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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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Three-dimensional Structure of Protein Using Electron Microscopy
Cheong, Gang-Won ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 241~248
Electron microscopy has used for analysing the structure of protein over 30 years. Bacteriohodopsin and porins are used as examples to illustrate the progress that has recently been made in attaining resolutions which hitherto were regarded as exclusive to the realm of x-ray crystallography. To determine a protein structure used by electron microscopy, one must pass through a number of basic steps including preparation of specimen , data acquisition and data processing.
A Study on the Interfacial Reaction of Co/Al Multilayer System
Kang, Sung-Kwan ; Lee, Sang-Hoon ; Ko, Dae-Hong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 249~254
We investigated the microstructure, electrical property, and magnetic property of Co/Al multilayer after annealing treatment. CoAl was formed during depositing Co/Al multilayer due to the interfacial reaction. After annealing treatment,
was formed at the Co/Si interface. The sheet resistance of Co 2 nm/Al 2 nm multilayer have the lowest value and the Rs of multilayer decreased with the increase of annealing temperature due to the formation of
phase. The Ms of 2 nm Co/2 nm Al multilayer have the lowest value and the Ms of multilayer increased with the increase of film thickness.
Three-dimensional Structure of the Processes of Photoreceptor Cells and Nerve Cells in the Pineal Organ of the Catfish, Parasilurus asotus
Nam, Kwang-Il ; Lee, Song-Eun ; Oh, Chang-Seok ; Bae, Choon-Sang ; Park, Sung-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 255~264
The topographic correlation between the processes of photoreceptor cells and nerve cells in the pineal organ of catfish, Parasiluns asotus, was studied using 3D electron microscopy. Upon examination, one neuronal cell process was found to pass through the intertwined processes of the photoreceptor cells. Interestingly , we observed two photoreceptor processes interlock, after which two buds from one process penetrated the other. Synaptic ribbons were observed in the cytoplasm of the photoreceptor cella, especially near the neuronal process. Macrophages were occasionally found to be contact with the outer segments of the photoreceptor cells in the pineal lumen.
Ultrastructure of Brachial Ganglion in Korean Octopus, Octopus minor
Chang, Nam-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 265~272
In this study, the brachial ganglion of Octopus minor was investigated with light microscope and electron microscope,andthefollowingresultswereobtained. The brachial ganglions of the octopus, round in shapes , are located under each of suckers. Their sizes are proportional to those of the suckers. A brachial ganglion of round shape consists of cortex and medulla. In cortex, nerve cells exist collectively while neuropiles in medulla. Three kinds of nerve cells (large, middle, and small neurons) are found in the cluster of nerve cells. The small one is a round cell of about
in diameter while the middle and large ones are an elliptical cell of
and an ovoid cell of
in diameter, respectively. All of those cells look light due to their low electron densities , in which cell organelle are not well developed. It was also observed that the middle neurons are surrounded by median electron-dense neuroglial cells of pyramidal shapes and about
in sizes. In the neuropiles of medulla, dendrites and axons of various sizes make a complex net. They contain four kinds of chemical synaptic vesicles-electron-dense synaptic vesicle of 100 nm in diameter, median electron-dense synaptic vesicle of 90 nm in diameter, electron-dense cored synaptic vesicle of 90 nm in diameter, and electron-lucent synaptic vesicle of 50 nm in diameter.
Histological and Biochemical Study on the Effects of the Green-Tea in Rat Kidney Toxicated by Lead
Chung, Kyoung-A ; Roh, Young-Bok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 273~283
To investigate the defensive effect of green tea against the lead toxicity, Sprague-Dewley rats (150 gm) were divided into 5 groups; the control group (A), the group treated with lead for 4 weeks (Group B-1), the group treated with lead and green tea for 4 weeks (Group B-2), the group treated with lead for 8 weeks (Group C-1), and the group treated with lead and green tea for 8 weeks (Group C-2). The lead acetate (500 ppm) was injected two times for one week into the abdomen and green tea solution (3 g/100 ml distilled water) offered freely. The results of histological and biocheical study are as follows; 1. Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) were increased in all the tested groups. The Group B-1 was more increased than the Group B-2, and the Group C-1 more than the Group C-2. The values of Alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were also decreased in all the tested groups, as such the former phenomenon. 2 In the Group B-1, some microvilli, mitochondria and rER were modificated on epithelial cell of proximal renal tubules. The cristae of mitochondria were enlarged, microvilli and nucleus were observed normally on the Group B-2. The number of Microvilli, mitochodria and rER were decreased, many lysosomes and irregular nucleus observed in the Group C-1. In the Group C-2, microvilli were modificated slightly and other organelles were observed similary with the Group B-2.
Biochemical and Scanning Electron Microscopic Study on the Enamel Organ of Fetal Rat following a Ingestion of Fluoride
Lim, Do-Seon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 285~293
The present study has been carried out to investigate the effect of fluoride toxicity on the morphology as well as inorganic chemical constituents of rat teeth. Rats were administered sodium fluoride at dose of 0 ppm, 100 ppm, 200 ppm and 300 ppm at the beginning of pregnancy. Animals were perfused intravascularly with glutaraldehyde and the incisors were removed. Changes in the protein composition of the secretory and maturation enamel were investigated using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS PAGE). And the enamel surface of incisors was examined under scanning electron microscope (SEM). Changes of protein quantities were found significantly in high levels fluoride administration for experimental groups compared with control. The SDS PAGE analysis demonstrated as follows In control group, secretory phase enamel protein, amelogenins, was detected more quantities than experimental group. The enamelin, presence in maturation phase enamel , showed more quantifies than control enamel with an increasing fluoride concentration in the drinking water. Also, the scanning electron micrographic data showed hypoplastic, tough, uneven, pitted and cracked enamel surfaces covered with granular deposits as a result of excessive intake of fluoride. From these results we conclude that high dose of fluoride administration leads to severe structural alterations on the enamel surface and these structural changes could be through defective mineralization.
Secretory and Sensory Receptor Cells in the Sucker of Korean Octopus minor II
Chang, Nam-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 295~301
Five kinds of sensory cells, called A1-, A2-, B-, C-, and D-type cell, respectively, are observed in the epithelial tissue of suker's infundibulum of Cephalopoda, Octopus minor. The A1-type cells lie side by with the B-type cell in the epithelium of sucker's infundibulum. In the A1-type, the nucleus shapes irregularly and the karyolymph appears dark due to its high electron density. The cytoplasm is filled with many vacuoles of various sizes (
in diameter), which move to the apical portion of the cell to be secreted via glycocalyx. The A2-type cells are mainly found at the basal portion of the epithelium. The shape of its nucleus is similar to that in the A1-type cell, and the cytoplasm, filiform or in reticular form, shows high electron density. The B-type cell contains an ovoid nucleus and the cytoplasm where lots of vacuoles which resemble the endoplasmic reticulum and electron-dense round granules of various sizes
are found. The vacuoles and granules are secreted into the free surface via glycocalyx. The C- and D-type cells in simple or stratified layer are observed at the folded portion of the sucker's epithelium. The C-type cell contains a low electron-dense elliptical nucleus, while the D-type cell has an irregular nucleus where beterochromatin is well developed.
Ultrastructure on the Integumentary Epidermis of the Marbled Sole, Limanda yokohamae (Teleostei: Pleuronectidae)
Lee, Jung-Sick ; Kang, Ju-Chan ; Baek, Hea-Ja ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 303~310
Ultrastructures on the integumentary epidermis of the marbled sole, Limanda yokahamae, were examined by means of the light and transmission electron microscope. Epidermal layer consists of supporting cells, unicellular glands and accessory cells. The supporting cells were classified into superficial cell, intermediated cell and basal cell. The cytoplasm of supporting cells is divided into cortex and medullar part. In the cortex and medullar part, microfilaments and cell organelles are well developed, respectively. Gland cells are present in the superficial and middle epidermis. The cytoplasm of mucous cell reacted to blue in AB-PAS (pH 2.5). Club cell has a roundish central vacuole and well-developed microfilaments in the cytoplasm. Granular cells are occurs in the middle and basal epidermis , and the cytoplasm is occupied with membrane-bounded granules of electron dense. Chloride cells are present in the superficial epidermis , and the cytoplasm is occupied with tubular mitochondria. Three types of pigment cells can be distinguished by electron density of cytoplasmic inclusions.
Morphology and Ultrastructure on the Gill of the Fleshy Shrimp, Penaeus chinensis (Decapoda: Penaeidae)
Lee, Jung-Sick ; Kang, Ju-Chan ; Jeong, Seon-Young ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 3, 2000, Pages 311~319
The gill morphology and ultrastructure of the fleshy shrimp, Penaeus chinensis were investigated by light and electron microscopy. Fleshy shrimp has dendrobranchiate gills. Gill has a longitudinal septum dividing them into afferent and efferent channel. Each gill lamella is covered by multi-layered thin cuticle of different electron density. The lamella basal cell is squamous and contains cytoplasm of electron dense. Simple epithelial layer consists of squamous epithelium contained large nucleus. The lamella pillar structures are characterized by the axial microtubules and lateral membrane interdigitations Secretory cells of AB-PAS negative are multicellular gland. In active gland each cell boundary is not apparent and the cytoplasm contains smooth endoplasmic reticula, mitochondria, membrane-bounded secretory vesicles of low electron density and granular resettes. In inactive gland each cell boundary is apparent and the cytoplasm is occupied with numerous small granules of electron dense. The well-developed rough endoplasmic reticula and Golgi apparatus are observed in the unicellular gland of alcian blue positive.