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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 34, Issue 4 - Dec 2004
Volume 34, Issue 3 - Sep 2004
Volume 34, Issue 2 - Jun 2004
Volume 34, Issue 1 - Mar 2004
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Spermiogenesis in the Korean Squirrel, Tamias sibiricus
Jung, Tae-Dong ; Lee, Jung-Hun ; Kim, Sang-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 34, issue 3, 2004, Pages 159~170
Spermiogenesis in the Korean squirrel, Tamias sibiricus, was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. Spermiogenesis was divided into Golgi, cap, acrosome, maturation and spermiation phases based on the characteristics of acrosomal changes and nuclear shape. Beside, the Golgi, cap and acrosomal steps were subdivided into three phases of early, middle and late phase respectively, the maturation step was divided into two phases of early and late phase, and spermiation step has only one phase. Thus, the spermiognesis of T. sibiricus was divided into a total of twelve phases. In Golgi phase (steps 1-3), a well developed Golgi complex was located close to the vesicles, the acrosomal vesicle fixd to a recess of nuclear membrane at step 3. During cap phase (steps 4-6), the acrosomal vesicle spred over the nuclear surface to cover a third of the nucleus, and the acrosomal granule was not yet flattened. At acrosomal phase (steps 7-9), the nucleus and acrosome were elongated but nucleoplasm was not condensed. During maturation phase (steps 10-11), the nucleoplasm was more condensed, and the mitochondria completely arranged the center of axoneme. The spatulate-sperm head was completely formed at spermiation phase (step 12).
Immunocytochemistry of Metallothionein Expression in Developing Rat Liver
Oh, Seung-Han ; Ahn, Young-Mo ; Shin, Kil-Sang ; Kim, Wan-Jong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 34, issue 3, 2004, Pages 171~178
Metallothionein (MT) is a family of ubiquitous, low molecular weight (6-7 kDa), cysteine-rich protein with a high affinity to metal ions and has no aromatic amino acids and histidine. Some of the known functions of MT include detoxification of heavy metals and alkylating agents and neutralization of free radicals. Also, this protein may affect a number of cellular processes including gene expression, apoptosis, proliferation and differentiation. But, its actual functions are still not clear. The present study was undertaken to examine immunocytochemically the localization of MT in developing rat liver. On the day 11 of gestation, the fetal rat liver has already been formed and contained numerous oval cells with high nuclear cytoplasmic ratio, which were the progenitors of hepatic parenchymal cells, but no reaction products of MT were detected at this time. And then, positive reactions against MT started to appear predominantly in the parenchymal cells of liver from the 13th day after gestation. Reaction products, immunogold particles or brown coloration, were localized at both the nucleus and the cytoplasm of the parenchymal cells, except mitochondria. The intensity of this reaction gradually increased, and exhibited the strongest at birth. The intensity of MT staining and immunogold labelling diminished with growth, and by the 15th day after birth weak positive reaction was observed in the cells. In brief, positive reactions for MT were observed in the oval cells and the parenchymal cells during fetal stage, meanwhile they were present only in the parenchymal cells after birth. The present results suggest that MT possibly involves parechymal cell proliferation and differentiation through the storage or the supply of various metal ions in the developing rat liver.
Ultrastructure of the Abnormal Head of the Epididymal Spermatozoa in the Big White-Toothed Shrew, Crocidura lasiura
Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Yoo, Ji-Yun ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 34, issue 3, 2004, Pages 179~184
Normal and abnormal morphology of the epididymal spermatozoa in the big white-toothed shrew, Crocidura lasiura were studied with the light and electron microscopy. Normal spematozoa were observed with a few abnormal spermatozoa. This indicates that abnormal morphology is no absolute indicator of infertility. However, the existence of the abnormal spermatozoa is related to infertility. Especially abnormal morphology of the sperm head is definitely associated with infertility. The following types of abnormal head morphology of the epididymal spermatozoa in the wild healthy adults of the C. lasiura were described: 1) Nucleus with lack of condensation of the nucleoplasm 2) Destructed acrosome 3) Folded acrosome and plasma membrane 4) Separation of the acrosome from the nucleus 5) Acrosome with irregular condensation 6) Wrongly located granules of the apical body.
Effects of Squalene on Renal Toxicity Induced by Lead Acetate in Proximal Tubules of the Mice
Kim, Jong-Se ; Lee, Yu-Hyun ; Lee, Jun-Heung ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 34, issue 3, 2004, Pages 185~197
To investigate the effect of the squalene against the lead toxicity and recovery of renal failure. Healthy male ICR mice were used for experiment. The activity of nitric oxide (NO) was observed after the intraperitoneal injection in mice. The ultrastructural changes of the kidney were observed after the intraperitoneal injection of lead acetate in mice. The experimental groups were divided into three groups. Group 1 was normal mouse. Group 2 was not treatment with squalene after intraperitoneal contamination of lead acetate (30 mg/kg). And, Group 3 was injected squalene (180 mg/kg) after intraperitoneal contamination of lead acetate. All groups were used to 10 mice. The results were as follow: In the case of the group 2, swelling of the outer membrane and destruction of the inner membrane (cristae) of the mitochondria, dripping of the ribosomes from the rough endoplasmic reticulum were happened at 24 hours and 48 hour. These were gradually reparied after 72 hours. In the case of the group 3, damages of the mitochondria and the rough endoplasmic reticulum were showed less than the group 2 at 24 hours. Especially, after 48 hours, these were almost same as the group 1. In the case of group 2, the level of NO was decreased. However, In the case of group 3, the level of NO was increased more than normal as well as repaired the decreased NO level by Pb (P<0.05). It was concluded that the squalene was the protective and recovery effects for the toxicity of the lead in the renal proximal tubules.
Ultrastructure of the Midgut Epithelial Cells in the Mosquito Larvae, Anopheles sinensis Wiedemann
Yu, Chai-Hyeock ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 34, issue 3, 2004, Pages 199~209
The migut epitheluim of the last instar larva in the mosquito larvae, Anopheles sinensis was observed with electron microscopes. The midgut epitheluim of the mosquito larva is composed of a single-layered columnar absorptive cells, regenerative cells and secretory granular cells. The free surface of the columnar absorptive cells has a regular array of microvilli 'brush border', while cell membranes close to the basal lamina are extrmely infolded and a lot of mitochondria are concentrated in those processes. The columnar absorptive cells also contain cell organelles expected to be found in absorptive cell. Midgut regenerative cells which are positioned basally in the epithelium form the groups, which are called 'nidi', composed of 1 or
cells, they show darker appearance than the columnar absoptive cells. The secretory granular cells contain numerous electron dense granules,
nm in diameter. The cone shaped secretory granular cells are located in the basal portion of the midgut epitheluim. The epithelium is surrounded by the subepithelial space and muscle bundles. The subepithelial space, which is filled with fibrous connective tissue, is innervated by many axon cells and tracheoles.