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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 12, Issue 2 - Oct 1982
Volume 12, Issue 1 - May 1982
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Ultrastructural observation of Pneumocystis Carinii in the human lung tissue
Kwon, T.J. ; Seo, Y.H. ; Kim, C.S. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 1~10
P. carinii is a protozoan which induces an often fatal pneumonitis in a variety of compromised patients. The ultrastructure of P. carinii was studied in a male infant with pneumocystitis pneumonia associated with hypogammaglobulinemia. Four principal structural varieties-small trophozoites, large trophozoites, mature cyst and empty cyst were identified. The ultrastructure of these organisms was similar to the cases previously reported. Relevance of the morphologic findings to the functional aspect were discussed.
Replication and Sequential Development of Adherent Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Studied by Light and Electron Microscopies
Kim, C.K. ; Pfister, Robert M. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 11~22
The morphological development of Mycoplasma pneumoniae attached to solid surfaces was examined by light and electron microscopies. Critical point drying and carbon replication techniques revealed that during the growth cycle of developing microcolonies, the morphological form coincided with the pH of the culture. M. pneumoniae appeared to have a well defined morphology associated with age of the culture. The organisms were dimorphic, with round cells capable of reproduction and segments consisting of a spindle shaped body with one pointed and one knob-like end. Starting with single cells, there were the following stages in the development of a culture: replication stage through binary fission and segmentation, stage of confluency, and a degeneration stage into rough spherical forms. The round cells appearrd to replicate by binary fission during the lag and early log phases of growth, while spindle segments replicated by segmentation during most of the logarithmic growth. The growth of the filaments and replication of the segments occured at the knob-like ends, showing a type of polarity, and formed a meshwork across the surface. This development could be cycled under favorable growth conditions, but the culture aged and when the conditions became adverse(e.g. pH 6.8 or lower), filamentous cells converted to spherical forms, losing their reproductive capability
The Fine Structure of the Squirrel(Tamias sibiricus asiaticus) Parotid Gland
Lee, J.H. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 23~33
The parotid glands of squirrels(Tamias sibiricus asiaticus) were observed by the electron microscope. According to the characteristics of secretory granules and the morphology of cell organelles, the acinar cells could be distinguished into five types of cells(Type I , Type II, Type III, Type IV and Type V cell). Among these, Type III, Type IV and Type V cell were not identified up to date. The morphologic characteristics of the intercalated and striated ducts were the appearance of numerous long slender mitochondria which are located between the numerous basal infoldings, and the epithelium were consisted of light and dark cells. The desmosomes were also observed, and could not found the secretory granules in the cytoplasm of the both epithelium.
Fine structural studies on changes of fat bodies in Pieris rapae L. and Bombyx mori. L. during metamorphosis
Han, S.S. ; Kim, J.H. ; Kim, C.W. ; Kim, W.K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 35~44
The fat bodies of cabbage worm (Pieris rapae) and silk worm (Bomyx mori) during metamorphosis was comparatively studied by electron microscope. 1. Cell oranelles: Golgi apparatus were not observed in both species. It is observed that RER of cabbage worms initiate to degenerate in prepupa stage with complete degeneration at adult stage, while that of silk worms shows similar degenerative pattern. However, mitochondria of cabbage worms are transformed into autophagic vacuole from prepupa stage until adult stage whereas those of silk worm shows a decrease in number in prepupa stage but maintains a certain level until adult stage. 2. Storage substance in cell: Lipid droplets in cabbage worms were observed to increase in numbers during larval stage but afterward decrease in number with an enlargement in size. However immediately after their pupal stage, they almost disappear. On the contrary lipid droplets in silk worms show rather increase in number until adult stage. Protein storage granules in bothspecies were arised from autophagic vacuoles(lysosome) . Fat cells of cabbage worm in adult stage turn out to be residual bodies which last until final stage, but those of silk worm rapidly decrease. Glycogen particles in both species reach maximum at last larval instar and thee gradually decrease thereafter. 3. Fat body sheath: The average width of fat body sheath was measured to be
and surface of fat cells adjacent to fat body sheath in silk worm is heavily infolded.
A study on the Gonad in Pieris rapae L. - III. Ultastructural study on the testis during the metamorphosis from prepupa to pupa
Lee, K.O. ; Kim, C.W. ; Kim, W.K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 45~53
Ultrastructural changes of the testis in Pieris rapae L. observed under the electron microscope during the metamorphosis from prepupa to pupa. The peritoneal sheath, epithelium of the follicle and cucticle have the maximum thickness at prepupa stage and afterthen gradually they began to degenerate. The epithelium of the follicle which formed by invagination of the peritoneal sheath is differently differentiationed from the peritoneal sheath and it is similar to the adult's from the pupa 2 days. The cell organelles begin to increase in the cytoplasm of the cyst cell enclosed the sperm bundles at pupa 3 hrs. The electron densed granules which observed in the peritoneal sheath and epithelium of the follicle at prepupa seem to be related with fusion of the testis.
Ultrastructure of Nerve Cells in the Pars Intercerebralis of Cabbage Butterfly Pieris rapae L.
Lee, B.H. ; Kim, W.K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 55~68
The study on the nerve cells in the pars intercerebralis(IP) of 5-day-old cabbage butterfly Pieris rapae L. was performed to observe their ultrastructures and classify them on the basis. of the differences in size, shape and relative distribution cf cell organelles. The brain-subesophageal ganglion complex was fixed in 1% paraformaldehyde-1% gluaraldehyde mixture and embedded in araldite mixture. The transverse thin sections of IP were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate and examined by Hitachi 500 and ]EM 100B electron microscope. Five distinct types. of nerve cells are recognized and are arbitrarily designated as Type I, Type II Type III, Type IV and Type V. Type I neurone: These neurones are neurosecretory cells. Several neurosecretory cells are. recognized in the pars intercerebralis. They are roughly round or peach-shaped cells measuring
in diameter. The rounded nucleus shows about
in diameter. The chromatin is predominantly diffused with only occasional dense patches. The perikaryon contains numerous. mitochondria, free polyribosomes and neurosecretory granules. The neurosecretory granules are relatively uniform in electron density, and each one is about
in diameter and surrounded by a single membrane. The granules are also observed mostly as in groups. In one group of neurones the cisternae of endoplasmic reticulum are distended or in other group of neurones are not distended. Golgi saccules are slightly dilated at their lateral extremities and contains. frequenty dense rounded materials. Type II neurone: Thes have the largest soma in the pars intercerebralis about
in diameter. They also show roughly polygonal in shape. The nucleus is elongated or sickle-shaped. The chromatin is mainly in the euchromatin form. The perikarya in these cells are well populated with populated with free ribosomes and contain numerous mitochondria and Golgi bodies. The cisternae of granular endoplasmic reticulum are also well distributed. Type III neurone: They are oval or spindle-shaped and also medium-sized. neurones approximately
in length. The nucleus is oval or slightly elongated in shape and
in length. The chromatin occurs in diffused form. The cytoplasm contains many filamentous or oval mitochondria. The perikaryon has also numerous free polyribosomes and cisternae of granular endoplasmic reticulum. Type VI neurone: They are roughly polygonal in shape probably due to the close approximation of the adjacent cells. The soma is about
in diameter. The nucleus is round or oval in shape and
in diameter. The necleus also occupies a large proprion of the cell body. The perikaryon is well populated with free ribosomes and contains several mitochondria and cistenae of granular endoplasmic reticulum. Type V neurone: These neurones are similar to Type VI neurones in various respects such as cell size and cell inclusion, but they differ from Type IV neurones in shape. The soma is oval or slightly elongated. The cell body contains several filamentous and oval mitochondria.
Ultrastructural Changes on the Secreting Cells of the Prothoracic Gland During the Larva-pupal Molt of Bombyx mori L.
Oh, S.J. ; Kim, J.H. ; Kim, C.W. ; Kim, W.K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 12, issue 2, 1982, Pages 69~79
In order to define the morphological changes of the secreting cells of prothoracic gland during larva-pupal molt, ultrastructural observations were carried out using Bombyx mori L. as the experimental material. At first stage of present experiment, 4 day old 5th instar larva, the polyhedral secreting cells were centrally located in the prothoracic gland surrounded by the connective sheath. The secreting cells were attached to the neighboring cells by the prominent desmosomes, and the plasma membrane contacted with connective sheath were highly infolded. In cytoplasm, the most of the cell organelles, such as rod-like mitochondria, rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome were developed. As the stages advance from larva to pupa, general feature of the secreting cells were retained, but structural changes of the various cytoplasmic organelles-ribosome, rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, lamellar body, and vesicle-were noted. In the perinuclear cytoplasm of the secreting cells at the stage of 6 day old 5th instar larva, it is peculiar that only a large amount of ribosomes were distributed and the other organelles were retreated from the juxtanuclear region. Just before and after spining cocoon, these features were more remarkable. Rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum were gradually increased from the stage just before spining cocoon to the pharate pupa. Rod-like mitochondria with irregular cristae and the matrix showing low density were distributed throughout the cytoplasm in the secreting cells of the 4 day old 5th instar larva. Sometimes, longitudinally distended and curved mitochondria were observed. At the stage of pharate pupa, most of mitochondria were deformed. The rod-like mitochondria of the secreting cells of pupal prothoracic gland were narrower than those of 4 day old 5th instar larva, and the electron density of the mitochondrial matrix is increased in pupa. Golgi apparatus were a few in number in both stages, last instar larva and spining cocoon. In stages of the pharate pupa, the Golgi apparatus were frequently observed. Cytoplasmic vesicles were observed for the first time in the secreting cells of one day after spining cocoon, and the number and the size of cytoplasmic vesicles were distinctly increased inpharate pupa and just after pupation. In the secretory cells of the PG, it in concluded that the RER was closely related to syntheting the enzymes seem to produce the ecdysone.