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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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Safety Assessment of Embankment by Analysis of Electrical Properties
Oh, Seok-Hoon ; Suh, Baik-Soo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 245~255
The variation of the electrical property of embankment material was analyzed from laboratory experiments and the result of field survey, in order to enhance the interpretation of electrical resistivity survey frequently used for safety assessment of embankment. At first, the kaolinite, showing similar physical property with core material of embankment, was used to examine the variation of the resistivity value according to degree of consolidation. The test showed that a drop of shear strength induces increase of resistivity value regardless of degree of water content. This result means that porous zones of weak core material in embankment may be appeared as highly resistive part in the electrical resistivity survey. This observation implies that it may fail to detect weak core material by electrical method, if we only try to and zones showing low resistivity value. And, we performed Standard Penetration Test (SPT) to analyze the correlation between electrical property and ground stiffness. Finally, a mechanism to describe the variation of electrical resistivity due to grouting effect was proposed and real field data were analyzed.
Diffusion Characteristics of Heavy Metal Pollution depend on Distance from Abandoned Mines
Kang, Mee-A ; Park, Ji-Min ; Kim, Kwang-Tae ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 257~262
In the study it was investigated the diffusion characteristics of heavy metal pollutions such as Cu, Pb, Hg and As which was the main pollution sources of soils from abandoned mines. The pollution of Cu and Pb was caused by Mine A, that of Hg was caused by Mine 3, that of Pb was caused by Mine C and that of Cu, Pb, As was caused by Mine D. Though the high concentration was detected within 100m from abandoned mines, the low concentration was detected over than 100m from abandoned mines in all heavy metals investigated except As. It means that it was very difficult to estimate the pollution level of As caused abandoned mines. The results were discussed in the concentrations of Cu, Pb and distances showed a good relationship with 0.71 and 0.68 as the coefficient of correlation, respectively. In particular the relativity of Cu to Pb as very strong with 0.84 as the coefficient of correlation. It was consistent with the chemical behavior in soils in the case of Cu and Pb. Therefore it will be a promising approach to remove Cu and Pb with estimated values in the study.
Estimation of Groundwater Storage Change and Its Relationship with Geology in Eonyang Area, Ulsan Megacity
Kim, Nam-Hoon ; Hamm, Se-Yeong ; Kim, Tae-Yong ; Cheong, Jae-Yeol ; An, Jeong-Hoon ; Jeon, Hang-Tak ; Kim, Hyoung-Soo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 263~276
In diverse hydrogeologic fields, estimation of groundwater storage change is one of the most critical issues. Accurate estimation methods for determining groundwater storage change are required more and more. For Yeonyang area of Ulsan Megacity, groundwater storage change was estimated by using water balance method and hydrogeological analyses. The estimates of groundwater storage change was 240 mm corresponding to 18.7% of mean annual precipitation. Direct runoff was calculated as 137 mm (10.6% of mean annual precipitation) by using SCS-CN method. Evapotranspiration based on the Thornthwaite method was calculated as 776 mm (60.5% of mean annual precipitation). Hydraulic properties of the soil types do not show any distinct relation with hydraulic conductivity of the rocks. This fact suggests that hydraulic property on the surface is different from that of subsurface geology. According to multi-linear regression analysis between groundwater storage change and hydraulic parameters, a regression equation of groundwater storage change, which was explained by precipitation and evapotranspiration, was established.
The Effect of Nail Inclination of soil Nailing Structure of vertically Faced Wall
Han, Sang-Su ; Baek, Yong ; Kwon, O-Il ; Kim, Young-Nam ; Chae, Young-Su ; Lee, Kang-Il ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 277~285
For the soil nailing, recently, its application is expanded, but there is no officially approved method to design it yet. Furthermore, there are a great number of design valuables in soil nailing, it is also used without clear data under the situation that uncompleted detailed research on the sensibility between design variables. Especially, there has no deal with the installation angle of the nail - the major contents in this study. Therefore, this study based on the theoretical estimation analyzed safety rate about the angle of the nail, unit weight, adhesive force, internal friction angle and tensile farce worked on nail in the case of the rear of pond side is both horizontal and perpendicular. As a result, it could be verified that the safety rate increased on every cases in the situation of the nail installation angle was in upward direction than in downward direction.
Case Study of Assessment of Slope Stability and Geophysical Survey in Weathered Gneiss
Kim, Man-Il ; Kim, Jong-Tae ; Kim, Jae-Hong ; Ro, Byung-Don ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 287~295
Rock slope has a variety of irregular discontinuities and represents a discontinuous mass. Rock joint plays an important role of control hydraulic and mechanic movements in the rock mass. These characteristics between hydraulic and mechanic movements at the rock joints could be represent difference. Therefore they are quiet important factor for slope design. In this study the weathered rock slopes were carried out to analysis of slope stability and geophysical survey. The electrical resistivity survey with dipole-dipole array conducted five profiling sites, and SWEDGE and SLIDE for slope stability analysis were applied on 20 rock slopes far assessment of slope stability and understand to geological situations due to the weathering.
Mathematical Approach for Environmental Impact Analysis of Soils from Abandoned Mines
Kim, Kwang-Tae ; Kang, Mee-A ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 297~302
The main reason of the pollution caused by soils and tailings located at discussed mines is heavy metals and AMD(acid mine drainage). Human health is affected by these pollutants which are spreaded from the abandoned mines. In this study, we try a mathematical approach to predict the pollution level of heavy metals caused by the surrounding soils of abandoned mines. The new approach is established with the correlation between the distance and pH, ORP. The change of pH and ORP can be described by the rate of initial values to experimental values. We demonstrate a realistic possibility of the mathematical approach to assess an environmental impact from disused mines cause the rate range is 0.95 to 1.03 for 60 days. Therefore our proposed approach will be useful as a few promising method for the management of heavy metals in many mines.
Analysis of Slope Hazard Probability around Jinjeon-saji Area located in Stone Relics
Kim, Kyeong-Su ; Song, Young-Suk ; Cho, Yong-Chan ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 303~309
A probability of slope hazards was predicted at a natural terrain around the stone relics of Jinjeon-saji area, which is located in Yangyang, Kangwon Province. As the analyzing results of field investigation, laboratory test and geology and geomorphology data, the effect factors of landslides occurrence were evaluated. Also, the landslides prediction map was made up using the prediction model by the effect factors. The landslide susceptibility of stone relics was investigated as the grading classification of occurrence probability. In the landslides prediction map, the high probability area was
and it was 10.1% of total prediction area. The high probability area has over 70% of occurrence probability. If landslides are occurred at the predicted area, the three stories stone pagoda of Jinjeon-saji(National treasure No. 122) and the stone lantern of Jinjeon-saji(Treasure No.439) will be collapsed by debris flow.
A Study on the Geotechnical Property caused by Contact Volume between Weathered Soils and Moisture Sensor for Application of Field Monitoring
Kim, Man-Il ; Chae, Byung-Gon ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 311~319
Evaluation of an amplitude domain reflectometry (ADR) type soil moisture sensor as ThetaProbe ML2x using the response of frequency impedance was performed in a variety of soil porous media such as Jumunjin standard sand, weathered granite soil at Sangju area, and weathered gneiss soil at Jangsu area. The tested soils were classified with a dried condition and a wetted condition for comparing with soil volumetric water content under different installed depths of the measurement sensor. In the results the part of measurement rod including one signal rod and three shield rod 6cm in length was found to decrease the variation of measurement output voltage with insert 5cm over into the soil porous media. The measurement output voltage was verified to more stable output voltage under weathered granite soils and weathered gneiss soils contained the fine grain materials such as clay and silt minerals than the gradual grain material like as the standard sands. Therefore, measurement values by soil moisture sensor can be offered the more stable values when an contact volume between soil porous media and measurement sensor increase.
A Study on Volcanic Stratigraphy and Fault of Ulleung-do, Korea
Kim, Ki-Beom ; Lee, Gi-Dong ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 321~330
This study, geological survey was carried out in order to study on the geology, geological structure and volcanic activity of the Ulleung-do volcano body. Ulleung-do is the volcano body of about 3,000m heights from the East Sea seabed. The geology of Ulleung-do is divided into basaltic agglomerate, trachytic agglomerate, trachyte, trachytic pumice and trachyandesite in ascending orders. The faults in caldera of Nari Basin came to make the reverse triangle style in compliance with sinking. The faults in circumference of Nari Basin are ranging with northeast-southwest direction and northwest-southeast direction. The Quaternary volcanic activities in the Ulleung-do are divided into 5 activity period. The engineering geologists and the applied geologists were not easy to apply because complicated geology of Ulleung-do. Therefore, this study supplied simple geology of Ulleung-do for them.
Development of a Groundwater Sampler and Test in a Well Affected by Seawater Intrusion
Lee, Bong-Joo ; Moon, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Gee-Pyo ; Kim, Yong-Cheol ; Kim, Yong-Je ; Koh, Gi-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 331~338
A new ground water sampler was developed and evaluated for target depth sampling under most rigorous field conditions. This new concept sampler comprises an air-cylinder, a hypodermic needle and a sampling bottle. Pressurized air or nitrogen gas can be used as a mechanical power source to operate the sampler. The air-cylinder is used to jab the hypodermic needle into the rubber cap of the sampling bottle. The hypodermic needle functions as a pathway to inject groundwater into the sampling bottle. Field test was conducted in a seawater intrusion monitoring well located at Handong district of Jeju Island. Water qualities in this well are periodically changed from the effects of sea water. Water sampling fir the same target depth in this well were tried at various times, and variations in electrical conductivity and pressure at the inside and outside of the sampler were measured using CTD divers. We found that the device could collect water samples only when it was actuated, and the pattern and range of variations in electrical conductivities and pressures measured at the inside and outside of the sampler were nearly identical. These results indicate that water samples using the sampler presented in this study represent correctly water qualities in which the samplings were made at a specific target depth in a well.
A Study on Numerical Analyses and Field Application for Tunneling Using the Critical Strain in the Ground
Park, Si-Hyun ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 3, 2008, Pages 339~347
This study was carried out to assess quantitatively the safety of a tunnel by using critical strains in the ground. Critical strain is a new material property of the ground. It can be applied as deformation limits in the ground due to excavation using the measured displacement at the tunnel construction site. To achieve this purpose, the critical strain concept was reviewed and applied to assess the tunnel safety. First of all, the calculated excavation displacements of a circular tunnel by commercial programs were investigated and inputted into a feedback analysis module to calculate strains in the ground. Then the safety of tunnels was evaluated based on the critical strain concept. Subsequently the measured displacements obtained in the field are utilized practically to assess the safety of tunnels using the critical strain concept. Through this study, it was confirmed that the critical strain concept is useful to assess the safety of tunnels quantitatively.