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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 28, Issue 4 - Dec 1998
Volume 28, Issue 3 - Sep 1998
Volume 28, Issue 2 - Jun 1998
Volume 28, Issue 1 - Mar 1998
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A Study on the Changes of the Synaptic Structures in the Interpolar Part of Spinal Trigeminal Nucleus of Rat during Aging
Kim, Myung-Kook ; Kim, Cheol-We ; Paik, Ki-Suk ; Lim, Bum-Soon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 255~262
This study was performed to observe the morphological changes of the synaptic structures in the interpolar part of the spinal trigeminal nucleus of rat during aging. Transmission electron microscopy has been used to determine the r)umber of synapses, length of postsynaptic densities, number and area of axon terminals. Sprague-Dawley rat 3, 12, 24 and 36 months of age were used in this study. 1. The number of synapses was 51.7, 43.1, 28.4 and 16.8 in the 3, 12, 24 and 36 months of age respectively. Therefore, the number of synapses decreased gradually with age, but decreased significantly in the 24 and 36 months. 2. The length of postsynaptic densities was
in the 3, 12, 24 and 36 months of age respectively. Therefore, the length of postsynaptic densities decreased gradually with age, but decreased significantly in the 24 and 36months. 3. The number of axon terminals was 84.3, 73.7, 51.4 and 26.6 in the 3, 12, 24 and 36 months of age respectively. Therefore, the number of axon terminals decreased gradually with age, but decreased significantly in the 24 and 36months. 4. The area of axon terminals was
in the 3, 12, 24 and 36 months of age respectively. Therefore, the area of axon terminals decreased gradilally with age, but decreased significantly in the 24 and 36 months. The results suggest that there are the changes of the synaptic structures in the interpolar part of spinal trigeminal nucleus of rat during aging. These changes nay be concerned to the decreased function of mediating pain and temperature sensation in the face and oral cavity during aging.
Ultrastructural Study on the Oocyte Maturation of Swordtail (Xiphophorus hellerii)
Hwang, Woo-Sub ; Kim, Wan-Jong ; Reu, Dong-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 263~271
Oocyte maturation of the swordtail (Kiphophorus hellerii) was investigated by light and electron microscopy. In the ovary of the swordtail, various staged oocytes were observed, Mature oocytes were located in ovarian cortex, meanwhile immature ones were positioned in ovarian medulla. The oocyte was surrounded by several structures or cells such as chorion, follicle cells, follicular theaca and ovarian epithelium, respectively, from the inside toward outside. Growing and maturing oocytes healed numerous microvilli which interconnected the oocyte and the follicle cells to communicate each other. The mature oocyte had the electron dense chorion which appeared to be ultrastructure of two layers and contained pore canals. Oocyte maturation was characterized by not only the enlarged cell size and well differentiated cell organelles, brit also the increases of fat droplets, pinocytotic vesicles and yolk granules.
Ultrastructure of Fertilized Egg Envelope in the Tomato Clown Anemonefish, Amphiprion freatus (Pomacentridae : Marine Teleostei)
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Reu, Dong-Suck ; Deung, Young-Kun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 273~282
Ultrastructure of fertilized egg envelope in the tomato clown anemonefish (Amphiprion freatus) was examined by mean of light, scanning and transmission electron microscopies. The fertilized egg of tomato clown anemonefish was of non-transparent, ellipsoidal, adhesive and non-floted type, and there were numerous oil droplets in the yolk sac and adhesive filaments in the area of the animal pole. The outer surface of egg envelope was smooth. The fertilized egg envelope consisted of two distinct layers; a non-adhesive outer electron-dense layer and an inner layer, consisting of five horizontal low electron-dense lamellae alternating with the middle electron dense interlamellae.
A Study on the Morphogenesis of Human Fetal Hepatic Tissue
Deung, Young-Kun ; Kim, Dong-Heui ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 283~297
Hemopoiesis and morphogenesis of the human fetal liver through from 10 to 32 weeks of gestation were investigated by light and electron microscopy. The results obtained were as follows. Hemopoiesis of fetal liver tissue was found from 10 to 32 weeks of gestation, but the hemopoiesis was decreased at 32 weeks of gestation. At the 32 weeks of gestation, matured erythrocytes were observed in the sinusoid, and formation of liver cell cord and portal triad were established. Differentiation of hepatic cell was characterized by the increase of amount of cell organelles within cytoplasm, decrease of hemopoietic cell, morphological change of nuclear envelope from folding form to round form during the developmental period. These results suggest that human fetal liver plays a hematopoietic function until bone marrow and spleen play their function, but morphology of liver at 32 weeks of gestation was differed with structure observed in liver of adult.
Tissue Preparation with t-Butyl Alcohol Freeze-drying Method for Scanning Electron Microscopy: Application for Rat Liver
Uhm, Chang-Sub ; Park, Eun-Kyung ; Park, Chang-Hyun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 299~306
T-butyl alcohol (TBA) freeze-drying method originally designed by Inoue and Osadake (1989) was adopted to dry specimens for scanning electron microscopy and the results were compared with those dried using critical point dryer (CPD). Small pieces
of liver of Sprague-Dawley rats were cut and fixed in 2% glutaraldehyde in 0.1 M sodium cacodylate buffer after anesthesia, and processed for scanning electron microscopy by several modifications of TBA freeze-drying methods and by the standard preparation method using CPD. The bile canaliculi and sinusoidal endothelial surface were observed. Tissue dehydrated with TBA before TBA freeze-drying preserved the structures best comparable to those prepared with CPD. This result suggests that combination of dehydration with TBA and TBA freeze-drying is a superior method to the original TBA freeze-drying method dehydrated with ethanol.
An Electron Microscopic Study on Healing of Epidermis Following Injury of Skin in Mice
Kim, Sang-Hee ; Ahn, Dong-Choon ; Kim, Won-Kyu ; Chung, Ho-Sam ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 307~314
The author has undertaken this study for demonstrating the relationship between keratinization and proliferation as well as remodeling of epidermis. Healthy ICR strain male mice, weighing about
, were used as experimental animals. Under the general anesthesia with ether the skins of experimental animals were subjected to a dorsal, transverse, full-thickness incision with 0.5cm in length, and removed them on 3rd day, 7th day and 2nd week after operation Specimens were prepared for electron microscopic study. The results obtained were as follows: The epidermis of 3rd day group is made up of
keratinocytes. The new epidermal cells are grown beneath the necrotic tissue. Keratohyaline granules (KHGs) are visible in some granular cells. Various sited-KHGs are seen in granular layer cell, and in spinous cell ribosomes, tonofilaments and lamellar granules are seen. The epidermis of 7th day group is made up of
keratinocytes. Numerous KHGs are seen in granular layer cells. KHGs are located in granular layer cells as well as spinous layer cells. The epidermis of End week group is composed of one-layered basal cell and
layered superficial cells. Various sized-KHGs are observed in granular layer cells. The results of the present study suggest that as the epidermis should be keratinized during proliferation and remodeling process, so keratinization of the epidermis would play a major role of wound healing process.
Effect of Ultrasonic Bath in Preparing Specimens for Transmission Electron Microscopy
Lim, Byung-Soo ; Choi, Jeung-Mok ; Kang, Dae-Young ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 315~328
The present study was carried out to investigate the effect of ultrasonic bath in tissue preparation for transmission electron microscopy. The method used standard reagents and media, and employed ultrasonic bath agitation to accelerate fluid exchange. The liver kidney, stomach and cardiac muscle tissues of male Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the experiment, and the experimental design was divided into 4 groups; The control group using rotators (Traditional method, 1,625 mins) and the three experimental groups using ultrasonic bath (UB) in the primary fixation through the infiltration processes (UB I; 62.5 mins, UB II; 125 mins, UB III; 250 mins). The results were as follows; 1. In the control group, tissues were easily sectioned, and showed well preserved intact membranes, and cell organelles such as mitochondria, lysosome, peroxisome, rough endoplasmic reticulum and smooth endoplasmic reticulum. 2. In the UB treated group I, tissues showed holes due to the inadequate removal of both water and fluids used in the dehydration process. Also the mitochondria of cell organelles, especially, showed swollen intracristal spaces and dense matrices due to poor fixation. 3. In the UB treated group II, tissues showed good preservation of cell organelles and specimen slice sections. Also, no holes were observed. 4. In the UB treated group III, tissues showed leaching of structural components in the cytoplasm, but no holes were observed. In conclusion, the ultrasonic bath procedure takes approximately 120 minutes from specimen fixation to resin infiltration and gives excellent results.
Early Healing Responses of the Skin Wounds in the Korean Fire-Bellied Toad, Bombina orientalis
Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 329~343
Early wound healing responses in the skin of the Korean fire bellied toad, Bombina orientalis, were examined using histochemical , scanning and transmission electron microscopical techniques. Cutaneous wounds were induced by sharp razor blade , and maintained in special cages for up to 3 days. By this treatment whole parts of epithelium and dermis were profoundly affected. After injury, retraction of damaged surface of the skin was observed. At 3 hours after injury, poly-band was form by mucous substance. The wound skin consisted of mucous gland secreted mucous substance which flows into wound cavity and the wound area was sealed by mucous substance which form thick layer at 6 hours. It appeared that natural disposition showed acid and neutral mucous substance by reaction of PAS and Alcian blue (pH 2.5) staining. After formation of the poly-band, epithelial cells were formed by migration of regenerating epithelial cells. These cells moved over the wound surface by migration at 12 hours after wounding. Poly-band was much increased in thickness and migrating cells were completely formed wound closure at 24 hours post-wounding. After 72 hours regenerated epithelial layer consists of four or five cell layers which are similar to clear, granular, and spinous layer.
Comparative Studies on the Ultrastructures of Non-Ciliated and Ciliated Epithelial Cells in the Ductus Epididymidis of Apodemus agrarius coreae
Lee, Jung-Hun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 345~362
In order to the comparative morphological study of the non-ciliated and ciliated epithelial cells, and to elucidate the process of degeneration of non-ciliated epithelial cell of the ductus epididymidis, Korean striped field mouse, Apodemus agrarius coreae was examined with light and transmission electron microscopes. The morphological characteristics of non-ciliated epithelial cell, the cell types of the caput epididymidis (Cp), corpus epididymidis (Cr) and cauda epididymidis (Cu) were long-columnar, short-columnar and short-cuboudal, respectively. The mitochondria and rough endoplasmic reticulum tended to be broken as they immigrated from Cp to the Cu. The Golgi acted vigorously at the Cp, but the Golgi was inactive in Cr and Cu. The secretory vesicles and lysosomes were increased gradually from Cp to the Cu. The process of degeneration of the non-ciliated epithelial cells observed in the Cp, Cr and Cu epididymidis. The increase of the non-ciliated epithelial cells, and its degeneration were observed more often from Cp to the Cu. The morphological characteristics of the ciliated epithelial cells, the cell types of the Cp, Cr and Cu were long-columnar, short-columnar and short-cuboudal, respecptively like the non-ciliated epithelial cells. The stereocilia was long and slender at the Cp and Cr, while Cu was very short. The pinocytotic vesicles and absorptive vesicles were increased from the Cp to the Cu. Numerous disintergrated products was existed at the Cr including the Cp, but Cu were not observed. A significant amount of lysosomes existed at the Cp and Cr epithelial cells, but they were not observed in Cu epithelial cells.
Ultrastructure of the Eye in the Snail, Incilaria fruhstorferi
Chang, Nam-Sub ; Han, Jong-Min ; Lee, Kwang-Joo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 363~377
After the investigation on the eye of Incilaria fruhstorieri with light and electron microscopes, the following results were obtained. The eye of Incilaria fruhstorferi comprises cornea, lens, vitreous body, retina, and optic nerve inward from the outside. Cornea is composed of squamous, cuboid, columnar and irregular cells, which appear to be light due to their low electron density. In their cytoplasms, glycogen granules, multivesicular body, and nucleus were observed. Vitreous body, located behind non-cellular transparent lens, is filled with long and short microvilli protruding from the retinal epithelia. Retinal epithelium, the organ to perceive objects, is divided into four parts; microvillar layer pigment layer, nuclear layer, and neutrophils layer, from the apical portion. Microvillar layer consists of the type-I photoreceptor cells and pigmented granule cells. In the apical portion of their cytoplasms, long microvilli (length,
) , short microvilli (length,
), and rolled microvilli grow thick in the irregular and mixed forms. Photoreceptor cells are classified into type-I and type-II, according to their structures. The type-I cell has the apical portion rising roundly like a fan and the lower part which looks like the helve of a fan. In the cytoplasm of the apical portion, there are clear vesicles, cored vesicles, ovoid mitochondria, and microfilaments, and in the cytoplasm of the lower part, photic vesicles with their diameters about 60nm aggregate densely. The type-II photoreceptor cell, located at the lower end of the type-I cells, has a very large ovoid nucleus 3nd no microvilli. In the cytoplasm of the type-II cell, the photic vesicles with sizes 60nm aggregate more densely than in the cytoplasm of the type-I cell. Pigmented cells are classified into type-A and type-B, according to their structures. The type-A is identified to be a large cell containing round granules (diameter,
) of very high electron density, while the type-B is identified as a small cell where the irregular granules (diameter,
) of a little lower electron density amalgamate. Nuclear layer ranges from the bottom of pigment layer to the top of the capsule, and contains three kinds of nuclei (nuclei of the type-II photoreceptor cell, pigmented granule cell, and accessory neuron). The capsules covering the outmost part of the eyeball are composed of collagenous fiber and three longitudinal muscle layers (the thickness of each longitudinal muscle layer,
) and thick circular muscle layer (thickness,
). Around the capsules, there is a neurophile layer consisting of neurons and nerve fibers. Each neuron has a relatively large ovoid nucleus for its cytoplasm, and in the karyosome, large lumps of keterochromatin form a wheel nucleus.
Morphological Analysis of the Dermal Wounds Healing Responses in Bombina orientalis
Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 379~390
Dermal wound healing responses in the skin of the toad, Bombina orientalis, were examined using transmission electron microscopy. At 12 hours after wounding, debridement and collagenolysis occurred in damaged dermis. Histocyte has a large nucleus and long cytoplasm process. Phagocytic vesicle and lysosome were observed in the cytoplasm. Damaged blood cells were transformed spindle to irregular shape. Autolysis was observed in their cytoplasm. Histocytes are found in poly-band. The irregularly shaped nucleus is located peripheral region in cytoplasm. At 2 days after wounding, partial aggregation of blood cells is observed. Phagocytic, activity is observed in histocyte and collagenolytic collagen fibers are scattered. Fibroblast is observed in the dermis at 3 days after wounding. Clusters of ribosomes and some short cisternae of rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum are found in the cytoplasm. In histocyte at 7 days post wounding, various size granules composed of moderately dense material are found the cytoplasm. In this period histocyte is round to rod in profile, with slender processes projecting from the surface. At 7 day after injury, it was observed that formation of connective tissue fibers and amorphous ground substance in regenerating skin.
Degeneration of Ocellar Photoreceptor System on Drosophila rdgC Mutant
Yoon, Chun-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 391~398
The morphological phenotype on ocellus of Drosophila rdgC mutant was observed with electron microscope. The result showed the particular phenotype that was not found in other retinal degenarative mutants. The most distinct difference was the orientation of photoreceptor cells. The photoreceptor cells did not attached to corneagenous cells but dropped under corneagenous cells and assembled around newly formed space. Enormous multivesicle bodies caused by the degeneration of photoreceptor cells were frequently found. Rhabdomeres were also severely degenerated in consequence of the mutant. Another degeneration was found in a part of photoreceptor cell, but the degeneration of subrhabdomeric cisternae (SRC) was not found. It was a ovious difference of rdgC comparing with other two retinal degenerative mutants, rdgA and rdgB. As a result, rdgC mutant was affected on the attachment between photoreceptor cells and corneageneous cells, and it suggested the defect of cell-cell attachment. In addition, rdgC mutant was accompanied by the defect not only in retina but nerve system. The results were agreed to the reference discussion that the rdgC molecule is exist in the nerve.
Ultrastructure and Activity Pattern of Peroxidase in Secretory Trichomes of Drosera capensis
Kim, Eun-Soo ; Oh, Seung-Eun ; Yu, Seong-Cheol ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 399~414
Glandular trichomes present on the leaf surface of Drosera capensis were examined using transmission electron microscopy. A large number of stalked glands exist on the adaxial surfaces of the leaf blade. The secretory head is composed of two layers of secretory cells, one layer of middle cells, and the inner tracheids. The secretory cells contain rough endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, plastids, Golgi apparatus, and vacuoles. The secretory cells show prominent cell wall ingrowth, and thick cuticle restricted on the subcuticular wall. Frequently, the cuticle has some pores, canal-like structures, showing electron -dense granules being penetrated through them. Ultrastructural localization using diaminobenzidine showed the electron-dense deposits in the vacuole. No peroxidase activity was seen in the cell wall and cytolasm. The activity of peroxidase (POX) isozymes in Drosera which isoelectric point (pI) is 3.6 and some anionic POX isozymes which pIs are laid between 3.6 and 4.6 were especially increased according to the development and the formation of glandular trichomes. Also, the activity of some POX isozymes which isoelectric points are laid between 4.6 and 5.1 were increased in the regions of leaves which has trichomes.
Dependency of Long-range Order Parameter on the Ordered Structure of
Park, Kyeong-Soon ; Kim, Jwa-Yeon ; Lee, Jae-Won ; Kim, Kwang-Bae ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 28, issue 3, 1998, Pages 415~424
The dependency of long-range order parameter on the ordered structure of
solid solutions has been investigated by means of computer simulations of high-resolution lattice images. The computer image simulations were performed by the multislice method in a wide range of sample thicknesses, defocusing values, and long-range order parameters. It was found that the lattice images of the ordered structures were predominantly dependent on the long-range order parameter, The lattice images in a complete ordered structure showed a pseudo-hexagonal pattern. As the order parameter decreases, the simulated images changed slowly from a pseudo-hexagonal pattern to a rectangular pattern. The lattice images in a complete disordered structure showed a rectangular pattern. Also, the simulated images of the
with different Mg:Nb ratios obtained at a given long-range order parameter were basically the same patterns, irrespective of Mg and Nb compositions.