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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 25, Issue 4 - Dec 1995
Volume 25, Issue 3 - Sep 1995
Volume 25, Issue 2 - Jun 1995
Volume 25, Issue 1 - Mar 1995
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Ultrastructural Pattern of Synapses in the Rat Neostriatum during Postnatal Development
Lee, Hee-Lai ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 1~8
This study was performed to analyze the morphological changes of synapses during early postnatal periods. Neonatal rats were grouped by 3, 7, 14, 21, 28 and 42day old, and observed the ultrastructural pattern of the synapses in the neostriatum by transmission electron microscope. 1. The number of synapse, the length of postsynaptic thickening and the amount of synaptic vesicles markedly increase during postnatal development 2. The proportion of asymmetric and curved synapses gradually increase by developmental periods. From the above results, it is suggested that the size of synapse increase during post-natal period, and asymmetric synapse are formed from the symmetric type and curved synapse are formed from the plane type.
Ultrastructure of Stemmata in Cabbage Butterfly, Pieris rapae L.
Kim, Chang-Shik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 9~16
Ultrastructure of stemmata(larval eye) of 5th-instar larval in cabbage butterfly, Pieris rapae L, was morphologically investigated with light microscope, scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope Six stemmata are on each side of the head. Stemmata V and VI have a Y-shaped sulcus on the surface of their corneal lenses, the others have a columnar shaped process and smooth globular surface. The visual type of stemmata is resembled a single ommatidium of compound eye. The dioptric apparatus are a biconvex shaped cornea and crystalline cone. As a photoreceptor, each stemmata consists of 7 retinular cells arranged into 2 tiers. The first ceil tier of 3 distal retinular cells has formed a V-shaped cup rhabdome and the second cell tier of 4 basal retinular cells has formed a H-shaped fused rhabdome. Each retinular cell filled with pigment granules and contained multivesiclular bodies, coated vesicle and common organelles. The peripheral parts of retinular cells are enveloped by neuroglia cells and retinular cells are surrounded by 3 corneagenous cells. The distal portions of the 3 corneagenous cells contact each other, but the Y-shaped stemmata is separated from each other immediately under the cornea. The 7 axons from each stemma congregate into a bundle and each 7-axon group joins to form a stemmatal nerve, consisting of 42 retinular axons.
Studies on the Oogenesis of the Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler
Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Kim, Jong-Se ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 17~25
This paper aims to probe the cell differentiation and gene activity in early Oogenesis from Dendrolimus spectabilis Butler by transmission electron microscope. The 8 cystocytes are formed by mitosis of the Oogonia, and differentiated to the 1 Oocyte and 7 nurse cells. The oocyte and nurse cells are connected by ring canals, through which the cytoplasmic organelles such as mitochondria, free ribosomes, and electron dense granular materials are passed from nurse cells to o cyte. Many replication fork in the cystocyte nuclei and 2 transcriptional units of
in the nurse cells are observed by the chromatin spreading technique. It is possible that transcriptional units are passed from nurse cells to Oocyte.
Effect of Exercise Training on Aging Atrophy in Rat Skeletal Muscle II. Effect of Long Term Weight-Training
Park, Sung-Han ; Park, Won-Hark ; Lee, Yong-Deok ; Kim, Jung-Ki ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 26~51
The present study was designed to examine effect of long term weight-training on aging atrophy in the rat skeletal muscle. Male rats of 8, 15, and 24 month old were used. Each age groups included control and weight-training for 5 months by using body press apparatus. The histo- and cytochemical, ultrastructural and stereological changes in aging skeletal muscles of the rat were observed in the present study. During the training period the body weight and muscular weight in all groups except the rectus femoris and the gastrocnemius in young age groups remained constant, but muscular weights were increased in the rectus femoris and the gastrocnemius muscles in young age groups. In trained rat, the volume density of muscle fiber type IIA and IIB were increased, but those of type IIC was decreased. Type I remained constant in 8 and 15 month old age groups, but reduced in the tibialis anterior and the gastrocnemius muscles in the 24 month old groups. Some histotological and ultrastructural changes associated with age were found: numerical increase of cytiplasmic vacuoles, lysosomes, lipofuscins, and irregularity of myofibrils. At 24 month old groups some unusual formation of contraction band and muscle splitting were observed. After weight-training, ultrastructural degenerative changes occured in the type I muscle fiber, such as splitting of muscle fiber, disorganization of myofilaments, swelling of mitochondria, accumulation of many lipid droplets, appearance of many lysosomes and residual bodies and necrotic fibers, in the old age groups. But, in the type II muscle fibers hypertrophy of muscle fiber appeared without any noticible damage as the type I. The activities of
-ATPase decreased with age and this enzyme activities in the trained rat were significantly decreased with age. Activities of the acid phosphatase were increased with age and significantly in the trained rat. In stereological analysis, volume density of the myofibrils and the tubular system were increased, on the other hand there mitochondrial capacity was decreased. These experimental results suggested that old rats are not susceptible to be affected by weight-training as young rats, and that physical capacity of the rats must be considered when old rats are exercised for training.
Foliar ultrastructure of Korean Orostachys species
Kim, In-Sun ; Pak, Jae-Hong ; Seo, Bong-Bo ; Song, Seung-Dal ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 52~61
Ultrastructural characteristics were examined with leaves of three species, O. japonicus A. Berger, O. malacophyllus Fisch., and O. sikokianus Owhi that probably have CAM mode. The mesophyll cells of these Orostachys possessed vacuoles with precipitates, myelin-like figures, and plasmalemmasomes, along with typical chloroplasts, microbodies and darkly stained bodies in their thin peripheral cytoplasm. Separation of the plasmalemma from the cell wall, leaving a space between them, was a common phenomenon in these species. A complex array of small to large vacuoles which contain small, membrane-bounded vesicles or vacuole-like structures were frequently found. A well-developed thylakoid system was observed in the chloroplasts and this indicates that the photosynthetic capacity of these mesophyll cells is probably active. A peculiar configuration of cytoplasm, especially around the chloroplasts, was also encountered. The variety of cytoplasmic constituents and vacuoles suggest the water-storing mesophyll cells may be complex in function. Some cellular features detected in this study strongly suggest the possible occurrence of CAM mode in Orostachys species.
A Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on the Sinusoidal Fenestrations in the Hepatic Lobule of Normal Rat
Koh, Seong-Eun ; Shin, Young-Chul ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 62~70
Rat liver sinusoids were observed by scanning electron microscopy. The sinusoids were provided with fenestrations which were divided into three types; small, medium-sized and large. The small fenestrations were usually gathered into clusters. The medium-sized fenestrations were either individually organized or in the cluster of small fenestrations. The large fenestrations were usually accompanied by small or medium-sized fenestrations. The lobule was divided into three zones; peripheral, intermediate and central, according to the distribution pattern of the fenestrations. The sinusoid providing with small fenestrations (type I) were predominant in the peripheral zone. The sinusoid showing medium-sized fenestrations (type II) were frequently observed in the central zone. The sinusoid having large fenestrations (type III) were abundant in the intermediate zone. This evidence indicate that the sinusoidal fenestrations become larger toward the intermediate zone from the peripheral zone of the lobule and progressively smaller toward the central zone. However, the fenestrations observed in the central zone seem to be larger than those seen in the peripheral zone of the lobule.
Electron Microscopic Study of Structures and Storage Reserves in Capsicum annuum Seeds
Kim, Se-Kyu ; Kim, Eun-Soo ; Kim, Woo-Kap ; Lee, Kwang-Woong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 71~82
The ultrastructure and storage reserves of the Capsicum annuum seeds were studied in order to identify structure and to localize storage components in the endosperm using light microscopy, scanning and transmission electron microscopy. The seed coat was composed of one cell layer which contained a large number of lipid bodies, while most of the endosperm cells did not showed many lipid bodies. During seed maturation, the endosperm cells were continuously degenerated by the autophagy. Various types of plastids were also distinguished in the endosperm cells. They contained starch grains surrounded by electron-dense tiny particles, plastoglobuli, and vasicular bodies.
Ultrastructural Changes Induced by Telluric Acid in the Rat Liver
Son, Serk-Joo ; Jeong, Young-Gil ; Cho, Seung-Muk ; Baik, Tai-Kyung ; Choi, Chang-Do ; Choi, Wol-Bong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 83~103
This experiment was carried out to investigate the effects of telluric acid on the histological and fine structural changes in the rat liver. Fischer 344 rats(
) were used in this study as control and experimental groups. Telluric acid(5 mg/100 gm of body weight) suspensed in olive oil was given intraperitoneally to the animals of the experimental group and only olive oil to those of the control group. At the intervals of 3, 6 and 12 hours, 1, 2, 3, 5, 10, 20, 30 and 60 days after administration, the animals were sacrificed, and livers were obtained from the rats. For light microscopic examination of the liver, sections(
) were stained with hematoxylineosin(H-E). For electron microscopic examination of the liver, sections were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate, finally examined with Zeiss EM 109 electron microscopes. The results obtained were as follows. 1. In the control group, round nucleus. well developed mitochondria, Golgi apparatus, rough endoplasmic reticulum(RER) and numerous glycogen particles were observed in the cytoplasm of the hepatocyte. In the cytoplasmic membranes of the hepatocyte, sinusoidal surface had numerous microvilli and cellular surface is combinated adjacent hepatocyte with desmosomes. The RER cisterns were dilated and zymogen granules were fewer than those of the dark cells. Kupffer cells with irregular nuclear membrane were observed. Fat storing cell and collagenous fiber bundle were observed in the Disse space. 2. Kupffer cell, inflammatory cells in the connective tissue of hepatic triad and lysosome were increased in the 3, 6, and 12 hour experimental group comparing with that of the control group. 3. In the 1 day experimental group, infiltration of inflammatory cells in interlobular connective tissue, dilatation of sinusoidal capillary and increasing of Kupffer cell were observed. Atropic change of hepatocyte and aggregation of glycogen particles in the cytoplasm of hepatocyte were observed. In this group, desmosome near bile canaliculi and collagenous fiber bundle in the Disse space were increased comparing with that of the 12 hours experimental group. In the 2 days experimental group, desmosome, lysosome, peroxisome and collagenous fiber bundle were increased comparing with that of the 1 day experimental group. Furthermore, lamellated bodies were also seen in the cytoplasm of the hepatocyte. 4. In 3 and 5 days experimental groups, transformations of hepatic cell cord and degeneration of the hepatocyte were markedly inclosed comparing with the all experimental groups. And damaged RER and mitochondria. collagenous fiber bundle were also inclosed comparing with that of the 2 days experimental group. Autophagosome and fat storing cells with large lipid droplets were also observed comparing with that of the 2 days experimental group. Tight junction and desmosome between the hepatocytes were separated. These degenerating changes were severe through the all experimental groups. 5. In the 10 and 20 days experimental groups, arrangement of hepatic cell cords and cell organelles of hepatocytes were similar to those of the control group. However, aggregation of glycogen particles, dilatation of sinusoidal capillary and infiltration of inflammatory cells remained. 6. In the 30 days experimental group, the tissue findings were similar to those of the control grout. But lamellated bodies in some hepatocytes and lysosome were remained in the cytoplasms of the Kupffer cells. In the 60 days experimental group, these all changes were recovered as the control group. In conclusion, telluric acid would directly induce the degenerative and necrotic changes on the hepatic tissue. However, these changes were perfectly recoverd in the 60 days experimental group as the control group.
Ultrastructural Changes of the Epidermis of Guppy(Poecilia reticulatus) Scale Adapted to the Seawater
Moon, Young-Wha ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 104~114
The epidermis of scales in the abdominal parts from freshwater- and seawater-adapted guppies(Poecilia reticulatus) were studied respectively by scanning- and transmission- electronmicroscope. In the seawater adapted group, the surface area of pavement cells is increased nearly twice as much as that of freshwater-adapted group, and the pavement cells are relatively flattened. Adaptatoin to seawater causes the increment of the density of glycocalyx in the surface of the microridge of pavement cells, as well as the well developed intercellular junctional complex(desmosome) between neighbouring filament-containing cells. Also, intercellular space between adjacent filament-containing cells is more frequently observed in the epidermis of seawater adapted guppy.
The Ultrastructure of Photoreceptor Cells in Frog Retina
Kim, Jin-Suk ; Jeon, Jin-Seok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 115~123
This study was carried out to observe the functional ultrastructures of photoreceptor cells in frog(Rana catesbeiana) retina using transmission electron microscope. The photoreceptor cells are divided into two types-rod and cone cells-consist of outer and inner segment. The long outer segment of rod cell contains dense stacks of membrane and formed vertical and horizontal folds. The outer segment of cone cell is small, and vertical and horizontal folds are not exist. The electron dense cytoplasm of rod cell contains compact mitochondria, Golgi complexes, and endoplasmic reticula. The inner segment of cone cell shows low electron density and contains a large lipid droplet in the upper part of inner segment. In addition, cone cell contains many mitochondria, Golgi complexes. rough endoplasmic reticula, ribosomes and numerous glycogen particles. It is believed that these ultrastructural characteristics are closely associated with photoreceptive function of photoreceptor cells in frog retina.
High Resolution TEM Observations in
Lee, Hwack-Joo ; Ryu, Hyun ; Hur, Nam-H. ; Park, Yong-K. ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 25, issue 4, 1995, Pages 124~131
High resolution transmission electron microscopic observations on the
(x=0.00, 0.25, 0.50, 0.75) were carried out using side-entry type TEM working at 300 kV. The TEM samples are prepared by powder method. The pellets are crushed in agatar motar and suspended in
, solution and scooped in holely carbon microgrid. The 1223 structures are observed in all samples with  zone axis. Except x=0.25 sample, the lattice parameter a and c tend to decrease as the thallium contents are increased ranging from 0.3936 nm to 0.3713 nm for a, and from 1.6131 nm to 1.5138 nm for c parameter. Those of x=0.25 sample are reduced too much, 0.3785 nm for a, 1.5375 nm for c. The sample with x=0.25 shows the intergrowth of 1223 and 1234 structure with the ratio of 19 to 1. As the thallium content increases, the structures become more stable without having any defect. The samples are damaged by electron beam irradiation during the observation, however the structure can endure longer as the thallium contents are increased.