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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 3, Issue 3 - Dec 1993
Volume 3, Issue 2 - Sep 1993
Volume 3, Issue 1 - Apr 1993
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GIS Technology for Groundwater Resources Management
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 101~114
GIS technique was applied to identify the regional hydrologic units for groundwater exploitation and recharge analysis in a study area. The technique was very effective to identify the potential areas for groundwater exploitation, and for groundwater management & land use planning. GIS database of environmental resources was complied from a variety of sources and scales as the foundation for analysis, including digitizing and scanning of hardcopy maps. A DEM(Digital Elevation Model) was used to dassify slopes, and identify problematic drainage system. Quantitative analysis of environmental resources helps us to develop the scoring system of GIS model, which evaluates each resource in relation to the others and reflects the relative importance of each resource. ARC4NFO was used to construct digital database, and the cartographic simulation techniques were applied in order to create new maps.
Groundwater Conditions reiated with the Geologic Structures of Bedrocks in the Gyuk-Po Area.
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 115~124
Hydrogeological survey related to groundwater condifiors was performed at the study area in Gyukpo, BuanGun, ChunlabukDo to express the relationships between groundwater conditions and the geologic structures such as joints, faults and beddings in bedrock About 200 joints and sjgnfficant faults were measured in this area. Typically, The fracture analysis on cores of 7 boreholes was tried to quantify fracture numerically. Groundwater level was periodically measured for three months. The packer tests of about 175 were carried out in 7 boreholes. As the result, Fractures are locaHy developed as ground water bearing zone and an average hydraulic conductivity of bedrock is
in this area the hydraulic conductivity of this area is correlated with fracture frequency value of F15 and is also well correlated with fracture developed and depth. In accordance with depth, fracture frequency and hydraulic conductivity are decreased. Hydraulic conductivity of granite along depth shows an obiouse change in values but that of sedimentary rocks do not shows changeless. Groundwater movement in the bedrocks of the study area affected not by joints but faults developed in the different rock boundary. In the northern part of this area, The differences of hydraulic conductivity between granite and sedimentary rocks give rise abrsspt at difference in groundwater leveL In the southern part of the study area, there is no different in groundwater level of both same rock types.
Fracture Network Analysis of Groundwater Folw in the Vicinity of a Large Cavern
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 125~148
Groundwater flow in fractured rock masses is controlled by combined effects of fracture networks, state of geostafic stresses and crossflow between fractures and rock matrix. Furthermore the scaie dependent, anisotropic properties of hydraulic parameters results mainly from irregular paftems of fracture system, which can not be evaluated properly with the methods available at present. The basic assumpfion of discrete fracture network model is that groundwater flows only along discrete fractures and the flow paths in rock mass are determined by geometric paftems of interconnected fractures. The characteristics of fracture distribution in space and fracture hydraulic parameters are represented as the probability density functions by stochastic simulation. The discrete fracture network modelling was aftempted to characterize the groundwater flow in the vicinity of existing large cavems located in Wonjeong-ri, Poseung-myon, Pyeungtaek-kun. The fracture data of
area were analysed. The result indicates that the fracture sets evaluated from an equal area projection can be grouped into 6 sets and the fracture sizes are distributed in longnormal. The conductive fracture density of set 1 shows the highest density of 0.37. The groundwater inflow into a carvem was calculated as 29ton/day with the fracture transmissivity of
. When the fracture transmissivity increases in an order, the inflow amount estimated increases dramatically as much as fold, i.e 651 ton/day. One of the great advantages of this model is a forward modelling which can provide a thinking tool for site characterization and allow to handle the quantitative data as well as qualitative data.
Flow Dimensional Analysis for Constant Pressure Injection Test
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 149~165
Nowadays, the field hydraulic test is still an only method to evaluate groundwater characteristics in subsurface. The results of hydraulic test are very important for the concept model of fracture hydrogeology as well as the geometric pattern of fractures. The hydraulic tests performed in Korea are generally analysed under such assumption as steady radial flow in homogeneous aquifer or along simple geometry of fractures. Also the transmissivity measured in a fixed interval length is equivalent to a sum of individual fracture transmissivities in test legth. The boundary effects of weH hydraulics and the geometry of flow paths are hardly obtained from the test results analysed by a steady flow method. To circumvent this problem, the flow dimensional analysis was attempted from the results of constant pressure injection test carried out in a fractured granite area. A comparison of the hydraulic conductivity values from the transient and steady analysis shows that the latter is about a factor of 2~3 higher than the former. However, it was possible to analyse a flow dimension of each test interval from flow rate variation with time. The upper part of the bedrock(<10m deep) indicates an open boundary and the flow dimension shows nearly steady states, while the lower part of the bedrock(>25m deep) is characterized as sublinear flow dimension with a dosed boundary. In one of the test sections(15m deep), the flow dimension was changed from linear flow to spherical flow. From the experience of this study, one of the immediate problems to be solved is to enhance the field testing equipments, i.e., an accurate flowmeter with autorecording and a pressure detecting device to be able to install in the test section.
High Resolution for Shallow Seismic Reflection (Applied to the Underground Cavity)
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 167~176
The high resolution studies for shallow seismic reflection are carried out using 24-channel seismograph and the high sensitivity geophone(50-500Hz). In order to study the underground structures such as small faults, fractures, cracks and cavities, it is of great importance to enhance high resolution of the seisrnic records for the targets vertically and laterally. In analysis of high resolution seismic reflection, Nyquist frequency(
) should be lager than the highest frequency in the records and the highest wave number should not be exceed the Nyquist wave number(
). The highest frequency above the Nyquist will be removed using low pass filter or antialias filter. The trace interval Ax should be taken into account so that the highest wave number(f/v) can be less than
. The Fraunhofer diffraction of a hyperbola seismic section above the tunnel appeares on the common offset method, and little first arrivals of direct wave on the single-end shooting, delayed strong impulsive reflections are also shown above the tunnel. Ray Method(Cherveney and Psencik, 1983) also represents the same results that the reflected waves from the tunnel are delayed and single impulsive with little first arrivals, while transrnitted waves through the tunnel are delayed with low frequency.
A Study on the Lateral Flow in Soft Soils subjected to Unsymmetrical Surcharges
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 177~190
When soft soils are effected by unsymmetrical surcharge due to embankement and abutements of a bridge, large plastic sheraring deformations such as settlements, lateral displacements, upheavals and sliding shearing failure in the soils occurred and they have often damaged considerabily to the soils and structure. This study examines the existing theoretical background for the behavior of the displacement of soils by unsymmetrical surcharge on the soft soils and compares the analytical results to the actual measurements performed through the model test. The procedures of model test are that a model stock device is made and soft soils are filled in a container which fixes the soils. Then the displacements observed when surcharge load increa ses by regular interval at undrainage condition. It analyzes the relation of soil characteristics to displacement, critical surcharge and ultimate bearing capadty, condition of plastic flow and lateral flow pressure, comparing them with the existing theories. Understanding the causes of lateral displacement in soft soils due to unsymmetrical surchages will prevent a damage in advance.
Equilibria and Kinetics of Cr(VI) Reduction
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 191~201
Reduction is one of the important mechanisrns in decreasing the amount of Cr(VI) in wastewater and this reaction is quite dependent on pH and temperature. Either soil organic materials, or a high inorganic salt concentration with elevated temperature and low pH will provide a good condition for the reduction of Cr(VI) to Cr(III) in deep well injection zones. Chromate reduction by soil organic materials and chloride ion in various environment conditions is investigated. Aquifer and aquitard formation samples have been obtained from a deep well in St. Bernard Parish, and St. Charles Parish, LA, U.S.A., respectively. For this study, pH ranging from -0.81 to 2.0, temperature
, and cliloride concentration 0 M, 0.26 M and 0.52 M are used to represent the actual conditions in deep well injection zones.
Diffusion of Cr(VI) in Porous Media
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 3, issue 2, 1993, Pages 203~214
Underground Injection Control regulations for Class I injection wells require that the vertical dufusion be considered as a mechanism for transport of contaninants in evaluating containment Due to the low permeability in the confining aquitard, the movement of contaminants over the long term is controlled by the molecular diffusion. The movement can be predicted, using the Fick' S second law of diffusion. The diffusion coefficient in Fick' s law has been determined experimentally in this study. Instantaneous injection of
was used to trace the distribution of Cr(VI) in soil plugs and an analytical solution was applied to calculate the diffusion coefficients. This study shows the effect of environmental factors, such as temperature, chloride concentration, applied amount of
, and bulk density of injection formations on diffusion of Cr(VI)