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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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Ultrastructural Study on the Development of the Atrioventricular Node of the Human Fetal Heart
Park, Jong-Chul ; Park, Sung- Sik ; Yoon, Jae-Rhyong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 1~19
Ultrastructural study of the development of the atrioventricular (AV) node was studied by electron microscopy in human fetus ranging from 30 mm to 260 mm crown rump length, and compared with human adult. By 30 mm fetus, the right AV nodal primordium was located below the attachment of the right venous valve. The left AV nodal primordium was observed below the attachment of septum primum. The cytoplasm of the nodal primordia contained few mitochondria, and myofibrils. These cells were apposed to each other with occasional desmosomes. In 40 mm fetus, the AV node cells were poorly organized myofibrils, while working myocardial cells were well organized myofibrils with sarcomere. At 70 mm fetus, intercalated discs were developed in the working myocardial cells. At 100 mm fetus, the nodal cells contained a relatively clear cytoplasm with a few groups of myofibrils and mitochondria. By
mm fetuses, the nodal cells were an increasing number of myofibrils and mitochondria and these were scattered throughout the cytoplasm. At 260 mm fetus, the nodal cells were small and contained a clear cytoplasm with sparse and poorly organized myofibrils and mitochondria. All major ultrastructural features which characterize the adult AV nodal cells were found in this stage. The working myocardial cells were larger and had a more compact cytoarchitecture than nodal cells. Zonula adherens or fasciae adherens type junction were not found between nodal cells, but they frequently observed between nodal and working myocardial cells.
Effect of Cold Stress on Myocardium of Aging Rat
Kim, Jeong-Ki ; Chung, Hyeung-Jae ; Lee, Yong-Deok ; Park, Won-Hark ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 21~38
The present study was performed to determine the effect of cold stress on myocardium of aging rat. Control groups, which aged 6, 12 and 24 months, were compared with age-matched experimental groups that were exposed to moderate cold stress for a hours daily in a week at laboratory cold room
. The histological, histochemical and ultrastructural changes of myocardium were observed. The results were summarized as follow: 1. Age-dependent histological change of control groups was observed the formation of contraction band in 24months aged group. The experimental groups submitted to cold stress showed a similar change pattern as seen in control groups. However, the degree of change in the experimental groups was significantly larger than that of control groups. In the 34 months aged group the formation of hypercontraction band was observed. 2. Regarding age-dependent histochemical changes of control groups, we observed the increase activities of PAS and Masson's trichrome. In experimental groups the activities of PAS and Masson's trichrome were also increased with age. Compare with control group, the activities of PAS was increased but the activities of Masson's trichrome was decreased. 3. Age-dependent ultrastructural changes on vacuolization, lysosome were observed. In control groups the structural changes occur at 12 months. The accumulation of lipofuscin, contraction band, hypercontraction band and a component of connective tissue were observed in 24 months. However, the degree of change in the experimental groups was significantly larger than that of control groups. In contract, the myelin body in intercalated discs was observed in 24 months of experimental groups.
Ultrastructure of Spermatozoa in the Bagrid Catfish, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco (Teleostei, Siluriformes, Bagridae)
Lee, Young-Hwan ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 39~48
The spermatozoa of bagrid catfish, Pseudobagrus fulvidraco are approximately
in length, and a relatively simple and elongated cell composed of a spherical head, a short middle piece and a tail. The ultrastructure of spermatozoa of P. fulvidraco is characterized by the following features. The acrosome is absent as in most teleost. The round nucleus measuring about
in length and diameter is depressed with a deep nuclear fossa. The nuclear fossa, the length of which is about three-fifths of the nuclear diameter, contains the proximal and distal contrioles. The two centrioles are oriented approximately
to each other. The filamentous materials give rise to satellite appendages arranged tangentially from the triplets of the distal centriole and the doublets of the anterior end of the axoneme toward the nuclear envelope. The mitochondria are not fused and their number is 20 or more. They are arranged in two or three layers and two rings within the cytoplasmic collar and surround the axoneme. They are separated from the axoneme by the cytoplasmic canal. The axoneme is of the 9+2 microtubular pattern and has inner but no outer dynein arms. The two lateral fins are in the same plane with the two central microtubules, the doublets 3 and 8, which are ultrastructural characteristics of the sperm tail unlike other siluroids lacking the lateral fins.
Morphological Changes of Epithelial Cells of the Epididymides by Sperm Entrance in the Korean Striped Field Mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae
Lee, Jung-Hun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 49~62
To investigate the morphological changes of epithelial cells of ductus epididymides by sperm entrance, the Korean striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae was studied with light and transmission electron microscopy. 1. The diameters of the caput epididymis (Cp) and its lumen were
. The length and width of the epithelium were
. 2. The diameters of the corpus epididymis (Cr) and its lumen were
. The length and width of the epithelium were
. 3. The diameters of the cauda epididymis (Cu) and its lumen were
. The length and width of the epithelium were
. Therefore, the size of diameter and lumen of the ductus epididymides and the width of the epithelium increased from Cp and Cr to Cu, but the length of epithelial cells decreased from Ca and Cr to Cu. These data suggest that the morphological changes of epithelial cells of the ductus epididymides may be the results of the sperm entrance.
Spermatozoal Ultrastructure and Phylogenetic Relationships of the Subfamily Gobioninae (Cyprinidae, Teleostei) 1. Ultrastructure of the Spermatozoa of the Korean Slender Gudgeon Squalidus gracilis majimae
Lee, Young-Hwan ; Kim, Kgu-Hwan ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 63~71
The spermatozoon of Squalidus gracilis majimae is approximately
in length and is characterized by a spherical nucleils with the clear chromatin, a short midpiece containing the mitochondria, and a flagellum positioned tangentially to the nucleus. An acrosome is absent as in all teleost fishes. The nucleus is about
in diameter and in its periphery contains the electron-lucent chromatin distinguished from the electron-dense chromatin occupying most of the nucleus. The shallow nuclear fossa contains the proximal centriole, instead of two centrioles in deep nuclear fossa in siluroids. The proximal and distal centrioles are oriented approximately
to each other. The mitochondria of 10 or more in number are arranged in three layers and do not surround the axoneme. The asymmetrical distribution of the mitochondria and the eccentrical position of the nucleus with regard to the tail are the general pattern of the cyprinid spermatozoa. S. gracilis majimae spermatozoa have the most mitochondria and the deepest cytoplasmic canal among cyprinid species. The flagellum lacks the lateral fins.
Fine Structure of Pericanalicular Cytoplasm of Taurocholic Acid-treated Rat Liver as Revealed by Deep Etching with Rapid Freezing
Shin, Young-Chul ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 73~82
To elucidate how microfilaments and vesicles participate in bile formation, the pericanalicular cytoplasms were observed in the liver of rats treated with taurocholic acid by deep etching with rapid freezing, and copmpared them with the findings on convensional thin sections. The microfilaments were identified around the bile canaliculi in the forms of core filaments of microvilli, filaments of pericanalicular web running in parallel to the border of bile canaliculi, and filaments on the junctional complex. In taurocholic acid-treated rats, microfilaments could be visualized around the bile canaliculi and along their borders. The microfilaments appeared to be installed to link to both the canalicular membrane and vesicles. Such specialized microfilaments are considered to participate in the translocation of vesicles in the pericanalicular cytoplasm. From the evidence, it is assumed that the microfilament induces the vesicles to transport and fuse to bile canalicull into which bile acids is secreted by exocytosis.
Morphological Evidence for the Transport of Dehydrocholic Acid in the Hepatocyte as Revealed by Freeze Fracture Replica
Shin, Young-Chul ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 83~90
The pathway of intracellular transport of dehydrocholic acid was investigated in the hepatocytes of rats by transmission electron microscopy with conventional and freeze fracture methods. Both in normal and experimental groups, the cis Golgi cisterns were sacculated and faces toward the bile canaliculus. In the experimental group, however, the cis Golgi cisterns showed buds, which were probably separated to be vesicles. Some of the buds were connected to the cisterns with the narrow neck. The vesicles were increased in the vicinity of bile canaliculi. The fusion between vesicles and bile canaliculus were frequently observed in the experimental group. This was particularly well shown in the freeze fracture replica. In the thin section, the vesicles were devoid of visible contents as seen in the bile canaliculli. The evidence suggests that the vesicles are derived from the cis Gogi cistern in the way that buds pinch off, serve as vehicles to transport dehydrocholic acids and fuse to bile canaliculi for exocytosis.
Hypertrophical Changes of the Corpus Allatum Caused by Ovariectomy in Blattella germanica
Han, Sung-Sik ; Kim, Kil-Heung ; Scha, Coby ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 91~105
The present study is undertaken to investigate the hypertrophical changes of the corpus allatum (corpora allata, CA) after the ovariectomy in Blattella germanica. In particular, the ultrastructural aspects of the normal and ovariectomized conditions, and induced factors of the hypertrophic phenomenon are focused. Ultrastructure of the CA from an immediately emergent adult is similar to that of the last larval stage that has stopped secreting juvenile hormone. The CA is composed of undifferentiated cells, exhibiting an electron-lucent matrix, a few mitochondria and less smooth endoplasmic reticulum. The karyoplasm occupy most of the cytoplasm. Electron-dense materials are filled with the intercellular spaces and gap junctions are also found. Almost no ultrastructural changes have been noticed during seven days until the oviposition. However, considerable changes in structure have been detected soon after the oviposition. Mitochondria are increased dramatically in number and cristae, and changed to the filamentous form with a high electron density. In addition, Golgi complexes, microtubules, and polysomes are also increased. After an oviposition, the total volume of the CA are decreased again. The volume of the CA are increased continuously, hypertrophy, after the ovariectomy. Morphological aspects of the CA in an early stage after the removal are similar to the structure of the secondary egg maturation. Large and electron dense globules are observed in the ovariectomized CA cytoplasms and they are present in those cells for a long period of time. Yet such a hypertrophical phenomenon occur only in the specific cells. The hypertrophy are caused by hollowing the part of the CA cells and later filling such site with polysomes. In 42 days after the ovariectomy, the nuclear membranes disappear in the CA cells, thus, exhibiting the prokaryotic-like features. Some results of the current study will contribute to the establishment of the model that explain unusual changes accompanied by certain treatment in insects and/or further in animals.
An Immune-Electron Microscopic Study of the Apoptotic Cell during Mouse Knee Joint Development
Chae, Hee-Sun ; Kim, Kyung-Yong ; Lee, Won-Bok ; Lim, Hyoung-Soo ; Hwang, Douk-Ho ; Chang, Ka-Yong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 107~119
This study was designed to investigate the appearence and the characteristics of the apoptotic cells and the process of the joint cavity formation in mouse knee joint. Fetal mouse knee joints from 15 to 19 days of gestation were used. Paraffin-embedded serial sections, stained with H & E for light microscopic observation, Epon 812 embedded thin sections for electron microscopic observation and Lowicryl HM 20 embedded thin sections for immune-electron microscopic observation were prepared. Monoclonal antibodies to
and polyclonal antibodies to tissue transglutaminase were used for immune-electron microscopic study. The results obtained were as follows. 1. At 15 days of gestation, blood vessels, which have invaded in the mesenchymal cells, were present in the synovium, to form the joint cavity in the future. 2. At 16 days of gestation, the joint cleft was first appeared and several RBCs were present in the joint cleft. The invasion of blood vessels into the joint cleft was continuing, and apoptotic cells were present in the inner cell layer, adjacent to the joint cleft. Necrotic cells were also present in the outer cell layer; they were present 18 days of gestation, but apoptotic cells did not appear after 17 days of gestation. 3. In the apoptotic cells, transglutaminase were localized around vacuoles and the marginal site of the cytoplasm. 4. In the apoptotic cells, tubulin was around the endoplasmic reticulum and the marginal site of the cytoplasm. In the late stage of apoptotic cells, tubulin was localized diffusely in the cytoplasm. Tubulin was also strongly labeled around in the cytoplasm of the neighboring cell at which the apoptotic body was phagocytosed. Tubulin labeled particles were apparently increased in the seperated apoptotic bodies. On the basis of the above findings, it is proposed that during the development of the mouse knee joint, blood vessel invasion first occurs and then apoptosis and cell necrosis follow it. In the apoptotic cell, present in the synovium of the developing knee joint of the mouse. it is suggested that the redistribution of tubulin is associated with apoptotic process. And transglutaminase overexpressed in the apoptotic cell.
High Resolution TEM Lattice Images of Modulated Structure Due to Zn Vacancy Ordering in
Lee, Hwack-Joo ; Ryu, Hyun ; Choi, Seong-Jin ; Nahm, Sahn ; Byun, Jae-Dong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 1, 1998, Pages 121~126
Detailed studies of high resolution TEM inages on the modulated structure caused by Zn vacancy ordering along  direction in BZT sintered at
for 90 hours had revealed that the images which had hexagonal patterns were similar to those obtained from the structure which had no modulation, These images had appeared over the wide ranges from -30 nm to -42 nm in defocus values and from 2 nm to 20 nm in thickness. The computer simulated images showed that the modulation due to Zn vacancy ordering had made a small change in contrast in the interior of hexagonal pattern, which was very difficult to differenciate in experiments. The image which demonstrated the modulated structure very well was the one which obtained at -52 nm in defocus value and 16 nm in thickness.