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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 20, Issue 4 - Dec 2010
Volume 20, Issue 3 - Sep 2010
Volume 20, Issue 2 - Jun 2010
Volume 20, Issue 1 - Mar 2010
Selecting the target year
Characteristics of Seepage Water and Groundwater in Incheon Coastal LPG Storage Cavern
Jo, Yun-Ju ; Lee, Jin-Yong ; Choi, Mi-Jung ; Cho, Byung-Wook ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 1~12
The objective of this study was to examine the hydrogeochemical and microbiological characteristics for stable maintenance of coastal LPG storage cavern. Cavern seepage water and groundwater in the vicinity of the LPG storage cavern were sampled and analyzed (February, May, August and October 2007). Groundwater samples of propane cavern showed high pHs of 8.1~12.4 due to dissolution of cement grouting materials that had been applied during the well and cavern construction. The EC values showed distinctive seasonal variation. The negative ORP indicated reduced condition. The seepage and surrounding groundwater are classified as Na-Cl type, which represents seawater effects. All of aerobic bacteria, anaerobic bacteria, slime forming bacteria and sulfate reducing bacteria were less than 500 CFU/mL, which indicated that there was no abrupt increase of bacteria in the cavern. Therefore there exist no hydrochemical symptoms to indicate unstable conditions of the cavern operation. However, regular and continuous monitoring is essentially required.
A Study on the Stability Evaluation and Numerical Simulation of Toppling Failure on a Cut-Slope
Choi, Ji-Yong ; Kim, Seung-Hyun ; Koo, Ho-Bon ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 13~23
Toppling failure of a slope is defined as failure behavior accompanying the rotation of rock block which is different from other failure such as sliding along with discontinuities and so on. It generally occurs in the region that discontinuities were developed with inverse dip direction to a slope and it could play a critical role in judging stability of slope. In this study, the stability evaluation was performed about toppling failure on a jointed road cut-slope. To check the deformation behavior, numerical analysis is widely used. However common analysis programs are based on continuum model. Recently, many methods that discontinuity properties can be considered in continuum analysis are suggested. In this study, numerical analysis based on FEM(Finite Element Method) was performed using interface element applied in heterogeneous boundary to simulate effects of discontinuities.
Improvement of Water Quality for Contaminated Groundwater by
using Compression Packer in Boeun
Lee, Byeong-Dae ; Yun, Uk ; Yun, Seong-Taek ; Cho, Heuy-Nam ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 25~33
Most of contaminated groundwater in the study area was contaminated by
due to inflow of contaminated shallow surface groundwater inflow into groundwater well. Poor grouting and teared screen have increased contaminated shallow surface groundwater inflow into groundwater well. Contaminated shallow surface groundwater was inflowed into groundwater well throughout faults, joints and fracture zone of ESE-WNW, NNW, NW-SE and NS direction. The objective of this paper is to evaluate an improvement of water quality for contaminated groundwater by
using compression packer. For this study groundwater samples collected from 46 groundwater wells were analyzed to clarify
contents. Groundwater wells over 10 mg/L in
content is 9 wells showing 20% among total samples.
contents after compression packer installation showed 26~81% low value compared with before compression packer.
Proposal of Models to Estimate the Coefficient of Permeability of Soils on the Natural Terrain considering Geological Conditions
Jun, Duk-Chan ; Song, Young-Suk ; Han, Shin-In ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 35~45
The soil tests have been performed on the specimens obtained from about 1,150 sites including landslides and non-landslides areas in natural terrains for last 10 years. Based on the results of those tests, the average soil properties are estimated and the simple equations for estimating permeability are proposed according to geologic conditions. The average permeability in Granite and Mudstone sites is higher than other sites and the content of silt and clay in Mudstone and Gneiss sites is higher than other sites. The correlation analysis and the regression analysis were performed to estimate the coefficient of permeability according to geological conditions. As the result of the correlation analysis, the coefficient of permeability is selected as a dependent variable, and the silt and clay contents, the water contents and the dry unit weights are selected as independent variables. As the result of the regression analysis, the silt and clay contents and the void ratio were involved commonly in the linear regression equations according to geological conditions. To verify the proposed the linear regression equations, the measured result of the coefficient of permeability at other sites was compared with the result predicted with the proposed equations. As the result of comparison, there were a little bit different between them for some data. However the difference was relatively small. Therefore, the linear regression equations for estimating the coefficient of permeability according to geological conditions may be applied to Korean soils. However, these equations should be verified and corrected continuously to improve the accuracy.
Hybrid Analysis of Displacement Behavior and Numerical Simulation on Tunnel Design
Jeong, Yun-Young ; Han, Heui-Soo ; Lee, Jae-Ho ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 47~60
This study is focused on the analysis of tunnel behavior to estimate the stability on tunnel design. An estimation method was proposed as a hybrid consideration, which contains the displacement analysis by 3D numerical simulation, the maximum displacement obtained after field measurement, and an assessment of tunnel stability using a deformation analysis proposed by Sakurai(1988, 1997). The points of case study by Sakurai(1988, 1997) were replotted considering his analysis. From the new analysis of the tunnel case study, the trend line for analyzed points is analogized, which curve is divided into stable, unstable and failure zone. To evaluate the estimation method, a special shape of railway tunnel was selected, which are the Inchon international airport rail way connected to subway line 9 in Gimpo, Korea. The point s of upper and below track on the Inchon international airport rail way were satisfied to the stability of tunnel after reinforcing. Also the points shows the higher apparent Young's modulus, which resulted from improvement on shear strength by the micro silica grouting and the supporting of umbrella method. Therefore, if new analysis used, proper tunnel reinforcing method could be selected according to tunnel strain and geological property.
Considerations on the Specific Yield Estimation Using the Relationship between Rainfall and Groundwater Level Variations
Kim, Gyoo-Bum ; Choi, Doo-Houng ; Jeong, Jae-Hoon ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 61~70
In case of groundwater recharge estimation using water table fluctuation method, specific yield affects the accuracy and confidence level of recharge rate. Nevertheless, there have been few studies on the method for the accurate estimation of specific yield in Korea. Specific yield estimated from the relationship between rainfall and groundwater levels is reasonable compared to the other methods. However, lots of factors such as artificial pumping, evapotranspiration by the plants, and a sudden increase in water levels by a heavy rainfall can affect the pattern of groundwater levels' fluctuation and make an over-estimated or under-estimated specific yield. This study obtained a reasonable specific yield by using a daily or 12 hourly average of rainfall and groundwater levels measured in a dry season.
Application of Geophysical Survey for Detecting the Skarn Ore Deposit
Park, Chung-Hwa ; Jung, Yeon-Ho ; Lee, Yong-Dong ; Park, Jong-Oh ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 71~78
The Gagok mine is a contact metasomatic deposit, located at Gagok-myeon, Samcheok city and Cheoram-dong, Taebaek city, Gangwon province. The deposit lies within the limestone of Myobong and Pungchon formations, and exists the contact of intrusive granite porphyry. In order to determine the direction and extension of mineralization in the gallery and around the entrance of the ore deposit, we used the ground magnetic survey, the direct current (dc) resistivity survey using dipole-dipole array, and resistivity tomography survey. The ground magnetic survey did not detect the anomalous zone due to ore deposit, while the dc resistivity survey and resistivity tomography survey were successful in delineating the anomalous zone related to the extension of fault toward
Discharge Characteristics of Heavy Metals in Acid mine Drainage from the Abandoned Ilgwang Mine
Kang, Dong-Hwan ; Kwon, Byung-Hyuk ; Yu, Hun-Sun ; Kim, Sun-Ok ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 79~87
Field water qualities (temperature, pH, Eh, EC, DO) was monitored by 6 times March to September 2009 on background water (BW) and acid mine drainage (AMD0, AMD1, AMD2 and AMD3 points), and flow rate was measured on AMD0 point. Acid mine drainage flowed out from abandoned Ilgwang mine were high acid waters that lower than pH 3, and Eh component was ranged 400 to 600 mV. EC measured on acid mine drainage were higher over 10 times than background water, DO component was increased by reaction on the air during the water flow from AMD0 point to AMD4 point. Heavy metal concentrations in acid mine drainage were ordered Fe > Cu > Zn > Mn > As > Cd, and Fe concentration was highest for 81.870~474.30 mg/L. Monitoring periods measured maximum concentrations of heavy metals were May for As and Cd, June for Fe, July for Cu, Zn and Mn. The periods measured minimum concentrations were monitored April for Cd and Mn, September for Fe, Cu, Zn and As. Discharge mass of heavy metal components were calculated 53.44 kg for Fe, 6.25 kg for Cu, 5.26 kg for Zn, 2.13 kg for Mn, 0.14 kg for As and 0.04 kg for Cd, respectively. Total discharge mass of heavy metal components were calculated 67.26 kg for 1 day, and Fe component was taken 79% of total mass.
The Optimal Method to Determine Damage Threshold of Rock using Hwangdeung Granite
Jang, Bo-An ; Ji, Hoon ; Jang, Hyun-Shic ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 89~100
Although various methods for determination of damage threshold in rock have been suggested, clear damage thresholds were determined by some methods, but different thresholds were measured by other methods. We determined the damage thresholds in Hangdeung granite using all the methods suggested, and investigated the best methods, applicability and errors of each method. The crack initiation threshold and the crack damage threshold which are important in investigation of characteristics of crack development and failure were verified by field strength ratio method and long-term constant load test. The crack closure stress and the crack initiation stress were 57.5 MPa and 77.6 MPa, and the most exact values were yielded by crack volumetric strain. The secondary crack initiation stress was 90.6 MPa and AE event count and AE event count rate were the effective methods. The volumetric stiffness, AE event count and AE event count rate were the most effective methods for determination of crack coalescence threshold and crack coalescence stress was 110.3 MPa. The crack damage stress was 127.5 MPa and was measured correctly by volumetric stiffness and AE event count rate. The ratio between crack initiation stress and uniaxial compressive strength was 0.47 which was very similar with the FSR value of 0.46. The ratio between crack damage stress and uniaxial compressive strength was almost the same as the ratio between long-term strength and uniaxial compressive strength, indicating that the crack initiation stress and the crack damage stress measured were correct.
Development of Improved Rock Bolt for Reinforcement of Fracture Zone in Slope and Tunnel
Kim, Soo-Lo ; Kim, Jong-Tae ; Park, Seong-Cheol ; Kim, Tae-Heok ; Kwon, Hyun-Ho ; Jeong, Gyo-Cheol ;
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 20, issue 1, 2010, Pages 101~109
There are many slopes generally developed by excavation and cut slope with small steps on massive slopes of roads. Especially these cut slopes which excavating around fault fracture zone need a reinforcement technology in order to ensure safety. In the case of slope excavation, it is difficult to use the existing slope support at fracture zone because of geological characteristics. Especially the factor of safety decreases significantly due to the movement of blocks in bed rocks and the expansion of interspace of discontinuous planes in fractured zones caused by excavation. Thus an efficient reinforcement technique in accordance with geological properties of fracture zones needs to be developed because the existing slope support has a restricted application. Therefore it is necessary to develop the specialized rock bolt technique in order to ensure an efficient factor of safety for anomalous fracture zones in slopes and tunnels. The purpose of this study is to develop newly improved rock bolt to increase a supporting effect of the swellex bolt method used recently as a friction type in fracture zones.