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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 18, Issue 4 - Dec 2008
Volume 18, Issue 3 - Sep 2008
Volume 18, Issue 2 - Jun 2008
Volume 18, Issue 1 - Mar 2008
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Automatic Parameter Estimation of Hydrogeologic Field Test around Underground Storage Caverns by using Nonlinear Regression Model
Chung, Il-Moon ; Cho, Won-Cheol ; Kim, Nam-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 359~369
For the design and effective management of underground storage caverns, preliminary investigation on the hydrogeologic parameters around caverns and analysis on the groundwater flow must be carried out. The data collection is very imporatnat task for the hydrogeologic design so various hydraulic tests have been performed. When analyzing the injection/fall off test data, existing graphical method to estimate the parameters in Theis' equation is widely used. However this method has some sources of error when estimating parameters by means of human faults. Therefore the method of estimating parameters by means of statistical methods such as regression type is evaluated as a useful tool. In this study, nonlinear regression analysis for the Theis' equation is suggested and applied to the estimation of parameters for the real field interference data around underground storage caverns. Damping parameter which reduce the iteration numbers and inhance the convergence is also introduced.
A Study on the Characteristics of Dynamic Elastic Modulus in GyeongGi Gneiss Complex by Down Hole Test
Lee, Byok-Kyu ; Lee, Su-Gon ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 371~379
In this study, seismic elastic wave and dynamic elastic modulus properties are investigated by down-hole seismic tests that were applied to the 11 gneiss area. The research results show that the realtionship between the two properties are
in gneiss. The relationship between the two properties are separated into two groups. Group 1 is influenced mainly by the specific gravity of rock, but group 2 is influenced mainly by the joint aperture. As weathering progresses, group 1 clearly shows a decreasing tendency. In fresh and slightly weathered rock-mass, correlations between
and dynamic elastic modulus is expressed in linear line but in moderately-highly weathered rock-mass, correlations between
and dynamic elastic modulus is expressed curve as a quadratic function. Correlations between
and dynamic elastic modulus are analyzed similar with a
A Solute Transport Analysis around Underground Storage Cavern by using Eigenvalue Numerical Technique
Chung, Il-Moon ; Kim, Ji-Tae ; Cho, Won-Cheol ; Kim, Nam-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 381~391
The eigenvalue technique is introduced to overcome the problem of truncation errors caused by temporal discretization of numerical analysis. The eigenvalue technique is different from simulation in that only the space is discretized. The spatially discretized equation is diagonized and the linear dynamic system is then decoupled. The time integration can be done independently and continuously for any nodal point at any time. The results of eigenvalue technique are compared with the exact solution and FEM numerical solution. The eigenvalue technique is more efficient than the FEM to the computation time and the computer storage in the same conditions. This technique is applied to the solute transport analysis in nonuniform flow fields around underground storage caverns. This method can be very useful for time consuming simulations. So, a sensitivity analysis is carried out by using this method to analyze the safety of caverns from nearly located contaminant sources. According to the simulations, the reaching time from source to the nearest cavern may takes 50 years with longitudinal dispersivity of 50 m and transversal dispersivity of 5 m, respectively.
The Correlation between the Moving Average of Precipitation and Groundwater Level in Southern Regions of Korea
Yang, Jeong-Seok ; Ahn, Tae-Yeon ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 393~403
The relationship between precipitation and groundwater level and the correlation between the moving average of precipitation and goundwater level were analyzed for the southern area of Korean peninsular. There were somewhat different patterns of seasonal fluctuation of groundwater level data. The groundwater level data tends to decrease in dry spell and increase in wet spell however the range between maximum and minimum values is quite different for each gauging point. The maximum correlation coefficient for each gauging station is obtained in a range of 20- to 130-day moving average period of precipitation. The critical infiltration, which is the maximum daily infiltration averaged throughout watershed, value is turned out to have the range of 10 to 90 mm and the moving average period is 10 to 150 days. We could have stronger correlation when we consider critical infiltration and modify the original precipitation data than we use original precipitation data.
Analysis of Slope Stability using Cell Unit Evaluation
Jang, Bo-An ; Poong, Bo-Hyun ; Jang, Hyun-Shic ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 405~414
When we evaluate slope stability, we regard the slope homogeneous and evaluate slope stability at the most dangerous portion of slope. However, since conditions and properties of rock mass/soil are different from one location to another within a single slope, slope stability evaluated by current concept can not represent slope correctly. This also result in over-reinforcement at the portion where reinforcement is not necessary. In order to solve these problems, we suggest a cell unit evaluation method in which we apply small rectangular cells in a slope and regard each cell as a single slope. In this method, slopes are classified into soil slope and rock slope depending on materials. Strength of rock, volumetric joint count, spacing of joints, condition of joints, ground water condition and so on are examined and SMR and condition index values are calculated. Finally, all data and results are presented as contour maps. We apply the cell unit evaluation method into 3 cut slopes. SMR values estimated by the new method are larger than those by current concept at most portions of slope, indicating that the new method suggested by this research represent slope stability more correctly than methods which were used. This method will prevent over-reinforcement at the portion of slope where reinforcement is not necessary.
The Scale-dependent of Hydraulic Conductivity in Leaky Confined Aquifer with High Permeability at the Ttaan Isle, Gimhae City
Kim, Tae-Yeong ; Kang, Dong-Hwan ; Kim, Sung-Soo ; Kim, Byung-Woo ; Kwon, Byung-Hyuk ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 415~422
Pumping test was conducted to understand hydraulic conductivity for leaky confined aquifer with high permeability. Test aquifer was formed in
below ground surface at predetermined site of riverbank filtration which junction of Nakdong river and Milyang river in the Ttaan isle, Gimhae city, Korea Monitoring wells were located at intervals of 2 m and 5 m from pumping well in south-west direction (MW1 and MW2 wells) and northeast direction (MW3 and MW4 wells), respectively. Pumping test was continuously conducted for constant pumping rate of
, hydraulic conductivity was estimated using AQTESOLV 3.5 program. Hydraulic conductivity were estimated to be
for pumping well (PW),
for between PW and MW1 wells,
for between PW and MW2 wells,
for between PW and MW3 wells and
for between PW and MW4 wells. The function of hydraulic conductivity (K) as monitoring distance (d) were estimated to be logK = 0.0693logd - 2.671 for south-west direction (PW-MW1-MW2 line), logK = 0.0817logd - 2.655 for north-east direction (PW-MW3-MW 4 line). Scale exponent of hydraulic conductivity as test volume was estimated using Schulze-Makuch et al.(1999) method. Scale exponent of this aquifer was estimated to be 0.15. It means that test aquifer has very low heterogeneity. The radius of influence estimated using transmissivity, maximum groundwater level displacement, distance from pumping well and pumping rate during pumping test were 7.148 m for south-west direction and 6.912 m for north-east direction. The increasing rate of hydraulic conductivity from pumping well to maximum radius of influence were estimated to be 1.40 times for south-west direction and 1.49 times for north-east direction. Thus, heterogeneity of test aquifer was a little higher in north-east direction.
IP Characteristics of Sand and Silt for Investigating the Alluvium Aquifer
Choi, Sang-Hyuk ; Kim, Hyoung-Soo ; Kim, Ji-Soo ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 423~431
In general, water-saturated silt or clay alluvium is characterized with relatively low-resistivity. Thus we often encountered the problem that such a low-resistivity layer is misguided to be good aquifer of high-permeability and low-resistivity in the development of groundwater. This research was conducted with an emphasis on the identification of saturated silt or clay layer from the aquifer by performing the laboratory experiment of IP and resistivity methods on the various materials consisting of alluvium aquifer. Silt or clay layer is found to be characterized with the higher chargeability zone, compared to the sand layer. Regarding the mixture of sand and clay, the higher clay volume, the lower resistivity and the higher chargeability. Subsequently chargeability decreases.
The Lateral Earth Pressure Distribution of the Earth Retaining Structure Installed in Colluvial Soil
Hong, Won-Pyo ; Yea, Geu-Guwen ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 433~437
It's essential to build an earth retaining structure at the beginning and end point of a tunnel constructed in a colluvium area. A large scale of colluvial soil may cause a problem to the stability of the excavation ground. An excavation in colluvium has different behavior characteristics from those in a sandy soil due to unstable elements and needs counter measures for it. There are few systematic research efforts on the behavior characteristics of an earth retaining structure installed in colluvial soil. Thus this study set out to collect measuring data from an excavation site at the tunnel pit mouth in colluvium and set quantitative criteria for the safety of an earth retaining structure. After comparing and analyzing the theoretical and empirical earth pressure from the measuring data, the lateral earth pressure distribution acted on the earth retaining wall was suggested.
Evaluation of Pumping Rates for Multiple-Well Systems
Park, Nam-Sik ; Kim, Sung-Yun ; Kim, Boo-Gil ; Kim, Il-Ryong ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 439~446
We have developed a method to evaluate pumping rates from a system of pumping-well family. For a given system actual pumping rates depend on pump characteristics and the sum of the static head and the dynamic head. The static head is the elevation difference between the natural groundwater level and the outlet of the pipeline that connects all the wells. Major components of the dynamic head are groundwater drawdown in the well and pipeline head loss. The dynamic head and the pump characteristics depend on the pumping rates. Actual pumping rates are determined at the intersections of the system total-head curves and the pump characteristic curves. The Newton-Raphson's method is used to solve the nonlinear simultaneous equations. The method is applied to a hypothetical well family. Impacts of various design and operational parameters on the pumping rates are analyzed.
Investigation of Rock Slope Failures based on Physical Model Study
Cho, Tae-Chin ; Suk, Jae-Uk ; Lee, Sung-Am ; Um, Jeong-Gi ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 447~457
Laboratory tests for single plane sliding were conducted using the model rock slope to investigate the cut slope deformability and failure mechanism due to combined effect of engineering characteristics such as angle of sliding plane, water force, joint roughness and infillings. Also the possibility of prediction of slope failure through displacement monitoring was explored. The joint roughness was prepared in forms of saw-tooth type having different roughness specifications. The infillings was maintained between upper and lower roughness plane from zero to 1.2 times of the amplitude of the surface projections. Water force was expressed as the percent filling of tension crack from dry (0%) to full (100%), and constantly increased from 0% at the rate of 0.5%/min and 1%/min upto failure. Total of 50 tests were performed at sliding angles of
based on different combinations of joint roughness, infilling thickness and water force increment conditions. For smooth sliding plane, it was found that the linear type of deformability exhibited irrespective of the infilling thickness and water force conditions. For sliding planes having roughness, stepping or exponential types of deformability were predominant under condition that the infilling thickness is lower or higher than asperity height, respectively. These arise from the fact that, once the infilling thickness exceeds asperities, strength and deformability of the sliding plane is controlled by the engineering characteristics of the infilling materials. The results obtained in this study clearly show that the water force at failure was found to increase with increasing joint roughness, and to decrease with increasing filling thickness. It seems possible to estimate failure time using the inverse velocity method for sliding plane having exponential type of deformability. However, it is necessary to estimate failure time by trial and error basis to predict failure of the slope accurately.
Study of Structurally Controlled Slope Instability: Pibanryeong, Chungbuk, S. Korea
Cheong, Sang-Won ; Choi, Byoung-Ryol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 459~470
Types of slope failure related to cut slope stability are interpreted through case analyses, and also factors affecting structurally controlled instability investigated, which are developed by geologic structures along a national road No. 25 across the Cheongwon and Boeun-Guns, Chungbuk. Engineering properties such as orientation, persistence, roughness and uniaxial compressive strength of joints are analyzed by square-inventory method in three areas with well-preserved outcrops. The study area is located in Ogcheon folded bet, and are composed of quartz-schist and quartzite in the Midongsan Formation and phyllite in the Ungyori Formation. Flexural beds by folding, schistosity and cleavage besides joints are developed due to slight metamorphism. Various types of joints developed by folding are formed such as strike-parallel, strike-perpendicular, wedge and wrench joint sets by both initially regional and later superposed folding. Factors of slope instability are created by crossing the orientations of joint, cleavage, bedding and slope one another. In the case that the orientation of a slope is coincident with one of beds, factors causing large-scale failure including plane failure are increased greatly. Also in the region that orientations of the slope and bed are crossed each other at high angle, only local and minor failures are shown in the slope.
Case Study of Hydrochemical Contamination by Antimony Waste Disposal in Korea
Jeong, Chan-Ho ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 471~482
This study was carried out to investigate the contamination characteristics of surface water, soil water and groundwater around and in antimony waste landfill site in Wonsung-ri, Yeonki-kun, Chungnam. The waste disposed in the study was excavated and transported to the other site in several years ago. For this study, we collected 35 water samples including groundwater, soil water and surface in the study site and also collected 2 groundwater samples from a comparison site. The data of chemical analysis of soil water samples show the antimony concentration of
, which is much higher than groundwater in a comparison site and is highly excess than regulation level for a drinking water of some advanced countries. A relatively high antimony concentration was detected in three stream water samples nearby landfill site and two groundwater samples. Fe and Mn contents in soil water and stream water were measured as maxium 6.5 mg/L and 7.3 mg/L, respectively. Although other heavy metals of water samples in the study site are higher concentration than water sample of comparison site, their absolute levels are lower than regulation level for a drinking water. The chemical data of water samples are plotted widely from Ca -
type to Ca - (
) type. Some groundwater show high contents of potassium and nitrate, which would come from fertilizer and sewage. Conclusively, some heavy metals including antimony have been still remained under the soil surface of the landfill site in the past. These metals have leaked out into nearby stream and groundwater system, and threaten the ecology, crops and the health of residents in this site. Therefore, the government have to prepare the strategy to prevent the diffusion of heavy metals into aquatic environment and have to process the reclamation work for contaminated site. It is also necessary to make a regulation level of the antimony concentration for a drinking water and soil environment in Korea.
Characteristics of Joint Systems and Their Relationship with Groundwater System in the Nakdong River Mid-basin
Kim, Deuk-Ho ; Lee, Jong-Hyun ; Park, Kyu-Tae ; Kim, Seong-Chang ; Choi, Yu-Mi ; Seo, Yu-Ri ; Noh, Gyung-Myung ; Hamm, Se-Yeong ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 483~492
The characteristics of joint system (joint orientation and density) were studied for Cretaceous sedimentary rocks in the Nakdong River mid-basin (Haman-Gun, Changnyeong-Gun, and Uiryeong-Gun areas), and were related with faults, river system, and groundwater usage in the study area. The joint system was classified into JI (
), J2 (
), and J3 (
), and was dominant along N-S and E-W directions. The N-S trending joint system is dominant in Haman Formation in the eastern and western parts of the study area, while the E-W trending joint system is prevalent in Chilgok Formation in the central part. The joint system may be associated with the faults located in the eastern and western parts in the study area which are elongated to NNE-SSW direction. Additionally, the joint density is higher along the Nakdong River, indicating close relationship between E-W trending joints and the river. Daily groundwater discharge versus joint density shows weak positive relationship, and specific capacity versus joint density appears negatively related. This indicates that groundwater occurrence does not greatly rely on joint density.
Horizontal Behaviour Characteristics for Single Drilled Shaft Embedded in Granite Gneiss
Yea, Geu-Guwen ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 493~499
In order to evaluate the lateral behavior characteristics of single drilled shaft embedded in granite gneiss, a lateral load test was conducted in field. Horizontal displacement according to lateral load were measured along with the depth by an inclinometer installed in the shaft. In this study, We have evaluated horizontal displacement characteristics comparing the measurement values with calculating results by theoretical formula. Based on the comparison, the Chang's method was similar with the measurement values even though it was slightly underestimated. However, the finite analysis method and p-y method was overestimated, especially on the upper part of the ground.
A Study on the Technique for Evaluating Geological Suitability about the Route of a Linear Civil Engineering Structure
Hwang, Hak-Soo ; Moon, Sang-Ho ; Kim, Yong-Il ; An, Dong-Kwang ; Ha, Sung-Ho ; Song, Moo-Young ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 501~509
It is very important in designing civil engineering structures that the quantification of geological informations must be carried out in terms of importance. In this study, the geological informations are quantified and evaluated using analytic hierarchy process (AHP). A professional group was organized with 30 people in the field of civil engineering, transport, and geology. On the assumption that the civil engineering structure is linear such as highway or railroad, a survey of the group in terms of geological and hydro-geological elements has found that the hierarchy structure is composed of four levels. And fault structure is a primary factor which causes the stability of a linear civil engineering structure. The importance of geological items are arranged with fault (0.456), foliation/bedding plane(0.l65), lineation(0.144), ground water(0.124), and rock type(0.111).
Study on the Development of Ubiquitous-Based Landslide with a Debris Flow Monitoring System
Kim, Yong-Gyun ; An, Dae-Young ; Kang, Dea-Woo ; Han, Byung-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 511~522
Domestic slope related measuring system are mainly depending on manual and visual measurements and technical development for natural slopes is poor since the technology is developed focusing on artificial cut slopes. In addition, landslide with a debris flow is occurring frequently due to recent climate abnormally and heavy rains but early forecasts and prevention of disasters are in poor condition. Therefore, construction of ubiquitous sensor network (USN) capable of detecting dangers of landslide for rapid countermeasures is necessary. In this study, new measurements devices and measurement management techniques in compliance with domestic conditions are prepared by establishing ubiquitous based landslide monitoring system and standards of measurement management.
Soil Water Characteristic Curve of the Weathered Granite Soil through Simulated Rainfall System and SWCC Cell Test
Ki, Wan-Seo ; Kim, Sun-Hak ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 523~535
A simulated rainfall system was built, and the unsaturated characteristics were examined by execution of simulated rainfall system test and soil water characteristic curve cell test(SWCC Cell Test) under the various rainfall and slope conditions. With the results, the applicability of infiltration behavior under rainfall and soil water characteristic curve models to the unsaturated weathered granite soil was examined. At the results of comparison the volumetric water content and matric suction measured in the wetting process(under rainfall) with those in the drying process(leaving as it was) of the simulated rainfall system, the volumetric water content showed a difference of
and matric suction of about
, indicating the occurrence of hysteresis. In addition, the difference was relatively larger in matric suction than in the volumetric water content, and this tells that the hysteresis behavior is larger in matric suction. When the soil water characteristic curve derived from measurements in simulated rainfall system test were compared with those from the soil water characteristic curve cell test, both methods produced soil water characteristic curves close each other in the wetting process and the drying process, but in both, there was a difference between results obtained from in the wetting process and those from in the drying process. Thus, when soil water characteristic curves are rationally applied to the design and stability analysis considering of the properties of unsaturated soil, it is considered desirable to apply the soil water characteristic curve of the wetting process to the wetting process, and that of the drying process to the drying process.
Application of Geophysical Survey to the Geological Engineering Model for the Effective Detection in Foundation of Stone Relics
Kim, Man-Il ; Lee, Chang-Joo ; Kim, Jong-Tae ; Kim, Ji-Soo ; Kim, Sa-Dug ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 537~543
To effectively delineate the foundation of stone relics by GPR and seismic refraction methods, a geological engineering model was constructed with alternating layer of soil and gravel to a depth of 3 m. This study was aimed at mapping the boundaries of model ground structure and interfaces of alternating layer using the various frequency antenna in GPR survey and seismic velocities. Compared to the resolution from the high frequency antenna, the image resolution from the survey using 100 Hz antenna is the lower, but with the deeper image coverage. On the contrast, the deeper structure was not mapped in the higher frequency data due to higher absorption effect, but the shallow layered zone was distinctively resolved. Therefore subsurface images were effectively provided by integrating the data with 100 MHz and 450 MHz antennas for the deep and shallow structures, respectively. Regarding the seismic refraction data, the boundaries of the model and interface of the alternating layers were not successfully mapped due to the limit of the survey length. However, the equivalent contours of low velocity extended deep as considerable velocity contrasts with surrounding ground.
Characteristics of Tunnel Convergence Behaviour based on Variation of Rock Mass Rating
Kim, Kwang-Yeom ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 545~553
Face mapping and displacement monitoring during tunnel construction are the most influential information for the stability assessment of ground and around structures. Especially, the result of face mapping and displacement analysis is essential to the excavation and support design in NATM which is based on the drilling and blasting. However, there have not been so many studies to put those useful information into practice for decision-making process during construction. The study reviewed the tunnel behaviour based on the RMR rating and displacement monitoring when the geological condition of rock mass varies inevitably. The study analysed the crown settlement using convergence equation in order to compensate the disparity induced by the location and time of measurement and found a distinct relation between the geological condition and the line of influence. As a result of analysing the various parameters related to the tunnel convergence according to the geological condition, the study suggested the basic knowledge about the relation between face mapping and displacement behaviour of tunnel.
The Origin and Geochemical Behavior of Fluoride in Bedrock Groundwater: A Case Study in Samseung Area (Boeun, Chungbuk)
Chae, Gi-Tak ; Koh, Dong-Chan ; Choi, Byoung-Young ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 555~566
Hydrogeochemical study in Samseung area (Boeun, Chungbuk) and waterrock interaction experiment using rock samples from the area were performed to elucidate the fluoride source in groundwater and explaining geochemical behavior of fluoride ion. Fluoride concentration of public water supply mostly using groundwater in Boeun area was significantly higher in South Korea. The maximum fluoride concentration of the study area was 3.9 mg/L, and 23% of samples exceeded the Korean Drinking Water Standard of fluoride (1.5 mg/L). The average concentration of fluoride was 1.0 mg/L and median was 0.5 mg/L. Because of high skewness (1.3), median value is more appropriate to represent fluoride level of this area. The relationships between fluoride ion and geochemical parameters (
, pH, etc.) indicated that the degree of waterrock interaction was not significant. However, high fluoride samples were observed in
type on Piper's diagram. The negative relationship between fluoride and
ion which might originate from surface contaminants was obvious. These results indicate that fluoride ion in groundwater is geogenic origin. The source of fluoride was proved by waterrock interaction batch test. Fluoride concentration increased up to 1.2 mg/L after 96 hours of reaction between water and biotite granite. However, the relationship between well depth and fluoride ion, and groundwater age and fluoride ion was not clear. This indicates that fluoride ion is not correlated with degree of waterrock interaction in this area but local heterogeneity of fluoriderich minerals in granite terrain. High fluoride concentration in Boeun area seems to be correlated with distribution of permeable structures in hard rocks such as lineaments and faults of this area. This entails that the deep bedrock groundwater discharges through the permeable structures and mixed with shallow groundwater.
Evaluation of Infiltration Characteristics of Rainfall in Gneiss Weathered Soil by a Field Monitoring
Kim, Man-Il ; Chae, Byung-Gon ; Han, Byung-Won ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 567~576
It is possible to understand rainfall infiltration characteristics by identification of wetting front in the soil. The wetting front by rainfall infiltration has close relationships among soil density, grain size distribution, and permeability coefficient in the soil. The infiltration velocity is a similar concept of permeability coefficient in the soil. In this study, infiltration velocity of rainfall was calculated by a field monitoring of volumetric water contents at the depths of 50 cm and 80 cm below the surface in the gneiss weathered soil. The calculated field infiltration velocity was compared with a permeability coefficient by a laboratory soil test using undisturbed soil samples in the study area. The permeability coefficient of the soil sample is
, while the field infiltration velocity is
. It is interpreted that the lower infiltration velocity is induced by complicate condition of porosity and grain size distribution of soil in the field. The rainfall intensity which influences on the volumetric water content and infiltration velocity is more than 20 mm/day resulting in expansion of wetting front in the soil.
Dissolution Mechanism of Abandoned Metal Ores and Formation of Ochreous Precipitates, Dalseong Mine
Choo, Chang-Oh ; Lee, Jin-Kook ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 18, issue 4, 2008, Pages 577~586
The formation of acid mine drainage is closely related to water chemistry and ochreous sprecipitates formed at the bottom of creeks because it is initially derived from the possible water-rock interaction in abandoned waste metals at the mine. According to analyses on water, precipitates, and alteration characters of ore metals in Dalseone mine, whitish precipitates formed at pHs above 5 while schwertmannite formed at pH
. Water chemistry vary with seasons. The water chemistry of the treatment site measured ir Octoter 2002 is characterized by lower pH, and higher Al, Zn, Cu contents relative to those in March, 2003. In the latter case, As and Cl contents are very high.
MAS NMR data show the presence of predominant octahedral Al in whitish precipitates. Metal ore minerals dissolve at margins, cleavage, or comer of crystals where reactive sites are potential. Pyrite dissolves, forming etch pits or smooth faces on the edge.