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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 29, Issue 4 - Dec 1999
Volume 29, Issue 3 - Sep 1999
Volume 29, Issue 2 - Jun 1999
Volume 29, Issue 1 - Mar 1999
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Formation of Metastases in C57 BL/6 Mouse Lung
Kim, Ji-Hyun ; Lee, Ji-Young ; Kim, Woo-Kap ; Hwang, Woo-Ik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 137~147
Comparative differences between the fine structure of cultured LL/2 cell in vitro and tumor cells in vivo which were induced in the lung by inoculation of LL/2 cells to C57 BL/6 mouse via tail vein during 21 days are not observed except for cell configuration which was changed spindle shape into oval shape. At first tumor cells appeared at lymphatic nodules and around capillary in the lung. Tumor cells divided actively by mitosis, so they became tumor nodules. The pulmonary aveoli around tumor nodules were observed somewhat flattened in shape but the cells in the aveoli appeared to be in normal condition. Furthermore the normal lung cells were observed in the tumor nodules and some apoptotic tumor cells appeared in the large tumor nodules. A lot of neutropiles were observed in the aveoli and tumor nodules of C57 BL/6 mouse lung after inoculation 22 days and 31days.
Ultrastructural Study of the Effect of Activated Carbon Treatment on the Mouse Kidney Treated with Lead
Chung, Min-Ju ; Yoon, Jung-Sik ; Chung, Kyung-A ; Kim, Young-Ho ; Roh, Young-Bok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 149~162
For investigation of the activated carbon on the mouse kidney treated with Pb, the activated carbon (40 mg/kg) and Pb (30 mg/kg) were treated orally for three and six weeks, respectivelly, and observed by the electron microscope. On the glomerulus of the group with only Pb, the basal membrane thicked, projected, and the foot processes fused. On the proximal convoluted tubules, the number of microvilli were decreased and the number of vacuoles and lysosome increased on the cytoplasm. The mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum were extended and ribosomes dropped from the ER. On the giomerulus of the group with Pb-activated carbon, the basal membrane and the foot processes were merely changed. On the proximal convoluted tubules, the shapes and number of microvilli were not changed and the number of vacuoles, microbodies, and lysosomes decreased. The shapes of mitochondria and endoplasmic reticulum observed almost similar with control group. Th at is, elongated mitochondria and attached ribosomes to endoplasmic reticulum. As result, the activated carbon has positive effect on reducing toxicity of lead in the mouse kidney in the view of electron microscope.
Healing Effects of Squalene on the Epidermis in Burned Mouse
Kim, Jong-Se ; Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Yoon, Jung-Sik ; Choi, Young-Bok ; Cho, Kwang-Phil ; Kim, Jae-Sung ; Chung, Su-Man ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 163~175
The purpose of this experiment was to know the healing effects of saualene on the burned mouses. The experimental groups were divided into seven groups: the control group, the burned groups, and 50 treated groups after burned. All groups except the control group burned with second degree on a dorsoanterior part. All groups that treated with 50 adapted three drops of pure squalene at 10 seconds interval; one time a day. The histological and ultrastructural changes during 10 days after burned were observed by light and electron microscope. Under the light microscope, all parts of epidermal layer of the burned groups were wounded deeper than the 50 treated groups. At 6 and 10 days groups with 50 treated, especially 10 days, the basal layer was greatly differentiated, and the prickle cells in the spinous layer were greatly increased in number. Under the electron microscope, the cell divisions of basal layer in all groups that treated with 50 were more activated and rapidly regenerated than the all burned groups. Especially, some fantastic results obtained from the 10 days group with SQ treated; much thicker spinous layer than the control group, many prickle cells, fine intercellular bridges, and healthy basal layer contained melanocytes. These results suggest that squalene may active the epidermis growth factor (EGF), acts as scavenger, and provide sources of energy in the membrane system. The results of this experiment consider that squalene has specific effects for burn healing and regeneration.
Ultrastructure of Gametes in the Three-spine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus
Deung, Young-Kun ; Kim, Dong-Heui ; Reu, Dong-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 177~187
Ultrastructure of gametes in the three-spine stickleback, Gasterosteus aculeatus aculeatus was observed, utilizing light, scanning and transmission electron microscopes. The egg of three-spine stickleback is spherical and demersal type. The eggs are highly adhesived to each other but not to substrates. There are many oil droplets in vitelline membrane. The outer surface of egg envelope is arranged by mushroom-like structures and pore canals. The egg have a micropyle, sperm entry site, in the area of the animal pole. The egg envelope consists of three layers, an outer layer with high electron density, a middle layer consisting two layers and an inner layer consisting of 16 to 20 layers. In the fertilized egg envelope, the molecular weights of these components ranged from 14 kDa to 205 kDa. The molecular weights of nam protein bands are 19.4 kDa, 36.7 KDa, 39.4 kDa, 42.9 kDa, 46.1 kDa and 53.0 kDa. The head of spermatozoa is spherical shape and the acrosome is absent. The mitochondria in midpiece are arranged from one to three layers and separated from the axoneme by the cytoplasmic canal. The tail has two lateral fins and the axoneme is of the 9+2 structure.
The Effect of Drinking Water Fluoride on the Fine Structure of the Ameloblast in the Fetal Rat
Lim, Do-Seon ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Yoe, Sung-Moon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 189~193
The response of ameloblast to long term (3 weeks) exposure to fluoride was examined in continuously erupting mandibular incisors of pregnancy rats as compared to control rats receiving a similar diet (Teklad L-356) but no sodium fluoride in there drinking water. Rats were started on water containing 0 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm, and 300 ppm NaF at the beginning of pregnancy. To examine on the ultrastructural changes of the ameloblast, electron microscopy was used. The results indicated that rat incisors expressed two major changes in normal amelogenesis that could be attributed to chronic fluoride treatment. The fluoride produces marked alteration in the fine structure of ameloblast from teeth of young rats, such as large confluent distensions of the endoplasmic reticulum and swelling of isolated mitochondria, in particular on the morphology of the rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum. A graded series of alterations to these organelles were produced, and the severity of the changes would seem to be dependent on dose and time. This experimental data suggested that exposure prolonged of animal to high level of fluoride appears to induce morphological changes in the normal appositional growth and initial mineralization of enamel created during amelogenesis.
Remodeling of the Epidermis during Skin Wound Healing in Bombina orientalis
Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 201~209
Remodeling of epithelial cells during wound healing in the skin of the Korean fire-bellied toad, Bombina orientalis, were examined using the scanning and transmission electron microscopical analyses. Artificial wounds were induced on the dorsal surface of the skin by excision, and reared in special cages with normal diets for up to 31 days after injury. From 4 days after wounding, regenerated epithelial cells are more rapidly migrated to wounding area, and remodeling of tissue components are proceeded gradually. Especially, formation of basal lamina between regenerated epithelium and dermis, and reconstruction of cellular junctions such as desmosomes (among the regenerated epithelial cells) and hemidesmosomes (between basal epithelial cells and basal lamina) are detected through fine structural analysis from 10 days after injury. Parakeratosis of regenerated epithelial cells observed during 16 to 19 days after wounding.
Ultrastructural Changes on the Cuticular Surface, Excretory and Digestive Organs of Anisakis simplex Larvae Chronologically Recovered from Experimental Cats
Sohn, Woon-Mok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 211~221
The ultrastructural changes of cuticular surface, excretory and digestive organs of Anisakis simplex larvae chronologically recovered from experimental cats were observed with a SEM and TEM. The larva recovered from an experimental cat at 3 days post-infection (PI) retained the cuticular surface with regular transverse striations and a longitudinal groove on the lateral side of body. This finding suggests that the molting of the 3rd stage larva of A. simplex to 4th one occurred from the 3rd day after infection in cats. The excretory organ (renette cell) consisted of a large cell with numerous ductules ramified from the main duct, mitochondria and secretory granules in cytoplasm. Secretory granules in the renette cell of larvae recovered at 24 hours PI were round whereas those of control and larvae recovered at 6 hours PI were amorphous. Muscular esophagus and ventriculus also retained many secretory granules in the cytoplasm. The secretory granules in these organs of larvae recovered at
hours PI were electron-dense and widely distributed whereas those of control worm were packed in a pocket and retained various electron densities. In the cytoplasm of intestinal epithelial cells, numerous fine glycogen particles and mitochondria were distributed. The chronological changes of secretory granules in renette cell, muscular esophagus and ventriculus seem to be related with the worm penetration into host tissue.
Ultrastructure of the Rectum Epithelial Cells in the Mosquito Larvae, Culex pipiens pallens
Yu, Chai-Hyeock ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 223~230
The epithelium of the rectum in the mosquito larvae, Culex pipiens pallens: Culicidae, was observed with electron microscope. The rectum of posterior hindgut was composed of epithelial tissue which were covered with cuticular intima on the luminal side, connective tissue and muscular tissue. The rectal epithelial cells were squamous absorptive cells, and apical plasma membranes were highly folded to form apical infoldings with mitochondria inserted them. The lateral plasma membranes were irregularly infolded and well developed mitochondria were found closely associated with infoldings . And intercellular spaces (or channels) were formed between the epithelial cells, whereas speptate junction was found near the apical zone between them. Also basal plasma membrane were infolded which made basal infoldings ('basal labyrinth'), and were covered with thin basal lamina. Rcetal epithelium was surrounded by the connective tissue which was contained axon and tracheole cells. Connective tissue was covered with the bundles of circular and longitudinal muscles.
Morphology of Drosophila Ocellar Corneagenous Cells to the Development
Yoon, Chun-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 231~239
Morphological changes of Drosophila ocellar corneagenous cells were studied to the development with electron microscopy, and the movement of produced proteins was traced with autoradiography. Corneagenous cells of immediate postemergence showed very active secretion pattern. However, a few days after the emergence, the secretory activity of corneagenous cell was supposed to be dropped suddenly. In autoradiography, almost of proteins that produced by corneagenous cells moved toward lens. From this, it was supposed that the corneagenous cells do not function in photoreceptor cells rather in the formation of lens at the postemergence stage. Corneagenous cells of pupal stage were well developed. In the period of lens formation, rER of corneagenous cells were well developed and it suggested very active material metabolism. Granules and microtubules were also frequently observed and the later would be a pathway of the movement of materials. In conclusion, corneagenous cells were well developed at vigorous lens forming stage. After emergence, when the lens formation was completed, both the function and the size of corneagenous cells were reduced.
Comparative Study on Components and Activities of Sperm Head Plasma Membrane in Active and Hibernating Animals
Oh, Yung-Keun ; Ahn, Byung-Sik ; Choi, In-Ho ; Jung, Noh-Pal ; Shin, Hyung-Cheul ; Kwak, Byoung-Ju ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 241~253
Fertilization pattern of north temperate bats is known to be unique for their sperm storage in the female reproductive tract during hibernation (e.g. Korean greater horseshoe bats). They copulate in fall but their ejaculated spermatozoa survive until the next spring. In another words they can persist to survive during long hibernation under the cold condition
and are to be fertilized with the ovum ovulated in the next spring, so called delayed fertilization. The present study was designed to observe morphological and functional changes of spermatozoa plasma membrane of the bats, hamsters which are hibernators, and mice which are non-hibernators in the room and the cold (bat-hibernation) temperatures and to confirm influence of the temperature on spermatozoa; survival rate, acrosome reaction rate, protein distribution,
activities and scanning electron microscopic histochemistry. Based on the experimental results obtained in the present study, there were no significant morphological and functional differences in the spermatozoa plasma membrane in both the room and cold (bat-hibernation) temperatures and such an absence of difference suggests that the spermatozoa plasma membrane might play a pertinent role as a protector for consistent fertilization during and after hibernation.
Interfacial Reactions of Co/Ti Multilayer System
Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Park, Se-Jun ; Ko, Dae-Hong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 29, issue 2, 1999, Pages 255~263
We have investigated the interfacial reactions in Co/Ti multilayer thin films prepared by DC Magnetron sputtering system. We observed that the amorphous Co-Ti phase formed by SSAR (Solid State Amorphization Reaction) upon annealing at
. Upon annealing treatments at
, a crystalline phase of CoTi formed at the Co/Ti interface. The sheet resistance of Co/Ti multilayer thin film increased by the formation of the amorphous phase at the Co/Ti interface, which decreased by the formation of new crystalline compound CoTi.