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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Dec 1996
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Aug 1996
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Apr 1996
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A Study on the Transducer Calibration for Acoustic Emission Measurement
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 53~58
In order to investigate the source mechanism of micro cracks through acoustic emission measurement induced by rock fracture, careful calibration of the entire linkage of the detecting system, from the transducers to transient recorder, is an essential requirement prior to testing. Transducers and digitiging system are generally the weakest links in the measurement system because they must translate mechanical motions into digital electric signals. In this study, PAC piezoelectric pressure transducers are calibrated with a standard NBS conical shaped displacement transducer and a DG piezoelectric displacement transducer. The NBS and PAC transducers are insensitive to changes in horizontal impingement angle but sensitive to changes in incident angle. The ray path along the logitudinal axis of the tranducer produced a maximum response while the ray path perpendicular to the transducer axis gave a minimum. And a difference in individual transducers factor for a peak-to-peak amplitude of PAC transducers was within 40%. An average PAC transducer coefficient was determined as 77mv/pm by an absolute calibration test using NBS transducer.
A Study on Source Mechanisms of Micro-Cracks Induced by Rock Fracture
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 59~64
Acoustic Emission(AE) signals are emitted by a sudden release of strain energy associated with material damage. A multi-channels of LeCroy system and piezoelectric pressure transducers are employed for AE measurement to investigate the roles of AE in the propagation of macro cracks as well as the characteris-tics of AE wave in occurrence, amplitude and dominant frequency with changes in macro loading modes. Deduced crack opening volume of micro cracks varied widely and implies that AE events could be caused by crystal dislocations on a small scale and grain boundary movements on a large scale. Amplitude of first arrival AE wave emitted during mode I test was approximately 3 times higher than those from mixed mode test, while the number of AE count in mode I test was only 25% of mixed mode. It may imply that the total energy required for generation of a given fracture surface is similar regardless in change of macroloading modes.
Environmental Evaluation and Final Reclamation Design for the Friar Tuck Abandonded Coal Mine Site, Southwestern Indiana, U.S.A.
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 65~81
Friar Tuck, an Abandoned Mine Lands (AML) site, is located on the Greene-Sullivan county line in southwest Indiana. Prior to the on-going reclamation, Friar Tuck was one of the Indiana's largest and most environmentally adverse abandoned mine lands. The direct vegetation method was used to reclaim tailing ponds. Grading, capping, and revegetalon using agricultural limestone, fertilizer, mulch and seed were applied to the gob piles to abate acid mine drainage (AMD) and off-side sedimentaion. Erosion control structures such as terrace, diversion ditch, and gabion structures were also constructed to minimize erosion at slopes. A new method for treatment of AMD using apatite was tested in the laboratory and field. Apatite effectively removed iron, aluminum and sulfate while maintaining an almost constant pH. Apparently, this method can be applied to control AMD from mining refuse materials, even those containing high concentrations of iron and aluminum ions.
Aquifer Parameter Identification and Estimation Error Analysis from Synthetic and Actual Hydraulic Head Data
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 83~93
A method is proposed to estimate aquifer parameters in a heterogeneous and anisotropic aquifer under steady-state groundwater flow conditions on the basis of maximum likelihood concept. Zonation method is adopted for parameterization, and estimation errors are analyzed by examining the estimation error covariance matrix in the eigenspace. This study demonstrates the ability of the proposed model to estimate parameters and helps to understand the characteristics of the inverse problem. This study also explores various features of the inverse methodology by applying it to a set of field data of the Taegu area. In the field example, transmissivities were estimated under three different zonation patterns. Recharge rates in the Taegu area were also estimated using MODINV which is an inverse model compatible with MODFLOW.The estimation results indicate that anisotropy of aquifer parameters should be considered for the crystalline rock aquifer which is the dominant aquifer system in Korea.
A Study on Attenuation of Ground Vibration Using Hammer Generated Seismic Wave
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 95~102
A study on the attenuation of ground vibration was carried out on the soil layer using seismic exploration method. A 12-channel engineering seismograph was used to acquire real digital amplitude data in field work. Frequency analysis of seismic data shows maximum spectrum amplitude around 40Hz. Relative amplitude decreases exponentially as the distance increases and the attenuation factors are n = 0.25 and a = 0.13-0.20. Internal attenuation indexes(a) are 0.13 and 0.20 in the wet soil zone and the vegatated soil zone, respectively. It means that ground vibration attenuates faster in vegatated soil zone than in wet soil zone. Average internal attenuation coefficient(h) was determined to be 0.094 from seismic velocity and frequency analysis.
The variation of poisson's ratio for The Cretaceous Sandstones and Shale in the Euiseoung Subbasin.
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 2, 1996, Pages 103~110
This study shows the variation of poisson's ratio according to stress for the Cretaceous sandstones and shale in the Euiseoung Subbasin. To make a mechanical experiment, samples prepared with 3.0 cm in diameter and 6.2 cm in length were used in testing stress and strain. Generally poisson's ratio has been considered as one of properties, but contrary to steel, the test result makes sure that poisson's ratio has functional relation to stress. I had used four methods to calculate poisson's ratio, Poisson's ratio shows considerable different results according to the calculating, method but it has similar tendency in an elastic limit. Poisson' s ratio increases rapidly and is distinguished clearly in internal fracture region according to the calculating method. Poisson's ratio of sandstone and shale is different from one another in low and high stress regimes,but it is linearly proportional to the stress in an elastic regimes, that is,
:first stage Poisson's ratio,
:poisson's ratio, P: poisson's coefficient,
:stress). Poisson's ratios of two kinds of rock samples show continuous variation from 0.1 to 0.21 in an elastic regime. The variation of poisson's ratio is much wider in an internal fracture regine. It varies from 0.22 to 0.45 in sandstone, which is out of elastic regime.