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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Structure of Epithelium and Gland cells in a Korean leech, Whitemenia edentula
Chang, Nam-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 1~12
Dorsal and ventral epithelium of leech, Whitemenia edentula, were observed, using both light and electron-microscope. Results are as follows. Epithelia are composed of simple columnar or irregularly-shaped epithelium, the transveral folds were seen in the cross-sectioned dorsal and ventral epithelia, but only longitudinal folds(depth
) were discovered in the ventral epithelium. As to muscular tissue under the dorsal epithelium of Whitemenia edentula, that of longitudinal muscle layer is thicker and more developed than that of circular muscle layer. Seven gland cells (type-A, B, C, D, E, F and H cells) and one pigment cell (type-G cell) were discovered in the whitemenia edentula. Those were identified as three kinds of the neutral mucopolysaccharide granoles (type-A, B and F cells), two kinds of acidic mucopolysaccharide granules (type-C and D cells), and two kinds of non-reactive granules respectively (type-E and F cells). The glanules of the type-A and type-B gland cells ae electronly high-dense, and surrounded by the muscular tissue. As to the distribution of gland cells, the type-A, type-B, type-C, type-D, type-I and type-H gland cells were discovered only between the connective tissue and the circular muscle layer, while type-F gland cells were discovered only between tile circular muscle layer and the longitudinal muscle layer.
Ultrastructural Study on the Thymus following the Administration of 5-Fluoruracil or Mitomycin
Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Ahn, E-Tay ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Park, Dong-Boon ; Kyung, Hong-Kee ; Han, Young-Bok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 13~30
The experiment was performed to study the morphological responses of the thymus of the mice, to antitumour agents (5-Fluorouracil or mitomycin C). Healthy adult mice weighing 25 gm each were divided into normal and experimental groups. 5-Fluorouracil (60 mg/kg) or Mitomycin-C
were injected subcutaneously to the animals every other day. Animals were sacrificed at 4 days and 7 days following the first injection. Pieces of the tissue taken from the thymus were prefixed with 2.5% paraformaldehyde-l.5% glutaraldehyde, followed by post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide. Ultrathin sections stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate were observed with a JEM 100 CX-II electron microscope. The observed results were as follow: 1. Apoptoses of T-lymphocytes were observed more frequently in the thymus of the experimental groups than in those of a normal group. 2. In the experimental group, the plasma cells with distended cisternae of the granular endoplasmic reticulum and the eosinophile leukocytes were observed frequently. 3. In the experimental group, newly forming Hassall's corpurscles were observed frequently. 4. In the mitomycin-treated group, the epithelial reticular cells containing distended perinuclear cisternae, distended the granular endoplasmic reticula and pyknotic nuclei were observed in the cortico-medullary junctional area. 5. In the mitomycin-treated group, nuclear bodies with medium electron dense materials were often observed in the T lymphocyte. 6. In the 5-fluorouracil-treated groups, fused and dissolved tonofilament bundles and apoptotic bodies were observed in the some epithelial reticular cells in the medullary area. 7. In the 5-fluorouracil-treated groups, some elongated and bar-shaped lysosomes with electron lucent gap were often observed in the macrophages. 8. In the 5-fluorouracil-treated group, membrane complex of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum were ofen observed in the macrophage. From the above results, it was suggested that 5-fluorouracil or mitomycin could induce rapid involution of the thymus, and disturb maturation and differentiation of T lymphocytes, and, in turn, supress immunity.
Effects of Mercuric Chloride and Potassium Dichromate on the Thymic Ultrastructure
Ahn, E-Tay ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Park, In-Kyu ; Kyung, Hong-Kee ; Han, Young-Bok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 31~46
Ultrastructure of mouse thymus was evaluated, following the administration of potassium dichromate and mercuric chloride, the heavy metals of evironmental pollutants. Potassium dichromate (20 mg/kg) or mercuric chloride solutions (10 mg/kg) were subcutanously injected to the mice. Six hours, three days and two weeks after the injections, animals were sacrificed. Thymic tissues were fixed in 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde solutions. The procedure was followed by the fixation in 1% osmium tetroxide solutions. Washed and dehydrated tissue-blocks were embedded in the araldite mixture. Ultra-thin sections were stained with uranyl acetate-lead citrate solutions. Results observed were as follows: 1. In electron microscopy, cortical population of thymocytes in the thymus of experimental groups were reduced. especially in the outer cortex. Subcapsular cortices of potassium dichromate treated mice were filled with many epithelial reticular cells, whereas the similar area of mercuric chloride-treated mice exhibited large intercellular spaces. 2. In the thymus of mercuric chloride treated group, large intercellular spaces were formed by shrinkage of epithelial reticular cells, and the space was invaded by numerous cytoplasmic projections of macrophages. Thymocytes nuded out from the shrunken cytoplasm of epithelial reticular cells, presented numerous microvilli. 3. In the thymus of potassium dicromate treated group, many activated macrophages and plasma cells migrated into thymic cortices. 4. In the perivascular spaces of thymic cortices of potassium dichromate- and mercuric chloride-treated mice, activated macrophages. plasma cells, collagen fibrils, and flocculent substance of exudated materials were exhibited. From the above findifgs, it was concluded that potassium dichromate or mercuric chloride could disturb the normal differentiation or 'education' of T cells in the thymic cortex. In turn, these heavy metals may hurt the immunological defense mechanism.
Effect of Squalene on Adriamycin-Induced Cytotoxicity in Mice Liver
Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Choi, Young-Bok ; Kim, Jong-Se ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 47~56
The objective of the present study was to investigate the cytotoxicity of adriamycin in liver cells (group A), and the protective effect of squalene to the hepatocytes to which adriamycin-induced cytotcxicity (group B) was examined by transmission electron micro-scope. In the group A, The cisternae of rough endoplasmic reitculum and smooth endoplasmic reticulum are dilated/disoriented at 24 hours and 48 hours. The inner and outer membrane of mitochondria are detached or destructed , and attached ribosomes of rough endoplasmic reticulum are diminished in number. The cisternae of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum are dilated, and the cristae of mitochondria are disrupted at 72 hours and 96 hours. In the group B, the cisternae of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and smooth endoplasmic resticulum are dilated at 24 hours. The cisternae of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum are dilated at 48 hours. The cell organelles of hepatocytes are recovered from cytotoxicity at 72 hours. These results suggest that 50 is not only concerned with composition of the membrane system of the cell organelles but also decreased the cytotoxicity of the hepatocytes.
Ultrastructural Observations of Glutamatergic Synaptic Components in the Basilar Pontine Nuclei of the Dog
Lee, Hyun-Sook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 57~70
The distribution of glutamatergic synaptic structures in the dog basilar pons was investigated at the ultrastructural level using monoclonal antibodies against fixative-modified glutamate. Electron-dense reaction product was densely localized at the perinuclear region in the neurenal somata and often observed along the microtubules located within the dendritic processes. One or more unlabelled axon terminals made asymmetric synaptic contacts with glutamate-immunoreactive dendritic profiles. In audition, reaction product was observed either within axonal processes surrounded by myelin sheath or axon terminals. Immunoreactive axon terminals made asymmetric synaptic contact either with unlabelled or labelled dendritic profiles. These observations provided an anatomic evidence of how this excitatory neural element might perform its function in a multisynaptic pathway involving glutamatergic afferents to the basilar pons, glutamate-immunoreactive pontocerebellar projection neurons, and the glutamate-positive granule cells of the cerebellar cortex.
Redifferentiation of the Cutaneous Pigment System during the Wound Healing Process in the Goldfish, Carassius auratus
Moon, Myung-Jin ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 71~86
The regeneration and differentiation of the cutaneous pigment system in the goldfish, Carassius auratus during the wound healing process were studied with high magnification electron microscope. The cutaneous pigment cells of the normal tissues were composed of three kinds of dermal chromatophores-xanthophores, leucoiphores and melanophores. While xanthophores contain two kinds of pigment granules-pterinosomes and carotenoid vesicles, leucophores and melanophores contain amorphous pigment granules (leucosomes) and oval shaped electron dense melanin pigment granules (melanosomes) respectively. After injury, primary wound healing responses being carried out by migration of epidermal cells and hemocytes spreading over the wound surface at the day of wounding. And at the time of primary wound closure, 5 to 7 days after wounding, rER rich cells-presumably common precursors of dermal chromatophores-immigrated into the wound area. First redifferentiated chromatophores appeared 3 weeks after wounding. Pigment granules of the chromatophores were emerged from the cytoplasmic Golgi complex via rough endoplasmic reticulum. Pinocytotic vesicles which associated with accumulation of pigment material, appeared only at the inner surface of the chromatophores adhering to the rER rich cells, characteristically. The differentiation of each chromatophore in addition to integumental wound repair were accomplished within 4 weeks after wounding at most cases, however the total numbers and densities of these repaired chromatophores still primitive state. Moreover, It has been revealed that complete repair of chromatophores at wounded tissues from burns requirs more than 3 months in normal environment.
Effects of Mercury on the Differentiation Cerebral Neuron of Chick Embry (III)
Jeong, Hae-Man ; Kim, Saeng-Gon ; Cho, Kwang-Phil ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 87~100
To investigate the effects of mercuric chloride
on the differentiation of the cerebral neuron of chick embryo 10 days, the ultrastructural changes in nerve cells injected with a various doses of mercuric chloride were observed with transmission electron microscope. The enzyme activity of the some dehydrogenases, cerebral proteins and adenosine triphosphate (ATP) were also analyzed. The results obtained are as follows; The ultrastructural changes in 1.0 mg-injected group, the nuclear membranes were irregular, outer of mitochondria membrances dispressioned, their cristae were destroyed. In 2.0 mg-injected group, the nuclear envelops were destroyed and divided, were not observed organelle except of few ribosome, the RER and mitochondria. The number of polypeptide bands were separated by SDS-PAGE in the normal group were 38 bands. According to the in creased dose of mercuric chloride, contends of the bands were increased in 4 bands, but were decreased in 1 band. The activities of dehydrogenases were declined by increasing the dose of mercuric chloride. Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity fatted to 61% in 2.0 mg-injected group. Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) activity fatted to 90% in 1.0 mg-injected group, greatly to 76% in 2.0 mg-injected group. Succinate dehydrogenase (SDH) activity decreased to 79% in 1.0 mg-injected group and greatly to 62% in 2.0 mg-injected group. ATP content in 1.0 mg-injected group was almost near to the normal level, but it was increased greatly in 2.0 mg-injected group.
High-resolution Transmission Electron Microscopy of Ordered Structure for Lead Magnesium Niobate Solid Solutions
Park, Kyeong-Soon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 1, 1997, Pages 101~109
The nonstoichiometric ordering of Mg and Nb cations in undoped and La-doped lead magnesium niobate solid solutions has been investigated by means of high-resolution transmission electron microscopy and computer image simulation. High-resolution lattice images were obtained under various microscope imaging conditions and objective apertures. Computer image simulations were performed for a wide range of sample thickness, defocusing value, and long-range order parameter. The simulated images revealed that the lattice images of the ordered regions were predominantly dependent on the long-range order parameter. From the comparisons of the experimental and simulated images for the ordered regions, the long-range order parameter approximately ranged 0.2 to 0 7. It was also found that the ordered structure has a
structure, which consists of alternating Mg- and Nb-preferred sublattices along the (111) directions.