics of joint density in 51 locations of the study area. The results showed that many landslides occurred in the areas of joint density with the range of
A Study on the Leachate Distribution of the Mooreung Landfill Site with Electrical Resistivity Surveys
Kim, Jun-Kyoung ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 16, issue 4, 2006, Pages 455~463
The electrical resistivity prospecting method with dipole-dipole array was applied to the Mooreung landfill site in order to survey the existence of leachate around the landfill site. Moreover, if there is leachate within Mooreung landfill site, the analysis of potential pathways to exterior environments was tried. Within the landfill site, the over-all characteristics of the electrical resistivity anomalies suggest that the leachate induced from the landfill materials has infiltrated the basement rock and fill the pores of basement rock in some parts of the landfill site. The consistency of the anomaly locations (left part of each survey line), anomaly geometries, and absolute resistivity value of anomaly through the 3 survey lines suggests that the resistivity anomaly be connected from the upstream to the downstream and correspond to the leachate material. Finally, the result from the electrical resistivity survey line near the gateway of the landfill site suggests that some of the leachate induced from landfill material leaks to the exterior groundwater system. It is necessary that more surveys using both geochemical and geophysical methods should be performed to find out potential pathways and depths of the leachate more precisely.