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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 6, Issue 3 - Dec 1996
Volume 6, Issue 2 - Aug 1996
Volume 6, Issue 1 - Apr 1996
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A Study tor 2-Dimensional Analysis Technique for 3-Dimensional Ground Behaviour Due to Tunneling
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 3, 1996, Pages 111~118
In general, a three dimensional ground behaviour during tunneling is simulated by using two dimensional analysis programs in consideration of a certain ratio of stress or strain distribution to take into account the effect of construction stage by a tunnel face advance. A series of trree dimensional analyses was conducted to deduce a normalized displacement (surface or crown settlement) curve in longitudinal direction, of which curve is reflecting an effect of a tunnel advance under a various condition. And, by using try and error technique, two dimensional analyses were carried out to determine an optimum stress distribution ratio for a settiement curve coincided with the curve obtained by three dimensional analyses. Finally, monitored results from a subway tunnel were compared with two dimensional analysis results for varification of the deduced stress distribution ratio as well as the two dimensional analysis program employed in this study.
Two-dimensional Resistivity Modeling Using Boundary Elements Method
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 3, 1996, Pages 119~130
The theory and numerical technique using boundary elements method (BEM) are given to solve 2-dimensional resistivity problems. Potential distributions from homogeneous resistivity model and layered model are calculated by using BEM for a point source of current injection. The potential distributions of BEM are compared with those of finite difference method (FDM) and finite elements method (FEM). Among the three numerical methods to solve 2-dimensional resistivity problem, it is proved that BEM is more efficient tool than FDM and FEM in consideration of computing storage and time as weU as the accuracy of solutions.
Attenuation Characteristics of AE/MA Waves in Charcoal Granite
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 3, 1996, Pages 131~136
Attenuation characteristics of AF/MA motions which involve high frequencies were investigated through pencil-lead fracture tests on a fine-grained granite specimen. For the study, calibrated six transducers were employed to detect the signals and the pencil-lead was fractured as a step unloading force to generate AE/MA signals. The arnplitude AE/MA waves is affected by the relative orientation of source and transducer as well as the source distance. The attenuation constant for Charcoal granite is obtained as 1.058 which could be applied for a given ray-path regardless of the relative orientation of source and transducer.
Possible Methods of Identifying Underground Cavities Using Seismic Waves
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 3, 1996, Pages 137~153
The purpose of this study is to investigate the possibilities of identifying and detecting underground cavities using seismic waves recorded by the fixed and mobile stations. During 18 months of field work we recorded chemical explosions near the Bongdarn station. Seismic Stations were installed on the free surface and underground inside the Samba mine. The seismograms at the fixed(lorg-term) seismic station show abrupt change of polarization characteristics which can he associated with the appearance of P-to-S converted phase(PS) at 150 ~ 200 msec after the first P arrival. This result indicates that converted phases are generated very near to the Bongdarn station at a depth of 190m. Shear-wave splitting phenomena have also been observeci The time delay between fast shear(fS) and slow shear(sS) waves ranges between 30 and 60 msec(average is 42 msec). However, exact time delay between the fast and the slow shear waves can not be accurately measured because of the very short time delay and limitation of sampling rate. Chemical explosion experiments were recorded at stations along various paths to contrast the seismic response of areas with and without cavities. The seismograms recorded at the stations installed at cavity areas show an abrupt change of polarization characteristics but not on the other stations. Seismic waves propagating through the cavity are characterized by the attenuation of high frequency waves and predominantly low frequency seismic waves after the S wave arrivals.
Discussion on the Current Mortar-bar Method (ASTM 0227-90) by Experimental Study
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 3, 1996, Pages 155~163
The current ASTM C227-90 is a prescription on the mortar-bar method. This recornrnends that mortar-bars should be made using a mixing ratio by weight of 675 grams aggregate to 300 grams cement, and their initial lengths should be measured in
hours. This method emphasizes that the prepare sample mortar-bars and calculate expansion rates of them. This method requires constant G values (effective gauge lengths) of denominator in the calculation formula, which are fixed either at 10 inches or 250mm. This study, based on experimental approaches, reexamines the suggestions made by those two prescriptions above and important results are summarized in the following. 1. Not only alkali-aggregate reaction but also interaction of interstitial and gel water are responsible for expansion of mortar-bars. This requires partial modification of the current ASTM C227-90. 2. A mixing ratio by volume rather than by weight of aggregate to cement is recommendable for measuring the amount of expansion resulting from alkali-aggregate reaction and from interstitial water. 3. The method of when to measure initial lengths and how to calculate expansion rate suggested by ASThI C227-90 and Cl90-93a should partly be modified for more accurate results.
Analysis on the Damage and Intensity of the 13 December 1996 Yeongweol Earthquake
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 6, issue 3, 1996, Pages 165~184
The earthquake(M=4.5 by KMA), which occurred in the northeastern part of Yeongweol(
42.13' E) on December 13, 1996, shows shallow focal depth(about 8.0km) and relatively large felt area covering most of the southern peninsula. This is the first medium-size earthquake in inland region of the southern peninsula since 1978. It did not trigger foreshock but 13 aftershocks(
) for a month. The intensity based on the felt area estimation of about 400 places shows MIMI III-VII in inland region, II on Cheju Island and I on ulreung Island. The isoseismal of MIMI VII shows an elongated circle in the direction of NE-SW and covers some parts of Jungdong-myon, Yeongweol-kun, Sindong-eup and Nam-myun, Jeongseon-kun. There occurred quite strong shaking, numerous cracks on the walls of buildings, falling and movement of slate and tiles on the roofs, falling of tiles from the wall and falling of materials from desks, rock falling from mountain and collapse of gravel layers on the river side. Mainshock and aftershocks occurred condensely between Yemi and Hwaam areas. The felt area due to the Yeongweol earthquake is Quite larger than those of similar size earthquakes in the Korean Peninsula.