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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
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Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 8, Issue 3 - Dec 1998
Volume 8, Issue 2 - Aug 1998
Volume 8, Issue 1 - Apr 1998
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Verification on the Fracture Size Estimation Using Forward Modeling Approach
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~12
The fracture size among geometric parameters of the fracture system is treated as one of the most important factors in the geotechnical and hydrogeological analysis. However, several uncertainties in data acquisition and analysis pmcess about the fracture size are not clear yet. This study presents the current status on the estimation of the fracture size and verifies the estimating method using forward modeling approach. The factors considered are the variation of fracture intersection probabilities with different assumptions on the orientation of sampling planes and fracture size by using a simulated tleee dimensional fracture network model. If it is possible to analyze precisely the fracture intersection probabilities and the characteristics of probabilistic distnbution fiom cavern walls, outcrops or boreholes,the actual fracture size developed in rock rnass can be estimated confidently.
Intensity Analysis of the 26 June 1997 Kyongju Earthquake and Its Geological Significance
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 13~23
An intensity of the 1997 Kyungju earthquake(M=4.3) was estimated at three hundred locations based on the field survey and questionaires from 2200 residents. The isoseismal shows almost circular pattern which doesnot reflect some specific geological trends. However,most of the Kyeongsang basin except the southwestern part is included within the area of MM intensity V. There occurred strong shaking, numerous cracks on the wall of the houses, and movement of slate on the roofs, falling of the tiles from the monument. The isoseismal of the highest MM intensity VII, 1-3 km in width and 9 km in length, is elongated along the Yangsan fault, which is located about 1.5 km west from epicenter. The lineaments near the epicenter exhibit almost N-S and NNE directions. The lineament distribution, the pattern of damage area and the solution of fault plane suggest that the Kyongju earthquake occurred with strike-slip sense along the Yangsan fault. The calculated intensity attenuation(I) with distance(R) is as follows :
A Study on the Comparative Utilization of Cone Penetration Test and Seismic Prospecting
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 25~34
It is not easy to understand exact soil properties, because soil is nonhomogeneous and anisotropic. There are raany inefficient cases in aspect of time and economy in site survey. So this study tried to analyze the correlation of cone resistance and seismic velocity in order to present an efficient method in ground investigation. A cone penetrometer is frequently used to investigate soil properties, which are especially fit to investigate coastal soft ground. A portable cone penetrometer was used in this research. A portable cone penetrometer has an advantage in investigating the state of soil swiftly and is convenient to manipulate. Also, seismic prospecting is one of the most PoPular methods among geophysical prospecting methods in the estimation of ground properties and its usage is continuously increasing in the survey of soft ground Cone resistance makes a regular group according to stratum in each depth. The results of seismic prospecting show a tendency to have a certain coherence according to the boundary of straturft Therefore, cone resistance and seisrnic prospecting have considerable relations that rnay irnprnve the efficiency of ground investigation.
Movement History of the Yangsan Fault based on Paleostress Analysis
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 35~49
To interpret the movement historv of the Yangsan fault, the paleostresses were analyzed from about 1,000 striated small faults and 330 extension joints which were measured from 37 sites near and along the strike of the Yangsan fault from Yangsan-si, Kyeongsangnam-do to the Shinkwang-myeon, Kyeongsangbuk-do. Six sequential tectonic events have boen established as followings: (I) NW-SE extension, (Il) ENE-WSW compression and NNW-SSE extension, (III) NW-SE compression, (W) ENE-WSW extension, (V) E-W comoression and N-S extension, and (VI) NNE-SSW compression and(VI) NNE-SSWextension. The movement history of the Yangsan fault rnrning in NNE direction were inteepreted based on these six sequential stress fields. The initial feature of the Yangsan fault was formed at the first stage with the development of extension fractures by tectonic event (I) of NW-SE extension. The fault was acted continuously with a right-1ateral strike-slip movement by tectonic event( II) closely related to event( I). The movements had been continued until the Late Miocene. This age was the most active period in faulting. The left-lateral strike-slip movement was followed by subsequent tectonic events (ffi) and (IV). The activity of the Yangsan fault was suspended temporarily by compression of tectonic event (V) which was perpendicular to the strike of the fault. This period might be very short and the magnitude of the tectonic was also small. In the last stage, the fault acted with slight extension or right-lateral moveenent by tectonic event (VI).
Groundwater Systems in Seoul Area : Analysis of Hydraulic Properties
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 51~73
Hydrogeological systems in a metrnpolitan area can be understood by analyzing the groundwater disturbing factors such as constructions and land applications, the groundwater usage for domestic and industrial purposes, and the groundwater pumpage to lower the groundwater level for the structural safety of subway and underground facilities. This study is part of the study performed to understand the groundwater system in the Seoul area and it is focusing on the hydraulic properties. Groundwater well inventory, barometric efficiency measurements, pumping and slug tests, and long-term groundwater monitoring have been perfonrmed during the last 2 years. The relations between Han River and the groundwater around the river also have been observed. These observations and test data, together with the information on soil distribution, geology, and logging data are used to construct a database and GIS(Geographic Information System) presentation system using ARC/INFO. Barometric efficiencies appeared to have no special trends associated with well depths, which maeans that the degree of confinement of the crystaline rock aquifer of the Seoul area is distributed locally depending on the developrnent of fractures. Hydraulic conductivities exponentialiy decrease with well depth. The stage of Han River fluctuates according to the tidal movement of nearby seawater but the tidal effects attenuate due to the underwater dams. Groundwater levels in the Seoul area seem to have declined for the last two years,but it is not certain that the declination represents the long-term trend.
Paleostress Measurements from Calcite Twin in the Jeongseon Limestone of the Joseon Supergroup
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 75~86
Eighteen oriented samples from the Jeongsun limestone of the Joseon Supergroup are collected. The orientations of C-axis of calcite and e twin plane, the average thickness, numbers of twins and the widths of calcite grains in 10 samples are measured. Then, the twin strain, mean width, intensity of twin and relative magnitude and orientations of principal stresses are calculated using Calcite Strain Gauge program. Twin strain, mean width and intensitv rainge between 0.801%~10.927%,
, and 33.5~113.4twim/mm, respectively. Metamorphic temperatures calculated from twin show below
, indicating that twins were developed within 2.3km depth. In five samples, two events with different orientations of principal stress produced calcite twins, while only one event produced calcite twins in five samples. The direction of the maximum stress is almost horizontal and the minimum is almost vertical, indicating that the stress regirne is identical with thrust fault. E-W and NW-SE are the most dominant directions of comressive stress and N-S and NE-SW directions are also shown. Comparision between paleostress orientations measured in the study and others indicates that the maximum horizontal stress oriented to E-W may represent the paleostress of period either from the Silurian to the Triassic or from the Silulian to the Permian. Paleostress oriented to NW-SE may be the major direction of stress during the Daeho orogeny.
A Study on the Errors in Depth from a Geophysical Logging Well
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 8, issue 1, 1998, Pages 87~98
Multiple logging techniques consisting of geophysical logs, care logs, physical property measurements on core samples have been adopted on a test borehole drilled in the Pungam basin ; a small Cretaceous sedimentary basin located in Sosok area, Hongchon-gun, Kangwon Province, Korea. This study has been made to solve the problem of mismatches between the results of geophysical log and core log analyses. And the cause and range of depth errors as well as logging responses were studied. The result shows that the depth error caused by geophysical log is so small that it can be used as a reliable depth criterion in the borehole. The analysis of physical property measurements is also shown as very effective in determining the real depth and the geology of the borehole.