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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
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Integumental Secretory Cells in Goldfish, Carassius auratus L.
Jeong, Yeoun-Kyoung ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 1~10
The integumental secretory structure is exocrine unicellular gland located in the epidermis of goldfish, Carassius auratus, and divided into two groups, mucous and granular cells. By the histochemical studies of integumental secretions the mucos cells reacted for acidic polysaccharides, and the granular cells for neutral glycoprotein. According to concentration of the secretion the integumental mucous are gradually sulphated. The mucous cells are typical form of goblet cell located in the upper region of the epidermis, and membrane bounded vesicles of the mucous are observed several size and electron densities by the cellular differentiation. The granular cells in middle and lower epidermis are present syncitial forms occasionally, and contain electron dense granules sized
which are accumulated in cytoplasmic process held the cells to the basal lamina. The precursors of the integumental secretory materials are originated from the rough endoplasmic reticulum and next transported through the Golgi apparatus as a form of membrane bounded vesicles. After accomplish this process mature secretions are extruded to integumental surface by the mechanism of merocrine secretion in response to nerve stimulations respectively.
Ultrastructural Study on the Development of the Carotid Body in Human Fetus
Yoon, Jae-Rhyong ; Park, Byoung-Sun ; Kim, Baik-Yoon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 11~27
The morphological development of the carotid body was studied by electron microscope in human fetuses from 40mm to 260mm crown rump length (10-30 weeks of gestational age). At 40mm fetus, the carotid body was composed of cluster of primitive glomus cells, primitive supporting cells, unmyelinated nerve fibers, and blood capillaries. In connective tissue between internal and external carotid arteries adjacent to the superior cervical sympathetic ganglion, two types of glomus cells through all prenatal period were found. Dark cells contained a dense cytoplasm with conspicuous large dense-cored granules, whereas light cells had a less dense cytoplasm with dense-cored granules. The light cells contained dense-cored granules that were smaller and less abundant than those in the dark cells. The primitive supporting cells appeared star-shaped with attenuated cytoplasmic extensions intervening between the adjacent glomus cells. Synaptic contact between the axon terminals and soma of the glomus cells were first observed at 40mm fetus. In 80-100mm fetus, the carotid body contained tightly packed collection of glomus cells and supporting cells which surrounded the abundant thin-walled blood vessels. Intercellular junctions between the glomus cells and adjacent cells were commonly seen. Nerve endings on the glomus cells have the form of small boutons and the other from of large calyces. During the second half of the fetal period, the glomus cells were completely enveloped by supporting cells and nerve terminals. At 260mm, the morphological features of carotid body were similar to those of human adult. The result of this study demonstrates that there are differences between the carotid body and aorticopulmonary bodies, especially with respect to their synaptic complexes, abundant blood capillaries, and two glomus cell types.
An Ultrastructural Study on the Parotid Acinar Cells of X-irradiated Rats
Yang, Nam-Gil ; Park, In-Kyu ; Ahn, E-Tay ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Kim, Jin-Gook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 28~40
Xerostomia and xerophthalmia are delicate or serous side effects, occuring when the radiotherapy is administered to the head and neck cancer patient. It is known that the cause of the above side effect is radiosensitivity of serous cells. In this study, the ultrastructural features of the parotid glands of the X-irradiated rats were observed. Sprague-Dawley rats weighing 200-250g each were anesthetized with sodium thiopental, and placed on the Mitsubishi linear accelerator. Only the head and neck areas of animals were exposured at the distance of 80cm, within the area of
, in the depth of 1cm, with the speed of 200R/min. Total doses applied were 3,000R or 6,000R depending on the experimental groups. Animals were sacrificed on the 6th hour, 2nd day and 6th day after the irradiation. Parotid glands were fixed in the 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde solution, and followed by refixation in the 1% osmium tetroxide solution. Dehydrated blocks were embedded in araldite mixture, and ultrathin sections were cut. Sections were contrasted with the solution of uranyl acetate and lead citrate, and observed with JEM 100 CX-II electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1. Normal parotid acinar cells are two types; the light and the dark acinar cells. The light acinar cell contains dense secretory granules, whereas dark acinar cells contains granules of medium density with some darker spots within them, or other cells contain granules of medium density with darker rims. 2. Six hours after the irradiation, many acinar cells were degenerated showing variable stages of cytolytic bodies, light bodies, or dense degenerations. Within the acinar cell, Golgi apparatus and granular endoplasmic reticula were most severely altered elements. Granules showed more contrasting densities and irregularities. 3. Two days after the irradiation, some cytolytic bodies, and focal lucent degeneration of cytoplasm, and fine granular alteration of cytoplasmic matrix were pronounced. But other elements including secretory granules are rather looked unlatered. 4. Six days after the irradiation, most severe alterations were seen. Many intracellular canaliculi (or secretion figures), quanta of cytoplasm containing secretion antecedants, severely irregular luminal border, and again contrasting density of secretory granules showing tigroid spots or dense rims were noted. And myoepithelial degenerations were observed not uncommonly. 5. Irregular densities of secretory granules were interpreted as abnormal components of protein or carbohydrate portion are synthesized or abnormally metabolized under severe X-irradiation. 6. Myoepithelial degeneration and related alteration of nerve endings, etc., were suggested as the other causes of xerostomia following X-irradiation. 7. It is requested that radiation doses should be arranged, considering in mind not only the sensitivity of acinar cells but also the myoepithelial and neural functions.
Cytochemical and Ultrastructural Studies on Tracheal Epithelium in the Aging Rat
Park, Won-Hark ; Choi, Jeung-Mok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 41~58
The present studies were designed to determine the feasibility of using the rat tracheal epithelium as models for induction of aging. The ultrastructural and cytochemical changes of tracheal epithelium were investigated in rats at ages of five, twelve and twenty four months. Some major changes in the tracheal epithelium with advancing age were observed by electron microscopy. The results were summarized as fellow: 1. With the advance of age, lysosome, vacuole and multivesicular bodies were increased in number and numerous myelinoid bodies were observed in cytoplasm of ciliated cells. 2. In goblet cell, serous cell and brush cell lysosome and myelinoid bodies were increased in number with the advance of age, and an myelinoid bodies was often found within the secretory granule. 3. Cytochemical studies showed that acid phosphatase activities was observed in multivesicular bodies and lysosome, strong activities with the advance of age. And alkaline phosphatase activity are observed in microvilli, granule and lateral membrane of secretory granule cells, and strong activities with age. Consequently suggest that with the advance of age, tracheal epithelium show ultrastructural and cytochemical alteration of some kind of cell organelles in all kind of cell.
The Fine Structure of the Femoral Epiphysis of Growing Mouse: Endochondral Osteogenesis
Yoon, Jae-Rhyong ; Kim, Yong-Joo ; Oh, Chang-Seok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 59~76
Fine structure of the distal femoral epiphysis of growing mouse was studied by electron microscopy. The first morphological evidence of developing secondary center of ossification in the distal femoral epiphysis was found at newborn mouse. Ossification center was in the form of multiple foci of calcification and its cells were represented by remnant of degenerated cells within large lacunae that were separated by mineralized cartilaginous septa. Endochondral ossification beneath the articular cartilage proceeded in a less orderly manner than metaphyseal endochondral ossification. Columns of hypertrophied chondrocytes were not distinctly parallel to intercellular mineralized septa in all direction. Hypertrophied chondrocytes in the inner zone of the epiphseal center of ossification showed disintegrated. Resorption of mineralized cartilaginous septa was undertaken by perivascular cells and multinucleated chondroclasts. Resorption of the calcified cartilage was restricted to the region of ruffled border of the chondroclast. Growth along the metaphyseal side of the epiphyseal center of ossification was different from that along the articular surface. As the secondary center expanded toward the metaphyseal side, many vascular buds penetrated unmineralized cartilaginous septa and invaded viable chondrocytes. Many hypertrophied chondrocytes bodering the metaphyseal side of bone center remained viable after they became embedded in mineralized cartilaginous septa. This result suggested that the hypertrophied.
An Electron Microscopic Study on Type II Pneumonocytes of Lung in O-Chlorobenzylidene Malononitrile (CS) Esposed Albino Rats
Chung, Ho-Sam ; Kim, Byung-Ik ; Paik, Doo-Zin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 77~85
In order to investigating the pulmonary toxicity of the O-chlorobenzyledene malononitrile (CS), lacrimating agent,
of CS was inhalated to Sprague-Dawley rats in the plastic chamber for 20 minutes. The ultrastructural changes of type II pneumocytes in the lung were observed with Hitachi 600 transmission electron microscope. The results obtained were as follows: 1. 3 hours after exposure to CS the fusion of surface microvilli, dilatation of cristernae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum, atrophy of Golgi complex and condensation, deletion of lamellated membranes in lamellar bodies were observed in type II pneumocytes. 2. One and 2 days after CS-exposure, disorganization of mitochondrial double membranes, fragmentations of rough endoplasmic reticulum were found in the great alveolar cells. In addition, decrease in amount of polyribosome granules and deletion or condensation of lamellated membranes in lamellar bodies were also observed. 3. 4 days after exposure to CS, the type II pneumocyte revealed new whorled lamellar membranes in lamellar bodies, a few intact rough endoplasmic reticulum and restoration of polyribosome granules. It is consequently suggested that CS induces degenerative changes of cytoplasmic organelles in the type II pneumocytes.
Ultrastructural Study on the Development of the Synovial Membrane in Human Fetuses
Yoon, Jae-Rhyong ; Chun, Cheol-Hong ; Ahn, Kyu-Youn ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 86~101
The development of synovial membrane from knee joint was studied by electron microscope in human fetuses ranging from 20mm to 260mm crown rump length (40days to 30weeks of gestational age). At 40mm fetus, developing synovial tissue was observed in homogenous interzone as a vascular mesenchyme around the periphery. The primitive joint space was appeared after the intermediate layer of the interzone in direct contact with chondrogenic layer at 60mm fetus. Differentiation of the synovial membrane coincided with clarification of the joint cauity. When dilatation of the synovial cavity occurred, the two types of synovial cells were well endowed with rough endoplasmic reticulum. At 100mm fetus, type A cells with a markedly attenuated cytoplasm were found as well as those cells which contained pinocytotic vesicles and vacuoles. By 150-200mm fetuses a majority of the intimal cells were type B. These cells were characterized by abundant rough endoplasmic reticulum and well developed Golgi complex. In contrast, A-type cell had numerous filopodia, pinocytotic vesicles lysosomes, and large vacuoles containing amorphous material. At 260mm fetus, the intimal cells were well developed and plentiful. The most marked difference between the synovial membrane of full-term fetus and adult was the large amount of collagen in the latter. During fetal period, the B-cells were most numerous cell type in the intimal cells. The B-cells were clearly distinguishable from the A-cells by their content of extensive rough endoplasmic reticulum and well developed Golgi complex.
Structural Character of Two-Dimensional Crystal of the S-Layer Glycoprotein from Methanoplanus limicola
Cheong, Gang-Won ; Kwack, Dae-Oh ; Joo, Woo-Hong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 102~113
A thin section of the methanogenic archaebacterium, Methanoplanus limicola, shows that the surface glycoprotein array (S-layer) is separated from plasma membrane by a distinct inter-space, approximately 4.0-6.0nm wide. We report our structural study of the S-layer by electron crystallographic techniques. Image analysis and thin sections of the S-layer treated with and without triton disclosed that retention of the single layer crystal requires the presence of detergent to avoid hydrophobic bonding.
Ultrastructural Changes in the Formation of Yolk Granules and Vitelline Envelope in Aedes togoi
Lee, Yang-Rim ; Sol, Tae-Min ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 1, 1994, Pages 114~122
Drastic changes were observed in egg chamber during oogenesis of Aedes togoi immediately after blood meal. The egg chamber, in which the oocyte remains at previtellogenic stage before blood meal, shows very little change in size even for 3 days after emergence but increased 25 folds in volume within 60 hours after blood meal, presumably due to rapid yolk formation. Upto 6 hours after blood meal structures considered to be the precursor of the yolk granules were not observed in the space between follicle cells and oocyte. Vitelline bodies, which are similar to dense bodies secreted from follicle cells, appeared in the space at 10 hours after blood meal. Although vitelline bodies were fused to form vitelline layer, these bodies seem to contribute to the formation of yolk granules. Nurse cells are connected to oocytes by cytoplasmic bridge before blood meal, but the cells are absorbed into oocyte at 6 hours after blood meal.