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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Dec 1995
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Sep 1995
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1995
Selecting the target year
Effects of Injection and Temperature Variations on the Breakdown Pressure of Rocks
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 129~138
To elucidate the effects of flow rate on the hydraulic fracturing property of andesite, the hydraulic fracturing tests were conducted under three flow rates. As the tests are conducted with 1ml/min, 2ml/min and 3 ml/min under the constant axial load of 40 kN, the breakdown pressures of andesite seem to be constant as 163kg/cm
. The hydraulic fracturing tests were carried out under the temperatures of five stages to elucidate the effects of temperature variation on hydraulic fracturing property of granite. As the tests are carried out under the constant flow rate of 1.7ml/min, with the axial load of 40kN, the breakdown pressures of granite are 168kg/cm
at room temperature, and 124kg/cm
. The breakdown pressure decreases about 25% than that of room temperature with increasing the temperature. Under the controlled flow rates, the initiation pressures of the microcracks of granite are well coincided with the breakdown pressures and these results are also confirmed by the levels of acoustic emission.
A Study on the Engineering Characteristics of Granitic Rock Masses in Geoje Island
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 139~153
Engineering characteristics of granitic rock masses in Geoje island were estimated by investigating the mechanical and hydraulic properties of core samples drilled in - situ. Since the effect of in -situ stresses could not be considered, some of the engineering properties estimated through rock mass classification were quite different from the in - situ tested results. Based on the results of rock mass classification, borehole tests, and laboratory test the empirical parameters for the design of underground structure were assessed. Though some number of fractured zones were found, granitic rock mass in the southern part of Geoje island showed fairly good quality and the excavating conditions were expected to be suitable for the construction of large scale underground facilities.
Application of A Discrete Fracture Flow and Mass Transport Simulation Technique Assessing Tightness Criteria for Underground LPG Storage Cavern
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 155~165
Fluid flow studies of fractured rocks require three-dimensional modeling of the fracture system. The stochastic discrete fracture models constructed by Monte Carlo simulation technique were applied to the analysis of groundwater flow and mass transport in fractured rock for the assessment of tightness criteria of underground LPG storage cavern. The parameters that most affect the conceptual discrete fracture modeling proved either fracture orientation or size and on the fract'lre flow interpretation proved conductive fracture intensity. The fracture transmissivity played important role in solute transport in fractured rock simulated by particle tracking approach. It was partly recognized that the calibrated stochastic discrete fracture model can be used for the tightness criteria of underground LPG storage cavern.
A Case Study for the Support Pattern Appropriateness in Rock Tunneling Designs
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 167~179
The only three elements such as RQD, N -value and Es were used as a quantitative standard for the design of supporr pattern determidetion on subway line 8th in Seoul. Because the support pattern that was obtained by these elements could not he determined on the basis of the quantitative of geology and the orientations and properties of discontinuity planes, there have been some problems in determining the economic support pattern and tunnel stability. Therefore, in an attempt to determine the stable and economic support pattern with more quantitative elements, more flerrible rock mass classification with geologic conditions was performed by using RMR at 1745 sections and Q-system at 374 sections within Seongnam block on subway line 8th. Then, rusults by these two methods were compared with standard support pattern of the subway line 8th. Moreover, relationships between geology, geologic structures and topography to rock mass grades were studied. According to the rusult of this study, it is judged that the standard support pattern designed with PD-4 or PS - 4 should have been subdivided into 4~6 support patterns. Some sections where geologic structures such as faults and joints are developed tend to have rock mass grades. And they also have low rock mass grades near valley. On thr other hand, they show intermediate grades at piedmont area and the greatest ones at high mountains.
Detection and Analysis of the Artificial Underground Explosions in N. Korea using KSRS data.
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 181~192
The discrimination studies between earthquakes and underground nuclear explosions have been carried out by various seismologists(Nuttli and Kim, 1976; Dahiman and Israelson, 1977; Masse, 1981). The discrimination between local microearthquakes and artificial underground explosions(epicentral distance not greater than 400Km), however, has not been actively studied so far in the light of seismological aspects. Futhermore this kind of research has never been performed in Korea even if it is of great importance for IAEA (International Atomic Energy Agency) to clearly analyze the military nuclear power of North Korea at present. This research has been carried out by using some of the artificial underground explosions(about 100 events) have occurred in North Korea for the last six years. The azimuths, apparent incidence angles, epicentral distances and locations are determined using a single station of 3 - component data. The detection, location and identification are performed through the polarization and the bandpass filtering. This technique can be also applied to study the inhomogeneous crustal structure finding the converted waves.
Structure and physical properties of the earth crustal material in the middle of Korean Peninsula : A study on the prescription of standard test by mortar-bar method
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 193~200
It has been well known that the alkali-aggregate reaction between the aggregates and cement paste is one of the reasons of a concrete siructre expansion. Because of a serious demage on the concrete stnicture from the expansion, in many countries, the safety of the materials is checked in laboratory by mortar-bar test and the upper limit of expansion in length is 0.1%. The prescriptions are presented in the ASTM C227 and 490 of U.S. which has been international currency and in the KS Handbook F2503, F2546 and L5107 of Korea published by Korean Standards Association. Both of the prescriptions are almost same in their contents. Actually, in the process of preparing and measuring the mortar-bar according to the prescription mentioned above, it seems that there are no problems for its own purpose but a few points are found to be improved upon the methods to increase the accuracy for laboratory work as follows. 1. The prescription of blending ratio(aggregate, cement and water) should be noted by volume not by weight. 2. It is unreasonable to measure the initial length of mortar bars after 24
2 hours at once regardless the kind of aggregates. 3. It may bring about errors in calculating the expansion ratio under the condition of the denominator value fixed as 254mm. 4. The measuring methods of specific gravity are selected according to the purposes but the pure specific gravity displays the highest accuracy among them.
Fracture Characteristics in Geologic Media for Groundwater Flow : Review
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 201~213
Understanding of the fracture processes in rock mass for hydrogeology necessitates such information as fracture mechanics including genesis, propagation, termination, and the relation of fracture distribution to geologic structures and fracture modelling, etc. A current status of information on fracture for groundwater flow in rock mass, however, is very paucity except on a few special fields throughout the world. The desired and reasonable approach method in the evaluation on the groundwater flow in fractured rock mass must be based on the thorough understanding of fracture processes and a simplified model representing fracture properties which would be met to natural conditions for the interpretation and prediction.
Seismic Moment Tensor and Its Inversion : An Overview
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 215~231
The key concepts of seismic moment tensor are introduced in a 'physicist - oriented' style. The theory and application of seismic moment tensor which have been developed since the 1970s have become one of the most important branches in modern seismology. The description of earthquake sources in the modern seismology have led to much deeper understanding of the physics of indigenous earthquakes as well as various kinds of artificial seismic events, such as underground explosions, mining rockbursts, and reservoir induced tremors. Furthermore, with the development of digital seismological observation, some concepts, which were not included in 'classical' seismology, or not so important in 'classical' seismology, has become more and more important. It seems that it has been the time to have a new look at the fundamentals of seismology as a branch of applied physics, especially the part dealing with the physics of earthquake sources. Also in this field it may be important to clarify some fundamental concepts which, unexpectedly, have caused confusions even among professionals.
Principal Directions of the Cubic Orientation of the Linear Structure
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 2, 1995, Pages 233~235
Orientation of the linear structure looking simply uniaxial has to be understood to be of cubic property in connection with other fabric elements. It is necessary for not only the measurement and the correction, but also for the analysis process.