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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Dec 1999
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Aug 1999
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Apr 1999
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An Artificial Recharge Test and Its Numerical Simulation for the Analysis of Seepage in the Songsanri Tomb Site of Kongju
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 1, 1999, Pages 1~15
An artificial recharge test was performed to analyze the source of seepage observed inside the Songsanri tombs Kongju during the rainy season. In order to simulate simulate the test, a two-dimensional unsaturated groundwater flow model was developed. By the measured water level variation in the observation wells and in the artificail water tank, the model was cailbrated to estimate the model parameters such as fitting parameters in the constitutive relations(n and
), the saturated volumetric water content, the residual volumetric water content, and the saturated hydraulic conductivity. Using the calibrated parameters, the recharge test was simulated. The results of the test and simulation show that the major source of the seepage is the downward groundwater flow through cracks in the protection layer the tombs. It was also analyzed by the steady state simulation that, with a perfect protection layer, a long-term precipitation that, with a perfect protection layer, a long-term precitation could cause only 10% increase of the effective saturation around the north side of the Muryong royal tomb by infiltration of the unsaturated groundwater from the North. Therefore, it is concluded that the most urgent protection plan for the tombs with respect to seepage is to reconstruct an effective waterproof-layer rather than a trenched drainage system.
Groundwater Flow Characteristics Affected by the Seawater Intrusion near Simulated Underground Storage Caverns in the Coastal Area
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 1, 1999, Pages 17~29
There are three major processes to impact the groundwater flow near underground storage caverns in the coastal area; effect of topography, effect of sea water intrusion, and effect of excavation. In this paper, the effects of three items were numerically studied to identify the major cause for altering the flow pattern. It turned out that the excavation is the most significant effect on the groundwater flow system. The groundwater pressure distributions and consequent groundwater pathways were significantly altered near the openings. By increasing the groundwater pressures from water curtain holes, the potential leakage of storage cavern was properly prevented
Characteristics of Lineament and Fracture System in the North-eastern Area of Yosu Peninsula
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 1, 1999, Pages 31~43
This study aims to quantify the distribution characteristics of the fracture system for the numerical modeling of groundwater flow in the north-eastern area of Yosu peninsula. The study area is composed mainly of volcanic rocks and granite. The regional and site scale lineament in the range of magnitude Order 1 to Order 3 were analyzed from the geologic map, air-photograph and shaded relief map. The geometric parameter of Order 4 fracture system was acquired from the scanline survey on the ground surface. There is a similar trend in the preferred orientation between the regional lineament and the Order 4 fracture system except the Set 4 of Order 4 fracture system which is not prominent in the type. That is classified to three fracture sat of high dip angle and one of ow dip angle. From the lineament trend. The orientation of Order 4 fracture system has similar characteristics in each rock termination mode analysis, it is considered that the fracture system was developed systematically and sequentially from Set 1 to Set 4 Filling materials are distinct relatively in low dip angle set. The fracture spacing follows to lognoral distribution and the fracture frequency corrected by the modified Terzaghi correction ranges from 0.38 to 1.01 per mater in each fracture set. The fracture trace lenght also follows to lognormal distribution and ranges from 2.9m to 3.7m in each fracture set.
Characteristics of the Fracture Distribution on the Granitic Rock by DC and VLF-EM Survey in the Northern Part of Yusong
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 1, 1999, Pages 45~57
Groundwater flow in rock mass is controlled by the fractures developed in the area. So, the conductive fractures are very important for groundwater flow in crystalline rock. This study aims to find out the characteristics of the fracture distributed in granitic rock in the northern part of the Yusong area (latitude
). The electric and EM surveys were carried out in the site to delineate the fracture the fracture zones. Since geophysical survey provides non-unique solution, hydraulic data and dilling log data including BHTV scanning were used as complementary data to achieve the objective of this study. Electric survey(DC) arrays used are schlumberger and dipole-dipole arrays. VLF is used for EM survey. The main charcteristics of the fracture developed in the study aera are that fractures associated with basic dyke cut corss the main fracture zone in NNW and play an important role as hydraulic barrier. In trun, groundwater table in the upstream area is lower than that downstream area.
Shallow Eelectrical Resistivity and VLF Profiling at Sangchon-ri Area along the Southern Par of Yangsan Fault
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 1, 1999, Pages 59~68
To clarify the geological structure of Yangsan fault around Sangchon-ri in the southern part of Kyungsang Basin the resistivity (dipole-dipole profiling) and VLF surveys carried out on the four profiles, crossing the inferred trace of the fault. The resistivity contrast across the fault is clearly shown on the profiles: higher resistivity and lower resistivity on the east and west, respectively. It is most likely from the uplift of the granitic bedrock on the east park due to the strike-fault raulting with vertical movement. The zero-crossing points of VLF anomalies, associated with near-surface fracture zone, are found to well correlate with the resistivity boundaries from the dipole-dipole profiling. Consequently, southern segment of Yangsan fault (at Sangchon-ri area) is interpreted to be vertically developed strike-slip fault with a difference more than 10m depth of basement rock at both sides.
A Study on Shearing Characteristics of Joint Model
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 1, 1999, Pages 69~82
Direct shear tests are perfromed for artifical joint models made of cement with 25 types of different strength and roughness. The tests consist of the multi-stage test which is a common test method for a single joint plane and the test method suggested by ISRM. Then, not only the differences of friction angles between the two test methods are compared, but is the effectiveness of the multi-stage test investigated. The average of friction angles measured from the multi-stage test is
lower than that from the ISRM test. Although the strength and roughness of samples vary, the differences of friction angles between the two test methods are constant. The relationship between the shear stress and the normal stress measured from the multi-stage test is well correlate with the Patton's equation. Whereas, the Barton's equation is best fitted with those measured from ISRM test.