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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 4, Issue 3 - Dec 1994
Volume 4, Issue 2 - Sep 1994
Volume 4, Issue 1 - Apr 1994
Selecting the target year
Weathering Characteristics of Rocks near Churyong Tunnel Site, Kyongbuk, using Geophysical and Geochemical Methods
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 269~281
Microscopic study and X-ray diffraction analysis were carried out to find out rock type, tock forming minerals; and weathering characteristics of rocks at the constructing site of the churyong Tunnel, Kyongju-Gun, Kyongbuk. Seismic velocity and compressional strength were measured to evaluate mechanical properties of rock. The rock of the study area is Jurassic tuff consisting of clay minerals, crystals of quartz and feldspar, fragments of volcanic rocks and shale. Fresh tuff has compressional strength of about
and seismic velocity of about 3680m/sec in average. It is classified as soft rock. Rock fragment within tuff is andesite and it has compressional strength of about
and seismic velocity of about 4340m/sec in average. It is classified as hard rock. A good linear relationship is found between compressional streangth and seismic velocity in both laboratory sample and in-situ rocks. Laboratory samples has seismic velocities faster about 1.5km/sec than those in-situ rocks. It is interpreted that joints, fractures, and water content in the in-situ rocks result in decreas of seismic velocity. As Tuff has more than 50% of clay minerals in matrix and shale fragments, it absorbs water easily in atmospheric condition. Therefore, though the rock in the study area is medium hard rock before weathering, it is weathered very easily in the case of exposure to natural environment, comparing with other rock.
Nonstationary Dual-Porosity Fractal Model of Groundwater Flow in Fractured Aquifers with or without Fracture Skin
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 283~295
A new nonstationary dual-porosity fractal model is presented which simulates a nonsteady state block-to-fissure flow with or without fracture skin between the block and the fissure in a fractal aquifer. The model includes weilbore storage and well loss effects on the production well. Type curves for different flow dimensions with different values of hydraulic parameters are created. The application of the model to experimental data in fractured aquifer is described.
Development of a Predictive Model for Groundwater Use
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 297~309
For a total of 210 city and Kun areas in Korea, a model was developed to predict the amount of groundwater use at each area. At first, the total areas were classified into 3 groups by the characteristics of groundwater use: residential(87), industrial(27) and agricultural (96) areas. Among them, type areas, represented by the dominant groundwater usage for typical purposes, were selected: residential(22), industrial(8) and agricultural(32) areas. Data for the various factors possibly related to the groundwater use were statistically analyzed. The factors include, 1) agricultural area, 2) industrial area, 3) adininistrative unit area(city or Kun), 4) population, 5) groundwater capadty for community water supply, 6) average water supply for a person per day, 7) agricultural water-use, 8) industrial water-use, 9) residential wateruse, 10) rates of community water supply. The data were correlated to the total amount of groundwater use, and the correlations tested at the 95% and 99% significance levels. Influential, significantly related, factors were identified from the tests. Using the multiple regression method with the influential factors, predictive equations were drawn to calculate the amount of groundwater use for residential-industrial and agricultural areas, respectively. The equations were calibrated to minimize the RMS(root mean square) of the differences between predicted and observed groundwater use. After the validation with future data, the model can be utilized in the regional development plans to predict the maximum groundwater demand at each area.
Hydraulic Parameter Evaluation by Sensitivity Analysis of Constant and Variable Rate Pump Test in Leaky Fractal Aquifer
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 311~319
This paper presents a sensitivity analysis to obtain best fit of hydraulic parameters of leaky fractal aquifer. The sensitivity analysis uses the least squares method. The hydraulic parameters (generalized transmissivity and generalized storage coefficient) can be easily determined by the sensitivity analysis for various flow dimensions and different values of the leakage factor. Furthermore, the sensitivity analysis was applied to variable-rate pump tast at several abstraction wells, A computer program was developed to evaluate the hydraulic parameters by the sensitivity analysis.
GIS Technology for Environmental Gelolgic Mapping
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 321~331
Environmental geologic maps were produced on the cheong-Ju area using GIS technique. They are GIS maps on land management and regional land use planning. In the last year, the model of environmental geologic map was established, and the digital database was constructed by environmental and geotechnical data collected form various sources. The special maps for environmental geologic study were also pnoduced ; landslide hazard and risk map, cut & fill map, actual run-off map and engineering geological map. The maps are secondary models (sub-model) in order to create final environmental geologic map. Finally, Environmental Geologic Unit(EGU) was evaluated for regional land use planning and land management by EGIS(Environmental Geologic Inforafion System). This unit is very important in order to assess environmental geologic impact on large construction works and detailed road design etc.
The Applicability of Seismic Waves to Detect a Low Velocity Body of the Geothermal Area
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 333~341
The low velocity body was detected during the invesfigation of the crustal structune and upper mantle in the Korean Peninsula using ray method and observational seismic data. We observed the arrival time delays of P and S waves that pass through the Bugok hot spring area and the chugaryong rift zone in the Korean Peninsula. The present geothermal exploration accounts for the high heat flow in these regions, suggesting that the area are the 'delay shadows' produced by a deep, low velocity body(Resenberg et aL, 1980). We tried to verify the hypothesis that the low-velocity body is caused by the partial melting in the lower crust can be explained by the lateral variation(inhomogeneous model) of the lower crust velocity using Ray Method(Cerveny and Psencik, 1983).
Stability Evaluation and Reinforcement Design Method of the Rock Slope
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 4, issue 3, 1994, Pages 343~356
When most of the industry and social indirect facilities such as the large structure, power plant or road, rail-road are constructed, the new slope may lead to the slope failure. The failure models for slopes have been developed by using the results of in-situ and laboratory tests to investigate the mechanisms and types of the slope failure. The safety factor of a slope may be obtained based on the proposed model and the slope can be reinforced to meet the design criteria. The slope should be reinforced by using the optimum model that properly reflects the site condition, the method of reinforcement includes the increased safety factor either by decreasing a slope angle or by reinforcing the slope.