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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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The Journal of Engineering Geology
Journal Basic Information
Journal DOI :
The Korea Society of Engineering Gelolgy
Editor in Chief :
Volume & Issues
Volume 9, Issue 3 - Dec 1999
Volume 9, Issue 2 - Aug 1999
Volume 9, Issue 1 - Apr 1999
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Assessment of Physicochemical Properties of Domestic Bentonite and Zeolite as Candidate Materials for a Engineered Barrier in a Radwaste Repository
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 2, 1999, Pages 89~100
This study was carried out to assess the physicochemical properties of domestic bentonites and zeolites from Tertiary Formation as the candidate material for a engineered barrier of a radioactive waste repository. Natural bentonite and zeolite samples were collected from nine bentonite mines and six zeolite mines in Yeonil-Gampo area. The commercial products of bentonite and zeolite were obtained from local companies. The collected samples were investigated to study the following physicochemical properties: X-ray diffraction patterns, swelling, cation exchange capacity(CEC), specific surface area, montmorillonite content, pH, organic carbon content, thermal property, microstruciure and chemical composition. Based on the physicochemical properties of bentonite and zeolite, the bentonites from U-41 and G-46 mines and the zeolites from Daedo and Y-1 mines are regarded as the most desirable candidate materials.
Hydraulic Properties of Duksan Hot-spring Area
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 2, 1999, Pages 101~118
The pumping test analysis on 28 pumping test data in Duksan hot-spring area was performed using the fractal model, the leaky fractal model, and the steady-state dual-porosity fractal model. The fractional flow dimension 1.9 or 2.0 was determined in the central put of the hot spring and the fractional flow dimension 1.5-1.7 in the marginal area. For the flow dimension 2.0, the correlation between the transmissivity and the productivity index by the aquifer loss was much better than that between the transmissivity and the specific yield by the total drawdown. On the other hand, for the flow dimension 1.9, the correlation between the generalized transmissivity and the productivity index was very similar to that between the generalized transmissivity and the specific yield.
Properties and Fractal Analysis of Joints around the Moryang Fault
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 2, 1999, Pages 119~134
Joints developed around the Moryang fault were investigated by traverse and inventory methods in order to characterize their orientation, spacing and density. The results of the traverse method show that the orientation of the dominant joint sets of the study area is NNE and EW, and that joint spacing distribution is a negative exponential distribution to the center of the fault and a log-normal distribution to the margin of the fault. The results of the inventory method show that the orientation of the dominant joint sets on joint map is NW and NE, and that joint density tends to increase toward the center of the fault. Fractal dimension was determined by using Box-counting method and Cantor's dust method to quantify the distribution of joint network and to evaluate the dimension around the fault. The dimension determined by Box-counting method ranges from 1.31 to 1.70 and shows the tendency of increasing value toward the center of the fault. Comparing fractal dimension by Box-counting method with joint density, fractal dimension is directly proportional to joint density. Nevertheless, fractal dimension could be varied due to the different distribution patterns of the joints with same density. The dimensions determined by Cantor's dust method show different values with respect to the orientation of scan lines. This results form the anisotropy of joint distribution.
Effect of Duration of Confinement and Its Affecting Factors on the Low-Amplitude Shear Modulus (
) of Soils
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 2, 1999, Pages 135~145
Dynamic Shear modulus (G) is one of the imfortant dynamic soil properties to estimate the response of soil to dynamic loading. Problems in engineering geo1ogy practice the require the knowledge of soil properties subjected to dynamic loadings include soil-structure interaction during earthquakes, bomb blasts, construction operations, and mining. Although the dynamic shear modulus (G) is a time-dependent property, G change with time is often neglected. In this study, the effect of duration of confinement and its affecting factors (previous stress and strain, particle size and sustained pressure, and plasticity index) on the low-amplitude shear modulus (
) of soils are reviewed, and some empirical correlations based on mean particle diameter and plasticity index are proposed.
Application of Geostatistical Methods to Groundwater Flow Analysis in a Heterogeneous Anisotropic Aquifer
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 2, 1999, Pages 147~159
Geostatistical methods were used for the groundwater flow analysis in a heterogeneous anisotropic aquifer. This study area is located at Sonbul-myeon in Hampyong-gun of Cheonnam Province which is a hydrogeological project area of KORES(Korea Resources Cooperation). Linear regression analysis shows that the topographic elevation and groundwater level of this area have very high correlation. Groundwater-level contour maps produced by ordinary kriging and cokringing have large differences in mountain areas, but small differences in hill and plain areas near the West Sea. Comparing two maps on the basis of an elevation contour map, a groundwater-level contour map using cokriging is more accurate. Analyzing the groundwater flow on two groundwater-level contour maps, the groundwater of study area flows from the high mountain areas to the plain areas near the West Sea. To verify the enffectiveness of geostatistical methods for the groundwater flow analysis in a heterogeneous anisotropic aquifer, the flow directions of groundwater were measured at two groundwater boreholes by a groundwater flowmeter system(model 200
). The measured flow directions of groundwater almost accord with those estimated on two groundwater-level contour maps produced by geostatistical methods.
Geo-surface Environmental Changes and Reclaimed Amount Prediction Using Remote Sensing and Geographic Information System in the Siwha Area
The Journal of Engineering Geology, volume 9, issue 2, 1999, Pages 161~176
The objectives of this study are to analyze the changes of geo-surface topography in the Siwha embankment and the Ahsan city area by the image processing of Landsat Thematic Mapper data, and to estimate the reclaimed amount of the exposed tidal flat in the Siwha area using the GIS. False color composite, Tasseled cap, NVDI(normalized difference vegetation index), and supervised classification techniques were used to analyze the distribution of sediments and the aspect of topographical variations caused by artificial human actions. The total amount of the exposed tidal flat was estimated on the basis of the database snch as aerial photography, hydrographic chart, geological map, and scheme drawing in the Siwha area. The possible excavation regions for a seawall were predicted analyzing the supervised classification image of Landsat TM data. Tasseled cap images were used to observe the distribution of sediments. The difference of the NDVI images between spring and summer seasons indicates that deciduous and coniferous forests were distributed over the whole areas. The total fill-volume of the exposed Siwha tidal flat and the fill-volume of the construction planning seawall were calculated as
, respectively, from the digital terrain analysis. Daebu Island, Sunkam Island, and the part of Songsan-myeon were chosen as the cut area to make the seawall, and their cut-volumes were estimated as
, respectively. Therefore, the cut-volume of Daebu Island alone among three areas was sufficient to make the seawall.