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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 20, Issue 2 - Dec 1990
Volume 20, Issue 1 - May 1990
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Fine structural and histochemical study on the epithelial cell of Korean planaria(Phagocata vivida Ijima et Kaburaki)
Chang, Nam-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 1~16
The epidermal tissue of Korean planaria Phagocata vivida(Ijima et Kaburaki) is composed of the simple columnar epithelium. The ventral epidermis of this animals is thinner than the dorsal epidermis and has a furrow in the median line in which dark cell is observed. The clear cells which are electron-lucent are located either side of the dark cells. Those are compactly covered with long cilia. The free surface of the latero-ventral epidermis is tightly contacted with the earth and this epidermal free surface has a great number of short cilia, and a lot of C-type of basophilic granule cell are migrated into the cytoplasm of epithelium from mesenchyme passing through the basement membrane and then this granules are put out of latero-ventral free surface. Dorsal epidermis is thickest among the whole epidermis of these animals and the rhabdite granules are more distributed in dorsal epidermis than in ventral epidermis. According to the cytochemical and ultrastructural research, composed epidermis of this planaria are divided into nine type cells, that is, ciliated columnar epithelium, dark cell, mucous cell, rhabdite-forming cell, sunk round cell, A type, B type, C type and D type of basophilic granule cell.
Cell Biological Study of the Effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine (serotonin) on Chick Embryogenesis - Based on electron microscopic observations -
Oh, Young-Keun ; Choe, Rim-Soon ; Boo, Moon-Jong ; Shin, Kil-Sang ; Joo, Chung-No ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 17~35
Effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine(5-HT, serotonin) and its precursor tryptophan on the cell proliferation of brain and somite parts of 4 day chick embryo in Dulbeco's modified essential medium was examined morphologically at cellular level. It was realized that the externally added 5-HT and/or tryptophan disturbed cell proliferation and severve necrosis occured. Electron micrograph showed that the development of cell organelles were greatly impaired. The activities of both acetylcholine esterase and
-dependent ATPase of the brain tissues of 5 day chick embryo, which received 1mg of tryptophan and/or 0.1mg of 5-HT at primitive streak stage after 24 hrs incubation of the fertilized egg, were much lower(about 20-25%) than those of control group. These results were supported by the electron micrographs of chemically treated cells. Control cells showed clear densed bands of acetylcholine esterase activity around nucleus and rough endoplasmic reticulum but tryptophan or 5-HT treated groups showed discontinued activity bands. In the case of
-ATPase, the control groups showed clear continuous activity bands but tryptophan and/or 5-HT treated groups were discontinuous. From the previous and present studies, it seems that the intracelluar 5-HT level is very important for the cell proliferation and normal morphogenesis.
An Ultrastructural Study on the Duodenal Enterochromaffin Cells of Rabbit after Bile Duct Ligation
Lee, Sang-Eun ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Yang, Nam-Gil ; Ahn, E-Tay ; Park, Kyung-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 36~50
This experiment was performed to study the morphological responses of the enterochromaffin cells in the duodenal mucosa of rabbit following bile duct ligation. Adult male rabbits were divided into normal, sham operation and experimental groups. Bile duct ligation was performed under ether anesthesia and animals were sacrificed on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 14th day after operation. Mucosal specimens from the duodenum were prefixed with 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde(0.1M Millonig's phosphate buffer, pH 7.3), followed by postfixation with 1% osmium tetroxide(0.1M Millonig's phosphate buffer, pH 7.3), and embedded within araldite mixture. The sections were cut on a LKB-V ultratome, and observed under a JEM 100CX II electron miroscope. The results were as follow; 1. Irregularities of the nuclei of the enterochromaffin cells were noticed from the 1st day after bile duct ligation, and concentration of the chromatin in the nucleus was more frequently observed on the 7th and the 14th day. 2. The granular endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi complex of the enterochromaffin cell were more developed than those of the normal on the 1st day after bile duct ligation, but they showed poor organization from the 3rd day. 3. Amount of the microfilaments in the enterochromaffin cell was significantly increased from the 5th day after bile duct ligation and they were more frequently observed in the vicinity of the nucleus. 4. Vacuoles with various electron densities in the enterochromaffin cell were increased in number from the 3rd day after bile duct ligation. 5. Glycogen-like particles in the enterochromaffin cell were frequently observed on the 3rd and the 5th day after bile duct ligation. 6. In the early stage of the ligation of bile duct, in the enterochromaffin cells, well developed intracellular organelles, such as granular endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus were pronounced. But, in the later stage, the cells contained poor organelles, with the some structural sign of necrotic change.
An Ultrastructural Study on the Duodenal Goblet Cells of Rabbit after Common Bile Duct Ligation
Kim, In-Ho ; Yang, Nam-Gil ; Ahn, E-Tay ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Park, Kyung-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 51~64
This experiment was performed to study the morphological changes of the goblet cells in the rabbit duodenal mucosa after common bile duct ligation. Healthy adult rabbits weighting about 2kg body weight were divided to normal and bile duct ligated groups. Common bile duct ligation was performed under ether anesthesia. Experimental animals were sacrificed on the 1st, 3rd, 5th, 7th and 14th day after the operation. Mucosal specimens from the upper part of duodenum were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde, followed by 1% osmium tetroxide, embedded in araldite mixture, cut with LKB-V ultratome, stained with uranyl acetate - lead citrate, and observed with JEM 100 CX II electron microscope. Observed results were as follow : 1. In the early stages(1st-5th day) of the experiments, the goblet cells showed apocrine and merocrine secretion. But those of the late stage(7th and 14th day) groups showed exocytotic merocrine secretion. 2. In the late stage of the experiments, there found than increase of newly formed goblet cells that contain electron lucent cytoplasms. 3. In the goblet cells of normal rabbit, mucous granules with higher or lower electron densities are found together in the cytoplasm, and electron lucent mucous granules occasionally fused together. But in the early stage of the common bile duct ligation, goblet cells contained granules of higher electron densities. 4. Considering the above findings, common bile duct ligation probably initiates the hypersecretion of mucous granules of goblet cells in the early stage, and may facilitate the differentiation of goblet cells in the later stage.
An Electron Microscopic Study on the Effect of Calcium-free Reperfusion in Isolated Perfused Guinea Pig Heart after Global Ischemia
Oh, Seung-Hwan ; Kim, Ho-Dirk ; Rah, Bong-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 65~76
The effect of calcium-free reperfusion for 5, 10, and 15 minutes, respectively, followed by continuous reperfusion with normal Tyrode solution containing 1.0mM calcium chloride, after global ischemia in the isolated perfused guinea pig heart by Langendorff techniques was examined with transmission electron microscope. Compared to the nomal Tyrode solution-perfused control hearts, the 5 minute calcium-free-reperfused hearts showed loss or thickening of Z lines, focal sarcolemmal disruption, mitochondrial swelling, clumping of chroma-tin, intracellular fluid accumulation, and some separation of cell junctions, especially the fasciae adherentes. These changes became more severe in the hearts of 10 minute calcium-free reperfusion. Subsarcolemmal larger bleb and near complete separation of cell junctions were noticed. In the 15 minute calcium-free-reperfused hearts, irreversible ultrastructural changes including contraction bands, biazrre mitochondria, and sarcolemmal destruction were widely distributed. The severity of myocardial changes were in accordance with the duration of calcium-free reperfusion. These changes indicate that calcium-free reperfusion regardless of its duration could not salvage the post-ischemic myocardium probably due to development of calcium paradox.
Ultrastructural Studies on the Hemal Node and the Hemolymph Node in the Korean Native Goat
Yoon, Yeo-Sung ; Lee, Joon-Sup ; Lee, Heung-Shik ; Lee, In-Se ; Kim, Dae-Joong ; Kim, Jin-Sang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 77~89
The ultrastructures of the hemal node and the hemolymph node in the Korean native goat were observed by transmission and scanning elelctron microscopies for their morphological features. The sinus of hemal node was lined by endothelial-like reticular cells that had an euchromatin-rich nucleus and many cytoplasmic processes by which reticular fibers were surrounded. In the hemolymph node, the mast cell and the plasma cell were closely contact each other by the cytoplasmic process. The hemal node had venous sinusal-like vessels which were different from the deep sinus, and the hemolymph node had lymph capillaries. The lymph vessels with valves were observed in the capsule of the hemolymph node.
Ultrastructural Studies of Effect of Monosodium Glutamate on the Epiphyseal Plate of Femur in Young Chicken
Yang, Hong-Hyun ; Lee, Heung-Shik ; Lee, In-Se ; Kim, Jin-Sang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 90~104
This study was carried out to investigate the ultrastructural changes of the proximal epiphyseal plate of the femur in young chickens that had been treated with monosodium glutamate(MSG). Eighty 1-day old broiler chickens(Hubbard strain) were divided into control and experimental groups. The experimental group received daily administration of MSG(3mg/g of body weight in 0.75% saline) per orally for 1, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18 and 21 days, and were sacrificed with exanguination. The control group received an equal volume of 0.75% saline. For the transmission electron microscopy, the prehypertrophic cartilage zone of epiphyseal plate was cleaved, fixed with 2% glutaraldehyde(containing 0.2% ruthenium red), postfixed with 1 % osmium tetroxide, embedded in Epon 812, and stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate. For the scanning electron microscopy, the calcified zone of epiphyseal plate was cleaved and coated with gold palladium. The results obtained were as follows; 1. On transmission electron microscopic examination, the sacculation decreased from 12 day to 21 day MSG administrated groups, and the vesiculation decreased in 18 and 21 day MSG administrated groups in rough endoplasmic reticulum of chondrocytes in prehypertrophic cartilage zone. The ruthenium red binding particles in pericellular rim, territorial matrix and interterritorial matrix increased from 9 day to 21 day MSG administrated groups, but the crystalloid materials decreased. 2. On scanning electron microscopic examination, the trabecular formation and calcospherites of calcification zone decreased in 18 and 21 day MSG administrated groups. The resorption cavities widened from 15 day to 21 day MSG administrated groups.
Morphological Studies on the Epithelium of the Midgut of the Nymph and the adult in the Grasshopper, Oxya sinuosa
Lee, Hyeung-Sik ; Lee, Jae-Hyun ; Park, Sang-Ock ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 105~119
In order to know the morphological characteristics and changes according to the developmental stage, the comparative observations have been studied by light and electron microscope on the midgut(gastric caecum, stomach) of the grasshopper(Oxya sinuosa Mistshenko). The results obtained are summarized as follow : In light microscopic level, the cuboidal shaped cells of the gastric caecum in the 5th instar nymph are differentiated the columnar epithelium in the adult. A number of pigment granules are appeared in the gastric caecum of the 5th instar nymph, however the pigment granules were absent in the adult. Indistinct or undifferentiated folds of the epithelial layer were appeared in the 5th instar nymph, whereas the well-developed folds were appeared the gastric caecum in the adult. The well-developed muscular layers are seen in the 5th instar numph, however in the adult the muscular layers are appeared thin or a few layers. In electron microscopic level, in the midgut epithelium, a number of well-developed rER, a few lipid droplets, multi vesicular bodies, small vesicles and glycogen granules were found. Two types of the pigment granules in the gastric caecum of the 5th instar nymph were appeared, whereas the whorl-membrane, a few secretory granules and one type of the gastro-entero-endocrine cell were found in the adult midgut. The light and dark cells could be distinguished in the stomach epithelim of the 5th instar nymph.
Cytological Changes of Infected Barley Tissues with Barley Yellow Mosaic Virus
So, In-Young ; Cheong, Seong-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 20, issue 1, 1990, Pages 120~127
The zoospores of Polymyxa graminis known as vector of barley yellow mosaic virus(BYMV) were found from the rootlets of diseased barley plants. The X-bodies in the lower epidermis of diseased leaf tissues were reddish under fluorescence microscopy. The shape of virus particles was flexuous rod and 300-1,000 nm in length. The pinwheel structures, cylindrical inclusion bodies, ring-form inclusion bodies, and crystalline lattice-like structure were found together with virus particles in the cytoplasm of diseased leaf tissues. Generally, intracellular organelles in the diseased barley leaf tissues infected with BYMV were either not well-developed or degenerated.