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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 26, Issue 4 - Dec 1996
Volume 26, Issue 3 - Sep 1996
Volume 26, Issue 2 - Jun 1996
Volume 26, Issue 1 - Mar 1996
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Effects of Mercuric Chloride on the Differentiation Cerebral Neuron of Chick Embryo (II)
Kim, Saeng-Gon ; Jeong, Hae-Man ; Cho, Kwang-Phil ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 253~266
To investigate the effects of mercuric chloride (
) on the differentiation of the cerebral neuron of chick embryo 9 days, the ultrastructural changes in nerve cells injected with a various doses of mercuric chloride were observed with transmission electron microscope. The enzyme activity of the some dehydrogenases, cerebral proteins and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were also analyzed. The results obtained are as follows: The ultrastructural changes in 0.5 and 1.0mg-injected groups were undetectable, but in 2.0mg-injected group, the nuclear envelops were very irregular and mitochondria, were swelled and destroyed partly. The number of polypeptide bands separated by SDS-PAGE in the normal group were 37 bands. According to the in creased dose of mercuric chloride, contends of the bands were increased in 7 bands. The activities of dehydrogenases were declined by increasing the dose of mercuric chloride. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity failed to 78% in 1.0mg-injected group and greatly to 68% in 2.0 mg-injected group. Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) activity failed to 81% in 2.0 mg-injected group. On the other hand, succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity decreased to 80% in 1.0 mg-injected group and greatly to 63% in 2.0 mg-injected group. ATP content in 1.0 mg-injected group was increased slightly and in 2.0 mg-injected group was increased greatly.
Ultrastructural Study on Spermatogenesis of Rockfish, Sebastes inermis (Pisces: Scorpaenidae)
Lee, Jung-Sick ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 267~275
The internal ultrastructural changes of germ cells and external morphology of spermatozoon during the spermatogenesis in the rockfish, Sebastes inermis were studied using transmission and scanning electron microscope. The testis is seminiferous tubule type in internal structure. Seminiferous tubule consist of many cyst which contain numerous germ cells in same developmental stage. Spermatogonium contained a large nucleus with single nucleolus in interphase. Primary spermatocyte identified by the presence of synaptonemal complex in nucleus and the contained a number of mitochondria, endoplasmic reticula and Golgi bodies in cytoplasm. The nucleoplasm of secondary spermatocyte was more concentrated than that of the previous phase. Spermatids were more condensed in nucleus and cytoplasm, and show the long-spherical shape. In the cytoplasm of spermatid mitochondria located to lower portion of the nucleus and Golgi bodies located to upper portion, but proacrosomal granule is not appeared. The spermatozoon consist of the head and tail. No acrosome could be found in the head. The cytoplasmic collar of posterior part in sperm head contained mitochondria which surrounded axial filament. The well developed axonemal lateral fins were identified in sperm flagellum, and the axial filament of the flagellum consist of nine pairs of peripheral microtubules and one pair of central microtubules.
A Comparative Study on the Ultrastructures of the Egg Envelope in Fertilized Eggs of Fishes, Characidae, Three Species
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Reu, Dong-Suck ; Deung, Young-Kun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 277~291
The structures of the egg envelope in fertilized eggs of three species of characidae, head and tail light fish (Hemigrammus ocellifer), black tetra (Gymnocorymbus ternetzi), and buenos aires tetra (Hemigrammus caudovittatus) were studied using light and electron microscopes. The fertilized eggs in all species were colorless, transparent, spherical and non-floted type. The egg envelopes have a single micropyle resembling the pathway of sperm in the area of the animal pole. The micropyle was surrounded by protruded lines of the egg envelope in a radiated form. Egg envelopes of fertilized eggs in both head and tail light fish and buenos aires tetra consisted of three distinct layers; an outer layer, a middle layer and an inner layer. And that of blacktetra consisted of two layers; an outer layer and an inner layer. Also, an outer layers of both head and tail light fish and black tetra were adhesive types but, in that of buenous aires tetra was non-adhesive type. An outer surface of egg envelope in black tetra was arranged by pores regularly. In that of head and tail light fish and buenos aires tetra have a rough side. An inner layer of egg envelope in fertilized eggs consisted of lamellae alternating with interlamellae of lower electron density; an inner layer of fertilized eggs in head and tail light fish consisted of three layers, that of black tetra was four layers, and that of buenos aires tetra was five layers.
Effects of Alkylating Agent on the Sertoli Cell of the Seminiferous Tubule in the Mouse
Jung, Hae-Man ; Cho, Kwang-Phil ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 293~303
This paper aims to probe that the effect of high dose of cyclophosphamide to the Sertoli cells of the mouse was examined by transmission electron microscope. In the normal group, Sertoli cells contact each other around the basal aspect of the seminiferous tubule, forming numerous row of tight junction, blood-testis barrier. Sertoli cells contain smooth endoplasmic reticulum, well developed Golgi comples, a number of round mitochondria and microfilament. The cytoplasmic necrosis are observed from the 1-time treated group. In the 2-times treated group, smooth endoplasmic reticulum are more developed than normal group, but cisternae are partially dilated. In the 3-times treated group, the smooth endoplasmic reticulum are not developed. In the 2-times treated group, the inner membrane of the mitochondria are partially disrupted, and cristae are all disrupted in the 3-times treated group. The microfilaments are not observed in the all treated groups. According to the results above, it seems that smooth endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, and microfilament are disrupted by toxic effects of the cyclosphamide to the Sertoli cells of the mouse.
Fine Structure of Salivary Gland in Korean Slug (Incilaria fruhstorferi)
Chang, Nam-Sub ; Han, Jong-Min ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 305~313
Acinous gland cells (A, B, C, D and E-type cells) and duct cell (G-type cell) are observed in acinus and in duct of salivary gland of Korean Slug respectively by electron microscope. The type-A gland cells are numerous and are packed with medium electron dense granules (diameter,
) in cytoplasm. The circular shaped nucleolus and evenly developed chromatins are observed in the nucleus of type-B cell, and cytoplasm includes medium electron dense granules (diameter,
). The type-C gland cell has a round nucleus, and thin elongated-shaped heterochromatins are evenly distributed in the nucleoplasm and many net shaped endoplasmic reticulums and oval serous granules of middle electron density (diameter,
) fill the cytoplasm. The type-D gland cell is the largest and the most numerous of the gland cells consisting the salivary gland and heterochromatins in nucleus are well developed in the nucleoplasm. Most of granules (diameter,
) in cytoplasm are round, and look dark for the high electron density, and cytoplasm is filled with net-shaped endoplasmic reticulums. The type-E gland cells are rarely existent around the salivary gland, and the granules of those cells are irregular in shape and size and are vacuolized in cytoplasm. Intralobular salivary duct is composed of the high electron dense squamus endotheliums, while the other interlobular salivary duct is filled with irregular columnar epitheliums. The interlobular duct cell contains the high electron dense granules (size,
) in cytoplasm and those granules are secreted into cilia of salivary lumen.
Effect of SOD on Ultrastructural Changes of Gastric Parietal Cells in the Cisplatin Treated Rats
Paik, Doo-Jin ; Park, Kyu-Wan ; Chung, Ho-Sam ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 315~328
This study aims to demonstrate the effect of SOD (superoxide dismutase), one of the antioxidant enzymes, on the ultrastructural changes in the parietal cells caused by the administration of cisplatin in the rat. A total of 60 healthy Sprague-Dawley rats weighing about 200 gm were used as experimental animals. Cisplatin (6 mg/kg) was administered intraperitoneally to rats pretreated with 15,000 unit/kg of SOD or rats without the pretreatment. The experimental animals were sacrificed at 6 hours, 12 hours, 24 hours and 3 days after the administration of cisplatin. The results were as follows: 1. SOD alone did not affect the ultrastructural changes in the gastric parietal cells in the rat. 2. Irregular shaped mitochondria, mitochondria with dim cristae, dilated cristae, ruptured outer membrane, electron lucent matrix and degenerative mitochondria were seen in cisplatin treated rat. Whorled membranous body, many lysosomes and large vacuole were observed in the gastric parietal cells in cisplatin treated rat. 3. Mitochondria with dilated cristae and electron lucent matrix and irregular shaped mitochondria were observed in the gastric parietal cells of the cisplatin treated rat with pretreatment of SOD. These results suggest that SOD attenuates the toxic effect of the cisplatin in the gastric parietal cells of the rat.
Electron Microscopic Study on the Development of the Lateral Motor Column in the Spinal Cord of the Human Fetus
Yoon, Jae-Rhyong ; Choi, Tai-Yeop ; Nam, Kwang-Il ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 329~348
The prenatal development of lateral motor columns in the lumbar spinal cord was studied by electron microscopy in human embryos and fetuses ranging from 9 mm to 260 mm crown-rump length (
weeks of gestational age). At 9 mm embryo, the lateral motor column were developed from ventro-lateral projection into the marginal layer and composed of primitive neuroblasts. At 20 mm embryo the primitive motor neurons were packed closely together and could readly be distinguished from primitive glioblasts by a presence of large nuclei. The primitive multipolar neurons were observed in lateral motor column at 40 mm fetus. At 80 mm fetus multipolar neurons were characterized by their many dendrites and axons in the vicinity of motor neuron perikarya. At 260 mm fetus, the motor neurons were large and contained all intracytoplasmic structures in the cytoplasm which were also found in mature motor neuron in lateral motor column. The first axo-dendritic synapses found at 40 mm fetus and increased in number throughout fetal development. Axo-somatic synapses with spherical vesicles were first observed at 80 mm fetus. A few axo-somatic synapses were found at next prenatal stages. Axo-dendritic and axo-somatic synapses contained mixed populations of spherical and flattened vesicles by 120 mm fetus. These findings indicate that axo-dendritic synapses develop prior to axo-somatic synapses in the spinal cord during neurogenesis.
Ultrastructural Study on the Development of the Small Granule-Containing Cells in Superior Cervical Ganglion of Human Fetus
Yoon, Jae-Rhyong ; Min, Young-Don ; Nam, Kwang-Il ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 349~367
The development of small granule-containing cell in the superior cervical ganglion was studied by electron microscopic method in human fetuses ranging from 40 mm to 260 mm crown rump length (10 to 30 weeks of gestational age). At 40 mm fetus, the superior cervical ganglion was composed of clusters of undifferentiated cells, primitive neuroblasts, and unmyelinated nerve fibers together with blood vessels. At 90 mm fetus, the superior cervical ganglion consisted of neuroblasts, satellite cell, small granule-containing cells, and unmyelinated nerve fibers. Two morphological types of the small granule-containing cells in the superior cervical ganglion were first indentified at 90 mm fetus, but were rare. Type I granule-containing cell occurred in solitary and had long processes, whereas type II cells tend to appeared in clusters near the blood capillaries. The granule-containing cells were characterized by the presence of dense-cored vesicles ranging from
in diameter in both the cell bodies and processes. Other organelles included abundant mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticulum, neurotubules, and widely distributed ribosomes. The granule-containing cells had long processes similar to those found in principal ganglionic cells. They could be identified by their content in dense-cored vesicles. The small granule-containing cells increased somewhat in size and number with increase of fetal age. Synaptic contacts were first found on the solitary granule-containing cell at 150 mm fetus. Synaptic contacts between the soma and processes of type I granule-containing cells and preganglionic axon terminals were observed. In addition, synaptic junctions between the processes of granule-containing cells and presumed dendrite of postganglionic neuron were also observed from 150 mm onward. On the basis of these features type I granule-containing cells could be considered as interneurons. The clusters of type II granule-containing cells were located in the interstitial or subcapsular portions of the ganglion, and had short processes which ended in close relation to fenestrated capillaries. Therefore it may be infer that clusters of type II granule-containing cells have an endocrine function.
Apoptosis in Chloride Cells of Killifish (Orizias latipes) Gills Adapted to the Seawater
Kang, Wha-Sun ; Moon, Young-Wha ; Han, Ji-Won ; Kim, Han-Hwa ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 369~377
Ultrastructural changes of chloride cells in the gill from seawater-adapted killifish (Orizias latipes) were studied with a transmission electronmicroscope. Chloride cells contain many mitochondria and specifically developed tubular systems. Apical pits, formed by several neighboring chloride cells, were exposed to the environment. Degeneration and death of the chloride cells by apoptosis occurred more frequently than by necrosis. Apoptotic chloride cells shrank, became to apoptotic bodies, and eventually were phagocytosed and digested by the microphages around them. We conclude that apoptosis plays an important role in increased cellular turnover of chloride cells for the osmoregulation caused by changes in salinity of the environment.
Formation of Incommensurate Phase in TiNiFe Processed by Self-propagating High Temperature Synthesis Method
Cho, Jae-Seob ; Kim, Do-Hyang ; Kim, Yong-Seog ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 26, issue 3, 1996, Pages 379~388
Structure of premartensite in
prepared by self-propagating high temperature synthesis (SHS) method has been investigated by a detailed transmission electron microscopy.
consists of microdomain area and needle type domain area. On the other hand,
consists of microdomain-free and microdomain area, and needle type domain area. Various types of extra superreflections, such as 1/2<100>, 1/2<110> and 1/4<210> type superreflection have been observed in the selected area electron diffractions from microdomain area. Such extra superreflections are due to transformation from B2 structure to distorted B2 structure or premartensite. The present study shows that incommensurate phase forms as an intermediate phase during martensitic transformation. Particularly, in Fe-free
, two types of matrix phases have been observed, microdomain and microdomain-free area. Types of extra superreflections in
are different from those in
, i.e. 1/7<321> type superreflections have been observed, instead of 1/2<110>, 1/2<100>, 1/4<210> types in