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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 24, Issue 4 - Dec 1994
Volume 24, Issue 3 - Sep 1994
Volume 24, Issue 2 - Jun 1994
Volume 24, Issue 1 - Mar 1994
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Study on the Fine Structure of Retina of Anterior Lateral Eyes in Pardosa astrigera L. Koch (Aranea: Lycosidae)
Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 1~9
Pardosa astrigera possessed eight eyes arranged in three rows on the frontal carapace. A pair of small anterior lateral eyes (ALE) flanked each side by an anterior median eyes (AME) lay along the anterior margin that was situated on the anterior row of clypeus. The anterior lateral eye was composed of cornea, vitreous body, and retina. Cornea was made up mainly of exocuticle lining the cuticle. Lens in anterior lateral eye was biconvex type which bulged into the cavity of the eyecup. Outer and inner central region of lens were approximately spherical with radius of curvature
, respectly. Vitreous body formed a layer between the cuticular lens and retina. They formed biconcave shape. Retina of the anterior lateral eyes was composed of three types of cells: visual cells, glia cells, and pigment cells. The visual cells were unipolar neuron, as were the receptor of the posterior lateral eye. But cell body was unique to the anterior lateral eyes. They were giant cell, relatively a few in number, and under the layer of vitreous bodies. Each visual cell healed rhabdomeres for a short stretch beneath the cell body. Rhabdomes were irregulary pattern in retina and electron dense pigment granules scattered between the rhabdomes. Glia cell situated at the cell body of visual cell and glia cell process reached to rhabdomere portion. Below the rhabdome, tapetum were about
distance from lens, which composed of 4-5 layers. It was about
length that intermediate segment of distal portion of visual cell. Electron dense pigment granules between the intermediate segment were observed.
Morphological Study of the Carrageenin Induced Synovitis
Lee, Hye-Soo ; Shim, Yong-Shik ; Kang, Myoung-Jae ; Kim, Sang-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 10~22
To investigate the morphology of the synovial lining cells, synovitis was induced by carrageenin injection into the rat knee joint cavities. Synovial membranes were excised at 1, 3, 5, 7 and 14 days, and histologic, electron microscopic, histochemical (periodic acid Schiff: PAS, toluidine blue), and enzyme histochemical (acid phosphatase: ACP, nonspecific esterase: NSE and endogenous peroxidase) studies were performed. The results are as follows: Carrageenin induced synovial membrane hypertrophy with synovial cell proliferation and granuloma formation. The proliferated synovial lining cells and macrophages in the granulomatous lesion had round to oval nuclei and large, plump cytoplasm with many phagocytotic materials and vacuoles. Electron microscopically, these cells had small number of granular endoplasmic reticulum and many lysosomes, phagosomes and vaculoes. Mitotic figures were observed at early stage of experiment. PAS and toluidine blue stains showed strongly positive reaction in the cytoplasm of the proliferated lining cells and macrophages in granulomatous lesion. ACP and NSE activities were strong positive in the cytoplasm of the proliferated synovial lining cells and macrophages in the granulomatous lesion. But endogenous peroxidase stains were negative in all prolifeative lining cells and macrophages in granulomatous lesion. Conclusively, carrageenin-induced synovitis showed proliferation of synovial lining cells and granuloma formation in deep layer. The macrophages, which consisted of the lesions and have active phagocytic function, were speculated to proliferate by mitosis of superficial synovial A cells and histiocytes in the deep layer of the synovial membrane.
A Study on the Ultrastructural Changes of Cardiac Muscle in Dichlorvos Treated Albino Rat
Baik, Tai-Kyoung ; Lee, Wha-Mo ; Chung, Ho-Sam ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 23~33
It is well known that dichlorvos (DDVP), an organophosphate insecticide in common use, is so easily and rapidly hydrolyzed and excreted that it has usually little toxic effect on human body. In these days, however, it is widely used as an industrial and domestic insecticide and as an anthelmintic agent for animals, so that the accident of chemical poisoning occurs frequently. DDVP acts as a powerful inhibitor of carboxylic esterase, which can cause accumulation of acetylcholine at the synapses so paralysis of muscle and the transmission failure in cholinergic synapses dueing to desensitization of acetylcholin receptor may occure. Moreover accumulation of the acetylcholine brings about the elevation of the cyclic-AMP, which alters the cellular metabolisms of nucleic acid, carbohydrate, protein and lipid. Present study has undertaken to investigate the cardiotoxic effect of DDVP by electron microscopic study. A total of 30 Sprague-Dawley strain rats, weighing about 250gm were used as experimental animals. 2mg/kg/day of DDVP is intraperitonealy injected 3 times with intervals of every other day. On 1 day, 3 days, 5 days, 7 days and 14 days after drug administration, the animals were sacrified by cervical dislocation. Left ventricular cardiac muscles were resected and sliced into
. The specimens were embedded with Epon 812 and prepared by routine methods for electron microscopical observation. All preparations were stained with lead citrate and uranyl acetate and then observed with Hitachi-600 transmission electron microscope. The results were as follows: 1. In the cardiac muscle of DDVP treated rats, mitochondria with disorganized double membrane and mitochondrial crista, and vacuole formation in mitochondrial matrix were observed. But structures of mitochondria were recovered to normal in 14 days group. 2. In the cardiac muscle of DDVP treated rats, cisternae of sarcoplasmic reticulum were dilated and sacculated. But these changes were recovered to normal in 14 days group. 3. In the cardiac muscle of DDVP treated rats, glycogen particles around damaged myofibrils were decreased. But amount of glycogen particles were restored in 14 days group. 4. In the cardiac muscle of DDVP treated rats, disruption and discontinuation of myofilaments and disorganization of Z-disc were observed. But the structures of myofibrils were recovered to normal in 14 days group. It is consequently suggested that DDVP would induce the reversible degenerative changes on the ultrastructures in cardiac muscle of rat.
Ultrastructure of the digestive tract of Korean Leech (Erpobdella lineata)
Chang, N.S. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 34~45
This investigation has been carried out to examine the structure of digestive tract from Korean Leech, Erpobdella lineata, using light and electron microscope. The digestive tract is composed of mouth, pharynx, Oesophagus, six-chambered stomach, three-chambered intestine, rectum and anus. Stomach and intestine have not gastric or intestine ceca and consist of only straight tube. All digestive tracts from pharynx to rectum are covered with simple columnar epithelial cells. While the surfaces of endothelial cell of pharynx and rectum are covered with cuticular layer of about
in thickness, stomach and intestine are covered with estimated
microvilli respectively. Circular folds were found only in first and second chambers of stomach, intestine and rectum, but not in pharynx and the other chambers (third to sixth) of stomach. The granules of
in diameter were observed in the cytoplasm of stomach endothelial cell. These granules were demonstrated to contain protein which showed a positive reaction to ninhydrin. It was also found that there are well-developed microvilli in the apical portion of intestine endothelial cell in which endocytosis occurs actively.
Ultrastructure of Cymbidium Leaf Tissue Systemically Infected with Odontoglossum Ringspot Virus
Ryu, Ki-Hyun ; Kim, Woo-Kap ; Park, Won-Mok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 46~54
In ultrathin section of the tissue of odontoglossum ringspot virus (ORSV)-infected Cymbidium goeringii Reichenbach, ORSV particles appeared as bundles of irregular aggregates of various length which were called stacked plates or rounded plates. Virus particles were found in the cytoplasm in electron clear zones and they also found between cell wall and plasma membrane. They mainly clustered in parallel aggregates and sometimes oriented randomly. The X-bodies and paramural bodies were observed near the cell membrane and these contained vacuole-like cavities. The cell wall of infected tissue expanded largely. Some chloroplast in ORSV infected cell was irregular. No virus particle was present in mitochondria, nuclei, vacuoles, vesicles or other organelles. The plasmodesmata slightly enlarged, and virus-associated granules were present around it.
Cell Structures of Spermatogenesis of Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss in Reproductive Cycles
Yoon, Jong-Man ; Kim, Gye-Woong ; Park, Chung-Kil ; Roh, Soon-Chang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 55~66
This study was carried out to investigate the histological changes of sperm cells in testis, obtained from 100 of 3-year-old male rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) collected and analysed from March in 1992 to February in 1993. Especially, the ultrastructural changes of spermatogonia, primary and secondary spermatocytes, spermatids, and spermatozoa were examined to describe the reproductive cycles of this species. The results obtained in this study were as follows: The ultrastructures of the gonadotrophs largely parallel the cyclical changes in the testes. Each nest of cells belongs to one spermatogenetic stage, although nests at different stages can be found within the one lobule. At first keterochromatin is dispersed and then is condensed. In mature gamete, the nucleus is dense and homogeneous. The nuclear membrane appeared at the beginning of differentiation. In spermatogonia, Sertoli cells are located at the periphery of their cytoplasm. In the primary spermatocytes, the small mitochondria are abundant over the outer cytoplasm. During cell differentiation, the cytoplasm decreases and the nucleus increases. In spermatids, the protein masses moved towards the posterior part of the nucleus. In late spermatids, the two large mitochondria are located over the cytoplasm. In spermatozoa, two spheroidal mitochondria (about 145nm long) are situated in parallel between the nucleus and the axoneme. Spermatozoa mitochondria are assembled into an organized sheath surrounding the outer dense fibres and axoneme of the flagellar midpiece. The two centrioles are quite separate and the central pair and sheath complex of the flagellum is inserted into the base of the distal centriole.
An Electron-Microscopical Study of Cellulase Activity on Germinating Endosperm of Cannabis saiva L.
Kim, Young-Hee ; Kim, Eun-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 67~77
Storage material of endosperm cells digested by various enzymes should be transported to the embryo. At this time, the cellulose of the endosperm cell wall is guessed to be hydrolyzed by the cellulase enabling to transfer the storage material from the endosperm cells to the embryo. Therefore, this study has been carried out to investigate the ultrastructure of endosperm and the localization of the cellase activity on Cannabis sativa L. during germination. Endosperm cells contain a large number of lipid bodies and protein bodies with globoids as the storage material. During gemination they are gradually degenerated, however, the former almost remain until the cells are completely digested. Electron-microscopical reaction products of cellulase on endosperm cells are present. The closer the embryo, the more amount of reaction products on the endosperm cell wall are appeared.
Reaction at Sub-eutectoid Temperatures in Binary Bypoeutectoid Ti-Co, Ti-Fe Alloys
Lee, Hwack-Joo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 78~86
A TEM study on proeutectoid
reaction at sub-eutectoid temperatures has been made in hypoeutectoid Ti-3.gw/o Co and Ti-5.2w/o Fe alloys. Widmanstatten
plates were formed in both alloys within the
matrix with some modification of degenerate forms. These degenerate plates were formed by the sympathetic nucleation of
interphase boundaries. Three types of sympathetic nucleation, i.e., edge-to-edge, face-to-edge, face-to-face, were found in both alloys. The edge-to-edge sympathetically nucleated crystals formed a low-angle boundary between two crystals. The
interphase boundaries were found to be partially coherent interfaces which consist of regularly spaced misfit dislocations. The growth of these interphase boundaries were accomplished by the lateral movement of growth ledges. The intersection points of two
plates or the low angle boundaries which had formed by edge-to-edge sympathetic nucleation played a role as the potential sources of growth ledges during the growth of plate. The interfacial structures and the spatial morphologies of the degenerate proeutectoid
plates would be expected to influence the nucleation and growth of the succeeding eutectoid decomposition process.
Estimation of Machinability of Lead Brass Based on In-Situ Observation in Scanning Electron Microscope
Jung, Seung-Boo ; Lim, Ok-Dong ; An, Seong-Uk ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 24, issue 3, 1994, Pages 87~93
In order to elucidate the machinability of lead brass, orthogonal machining experiment was conducted in SEM(Scanning Electron Microscope) equipped with a micro-machining device at a cutting speed of
for brass containing 0.2 to 3wt% Pb. The microfactors (i.e., shear angle, contact length between chip and tool) were determined by in-situ observations. Machinability of brass containing lead is discussed in terms of the microfactors and the cutting resistant force tested by lathe cutting. The dynamic behavior of the chip formation of lead brass during the machining process was examined: The chips of lead brass form as a shear angle type. The shear angle increases with the content of lead in (6:4) brass. The pronounced effect of lead on the contact length between chip and tool was observed above 1% Pb. The cutting resistant force tested by lathe decreases remarkably with the lead content in brass. The observed microfactors are in close relation to the tested resistant force in macromachining.