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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 27, Issue 4 - Dec 1997
Volume 27, Issue 3 - Sep 1997
Volume 27, Issue 2 - Jun 1997
Volume 27, Issue 1 - Mar 1997
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Structural Analysis of Lamellar Plane in Three-Dimensional Crystal of
Cheong, Gang-Won ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 111~120
Cylinder-like crystals of
provide views parallel to the lamellar plane, from which parameters of lamellar stacking can be directly measured. These parameters were measured using different preparation methods. Assuming that molecular packing is the same, data from lamellar plane could supplement those obtained by tilting large, thin plate-like crystals. However, base on data obtained .by electron microscopy and x-ray powder patterns, the plate-like crystal may have another scheme for stacking the lamellar. The projection map (h, 0, 1) from cylinder-like crystals using cryoelectron microscopy suggest the lamellar spacing can be variable.
Effects of Diltiazem on Isoproterenol-induced Myocardial Cell Wounding in the Rabbit
Kim, Hyun ; Chang, Dae-Yung ; Rah, Bpng-Jin ; Kim, Ho-Dirk ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 121~130
It has been demonstrated that majority of cells in the mammalian body such as myocytes and epithelial cells of skin and intestine respond to mechanical force or environmental factors and exhibit partial disruption of cell membrane, i. e., cell wounding, even in a physiological condition. Myocardial cells are rather apt to be wounded than other cells since they are definitely exposed to mechanical stress by contraction-relaxation and blood flow. However, the mechanism how myocardial cells protect themselves against cell wounding is not yet clarified. On this background, the present study was performed to elucidate whether albumin leakage is related to cell wounding and to assess whether diltiazem, a potent calcium channel blocker, is beneficial in isoproterenol-induced cell wounding in the heart. Hearts isolated from New Zealand White rabbits (
body weight, n=20) were perfused with Tyrode solution by Langendorff technique. After stabilization of baseline hemodynamics, the hearts were subjected to bolus administration of isoproterenol and diltiazem as following order:
isoproterenol at zero min (the beginning point):
diltiazem at 20min;
isoproterenol at 25min;
isoproterenol at 45 min;
diltiazem at 65 min;
isoproterenol at 70 min. During all experiments, the left ventricular function was recorded, albumin leakage in the coronary effluents was analyzed by electrophoresis and Western blot, and myocardial cell membranes were examined by conventional transmission electron microscopy. Data were analyzed by t-test and linear regression test. Isoproterenol significantly increased the inotropic and chronotropic contractions, coronary flow, and frequency of arrhythmia, however, diltiazem did not influence on hemodynamics except decrease in the frequency of arrhythmia and a slight decrease in contractility. Isoproterenol also resulted partial disruption of myocardial cell membrane and inclose in albumin leakage, while diltiazem pretreatment showed number of electron-dense plaques in the cell membrane and a tendency of decrease in albumin leakage. These results indicate that albumin leakage may be an indirect index of cell wounding in the heart and diltiazem nay be beneficial to protect myocardial cells against isoproterenol-induced cell wounding. It is likely that diltiazem promotes resealing process of the cell membrane.
A Study on the Differentiation and Acetylcholinesterase Activity of the Developing Rat Retina
Kim, Wan-Jong ; Choi, Jun-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 131~144
The present study was carried out to investigate the processes of the ultrastructural differentiation and the acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activities of the developing rat retina. The results are as follows. The retina of fetal rat on the 13th day of gestation showed the early stage of differentiation. Briefly, there appeared dividing chromosomes, the plentiful free ribosomes, and the high ratio of nucleus to cytoplasm. The reaction products by AChE were localized at the membrane of endoplasmic reticulum and on the outer membrane of nucleus. Ultrastructures and AChE activities in the retina of the fetal rats on the 18th day of gestation were similar to those of the prior stages, except the appearence of rough endoplasmic reticulum and Golgi apparatus. According to the ultrastructural observations, the rat retina was still in immature state at birth, but the pigment epithelial cells were fully differentiated, e. g. the increase of melanin granules, the development of mitochondria and Golgi apparatus. The AChE activity was weekly detected. The differentiated retinal layers and the outer segment of photoreceptor cells were observed on the 7th postnatal day. And the pigment epithelium appeared to be fully differentiated. On the 14th postnatal day, rat retina were completely differentiated. In other words, the rat retina was characterized by the prominent outer segments, phagocytosed residues in the pigment epithelium, and the localization of reaction products by AChE in the synapses. In conclusion, the differentiation of rat retina is charaterized by the changes of cell shape, the increase of retinal layers, and the alterations of AChE activities. It seems that rat retina is to be functional from 2 weeks of birth onward, coinciding with the eye opening of the juvenile rats.
Histopathological and Fine Structural Changes in Mouse Skin after Injection of Honeybee Venom
Shin, Sang-Hee ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 145~153
Histopathological and fine structural changes in mouse skin after injection of venoms extracted from the venom glands of the honeybee, Apis mellifera, were studied with light and electron microscopes. At this experiment the venoms were directly injected at the hairless abdominal skin of the mouse through the sting of the bee's venomous organ. Main changes appeared within one hour after injection at both epithelial and connective tissues as considerable hyperemia and angioedema, and slight edema and fibrosis. High magnified electron micrographs reveal not only increase of diameter but also deposition of electron dense grains (which seems to be an auto immunoglobulin) at the collagenous fibers characteristically. This kinds of histological and fine structural responses were diminished from 12 hour after injection, and the pathological symptoms disappeared within 3 days at most cases. So, the skin responses induced by honeybee venom seem to be not severe compare to other cases reported by other venomous arthropods.
Ultrastructural and Histochemical Study on the Prostate Gland of a Korean Slug, Incilaria fruhstorferi
Chang, Nam-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 155~163
Ultrastructural and histochemical studies were carried out on the prostate gland of a Korean slug (Incilaria fruhstorferi) with light and electron microscopes. The results are as follows. The endothelial tissue of the prostate gland is constituted with tall and narrow ciliated columnar cells, irregularly shaped cells and gland cells in which are included the elongated oval or ellipsoid nucleus those are surrounded by curved membrane. The endothelial tissue of the prostate gland is composed by type-A, B, C and type-D gland cells, and the glanules of type-A, B, and D gland cells are certified to neutral mucopolysaccharide because are related by PAS-alcian blue (pH 2.5) , but the other hand type-C gland cell is only weakly reacted to PAS, but strongly reacted by Million reaction. The glanules of type-A gland cell are small size (about
) and are seen high electron density, but the glanules of type-B gland cell are large size (about
) and glanule density is same type-A glanules. Long ellipsoid type-C gland cell contained round nucleus which is well developed beterochromatin in, and that small oval glanules (size, about
) of moderate high electron density which are formed a group of large glanule together with
, but type-D gland cell possessed round small nucleus are seen high electron dense glanules (size,
The Effect of Squalene on the Cellular Toxicity of 5-Fluorouracil to the Mouse Liver
Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Kim, Jae-Sung ; Park, Jung-Suk ; Choi, Wan-Soo ; Choi, Young-Bok ; Kim, Jong-Se ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 165~175
This paper aims to prove the effects of Squalene (SQ) on the cellular toxicity of 5-FU to the mouse which pretreated with SQ and then treated with 5-FU. The results of the group A (treated with only 5-FU) are as follows. The nucleus was destroyed at 24 hours and 48 hours group, however, somewhat repaired at 72 hours group. The dilated inner cavity and the irregular lamellae of the rough surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (RER) were observed continually until 72 hours group. The inner cavity of the smooth surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (SER) were dilated in all groups. However, the destroyed and the normal membrane were observed simultaneously at 72 hours group. The inner membrane of the mitochondria were almost repaired at 96 hours group. The results of the group B (treated with 5-FU and squalene) are as follows. The nucleus was a little influenced by the toxicity of 5-FU at 24 hours and 48 hours, RER were observed to keep the typical lamella structure of cisternae from 24 to 72 hours group, but inner cavity kept on dilating. In SER, inner cavity were also observed to flatten from 24 to 72 hours group. Mitochnodria were always shown normal. All cell organelles were simillar to those of normal groups at 96 hours. Accordingly, it can be said that the treatment of 50 prevents the cytotoxicity of 5-FU on cell organelles of liver cell and that is concerned with the formation of membrane system of cell organelles.
Morphological Changes in The Central Canal of the Hamster Spinal Cord after Treatment with 6-Aminonicotinamide
Yang, Young-Chul ; Cho, Byung-Pil ; Kang, Ho-Suck ; Park, In-Kook ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 177~187
Hydrocephalus is induced experimentally in prenatal and suckling animals following an injection of 6-aminonicotinamide (6-AN). The most remarkable characteristic of these animals is aqueduct stenosis caused by swellings of the ependymal cells and subependymal cells in the periaqueductal gray matter and the central canal of the spinal cord. The present study was undertaken to investigate the morphological changes of the ependymal cells in the central canal of the spinal cord of 3.5 months old hamster after treatment with 6-AN. Intraperitoneal administrations of 6-AN (10 mg/kg body weight) every two days gave rise to partial central canal stenosis of the spinal cord after 27-29 days (13-l4th injection), but cilia and microvilli were located in the strictural area of the con#rat canal. The vacuolations in the ependymal cells were not observed and degenerating changes of intracellular organelles of the ependymal cells did not occur, so that the ependymal cells lining the central canal of the hamster spinal cord were not affected by 6-AN. But the present study demonstrate that 6-AN causes to create numerous vacuoles in the subependymal area of the central canal. Although the vacuoles were well developed in the neuroglial cells and the neuropils of the subependymal area, the neurons were not affected by 6-AN. These results strongly suggests that partial central canal stenosis occurred by 6-AN was due to vacuolations and swellings of the neuroglial cells and nueropils in the subependymal area.
Ultrastructural Study of Induced Otic Vesicle from Isolated Xenopus Presumptive Ectoderm
Yoon, Chun-Sik ; Kim, Hong-Duck ; Cheong, Seon-Woo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 189~196
The ultrastrucures of Xenopus otic vesicle from normal embryo (st. 43) and induced otic vesicle from animal cap assay with Activin A were compared. Activin A was applied to the presumptive ectoderm at various concentrations for three days at
. The results were almost identical to the reference studies, but it was found that the otic vesicle was induced at the concentration of 10 ng/ml in to)v rate. This otic vesicle may be secondarily induced by the neural tissue showed commonly at the concentration of 10 ng/ml. Otoliths were observed as three or four-axis crystaline bodies in the lumen of otic vesicle. In electron micrograph of the normal embryo, two kinds of microvilli were observed on the apical position of hair cells. One was small and common, the other was large-sized and sparsely distributed. In both cell of otic vesicle, mitochondria, golgi apparatus and multivesicular body were rich, so, they showed a lot of similarities in ultrastructure. However, the otolith was not found and microvilli were overexpressed in the otic vesicle induced by Activin A.
Effect of Butylated Hydroxytoluene on Experimental Hepatocarcinogenesis Induced by 3'-Methyl-4-Dimethylaminoazobenzene I. Ultrastructural study
Choi, Jeung-Mok ; Kang, Dae-Young ; Suh, Kwang-Sun ; Lee, Choong-Sik ; Song, Kyu-Sang ; Kim, Jin-Man ; Park, Won-Hark ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 197~215
A morphologic study on the effect of butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT) on experimental hepatocarcinogenesis induced by 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl aminoazobenzene (3'-MeDAB) was investigated. A total of 110 Sprague-Dowley male rats weighting about 200 g each were used for the experiment, and divided into 4 groups; the 3'-MeDAB, BHT, 3'-MeDAB/BHT treated group, and the control group. Four to eight rats of each group were sacrified on the 4th, 8th, 14th and 16th experimental weeks, with continuous pelletized feeding containing 0.09% 3'-MeDAB and 0.5% BHT. The liver was examined by transmission and scanning electron microscopy. The results were as follows; Electron microscopically, the fine structure of the hepatocytes remained consistently abnormal up to 16 weeks after the 3'-MeDAB treatment. There was no significant difference in the groups observed earlier than in the ones observed later. Many subcellular changes were observed : nuclear change, decreased glycogen, mitochondrial abnormalities, disaggregated rough endoplasmic reticulum, marked proliferation of smooth endoplasmic reticulum, dilatation and distortion of bile canaliculi, increased lysosomes, apoptotic bodies, migration of bile ductule cell. In the BHT treated group, the ultrastructural changes of hepatocytes were not significant, except for the lipid droplets and proliferated smooth endoplasmic reticulum among hepatocytes depending on the experimental duration. The various subcellular changes of 3'-MeDAB/BHT treated groups were simillar to those of the 3'-MeDAB treated group, but the degree of changes in the 3'-MeDAB/ BHT treated group decreased compared with those of the 3'-MeDAB treated group. These results suggest that dietary butylated hydroxytoluene has a protective/inhibitory effect on the hepatocarcinogenesis induced by 3'-methyl-4-dimethyl -aminoazobenzene.
Zn Vacancy Ordering in
Lee, Hwack-Joo ; Ryu, Hyun ; Choi, Seong-Jin ; Nahm, Sahn ; Byun, Jae-Dong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 27, issue 2, 1997, Pages 217~223
New type of ordering along 1110] direction was found In BZT sintered at
for 90 hours by using X-ray diffraction analysis and high resolution transmission electron microscopy. The wavelength of the modulated structure was 0.9 nm which is three times larger than the interplanar distance of (110) plane. New type of ordering is considered to be formed as a result of Zn vancacy ordering and new structural model was proposed. The computer simulated electron diffraction and the structural images are in good agreement with those obtained by experiments.