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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume 31, Issue 4 - Dec 2001
Volume 31, Issue 3 - Sep 2001
Volume 31, Issue 2 - Jun 2001
Volume 31, Issue 1 - Mar 2001
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Observation of Dendritic Spines of Purkinje Cell Using High-Voltage Electron Microscopy
Rhyu, Im-Joo ; Lee, Kea-Joo ; Suh, Young-Suk ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 1~8
The morphological features of neuronal dendritic spines are changed their shapes, sizes and density in response to physiological or pathological conditions . Therefore, exact analysis of spines warrants understanding of neuronal function. The size of the spine is at the borderline of resolution with light microscopy. High voltage electron microscopy Provide excellent resolution of the spines with proper stain techniques thanks to its higher resolution and penetration power. We evaluated more effective staining method for observing dendritic spines after labeling Purkinje cells with anti-calbindin 28 kD immunohistochemistry or Golgi staining methods. 4 fm thickness sections were observed with high voltage electron microscopy and some morphometric analyses were performed. Both Golgi staining and immunohistochemistry revealed the detail structures of the Purkinje cell such as soma, dendrites, and dendritic spines. High voltage electron micrographs with Golgi staining provide more precise morphology and are easy to measure. Average density of spine is
and its length is
. For quantitative analysis of the spines, high voltage electron, micrographs with Golgi staining are more effective. This preliminary result is expected to be useful for further study of spine plasticity in various conditions.
Effects of Protaetia Orientalis (Gory et Perchlon) Larva on the Lipid Metabolism in Carbon Tetrachloride Administered Rats
Kang, Il-Jun ; Chung, Cha-Kwon ; Kim, Soo-Jin ; Nam, Sang-Myung ; Oh, Sung-Hoon ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 9~18
This study was designed to determine the effects of Protaetia Orientalis larva (Gory et Perchlon) on the in vivo lipid metabolism in Sprague Dawley rats with the administration of carbon tetrachloride to induce damage in the liver. At the end of 8th week, serum levels of GOP and GPT, hepatic cholesterol levels, HDL-cholesterol, triglycerides and phospholipids were determined. In addition, activities of antioxidative enzymes were also determined. The administration of carbon tetrachloride resulted in increase of serum GOT and GPT, liver triglyceride and total cholesterol. On the other hand, those fed in combination with carbon tetrachloride and Protaetia Orientalis larva decreased those lipid parameters . Carbon tetrachloride feeding resulted in decrease of liver phospholipid, whereas that of the rat fed in combination with carbon tetrachloride and Protaetia Orientalis larva was increased. In antioxidative defense system, carbon tetrachloride led to a significant decrease in activities of catalase, total SOD, Cu, Zn-SOD and glutathione-S-transferase. However, those activities of the rat fed in combination with carbon tetrachloride and Protaetia Orientalis larva was significantly increased. Hepatocytes of carbon tetrachloride administered rats showed increased lipid droplets and micro-filaments. However, those of the rat fed in combination with carbon tetrachloride and Protaetia Orientalis larva were reduced in the number and the size.
Annually Reproductive Cycles of Gonadotropic Cells, Endocrine Materials and Plasma Components in Special Relation to Oogenesis in Rainbow Trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss
Yoon, Jong-Man ; Kim, Gye-Woong ; Park, Kwan-Ha ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 19~35
Outlines for plasma
, components, electrophoretic patterns, and ultrastructural changes were obtained in female rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) during the seasonal reproductive cycles. Plasma
under the natural conditions, exhibited distinct seasonal variation, peaking very late in vitellogenic season during September, decreasing gradually the halt of spawning in December, and ultimately falling during the early stages of seasonal ovarian recrudescence in February and March. This change in
appeared to stimulate vitellogenin production as evidenced by increases in plasma calcium, phosphorus, glucose, albumin and total protein levels. The electrophoretic patterns of late maturing or spawning oocytes were stained more intensively than those of late perinucleolus oocytes (molecular weights of approximately 70,000 and 200,000). Two protein bands were found in the SDS-PAGE separation, coincident with the
hormone peak. Gonadosomatic indices (GSI) significantly increased from October to January, and showed the highest peak in January, coinciding with the numerically abrupt increase of ripe ova in female. A positive correlation (r=0.701, p<0.01) was established between plasma
levels and the gonadosomatic index during the prespawning. The highest level of hepatosomatic index (HSI) observed in December. During the breeding season (December), the gonadotropes were large and filled with GTH-containing inclusions such as granules and globules. The vitellogenic phase began as late perinurleolus oocytes became transformed into early maturing oocytes through the accumulation of yolk, and oocytes reached the late maturing stages as the ooplasm was completely packed with yolk. Marked ultrastructural changed in the granulosa cells during nuclear migration involve the dilation of the rough endoplasmic reticulum and the appearance of the rod-shaped mitochondria with tubular cristae. Microvilli (finger-like projections), from the zona radiata and from the oocyte grew, and made contact with each other in the pore canals of the zona radials during vitellogenesis, but were withdrawn as the zona radiata became more compact and devoid of pore canals during oocyte maturation. The zona radiata grew to a tripartite structure such as an outer thin homogeneous layer, and two inner thick helicoidal layers (zona radials interna and zona radiata externa). Under the normal conditions, the ovarian follicle influenced the histological development and periodical secretion of the hormones , sufficient for a oogenesis and gonadal steroid production.
Allopurinol Decreases Liver Damage Induced by Dermal Scald Burn Injury
Cho, Hyun-Gug ; Yoon, Chong-Guk ; Park, Won-Hark ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 37~47
In order to investigate a pathogenesis of liver damage induced by skin burn, thermal injury was induced by scald burn on entirely dorsal surface in rats (total burn surface area
) except for inhalated injury. At 5 and 24 h after scald burn, biochemical assay and morphological changes in serum and liver tissue were examined. Skin burn increased liver weight (% of body weight, p<0.05) and the activity of serum aniline amino-transferase (ALT, p<0.05), in addition, the activity of xanthine oxidase (XO), an enzyme of oxygen free radical generating system, was elevated (p<0.01) in serum, but not in skin and in liver. Postburn treatment of allopurinol intraperitoneally decreased liver weight, serum ALT activity and serum XO activity. Scald burn induced ultrastructurally swelling of endoplasmic reticulum, ribosome detachment, accumulation of lipid, dilatation of bile canaliculi and intercellular space, neutrophil infiltration, activation of Kupffer's cells and degeneration of hepatocytic microvilli. Futhermore , thermal injury decreased not only the protein concentration in plasma but also the number of intravascular leukocytes, that indicates induction of edema formation with protein exudation and inflammation by neutrophil infiltration into the internal organs. However allopurinol injection after burn inhibited post burn ultrastructural changes. These data suggest that acute dermal scald burn injury leads to liver damage, that is related to elevation of xanthine oxidase activity in serum. Xanthine oxidase may be a key role in the pathogenesis of liver damage induced by skin burn.
Fine Structural Characterization and Localization of Lectin Receptors in the Cultured Fibroblast
Kim, Soo-Jin ; Hahm, So-Young ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 49~57
In this study, the distribution of lectin receptors in culutured fibroblast was explored using colloidal gold label complexed with lectin WGA purified from wheat germ (Triticum vulgare). The lectin WGA gold complex, shown to recognize GlcNAc (N-acetylgalactosamine) and NeuNAc (N-acetylneuraminic acid) regions, was applied to detect binding sites in Lowicryl HM 20 sections viewed under electron microscope Labeled sections of the culutured fibroblast revealed gold particles specifically distributed on the cytoplasm and cell surface of the fibroblast. Labeling of 24 hours culutured fibroblast was then quantified and compared to that of 72 hours culutured fibroblast. 24 hours culutured fibroblast sections resulted in specific gold particle distribution on the cytoplasmic vesicle of the culutured fibroblast. These results indicate that lectin WGA receptors are located in the cytoplasmic vesicle and cell surface of the 24 hours culutured fibroblast, and on the cell surface of the 72 hours culutured fibroblast. Therefore, the GlcNAc and NeuNAc regions on the cell surface appear to be functionally associated with cell-recognition and protection from other cell of the tissue, and linked with secretion and exocytosis of the fibroblast cytoplasm.
Cytochemical Study on the Cytochrome Oxidase Activity and Myocardial Adaptation to Treadmill Exercise in Rat
Choi, Jeung-Mok ; Lee, Choong-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 59~70
The present study was to elucidate the cytochemical study on the cytochrome oxidase (CO) activity and myocardial adaptation to treadmill exercise in rat. The three month Sprague-Dowley male
were used in experimental animal. The experimental groups were divided into 2 groups: the normal sedentary group and the treadmill exercise group. On each 1st and 3rd day, 1st, 4th, 8th, and 12th experimental week four rats of each group were sacrificed for tests. The morphometrical measurements were used to evalute the change of heart weight, rate of myocardial fibers to capillaries, and cytochemical study of CO activities, using light and electron microscopy. The results were as follows: The heart weights were more increased in the treadmill exercise group than those of their sedentary group. The rate of myocardial fibers to capillaries were not changed in sedentary group, but those were significantly from 4th weeks in the treadmill exercise group. The CO activity was not changed in sedentary group, but increased in treadmill exercise group after 1 st week. I and III types of CO activity were increased In sedentary group, in contast to II and III types in treadmill exercise group on electron micrographic study. These results suggest that, the treadmill exercise-induced changes in CO activity and rate of myocardial fibers to capillaries appear to be related to exercise, and the adaptive response seems to occurs from 4th week of treadmill exercise.
Laminin Expression in the Rat Lung Development
Chung, Ho-Sam ; Park, Chul-Hong ; Paik, Doo-Jin ; Baik, Tae-Kyung ; Kim, Won-Kyu ; Youn, Jee-Hee ; Suh, Yun-Kyung ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 71~83
Laminin, a kind of multidomain glycoproteins, is mainly localized in the basement membranes of various tissues. It is known that laminin plays an important part in mammalian lung morphogenesis. The authors have undertaken this study to investigate the changes in the distribution of laminin, and to find out cells which synthesize laminin during the organogenesis and differentiation of the lung. The fetal and neoantal rats (Sprague-Dawley strain) were used as experimental animals. The immunohisto-chemical methods were employed for detection of laminin within the developing lung tissue and the immunegold cytochemical methods were performed for detection of cells which synthesize laminin according to each stage of development. The results are as follows; 1. During fetal life, strong immunoreactivity for laminin is maintained in the basement membranes of the blood vessels and the bronchioles, the extracellular matrix of the mesenchyme, and basal lamina of the alveolar septum in the fetal rat lung. 2. After birth, laminin immunoreactivity at the alveolar septum is gradually reduced. 3. During fetal life, laminin is mainly detected within the cytoplasm of the mesenchymal cells, the endothelial cells of blood vessels and the fibroblasts in fetal rat lung. 4. According to the differentiation of type I and type II pneumocyte after birth, laminin is detected within cytoplasm of the type I pneumocytes, type II pneumocytes and fibroblasts. It is consequently suggested that laminin is largely expressed in the developing lung and laminin may be also synthesized by the type II pneumonocytes at early newborn stages.
Ultrastructure of the Fertilized Egg Envelope from Long nose barbel, Cyprinidae, Teleost
Kim, Dong-Heui ; Deung, Young-Kun ; Kim, Hae-Young ; Reu, Dong-Suck ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 85~90
The ultrastructures of the fertilized egg envelope from long nose barbel, Hemibarbus longirostris belong to Cyprinidae was studied using scanning and transmission electron microscopes. The fertilized egg was adhesive type, have a single micropyle resembling the pathway of sperm in the area of the animal pole. An outer surface of the fertilized egg envelope was arranged by adhesive structures irregularly. In section of fertilized egg, the egg envelope consists of two layers, an outer adhesive twofold layer with mushroom-like cluster and an inner lamellae layer consisting of four layers. These ultrastructural characters of fertilized egg envelope from long nose barbel can be utilized in taxonomy of teleost.
Structure of Antennal Sensilla on the Adult Asian Ladybird, Hamonia axyridis Pallas (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae)
Park, Soo-Jin ; Oh, Hyun-Woo ; Youn, Young-Nam ; Park, Ho-Yong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 91~99
The antennal sensilla of the adult male and female ladybird beetle, Harmonia axyridis (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) were examined by scanning electron microscopy. Nine types of sensilla were characterized and grouped into 5 morphological classes:
, basiconic, chetiform, coeloconlc, and trichoid sensilla.
sensilla were localized on the scape and pedicel, part of the ventral and dorsal proximal side. This placement suggests a role in proportion of antennal position and movement. Basiconic and chetiform sensilla were divided into 3 subtypes by morphology and length differences. Trichoid sensilla are confined to the last 2 flagellum segments on both sexes. Sexual dimorphism of antennal sensilla is limited to the three types of difference. The principal characteristics of this dimorphism are the following: a) The distribution of sensilla was differ from male and female in antennae. b) Males exhibit coeloconic sensilla not present in females; c) Females posses more trichoid sensilla than males. The possible role of specific dilference of the sensilla in intersexual communication is discussed.
Studies on the Visceral Ganglion and Right Parietal Ganglion in the African Giant Snail, Achatina fulica II. Ultrastructural Method
Chang, Nam-Sub ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 31, issue 1, 2001, Pages 101~108
Five kinds of neurosecretory cells (type-A, B, C, D and E) and neuropiles surrounding them were observed in the visceral ganglion and the right parietal ganglion of the African giant snail, Achatina fulica, by transmission electron microscopy. Type-A cells (diameter,
) are the most popular cells in the cortex of the two ganglions, which are of triangular or irregular forms. In their cytoplasm, there are found large granules of 1 fm in diameters and small round granules of about
in diameters. Small granules are classified into the ones of high electron density and the others of middle electron density. Type-B cells (diameter,
) are evenly distributed over various portions of cortex and medulla of the two ganglions. They are similar to type-A cells in shapes. The cytoplasm of type-B cells is crowded with high electron dense granules of about
. Round granules of about
in diameters are also found but rarely. Type-C cells are the smallest cells whose sizes are about
. Each of them contains a large nucleus of about
. Its cytoplasm is full of electron dense granules of about
, each of which is artually an assembly of tiny granules of about
. Type-D cells are middle-size cells of about
, which take ellipsoidal or irregular forms. They are found in the cortex more than in the medulla. Their cytoplasm looks dark due to the high electron density and, in it, two kinds of round granules whose sizes are
, respectively, are observed. Type-E cells are large cells of about
, which are rarely found in the upper and middle portions of the two ganglions. The nucleus of the cell, which is very large
for the cytoplasm, contains electron dense round granules of diverse sizes (diameters,
). The surface of the cell protrudes filopodia of various forms and phagocytizes decrepit cells. Neuropiles are surrounding the neurosecretory cells. In nerve fibers, synaptic vesicles are observed, which are classified into six classes according to their electron densities , sizes and shapes.