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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 18, Issue 2 - Dec 1988
Volume 18, Issue 1 - May 1988
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Comparative Study on the Nucleus accumbens septi and the Nucleus fundus striati I. Classification of Neuronal Cell Types
Ahn, E-Tay ; Yang, Nam-Gil ; Lee, Bong-Hee ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Kim, Jong-Kyu ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 1~20
There's been arguments on the different morphological status between the nucleus accumbens septi and nucleus fundus striati of ventral striatum. Authors carried out the comparative study on the neuronal cell types of these nuclei, in the chick and the rat. Results are summarized as follows: In the nucleus accumbens septi of the chick, there found 3 main cell types. Type I cells are oval or spindle-shaped. They are the most abundant cell types, comprising more than 80% of neurons. The pale nucleus is usually indented. The cytoplasm is also pale and contains small amount of mitochondria, rough r-ER and Golgi complexes. This cell has a few symmetric synapses on the cell membrane. Type II cells are pale large cells. They are polygonal or irregularly-shaped. They contain pale spherical nucleus, and the pale cytoplasm with relatively large amount of mitochondria, free ribosomes and well-developed Golgi complexes. Some axo-somatic synapes are found on the cell. Type III cells are oval or spherical-shaped. The nucleus is relatively pale and large, In the dense cytoplasm, well developed. r-ER formed typical Nissl's body, and there found many mitochondria, ribosomes and lysosomes. In the chick fundus striati nucleus, there also found 3 main cell types. Type I cells are small and spindle-shaped. This type is the most abundant one and constitutes more the 80% of the neurons. Morphological features other than it's shape, is generally similar with that of Type I cell in the nucleus accumbens. Type II cells are irregularly shaped large cells. Dense cytoplasm contains large amount of cell organelles. Some axo-somatic synapses are found. Type III cells are small dense cells. This oval cell contains the oval nucleus, and the plentiful cytoplasm with well developed r-ER, ribosomes and mitochondria. In the nucleus accumbens septi of the rat, there found 4 main cell types. Type I cells are small, oval or spherical cells, comprising more than 90% of all the neurons. Spherical nucleus shows typical chromatin rim along the nuclear membrane. Dense cytoplasm contains many ribosomes and mitochondria. Type II cells are large oval cells. The eccentric nucleus is deeply invaginated. Pale cytoplasm contains large amount of ribosomes, Golgi complexes, mitochondria, and dense bodies. Type III cells are pale, large, oval cells. They contain moderate amount of ribosomes and mitochondria, and some scattered stacks of r-ER. Type IV cells are small pale cells. Small oval nucleus is indented and shows chromatin rim. Only small amount of ribosomes and mitochondria can be found. In the nucleus fundus striati of the rat, there also found 4 main cell types. Type I cells are spherical or oval cells, comprising more than 90% of the neurons. The chromatin rim of the spherical nucleus is not so prominent as compared to the rim of type I cell in the nucleus accumbens septi. The cytoplasm contains moderate amount of mitochondria, ribosomes and some scattered r-ER. A few axo-somatic synapses were found. Type II cells are small round or polygonal cells. Golgi complexes are especially well-developed in this cell type. The cytoplasm also contains moderate amount of mitochondria, ribosomes, and dense bodies. Type III cells are small cells. The large nucleus shows prominent chromatin rim. The cytoplasm contains many ribosomes and mitochondria. Type IV cells are large, spheircal or oval cells. The nucleus is deeply indented. The plentiful cytoplasm contains large amount of ribosomes, mitochondria, Golgi complexes, neurotubules, but not r-ER. In the present study, it is clear that the nucleus accumbens septi and the nucleus fundus striati are independant cell groups, according to their cytoarchitectonics and the ultrastructural features of their cell types.
Comparative Study on the Nucleus accumbens septi and the Nucleus fundus striati II . Classification of Synaptic Types
Ahn, E-Tay ; Yang, Nam-Gil ; Kim, Jong-Kyu ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Lee, Bong-Hee ; Park, Kyung-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 21~34
Comparative study on the synaptic types of the nuclei accumbens septi and fundus striati of the chick and the rat was carried out. Basic synaptic types were established according to the size of synaptic vesicles, development of synaptic vesicles, development of synaptic thickening, kind of postsynaptic structures, etc. Comparing the synaptic types and appearance-ratio within the neuropils, the following results were obtained (see the data in the Table 1). 1. In the nucleus accumbens of the rat, the axo-spinous synapses are far less than those in the nucleus fundus striati (13.7%/68.2%). 2. In the nucleus accumbens, there found much more axo-dendritic types(II, III and V) than those appearing in the nucleus fundus striati(79.1%/27.1%). 3. In the nucleus accumbens of the chick, on the contrary to the case of the rat, more axo-spinous types(70.1%/31.4%) and less axo-dendritic types(12.3%/60.0%) were found as compared to those appearing in the nucleus fundus striati. 4. There found no large-sized synaptic vesicles in the chick nuclei accumbens septi and the fundus striati.
Comparative Study on the Nucleus accumbens septi and the Nucleus fundus striati III. Changes in the Neuropil following the Lesion in the Mamillary Body or the Extirpation of Hippocampal Formation
Ahn, E-Tay ; Kim, Jong-Kyu ; Yang, Nam-Gil ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Lee, Bong-Hee ; Park, Kyung-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 35~48
To investigate the connections between the major limbic structures and the nucleus accumbens septi or the nucleus fundus striati, stereotaxic surgeries were performed. One group of the rats were electrically lesioned in the mamillary body, and the other group were extirpated their hippocampal formation. Careful study of both nuclei following each surgery showed the following results. 1. Nerve terminals of mamillo-accumbens tract were synapsed to the dendrite of nucleus accumbens cell, whereas the neuronal type of accumbens-mamillary tract was aspiny cell. 2. Nerve terminals of mamillo-fundus tract were synapsed to the spines of fundus striati cells. Fundus-mamillary tract cells were not confirmed. 3. Nerve terminals of hippocampo-accumbens terminals were synapsed to the dendrites and spines of nucleus accumbens cells, whereas the neuronal type of accumbens-hippocampal tract was spiny one. 4. Nerve terminals of hippocampo-fundus tract were synapsed to the spines of fundus striati cells, whereas the neuronal types of fundus-hippocampal tract was aspiny one. 5. From the results, it was concluded that both of the nucleus accumbens septi and the fundus striati have connections with the mamillary body and the hippocampus. But nucleus accumbens septi has apparently more intimate relationship with major limbic structures.
Studies on the Testis of the Fall-web worms, Hyphantria cunea Drury I. Fine Structure of the Testis
Moon, Myung-Jin ; Lee, Keun-Ok ; Kim, Chang-Whan ; Kim, Woo-Kap ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 49~59
Fine structures of the testis and vas deferens in the fall-web worm, Hyphantria cunea Drury, are studied with electron microscope. Adult worms have single testis close to the midlines of the abdomen. Testis is composed of 4 follicles which are incompletly separated from each other and bounded together by a peritoneal sheath. The peritoneal sheath consisted of outer cuticular layer and two kinds of inner layers, in which glycogen particles are dispersed commonly. These two layers are divided by the morphology of cytoplasmic granules. Follicular epithelium forming the wall of the follicles have melanin pigment granules, and trachea or tracheoles are extended through this epithelium. In the cysts of adult testis, matured spermatozoa are grouped together in bundles and after releasing the sperm bundles to the vas deferens, lamellar shaped lysosomes appeared in the cytoplasms of the cyst cells. The number of spermatozoa per cyst is exactly 256 (
), this number is characteristics of the Lepidoperan species. Vas deferens is a tube with a fairly thick bounding epithelium, a basement membrane and a layer of circular muscle outside it. At the apical portion of the epithelial cells, microvilli are well developed. And in the cytoplasms of these cells, numerous excretory granules are observed.
Effects of Malathion on the Ultrastructure and the Acetylcholinesterase Activity of the Developing Spinal Cord in Chick Embryos
Kim, Wan-Jong ; Deung, Young-Kun ; Choe, Rim-Soon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 60~76
Chick embryos which have received a single injection of the organophosphate compound, malathion (0.1 mg/0.05 ml, 0.5 mg/0.05 ml, 1.0 mg/0.05 ml or 2.0 mg/0.05 ml) via the yolk sac at certain times (2 days, 4 days or 6 days after incubation) have been investigated. After 9 days of incubation, chick embryos were harvested to examine the effects of malathion on the ultrastructure and the acetylcholinesterase(AChE) activity of the developing spinal cord. The effects of simultaneous injection of malathion and nicotinamide were also compared. On ultrastructural findings, neurons in the ventral horn of spinal cord showed to be inhibited in their differentiation by malathion; nuclear irregularity, separation of nuclear membranes, reduction of ribosomal distribution, and cytoplasmic vacuoles were observed. In the younger embryos treated with relatively high doses of malathion, nucleus and cytoplasmic organelles of neurons were severely destroyed, and the neurons were shown to be necrotic. On cytochemical study of AChE by electron microscope, the positive reaction products of AChE were localized at the membranes of nucleus and endoplasmic reticulum of neurons. Inhibition of AChE activity was severe in groups treated with relatively low doses of malathion. Nicotinamide (5.0 mg/0.05 ml) alleviated malathion-induced morphological alterations. In conclusion, it is suggested that malathion changes the ultrastructure and reduces. AChE activity in differentiating neurons, and the severity of which is consistently dose- and age-dependent.
The Differentiation of the Female Gonial Cell in Echiuroid (Urechis unicinctus): A Fine Structural Study
Choe, Rim-Soon ; Shin, Kil-Sang ; Joo, Chung-No ; Hwang, Dae-Yeon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 77~91
Since the Urechis unicinctus-oocyte grows asynchronously in the body fluid, various oocytes in developmental stages can be prepared from each individual. The oocytes obtained from the coelomic fluid are then classified into five developmental stages according to the fine structural features. The earlier oocytes (
) form cluster and thereafter the oocytes grow singly without a distinct support of somatic cell, such as accessory cell or matrix cell. The yolk granules begin to appear already in the oocyte of cluster stage, however, the typical yolk was observed at the stage IV. Therefore, it was suggested that the yolk deposition is correlated with the coelomic fluid. The mature oocyte measured about
produces the invagination not only on oolemma(indentation) but also on nuclear envelope. After the formation of the indentation, the mature ooytes are stored in storge sacs. The fine structural features were combined in aspect of structural concept of light microscopical observation.
A Study on the Effects of Sodium Salicylate on the Spiral Ganglion Cells
Lee, Byung-Lan ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 18, issue 1, 1988, Pages 92~102
The ototoxic effects of salicylate on the ultrastructure of spiral ganglion cells were examined. Sodium salicylate(
body weight, once a day for 7 days) were injected subcutaneously to
week-old fifteen Sprague-Dawley rats. Animals were sacrificed 24 hours (group 1), 6 weeks (group 2) or 10 weeks (group 3) after the last injection. In group 1 animals, distention of membranous cisternae was found in the cytoplasm of ganglion cells, satellite cells and Schwann cells in which enlargement or multicystic cytosome formation of the mitochondria were shown. In group 2 animals, membranous cisternae became larger or fused to form larger vacuoles or cysts. Shrinkage of spiral ganglion cell cytoplasm and loosening of myelin sheath were seen. In group 3 animals, extensive swelling or loss of nerve fibers were shown along with the folding or partial loss of myelin sheath which caused leakage of ganglion cell cytoplasm. It was concluded that the ototoxicity of salicy-late caused the ultrastructral changes of the spiral ganglion cells which became more severe in group 2 and 3 animals. The possibility of retrograde degeneration following the sensory cell changes was suggested.