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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
> Journal Vol & Issue
The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 5, Issue 3 - Dec 1995
Volume 5, Issue 2 - Sep 1995
Volume 5, Issue 1 - Apr 1995
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A Study of the Laboratory Scale Measurement Technique of P-Wave Velocity for the Assessment of the An isotropy of Engineering Property of Rock
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 237~274
This study was focused on the improvement of the measurement technique of P-wave velocity for the assesment of the anisotropy of the engineering property of rock. Samples used were collected from a working quarry within the Carnmenellis granite area on which series of engineering geological data have been accumulated. This study mainly concerned the development of measurement technique at the curved surface of rock, the use of natural honey-based coupling agent and the drying method for rock specimen over
. According to the results, the range of the P-wave velocity anisotropy in two dimensional plane, fell between 0 and 4.68 (%). The direction where maximum velocity occurred was parallel to the orientation of the maximum in-situ stress. The result showed that P - wave velocity is a useful measure to asses the anisotropy of the engineering property of rock and it is suggested that the improvements adopted here can be applied to the experimental work on the rocks in Korea.
The Study on the Landslide Occurred in the Nongong Area in Dalseong-gun, Kyeongbuk
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 249~258
The landslide occurred in the Nongong area of Dalseong - gun, Kyeongbuk, is described and analysed in terms of structural geology and clay mineralogy to understand the causes of the landslide. The result of the analyses shows that the slip direction and the scale of the landslide of the study area were controlled by the attitude of the major discontinuity planes m the area such as joints, faults and dikes. In addition, the surface of the slip planes of the landslide is composed of clay minerals, which are mostly tri - octahedral vermiculite and smectite. From this study it can be concluded that the presence of expandable clay minerals within the bedding joints and fracture zones in bed rock played an important role in causing the landslide of the study area.
Electrical Surveys for Mapping Leachate in Nanji - Do Landfill Site
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 259~276
Electrical soundings and profilings were conducted for mapping the leachate in the region of Nanji - Do Landfill site. The results of electrical surveys conducted in the landfill area show that the basal leachate is formed at the height about 30 m above the mean sea level and that there is abundant floating leachate over the basal leachate. The surveys conducted around the landfill reveal that the groundwater which may be contaminated by the leachate from the landfill flows to the Han River. The top of the basement rock in this area has been severely affected by polluted groundwater. The layer which is thoroughly saturated with leachate in this region has the very low resistivity value below 10 ohm - m and this low resistivity value indicates that the groundwater and geology are severely contaminated by the leachate and wastes of the landfill.
High Resolution Borehole Acoustic Scanner (Televiewer)
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 277~288
Fracture detection has always been very attractive to the log, because it is important in many of our prospecting activities, e.g. in understanding the underground rock formation and also the fluid flow as a high permeability path. This paper demonstrates the use of high resolution borehole acoustic scanner for the detection of fractures. The tool, known as Televiewer, is the first acoustic borehole imaging system to use a focussed beam. The acoustic beams generated by a single transducer are sent toward the borehole wall, scanning the wall in a tight helix as the tool moves along the borehole. The amplitudes and travel times of the reflected signals are then measured, which produces the corresponding images. The highly resolved amplitude image allows to recognize various size of fractures and in addition to derive the rock strength from the image. Meanwhile, the travel time image itself can be directly converted to a precise caliper image, providing detailed information of deviations of the borehole shape. It also allows correction of and explanations for amplitude variations. Field measurements were carried Out at the Cheongyang study sites in Korea to illustrate the efficiency of the televiewer log.
A Study of the Management of Groundwater Reservoir by Numerical Three Dimensional Flow Model
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 289~300
At the initial stage of the underground reservoir design one should thoroughly consider surface and subsurface hydrology, hydrogeologic characteristics of aquifer system, and the function of cut - off wall because it is linked to the effective management. In this study, three dimensional finite difference model was applied to analyse the function of Ian underground reservoir at Kyungbuk Province. The steady and unsteady state conditions after construction of the underground dam were simulated through the model, and from these results the groundwater budget and the safe yield were determined. The model simulation indicates the infiltration of irrigation water to be one of the major factors of seasonal fluctuation of groundwater level. The recharge rates of irrigation water were estimated as 4.3mm/d during May and June, and 1.7mm/d during July and Agust. Groundwater recharge from the watershed area estimated to about
, almost consistent through the year. In 1984, groundwater discharge through the transverse section of the dam was
and the optimum yield for two momths(July and Aguest)was
, however, the discharge became
in1993, implying the failure of cut -off function. without appropaiate of the cut - off wall, optiumum yield during the irrigaton period would be
Stochastic Finite Element Analysis of Underground Rock Cavern Using Monte Carlo Simulation Techinque
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 301~308
In this study, a stochastic finite element method is proposed with a view to consider rock property variations in the analysis of structural behavior on underground caverns. Here, the Monte carlo simulation technique, which has been widely used in probabilistic applications in many engineering fields, is applied for the analysis of the effect rock property distribution. Using the newly developed computer program based on the above - mentioned method, the underground opening in biaxial stress field is analyzed considering the effect of material property variation.
Some Characteristics of Seismicity and Stress State in the Korean Peninsula Using the Korean Seismic Data of the Past and the Present
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 309~329
Seismicity and stress state in the Korean peninsula are studied using the catalogue of historical earthquakes and that from the seismological observations before the 1960s, with the aid of instrumental catalogue up to 1995. It seems that the completeness of the historical catalogue has a significant enhancement during the first two hundred years of the Yi dynasty, i.e., from the 1400s to the 1600s. From then on the catalogue may be regarded as near to complete for strong earthquakes in an overall sense. From the distribution of strong earthquakes, three seismic zones may be identified. From the south to the north, those are the southern seismic zone (남부지진대), the Seoul-Pyongyang seismic zone (서울-평양지진대), and the northern seismic zone (북부지진대). The mechanisms of some earthquakes obtained using first motion read- ings are reevaluated with a grid testing method. The results indicate that the compressional axis is nearly horizontal along the EW direction.
Time-Direction Stacking Method for a Single-Station Azimuth Estimation
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 5, issue 3, 1995, Pages 331~337
In estimating the azimuth of regional earthquakes with single -station three - component data, in some cases the result is dependent on the selection of waveforms, making the measurement subjective and inconvenient in automatic detection. In this paper an alternative approach is proposed in which the azimuth is measured from quite a long wave train by time - direction stacking technique. Test with digital waveform data from Korean seimic stations shows that the simple algorithm seems to be able to give a better estima- tion of azimuth of earthquakes at regional distances.