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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 15, Issue 2 - Dec 1985
Volume 15, Issue 1 - May 1985
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Studies on the Haustorium of Cuscuta japonica. II. The Endophyte
Lee, C.D. ; Lee, K.B. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 1~9
The portion of Cuscuta japonica haustorium which lies internal to the host tissues, the endophyte, was examined at the ultrastructural level. The endophyte consisted of mainly small parenchymatous cells and large, slightly elongate cells at the tip. The tip cells were characterized by the presence of large and lobed nucleus, several small vacuoles, dense cytoplasm, abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum, dictyosomes, and mitochondria, and thus suggested to have a high metabolic activity. The shape, arrangement, and cytological characteristics of the parenchymatous and tip cells consisting the endophyte were very similar to those of the dividing cells and idioblasts, respectively, which appeared in the endophyte primordium of the upper haustorium. The tip cells with the thickened-apical wall were observed to grow intrusively through the host cell walls and to engulf the remnants of the degenerated host cells. In the former case intrusive growing cell was regarded to develop into the filamentous cell, the hypha. Plasmodesmata through the cell wall were not observed between host and parasite cells. Some host cells that in contact with the penetrating tip cells of the endophyte, showed the degenerating features such as a loss of cytoplasm, a beaded fashion of small vesicles, and deformation of chloroplasts.
An Electron Microscopic Study on the Hypothalamus of the Hibernating Bat I. Fine Structure of the Nerve Cell
Kang, H.S. ; Oh, Y.K. ; Cho, B.P. ; Lee, Y.D. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 10~18
The posterior hypothalamus of the hibernating greater horseshoe bats (Rhinolophus ferrumequinum korai Kuroda) were observed with an electron microscope. The posterior hypothalamus is known to be closely related to the reflex responses activated by cold, and the following observations were obtained in the cellular type of nerve cells: there are three types of neurons in the posterior hypothalamus. 1. The first type of neuron was the largest, ovoid or conical in shape, the nucleus was elliptic and the nuclear envelope had many deep invaginations. The cell organelles were well developed, in particular there was an abundance of variously shaped mitochondria, and the Golgi complex and the polysomes were observed in the cytoplasm. 2. The second type of neuron was moderate in size, ovoid or elliptic in shape, the nucleus was located nearer to the plasma membrane and the nuclear envelope had. a few invaginations. The cytoplasm was rich in amount compared with that of the third type of neuron, and the cell organelles, especially the rough endoplasmic reticulum were well developed. Also lipofuscin pigments were observed. 3. The third type of neuron was the smallest in size and round in shape. The nucleus and the nucleolus were observed in the central portion of the cell body and the nuclear envelope had a few invaginations. The cytoplasm was small compared with those of the first and second types, but the rough endoplasmic reticulum, the mitechondria and the polysomes were relatively well developed. The cytoplasm was characterized by the presence of membrane-bound small bodies with a single membrane containing a fine particular substance around the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the Golgi complexes.
Ultrastructural Study on the Morphogenesis of Rat Spleen
Kim, W.J. ; Deung, Y.K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 19~30
Morphogenesis of rat spleen was studied by light and electron microscope from the fetal stage till the newborn or adult stages. The results indicate as follows: at the 14th day of gestation rat spleen, as an early form, consists of intercellular spaces and mesenchymal cells. And at this stage the spleen is in a premature state, then it appears its adult condition in structures after the 7th postnatal day. Erythropoiesis is shown to be an active process in rat spleen beginning about the 18th day of gestation, and once established the process continues at least till the 7th postnatal day. At the 20th day of gestation, there are splenic nodules, trabeculae, venous sinus, and granular leucocytes such as neutrophils and basophils in rat spleen. Lymphocytes appeared to be well differentiated at the 7th postnatal day and were present till the adult stage. While degenerating erythrocytes are phagocytosed by macrophages. In conclusion, rat spleen started to be appeared from the 14th day of gestation and erythropoiesis in rat spleen was carried out for about 10 days between prenatal and postnatal stage. Erythrophagocytosis was accomplished by macrophages and it is suggested that the proper functions of rat spleen set off from the 7 th postnatal day when its structures are similar to the adult's.
Electron Microscopic Studies on Olfactory Bulbs in the Vertebrates by Phylogenetics
Choi, W.B. ; Chung, Y.H. ; Seo, J.E. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 31~68
Authors are trying to unveil the ultrastructural organization of olfactory bulb, which has been summerized under light microscopic level or communicated only in some detail in different view point until now. For the critical point of view, since the phylogenetical approach will give the ultimate value in the correlative study between structural and functional bases (Brodal, 1969), the present study was carried out light and electron microscopic analyses of the structures of the neurons and synaptic organizations in olfactory bulbs from different animals in phylogenetical scale. We selected each one species from five animal classes: the house rabbit(Oryctolagus cuniculus var. domesticus [Gmelin]) from Mammalia, the domestic fowl (Gallus gallus domesticus Brisson) from Aves, the viper (Agkistrodon hylys [G.P. Pallas]) from Reptilia, a frog (Bombiana orientalis Boulenger) from Amphibia and the crussian carp (Carassius carassius [Linne]) from Pisces. For light microscopic study, samples were fixed in 10% formalin and paraffin sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin. For the electron microscopic study, the tissues were fixed by perfusion through the heart or immersion with 1% paraform-aldehyde-glutaraldehyde mixture (phosphate buffer, pH 7.4), and final tissue block trimmed under dissecting microscope were osmicated (1% OsO4), they were embedded in Araldite or Epon 812, and ultrathin sections were made by LKB-V ultratome following the inspection of semi-thin sections stained with toluidine blue-borax solution. Ultra-thin sections contrasted with uranyl acetate and lead citrate were observed with JEM 100CX electron microscope. We have summerized our morphological analyses as follows: 1. The olfactory bulb of rabbit, viper and frog shows the eight layers of fila olfactoria, glomerular, external granular, external plexiform, mitral cell, internal plexiform, internal granular, medullary but domestic fowl shows the five layers of glomerular, fibrillar, mitral, granular and medullary and the three layers of fibrilla, glomerular and medullary in crussian carp. The sharpness of demarcation between the layers shows deferential tendency according to phylogenetical order. 2. Mitral cells of vertebrate have large triangular or oval shape with spherical nuclei which contain not so much chromatin. The cytoplasm contains numerous cell organelles, of which Nissl's bodies or granular endoplasmic reticula arranged as parallel strands. Development of granular endoplasmic reticula were declined as the phylogentical grade is going lower. 3. Tufted cells of all animal are mostly spindle or polygonal contour and contain oval nuclei which located in periphery of cytoplasm. The nuclei of rabbit, fowl, viper and frog has relatively space chromatin, but a nucleus of crussian carp contain irregularly aggregated chromatin in karyoplasm. Their cytoplasmic volume and cell organelle contents are in between those of mitral cell and granular cell. They contain moderate amount of mitochondria, granular endoplasmic reticula, a few Golgi complex, polysomes, lysosome, etc. 4. Granule of cells of all the vertebrate amimals studied exhibit similar features; cells and their dense nuclei show spherical or oval contour, and they have the thin rim of cytoplasm which contain only a few cell organelles. 5. In rabbit, the soma of mitral cells were in contact with boutons with two types of synaptic vesicles, that is, round and flat vesicles, especially flat vesicles in boutons were showing reciprocal synapses. However, in domestic fowls, vipers, frogs and crussian carps, there were found boutons showing only spherical synaptic vesicles. 6. The boutons containing round synaptic vesicles were made contact with the some of tufted cell of olfactory bulb in the rabbits, fowls, vipers and frogs, but no synaptic boutons were observed in soma of tufted cells in crussian carps. In the frogs, there were observed dendrites were contact with the soma of tufted cells. 7. In the neuropils of plexiform, granular and glomerular layers olfactory bulbs in the vertebrate, the synapses were axo-large dendrites, axo-median and small dendrites, dendrodendritic, and axo-axonal contacts. However, in the neuropil of crussian carps, synapses were observed only in glomerular layer.
Ultrastructural and Cytochemical Studies on Root Hair Cells of Ginseng(Panax ginseng C.A. Meyer)
Jeong, B.K. ; Kim, W.K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 69~79
Ultrastructural and cytochemical studies of the root hair cell and the trichoblast were undertaken with light and electron microscopes to clarify the type of root hair, fine structure and the activities of acid phosphatase and ATPase. The root hair was differentiated from the middle portion of the cell, and perpendicularly to the long axis of the cell. Consequently, the type of root hair comes under the panicoid type. In the trichoblast, nucleus and cytoplasm are located in the vicinity of cortex. On the contrary, after the root hair is formed, they migrate to the apical region of the root hair, and the basal region of the root hair is filled with numerous vacuoles. Cell walls of actively growing root hairs are subdivided into two layers on the basis of the arrangement of cellulose microfibrils. New cell wall of the root hair is presumptively formed from Golgi complex-derived vesicles. Activity of acid phosphatase appeared on tonoplast, plasma membrane, and nuclear envelope, whereas ATPase activity appeared on the plasma membrane, heterochromatin, and mitochondrial cristae.
Ultrastructure of the Tentacular Epithelium in Cipangopaludina chinensis Malleata
Song, Y.J. ; Kim, C.S. ; Kim, W.K. ; Kim, C.W. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 80~88
The tentacular epithelial cells of Cipangopaludina chinensis were studied with electron microscope. The tentacular epithelium consists of columnar supporting cells, numerous glandular cells and ciliated cells. Glandular cells are classified into three types; type I (mucous metachromasia cell), type II(mucous goblet cell) and type III. Ciliated cells are subdivided into two types; type I ciliated cell has cilia with typical axoneme(9+2), and type II ciliated cell has cilia with unusual axoneme.
The Ultrastructure of Trachea of the Compound Eye in Adult Pieris rapae L.
Kim, C.S. ; Ham, E.K. ; Lee, M.H. ; Song, Y.J. ; Kim, W.K. ; Kim, C.W. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 89~97
The ultrastructure of the trachea of the compound eye in adult cabbage butterfly, Pieris rapae L., was studied. Trachea under the basement membrane is divided into tracheoles of the ommatidia which blanched 4 tracheoles during 2 divisions. Tracheoles of the ommatidia originated from one tracheolar cell and its nuclear is located under the basement membrane and its cytoplasm enveloped the retinular cell and the retinular pigment cell. The modified structure of tracheoles is located at the first division area of the ommatidia and its size is
. And the length of its taenidium is
, and interval
Light and Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on the Pelvic Epithelium of the Sheep Kidney
Kim, J. ; Oh, S.J. ; Chung, J.W. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 98~110
This study was performed to clarify the morphological structures of the epithelia of the renal papilla, renal pelvis and ureter of the sheep (Ovis aries L.) through the light and scanning electron microscopes, Tissue specimens were taken from the renal papilla (common renal papilla and peripelvic column) and the renal pelvis (pelvis proper and pelvic pouch) of the kidney and the ureter. For the light microscopy, tissue blocks were fixed in 10 % neutral buffered formalin and embedded in paraffin wax, serially sectioned at a thickness of
. These sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin and periodic acid-Schiff reaction. For the scanning electron microscopy, tissue blocks were prefixed in 1% glutaral-dehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde solution and postfixed in 1% osmium tetroxide solution, dehydrated in graded alcohol, transferred to isoamyl acetate, and then dried by the critical point dryer (Polaron E 3000). These dried tissues were coated with gold and observed with a scanning electron microscope (JSM-35C), The results were as follows: The apex of the common renal papilla was lined with simple columnar epithelium having many microvilli on its luminal surface. Lateral portion of the papilla was lined with stratified epithelium
layers thick, and its superficial cells were microvillar cells having many microvilli. The epithelium lining the peripelvic column was
layers thick. The superficial layer was made of the microvillar cells, but a few microplica cells were appeared in the region near the pelvic pouch. The epithelium of the pelvic pouch was
layered transitional type, and its superficial cells were microplica cells. The epithelia of the pelvis proper and ureter were
layered transitional type, and their superficial cells were typical facet cells existing many round depressions and ridges of cell membranes of the luminal side.
Light and Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on the Structure of the Gastrointestinal Mucosa of the Mole, Talpa micrura coreana
Kwun, H.S. ; Chung, J.W. ; Chun, M.H. ; Kim, J. ; Cha, J.H. ; Maeng, S.H. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 15, issue 2, 1985, Pages 111~129
The morphology and histology of the gastrointestinal mucosa of the mole, Talpa micrura coreana (Thomas), were studied using light and scanning electron microscopes. Tissue specimens were taken from body and pyloric portions of the stomach, and from the initial, proximal, middle, distal and terminal portions of the intestine. For light microscopy, tissue blocks were fixed in 10% buffered neutral formalin, embedded in paraffin wax, and sectioned at a thickness of
. These sections were stained with hematoxylin-eosin. For scanning electron microscopy, tissue blocks were fixed in 1% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde, and postfixed in 1% osmium tetroxide, dehydrated in graded alcohol, transferred to isoamylacetate and dried by the critical point drier(Polaron E 3000). Subsequently, specimens were coated with gold and observed with a JSM-35C scanning electron microscope. The results were as follows: The mucous membrane of the body portion of the stomach had numerous irregular folds and the pyloric mucosa formed the strawberry-shaped folds, and general histological structures of each portion were similar to those of man. The intestine could not be differentiated macroscopically and microscopically into small and large intestines. There was no cecum, appendix, taenia coli, haustra coli or appendices epiploicae. In the initial portion (4 mm long), conical or tongue-shaped villi with the height of
were present, and large mucous glands were seen in the submucosa. In the proximal, middle and distal portions, wavy folds composed of the epithelium and lamina propria were densely and transversely arranged, and their heights were
, respectively. The mucosa of the terminal portion (3 cm long) formed several longitudinal folds, and the intestinal glands were directly opened on the smooth surface of the folds. Aggregated lymphoid follicles were observed in the major portions of the intestine except the initial and terminal portions. There was no circular or semilunar fold throughout the intestine.