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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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Fine Structural Analysis of Principal and Secondary Eyes in Wandering Spider, Pardosa astrigera
Jeong, Moon-Jin ; Lim, Do-Seon ; Moon, Myung-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 1~9
The wandering spider, Pardosa astrigera, had four pairs of ocelli that arranged in three rows on the cephalothorax. Along the anterior margin lay a pair of small anterior median (AM) eye flanked on each side by anterior lateral (AL) eye. Two large posterior median (PM) eye was situated on the clypeus behind the anterior row and still more posteriorly was a pair of posterior lateral (PL) eye. The visual cell of retina consisted of cell body, rhabdome, and intermediate segment. Bipolar neuron was found in anterior median eye (principal eye) and unipolar neuron in others (secondary eye). Rhabdome showed that arranged in PMeye and PLeye. But rhabdomes of AMeye and ALeye were irregular in retina. Except AMeye, incontinuous tapetum found in ALeye, PMeye, PLeye. Anterior median eye was similar to anterior lateral eye in length and posterior median eye similar to posterior lateral eye. Component size of eye were similar to 4 pairs eye in cornea. Size of lens, cell body, and rhabdome was similar not only anterior median eye and anterior lateral eye but also posterior median eye and posterior lateral eye. Vitreous body was large posterior median eye than others.
Morphological Change of Men's Hair Shaft by Weathering
Hong, Wan-Sung ; Chang, Byung-Soo ; Lim, Do-Seon ; Park, Sang-Ock ; Yoe, Sung-Moon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 11~20
The morphological changes in normal and weathering hair shafts of the human scalp were investigated by using the transmission and scanning electron microscopes. The hair shaft composed of cuticular layer, cortex and medula. The surface of normal hairs are smooth and covered by imbricated cuticular scales. The cuticular layer consists of five to seven cuticle cells. These cells, which are flat and thin, measuring about
thick, appears intercellular membrane complex in diameter 25 nm. The cortex composed of melanin granules and cornified cells, which multicomponent concentric microfibrils in diameter about 8 nm give rise to macrofibrils in diameter
encased in limiting membrane. The melanin granules are spherical shaped about
in size and scattered between macrofibrils. The medulla in the normal hairs are
in diameter centrally region of cortex. Normal hair shafts undergo progressive degenerative changes due to a variety of environmental insults. In the initial weathering process of hair, the cuticular scales became irregularly raised and broken, and then cuticle cells formed cytoplasmic vacuolation, following dissociated intercellular membrane complex, ultimately entirely lost and nuded cortex. Occasionally, transverse fissures were seen at hair shafts indicating that the hairs were deteriorated. Complete removal of the cuticular layer in the heavily damaged cortex portions appeared splitting of the cortical cell into its macrofibrils and scattering of melanin granules.
Sperm Storage and Disappearance in the Reproductive Tract of the Female Korean Greater Horseshoe Bat, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum korai, during the Hibernation
Lee, Jung-Hun ; Son, Sung-Won ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 21~44
This study was carried out to investigate sperm storage, and the fate of spermatozoa in the female reproductive tract during hibernation in Korean greater horseshoe bat, Rhinolophus ferrumequinum korai. (1) Numerous sperm occurring in uterine lumen and glands were engulfed, and disappeared by the polymorphouclear leucocytes during the hibernation. (2) The stored sperm present in caudal isthmus of oviduct only, the heads of sperm toward the oviductal epithelial cells. Therefore, the projected sperm during the mating season are only alive in the caudal isthmus of oviduct in the long hibernation. The present result suggests that the caudal isthmus of oviduct may play an important role as the principal storage site in capacitation of sperm. (3) In March, the sperm do not occur in the caudal isthmus of oviduct. It suggests that the stored sperm in the caudal isthmus of oviduct should migrate to the ampulla of the site of fertilization to meet ovum in the period of ovulation. The results of this experiment consider that prolonged sperm storage, fate of sperm and sperm migration in the long hibernation have a kind of mechanism for the fertilization.
Immunohistochemical and Immunogold Electron Microscopic Studies on Effects of Cis-platin on the Ciliogenesis of Rat Oviducts
Kim, Jin-Kook ; Kim, Won-Kyu ; Paik, Doo-Jin ; Chung, Ho-Sam ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 45~59
Cis-platin is a widely used anticancer drug against certain solid tumors such as malignant ovarian tumor, malignant carcinoma of head and neck, bladder cancer and cervical cancer of uterus, and its major mechanism of action is inhibition of DNA synthesis of the tumor cell. To investigate the inhibitory effects of cis-platin on the ciliogensis of the ciliated cells in the mucosa of oviduct, the author pursued the alterations of
, which is the main constituent of the microtubles in cilia, after cis-platin treatment. To eliminate the possible variations due to ovarian cycle, female Spargue-Dawley rats (
in B.W.) were pretreated with estradiol benzoate (20 mg/kg, once a day, for 4 consecutive days). Animals were administrated with cis-platin (6 mg/kg, i.p.) and sacrificed at 1day, 3days, 5days and 7days after treatment, respectively. Immunohistochemistry for
using mouse anti-rat
monoclonal antibody as primary antibody was done. Immunogold electronmicroscopy for intracellular distributions of
was also performed with same primary antibody and Goat anti- mouse IgM which is preconjugated with gold particles of 15 nm as secondary antibody. The results obtained were as follows; 1. Strong immunoreactivity of
was observed in ciliated cells of oviducts at 1, 3 and 5 days after estradiol pretreatment. 2. Weak immunoreactivity of
was observed in ciliated cells of oviducts at 1 and 3 days after cis-platin treatment but it was recovered to strong immunoreactivity in 5 days 3. In immunogold electronmicroscopy, density of gold particles for
reactions was decreased in apical cytoplasm, but few changes were observed in basal body or cilia at 1 and 3 days after cis-platin treatment. From these above results, it is indicated that synthesis of
in ciliated cells of rat oviduct is inhibited by cis-platin treatment.
Fine Structural Investigations of Fertilization Envelopes and Acrosomal Reaction in Urechis unicinctus
Kwon, Hyuk-Jae ; Shin, Kil-Sang ; Kim, Wan-Jong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 61~72
Three fertilization envelopes (FE) have been observed after the artificial insemination of U. unicinctus oocytes. The substances of the first fertilization envelope, which is an effective barrier against excessive sperm, come mainly from the surface coat of the oocyte. The secretions of the cortical granules take part in formation of the 2nd fertilization envelope. Histologically, the 3rd fertilization envelope is not amorphous as seen under light microscope, but contains numerous panicles under electron microscope, which would be contributed to harden the envelope by 60 min after the fertilization. With the substantial similarity between the 1st fertilization envelope and the surface coat of the oocyte, and the coincidence of retraction of microvilli and the formation of the 1st fertilization envelope, it is suggested that the microvilli contain the sperm receptors in U. unicinctus. Some granular substances from the distal part of the acrosome diffuse on the surface coat of the oocyte while the acrosomal tubules penetrate into the surface coat. The acrosomal tubules arise from the proximal part of the acrosome and pass through the acrosomal lumen.
Effects of Di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate (DEHP) on Ultrastructure of Rat Seminal Vesicle
Kil, Young-Chun ; Kim, Wan-Jong ; Shin, Kil-Sang ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 73~80
Di-(2-ethylhexyl)phthalate (DEHP) has been known as one of endocrine disruptors. The present study was carried out to investigate the alterations of fine structure in rat seminal vesicle after oral intubation of DEHP in dosages of 1g/kg/day, 2g/kg/day or 3g/kg/day respectively in 0.5 ml of corn oil for If days. In rats treated with DEHP for 15 days, seminal vesicle exhibited extensive histological alterations compared to those observed in control groups. The size of the seminal vesicle and the mucosal folds decreased, but the lamina propria was considerably thickened. The ultrastructural changes of epithelial cells in seminal vesicle of rat treated with DEHP were characterized by the high nuclear/cytoplasmic ratio and the increased beterochromatin within irregular nuclear envelope. And also, the rough endoplasmic reticulum, Golgi complex and secretory vesicles were poorly developed. In conclusion, DEHP caused the ultrastructural and functional alterations of seminal vesicle in rats dose-dependently. It is suggested that these detrimental effects of DEHP on seminal vesicle are derived from the decrease level of testosterone.
Histological Changes of the Acupoint by Acupuncture Stimulation
Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Park, Min-Hee ; Cho, Kwang-Phil ; Jung, Hae-Man ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 81~87
This study has been carried out to understand histochemical and ultrastructural changes by acupuncture stimulation at the acupoint of the Zusanli (St. 36) in the rat. A lot of mast cells are observed in the peripheral of the hole with a sparrow-pecking and twistin -needle manipulation to the acupoint Zusanli for induction of 'Qi'. These cells contained a lot of granules with varied electron density and exocytosis granules were observed near the mast cell. H-bands of the muscle fiber that situated near the hole were shortened. It is assumed that these muscles are contracted by acupuncture stimulation. These results imply that functional relationship between mast cells in the dermis and Qi-sensation induced by acupuncture plays an important role on the specific receptor response to the mechanical stimulation.
Comparative Studies on the Ultrastructure of Salivary Ducts between the Two Species of Snails, Achatina fulica and Incilaria fruhstorferi
Chang, Nam-Sub ; Han, Jong-Min ; Kim, Sang-Won ; Lee, Kwang-Ju ; Hwang, Sun-Jong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 89~100
We observed the salivary ducts of two species of snails, Achatina fulica and Incilaria fruhstoferi with an electron microscope, and obtained the following results. The intralobular and interlobular ducts of Achatina fulica assume the forms of round or ellipsoidal doughnuts. The boundaries between the endothelial cells are not clear. It is also found that the cytoplasm of the endothelial cells consists of the membrane infolded in interdigital form, and there are well -developed microvilli at the apical portion of the cytoplasm. On the other hand, the intralobular and interlobular ducts of Incilaria fruhtoferi consist of the irregular simple columnar epithelia. The high electron dense cytoplasm is filled with the irregular round granules. The microvilli at the apical portion of the cytoplasm are not so well-developed as those in Achatina fulica. In the salivary duct of Achatina fulica, the lumen has narrow and long tubular structure. The boundaries between the endothelial cells are not clear. The cytoplasm is full of many vacuoles and electron lucent granules. At the apical portion of the cytoplasm, lots of short and thin microvilli are found. The salivary duct of Incilaria fruhstorferi is wider (
in diameter) than that of Achatina fulica, and consists of endothelial cells of the same structures. At the apical portion of those endothelial cells, a lot of junction apparatus such as desmosomes are observed. The vessels in the salivary ducts of Achatina fulica and Incilaria fruhstoferi are observed mainly in the connective tissues between the salivary glands. The endothelial cell of the vessel has the irregular structure and looks dark due to the high electron density. These cells protrude their filopodia and phagocytosize foreign bodies.
The Localization of Lectin Receptors in the Tissue of the Paragonimus westermani
Kim, Soo-Jin ; Nahm, Heun-Woo ; Lee, Joon-Sang ; Joo, Kyung-Whan ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 1, 2000, Pages 101~111
In this study, the distribution of lectin receptors in Paragonimus westermani tissue was explored using colloidal gold label complexed with lectin WGA purified from wheat germ (Triticum vulgare). The lectin WGA gold complex, shown to recognize GlcNAc (N-acetylgalactosamine) and NeuNAc (N-acetylneuraminic acid) regions, was applied to detect binding sites in Lowicryl HM 20 sections viewed under electron microscope. Labeled sections of the metacercaria revealed gold particles specifically distributed on the tegumental syncytium and lamella of the excretory canal. Labeling of young adult tissue was then quantified and compared to that of adult worm tissue. Adult worm tissue sections resulted in specific gold particle distribution on the lamella of caecal epithelium and excretory canal. These results indicate that lectin WGA receptors are located in the tegumental syncytium and lamella of the excretory canal of the metacercariae, and in the lamella of the caecum and excretory canal of the young adult and adult. Therefore, the GlcNAc and NeuNAc regions in the tegumental syncytium appear to be functionally associated with cell-recognition and protection from the immune system of the host, and linked with membrane transport and absorption of nutrients in the lamella of the excretaory canal and caecal epithelia.