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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 33, Issue 4 - Dec 2003
Volume 33, Issue 3 - Sep 2003
Volume 33, Issue 2 - Jun 2003
Volume 33, Issue 1 - Mar 2003
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Neutrophilic Respiratory Burst Contributes to Acute Lung Leak in Rats Given N-nitroso-N-methylurethane
Kim, Seong-Eun ; Kim, Dug-Young ; Na, Bo-Kyung ; Lee, Young-Man ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 1~16
As is well known that N-nitroso-N-methylurethane (NNNMU) causes acute lung injury (ALI) in experimental animals. And ALI caused by NNNMU is very similar to ARDS in human being in its pathology and progress. In its context, we investigated the pathogenetic mechanism of ARDS associated with oxidative stress by neutrophils in Sprague-Dawley rat model of NNNMU-induced ALI. NNNMU had increased lung weight/body weight ratio (L/B ratio), lung myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity, protein content and number of neutrophils in bronchoalveolar fluid (BALF) compared with those of control rat (p<0.001, respectively). In contrast, the amount of pulmonary surfactant in BALF was decreased by NNNMU (p<0.001). Morphologically, light microscopic examination denoted pathological findings such as formation of hyaline membrane, infiltration of neutrophils and perivascular cuffing in the lungs of NNNMU-treated rats. In addition, ultrastructural changes such as the necrosis of endothelial cells, swelling and vacuolization of lamellar bodies of alveolar type II cells, and the degeneration of pulmonary surfactant were identified after treatment of NNNMU. Very interestingly, cerium chloride electron microscopic cytochemistry showed that NNNMU had increased the production of cerrous-peroxide granules in the lung, which signified the increased production of hydrogen peroxide in the lung. Collectively, we conclude that NNNMU causes acute lung leak by the mechanism of neutrophilic oxidative stress of the lung.
Synthesis and Characterization of
Nanowires in a Wet Oxidizing Environment
Jeong, Jong-Seok ; Kim, Young-Heon ; Lee, Jeong-Yong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 17~23
Indium oxide (
) nanowires were successfully synthesized by a simple reaction in a wet oxidizing environment at low temperature without metal catalyst. The nanowires were characterized by an x-ray diffraction (XRD), a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) equipped with an energy dispersive spectrometry (EDS), and a transmission electron microscopy (TEM). It was shown that the
nanowires were two types of morphology, uniform nanowires and nanowires containing
nanoparticles in its stem. It was found that lengths of the nanowires were ranges of several micrometers and their diameters were around
nm. The growth direction of the nanowires was investigated and their growth mechanism is also discussed.
Cell Differentiation and Ultrastructure of the Seminiferous Epithelium in Myotis macrodactylus
Lee, Jung-Hun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 25~39
Cell differentiation and ultrastructural characteristics in the seminiferous epithelium of Myotis macrodactylus was investigated with the light and electron microscopes. Spermatogenesis has begun at April and finished at September. The nuclei of A spermatogonia (dark and pale type of spermatogonia) were oval, applied to the basal lamina, and surrounded by Sertoli cells. By comparison with other types of spermatogonia, the cell and nucleus of B type of spermatogonium is globular and larger than A types of spermatogonia. The nucleolus appears as a coarse and touches the nuclear membrane. The cell and nucleus of spermatocytes was globular and larger, but primary spematocyte is larger than secondary spermatocyte. Spermiogenesis was divided according to the level of fine structural difference, into Golgi, cap, acrosomal, maturation and spermiation phases; Golgi, cap, acrosomal and spermiation phases were further subdivided into steps of early and late phase respectively, and maturation phase has only one step. Hence, the spermiogenesis has been divided into a total of nine phases. In the change of karyoplasm, the chromatin granules are condensed at late Golgi phase and completed at spermiation phase. The sperm tail began to develop in early Golgi phase and completed in spermiation phase. The process of degeneration of spermatogenic cells in the seminiferous tubules was continually observed from October, before the beginning of hibernation, to hibernation phase (November, December, January, February, March). Immatured spermatogenic cells in the seminiferous tubules have been engulfed by phagocytosis of Sertoli cells during period of degeneration. It is deduced that the adaptative strategy serves as the mechanism to regulate the effective use of energy to prepare for long hibernation and regulation of breeding cycle.
Hemopoiesis in Human Fetal Spleen
Kim, Dae-Jin ; Sim, Kyu-Min ; Kim, Sung-Su ; Lee, Won-Bok ; Kim, Kyung-Yong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 41~48
The hemopoiesis in human fetal spleen was studied with transmission electron microscope. There were undifferentiated proerythroblast, basophilic erythroblast, polychromatophilic erythroblast, and acidophilic erythroblast. Besides, enucleated nuclei and mitoses were present. Groups of erythroblastic cells were surrounded by certain cell. The structure was identical to erythropoietic island found in fetal liver. So, erythropoisis in spleen was developing in a pattern similar to fetal liver. Megakaryobalst were found in spleen, but there was no mature cells, cells in mitosis nor platelet formation. It was not clear whether megakaryoblast in circulation was trapped in spleen or participated in megakaryopoiesis. In summary, erythropoiesis took place in fetal spleen in a pattern similar to fetal liver and bone marrow. But it was not certain whether megakaryopoiesis took place in fetal spleen.
A Study of Titanium Phase Transition through In-situ EF-TEM Heating Experiments
Kim, Jin-Gyu ; Lee, Young-Bu ; Kim, Youn-Joong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 49~58
phase transition of titanium was investigated through in-situ EF-TEM heating experiments. Three different areas of a titanium foil were observed to minimize statistical errors. Systematic recording of diffraction patterns and images was carried out from
on each area. The following results were obtained: (1) Transition of titanium takes place very rapidly at
. Two phases of titanium,
, coexist at this temperature. (2) The transited
-phase appears in the form of twinned plates which are arranged in rotation relationship one another. (3) Analyses of electron diffraction patterns and EDS data indicate that the thermal oxidation layer is gradually formed on the surface of titanium above
, which hinders the reversible
phase transition upon cooling.
Effects of Chitosanoligosaccharide on the Hepatotoxicity in Cadmium-treated Mice
Yoon, Jung-Sik ; Roh, Young-Bok ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 59~78
This research was conducted to determine the effects of chitosanoligosaccharide on liver poisoning induced by cadmium (Cd). Three groups of mice were used in this research. The first group was only injected with cadmium (5.0 mg/kg; i.p.) (group Cd) and the second one with cadmium and chitosanoligosaccharide (0.5% solution) at the same time (group Cd+Chi). The third one which had already been injeted with chitosanoligosaccharide (0.5% Solution) aweek before (group Ch7+Cd) was used. In order to investigate the inhibitory action of chitosanoligosaccharide on liver damage, enzyme activity in serum, glutathione peroxidase (GSHPx) activity and glutathione reductase (GR) activity were relatively measured. In addition, histological observations were made to determine the morphologic injury of liver tissues. As the result of enzyme activity in serum, the activity of aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT) and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) in chitosanoligosaccharide-injected groups Cd+Chi and Chi7+Cd was lower than in group Cd. GSH-Px activity was sharply increased in groups Cd+Chi and Chi7+Cd compared to group Cd. GR activity was conspicuously decreased in groups Cd+Chi and Chi7+Cd compared to group Cd. As the result of light microscopic observation, liver cell necrosis caused by cadmium poisoning was obseved in liver cells. The finding of group Cd+Chi and Chi7+Cd was similar total on of normal groups. As the result of electron microscopic observation, mitochondria in group Cd showed a severe swelling phenomenon, RER fragment and ribosome dropout. However, in groups Cd+Chi and Chi7+Cd, mitochondria wiht high electron density were distributed and RER forming a typical lamellae with ribosome was observed. From these results, cadmium toxicity on rat liver tissues could be lessened by chitosanoligosaccharide.
Sequential Changes of Pericarp Ultrastructure in Citrus reticulata Hesperidium
Kim, In-Sun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 33, issue 1, 2003, Pages 79~92
Ultrastructural changes of the pericarp in Citrus reticulata has been investigated during hesperidium abscission. The pericarp was composed of compactly arranged parenchyma cell layers during early stages of fruit development. The outermost exocarp was green and active in photosynthesis. However, cells in the exocarp soon changed into collenchyma cells by developing unevenly thickened walls within a short time frame. As the fruit approached maturation, the chlorophyll gradually disappeared and chloroplasts were transformed into carotenoid-rich chromoplasts. In the mature fruit the exocarp consisted of large, lobed collenchyma cells with primary pit fields and numerous plasmodesmata. The immature mesocarp was a relatively hard and thick layer, located directly under the exocarp. With development, the deeper layers of the exocarp merged into the white, spongy mesocarp. Before separation of the hesperidium from the plant, some unusual features were detected in the plasma membrane of the exocarp cells. The number of small vacuoles and dark, irregular osmiophilic lipid bodies also increased enormously in the exocarp collenchyma after the abscission. They occurred between the plasma membrane and the wall, and invaginated pockets of the plasma membrane containing double-membraned vesicles were also frequently noticed. The lipid bodies in the cytoplasm were often associated with other organelles, especially with plastids and mitochondria. The plastids, which were irregular or amoeboid in shape, contained numerous large lipid droplets, and occasional clusters of phytoferritin, as well as few loosely -oriented peripheral lamellae. Myelin-like configurations of membrane were frequently observed in the vacuoles, as was the association of lipid bodies with the vacuolar membrane. Most vacuoles had an irregular outline, and lipid bodies were often connected to the tonoplast of the vacuoles. The structural changes underlying developmental, particularly to senescence, processes in various hesperidium will be reported in the separate paper.