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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 30, Issue 4 - Dec 2000
Volume 30, Issue 3 - Sep 2000
Volume 30, Issue 2 - Jun 2000
Volume 30, Issue 1 - Mar 2000
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Ultrastructure of the Fertilized Egg Envelope from Pale Chub, Cyprinidae, Teleost
Deung, Young-Kun ; Kim, Dong-Heui ; Reu, Dong-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 321~326
The ultrastructure of the fertilized egg envelope from pale chub , Zacco platypus belong to Cyprinidae was studied using scanning and transmission electron microscopes. The fertilized egg was an adhesive type, have a single micropyle resembling the pathway of sperm in the area of the animal pole. The micropyle was surrounded by 5 peaks of hill. An outer surface of the fertilized egg envelope was arranged by pore canals irregularly. In section of fertilized egg, the egg envelope consistes of three layers, an outer adhesive layer, a middle electron dense layer and an inner lamellae layer consisting of 9 layers. These ultrastructural characters of fertilized egg envelope from pale chub can be utilized in taxonomy of teleost.
Effects of Yukmijihwangtang, Herbal Formula, on the Liver of Aged Senescence Accelerated Mouse (SAM) P8
Kim, Jeong-Sang ; Sheen, Yeong-Il ; Kim, Hee-Chul ; Park, Min-Hee ; Na, Chang-Su ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 327~335
The aim of this study was to discover whether Yukmijihwangtang which was added Plygalae Radix, Acori graminei Rhizoma, has antioxidant effects on aged senescence-accelerated mouse (SAM) P8. The control group used 12 months old SAM P8 and the experimental group was treated with Yukmijihwangtang extracts from 8 to 12 months old. In the liver, the MnSOD of the control group were approximately 11% higher than that of the experimental group treated with herbal extracts, but CuZnSOD activities of the experimental group were approximately 20% higher than that of the control group. The catalase activities of the experimental group was approximately 67% higher than that of the control group. The hepatocytes, in the control group compared with the experimental group, contained the dilated cisternae of rough endoplasmic reticulum and the abnormal mitochondira which had electron-dense matrix and indistinguishable cristae. The inner cavity of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum were slightly dilated, and a number of vacuoles and transitional vesicles occured in of the hepatocytes of the control group. These results suggest that the herbal extract has an antioxidant effects on the liver of SAM P8.
Measurements of Lattice Strain in MOCVD-GaN Thin Film Grown on a Sapphire Substrate Treated by Reactive Ion Beam
Kim, Hyun-Jung ; Kim, Gyeung-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 337~345
Introduction of the buffer layer and the nitridation of a sapphire substrate were one of the most general methods employed for the reduction of lattice defects in GaN thin films Brown on sapphire by MOCVD. In an effort to improve the initial nucleation and growth condition of the GaN, reactive ion beam (RIB) of nitrogen treatment of the sapphire surface has been attempted. The 10 nm thick, amorphous
layer was formed by RIB and was partially crystallized alter the main growth of GaN at high temperature, leaving isolated amorphous regions at the interface. The beneficial effect of amorphous layer at interface in relieving the thermal stress between substrate and GaN film was examined by measuring the lattice strain value of the GaN film grown with and without the RIB treatment. Higher order Laue zone pattern (HOLZ) of
zone axis was compared with simulated patterns and lattice strain was estimated It was confirmed that the great reduction of thermal strain was achieved by RIB process and the amount of thermal stress was 6 times higher in the GaN film grown by conventional method without the RIB treatment.
Autometallography for Zinc Detection in the Central Nervous System
Jo, Seung-Mook ; Gorm, Danscher ; Kim, Sung-Jun ; Park, Seung-Kook ; Kang, Tae-Cheon ; Won, Moo-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 347~355
Zinc is one of the most abundant oligoelements in the living cell. It appears tightly bound to some metalloproteins and nucleic acids, loosely bound to some metallothioneins or even as free ion. Small amounts of zinc ions (in the nanomolar range) regulate a plentitude of enzymatic proteins, receptors and transcription factors, thus rolls need accurate homeostasis of zinc ions. Zinc is an essential catalytic or structural element of many proteins, and a signaling messenger that is released by neural activity at many central excitatory synapses. Growing evidences suggest that zinc may also be a key mediator and modulator of the neuronal death associated with transient global ischemia and sustained seizures, as well as perhaps other neurological disease stoles. Some neurons have developed mechanisms to accumulate zinc in specific membrane compartment ('vesicular zinc') which can be evidenced using histochemical techniques. Substances giving a bright colour or emitting fluorescence when in contact with divalent metal ions are currently used to detect them inside cells; their use leads to the so called 'direct' methods. The fixation and precipitation of metal ions as insoluble salt precipitates, their maintenance along the histological process and, finally, their demonstration after autometallographic development are essential steps for other methods, the so called 'indirect methods'. This study is a short report on the autometallograhical approaches for zinc detection in the central nervous system (CNS) by means of a modified selenium method.
Do Paneth Cells Regulate the Zinc Body Burden?
Jo, Seung-Mook ; Kim, Sung-Jun ; Park, Seung-Kook ; Kang, Tae-Cheon ; Won, Moo-Ho ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 357~365
Paneth cells have been suggested to contribute to the elimination of excess metals into the intestinal lumen. The purpose of this study wat to investigate the changes of the zinc pools in rats subjected to functional loading with zinc salt by mean of both light and electron microscopical autometallography (AMG). Wistar rats 4 were administrated with zinc chloride (20 mg/kg body weight) intraperitoneally dissolved in 1 ml distilled water. The control group received 1 ml saline IP. After further one hour the animals were transcardially perfused with 0.4% sodium sulphide dissolved in 0.1 M PB fellowed by 3% glutaraldehyde solution for 10 minutes. Pieces of ileum were frozen with solid
and sectioned on a cryostat. The sections
were autometallographically developed. Sections selected for EM were reembedded on top of a blank Epon block, from which ultrathin sections (100 nm) were cut. The ultrathin sections were double stained with uranyl acetate (30 min) and lead citrate (5 min), then examined under electron microscope. Studies of comparable sections from control and zinc loaded animals with the AMG selenium method gave quite different results. The control animals demonstrated a weakly positive staining in the cytoplasm of the Paneth cells. In the electron microscope the AMG silver grains were found to be located in the cytoplasm, while the electron dense secretary granules and other cell organelles were void of staining. Few AMG grains were located at the apical surface of the Paneth cells. In sections from zinc loaded rats, the AMG grains were seen in abundance in the lumen of the Lieberkuhn crypts at light microscopic levels. At EM levels the zinc revealing silver grains were located in the cytoplasm as in the controls, but much more AMG grains were shifted into the secretary granules. Furthermore, profound AMG grains were found in the lumen of the crypts and surrounding vessels. And a few grains were seen in the endothelium. The AMG technique demonstrated a pattern of AMG grains in the Paneth cells that strongly suggests a transport of zinc ions through these cells.
Ultrastructural Study on the Maturation of Oocyte in the African Giant Snail, Achatina fulica
Chang, Nam-Sub ; Han, Jong-Min ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 367~376
The observation using an electron microscope shows that the maturation of the oocyte of African giant snail, Achatina fulica, proceeds over three stages. The oocyte of stage 1 is a small elliptic cell
whose light nucleoplasm contains two nucleoli. In its cytoplasm, a number of mitochondria, rough endoplasmic reticula, and ribosomes are found, while yolk granules are not. The nucleus of the oocyte of stage 2 is relatively large in comparison with the volume of cytoplasm, and contains one nucleolus. In the nuclear envelope comprising inner and outer double membrane, there are found a lot of nuclear pores for materials to pass through. A number of mitochondria, Golgi complex and lipid yolk granules appears in the cytoplasm, and proteinous yolk granules begin to form and mature in the vacuoles of various sizes (
in diameter). The oocyte of stage 3 has an enlarged nucleolus. Material transportation through nuclear pore is not found any longer. The cytoplasm in this stage is filled with proteinous and lipid yolk granules. The microvilli are developed around the egg plasma membrane.
Immunohistochemical and Immunocytochemical Study about the Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein in the Tanycytes of the Area Postrema of Bat
Yang, Young-Chul ; Cho, Byung-Pil ; Kang, Ho-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 377~387
There are a few tanycytes between the general ependymal cells lining the ependymal layer of the brain ventricle. These cells are considered as modified ependymal cells which possess a long basal process. Tanycytes are known to have an ability to communicate by absorbing substances from cerebrospinal fluid and transporting them to the blood vessels and/or to the neurons in the CNS. The third and fourth ventricular tanycytes were mainly studied as subjects but it's rare to find reports about the tanycytes of the area postrema. Glial fibrillary acidic protein is an intermediate filament protein that is expressed especially in astrocytes of the CNS. But GFAP is also found in filament of the tanycytes and its process. Therefore this study was carried out for the examination of the GFAP immunoreactive tanycytes lining the area postrema of the bat, and we also examined the ultrastructure of tanycytes using electron microscope. GFAP immunoreactive tanycytes were located in the caudal portion of the fourth ventricle, and especially mainly in the transitional zone between the floor of the caudal fourth ventricle and ependymal layer lining the area postrema. A few GFAP immunoreactive tanycytes were also found in the ependymal layer lining the area postrema, and some groups of tanycytes were found in the ependymal layer of the area postrema near the floor of the caudal fourth ventricle , The processes of tanycytes were stained deeply with anti-GFAP antibody. Especially the GFAP immunoreactive tanycytes lining the area postrema had very long processes that cross the whole width of the area postrema. In the electron microscope, the cell body of ependymal tanycyte was located on the ependymal layer and had a long basal process. Intermediate filaments were observed around the nucleus and well developed in the process of tanycrte. Longitudinal oriented long mitochondria and a few lipid droplets were also found in this process. After immunocytocheical staining, the gold particles were found only in the intermediate filaments. We could not determine the function of the tanycytes in the area postrema. Thus, further investigation is required to determine the functional relationship between the tanycytes and the area postrema in hibernating animal, the bat.
Effects of Squalene in Mouse Kidney with Contaminated Mercury
Kim, Jong-Se ; Lee, Kyung-Hee ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 389~401
The mouse for identifying the histological changes of kidney were also divided into the two groups; treated with only
(4 mg/kg), the group treated with
and squalene (200 mg/kg). The
treated only one time at first day. The squalene treated two times a day (12 hours interval) for every day. Each groups were divided into the five groups; 6, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours after treated
and squalene. Historical changes of the kidneys were investigated by electron microscope. The group with only
showed that the nuclear membrane was shrinked, the inner membrane (cristae) of the mitochondria were destructed, and ribosomes on the rough endoplasmic reticulum were lost. The group treated with
and Squalene showed that the nuclear membrane was more rounded, the cristae of the mitochondria were almost normal shape, and more ribosomes on the rough endoplasmic reticulum were attached. Therefore , we concluded that squalene has significantly protective effects in kidney to harmful
Localization of Anti-Actin-Gold Particles (10 nm) Labeled to Nuclear Actin of Urechis Sperm and Spermatids
Shin, Kil-Sang ; Kim, Ho-Jin ; Kim, Wan-Jong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 403~412
Urechis unicinctus spermatogenic cells, sperm and spermatids, prepared from testis are investigated to identify nuclear actin using amoeba monorlonal anti-actin as the first Ab and gold particles (10 nm) conjugated mouse IgG (immunogold) as the Ab marker. The Ag-Ab reactions analyzed the localization of nuclear actin of the spermatogenic cells and the immunogold particles incorporated mainly with nuclear matrices. A few immunogold particles are merged into the acrosomes and the other architectures of spermatogenic cells, such as mitochondrion and centrioles. It is often observed and there is a tendency in which the incorporated immunogold particles are increased in number in the nuclear matrices of sperm compared with that of spermatids The increments and decrements of the incorporated immunogold particles according to developmental stages and the spermatogenic architec-tures are interpreted and discussed in aspect of acrosomal function and of nuclear condensation of spermatids.
Thermosome-like Protein from Hyperthermophilic Archaeon Thermococcus Profundus; Purification and Structural Analysis
Kim, Suk-Kyoung ; Lee, Mi-Hong ; Park, Seong-Cheol ; Cheong, Gang-Won ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 30, issue 4, 2000, Pages 413~421
We have isolated a large cylindrical protein complex from hyperthermophile archaeon Thermococcus profundus. Structural analysis by image processing of electron micrographs suggests that the complex is composed of two stacked rings of eight subunits each; the ring enclose a central channel. The purified protein was shown to be a homomultimer of 60 kDa subunit (P60 complex). It exhibits an extremely thermostable ATPase activity with a temperature optimum of
. This protein complex may play an important role in the adaptation of thermophile archaeon to life at high temperature.