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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
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Theory of High Resolution TEM Image Formation: Coherence (1)
Lee, Hwack-Joo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 105~112
In this review, the important ideas of coherence theory are introduced. The transfer function and damping envelopes of the microscope due to temporal and spatial coherence are described. The passbands and the condition of Scherzer focus are also disscussed in associated with the resolution of transmission electron microscope.
Analysis of Fission Products on Irradiated Fuels using EPMA
Jung, Yang-Hong ; Yoo, Byung-Ok ; Oh, Wan-Ho ; Lee, Hong-Gy ; Choo, Yong-Sun ; Hong, Kwon-Pyo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 113~119
The Methodology of burnup calculation with EPMA test set up in this study. The spent fuel from PWR nuclear power plant was used as specimen. This
fuel with 3.2% of enrichment had been irradiated up to 35,000 MWd/MTU. The burnup is very important factor for nuclear fuel to estimate all fuel behaviors in reactor. To measure amounts of fission products and actinides for the burnup calcualation, destructive method analysis has been used but it makes long experimental time and second radio-wastes. In this study, EPMA test was available to measure amount of fission products. Neodymium is able to be detected and quantified. It can be compared with the results from chemical analysis and ORIGEN-2 code calculation. Concentration of Nd from EPMA test showed good agreement with result of ORIGEN-2 code in the same burnup.
Dynamin II Expression and Morphological Comparison of NIH3T3 and NIH3T3 (ras) Cells
Lee, Chul-Woo ; Kim, Su-Gwan ; Choi, Jeong-Yun ; Choi, Baik-Dong ; Bae, Chun-Sik ; Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 121~128
It has been known that ras signaling transduction leads to cell proliferation and migration including various adaptor molecules. Dynamin protein has been implicated in the formation of nascent vesicles in both the endocytic and secretory pathways. Dynamin was classified into three isoforms: dynamin I is only expressed in neuronal tissue, dynamin II is expressed ubiquitously in all tissue but that of dynamin III is confined to testis. We have reported in previous study that Grb2, binding to ras, was associated with dynamin II in NIH3T3 cells. Therefore we have tried to identify the relative expression of dynamin II according to overexpressed ras protein in ras oncogene transfected cells (NIH3T3 (ras)). For the detection of differential expression of dynamin II, we have used immunofluorescent staining and western blot methods in NIH3T3 and NIH3T3 (ras) cells. Next we have described the morphological differences between NIH3T3 and NIH3T3 (ras) cells using SEM and TEM. From these experiments dynamin II was highly expressed in NIH3T3 (ras) cells. NIH3T3 cells was transformed to more spindle shape with many cell process by transfection of ras oncogene. Moreover dynamin II was more concentrated in endocytotic membrane of the NIH3T3 (ras) cells compared to that of NIH3T3 cells. The present results suggested that dynamin II may involve the intermediate messenger in Ras signaling transduction pathway.
Effects of Natural and Chemical Disinfectants to Epithelium and Endothelium of Rabbit's Cornea - Scanning Electron Microscopy
Kim, In-Suk ; Jeon, Chang-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 129~134
The cytotoxicity that chemical disinfectants of K products and natural disinfectants of naringin & chitosan well-known preservative, have on endothelium and epithelium of rabbit's cornea were obseved by scanning electron microscope. The main component of naringin is grapefruit seed extract, which is one of the flavonoid widely recognized as natural antioxidants and used as preserved food and cosmetics. The chitosan also wildly distributed epithelium of crustacea, epidermis of insects, mould, fungi and so on. It is no harm of cytotoxicity of human body and recognized of antibacterial for various of bacteria. This study was performed to examine the cytotoxicity of natural and chemical preservative.
Ultrastructure of Degenerating Axon Terminals in the Basal Forebrain Nuclei of the Rat following Prefrontal Decortication
Ahn, Byung-June ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ; Ahn, E-Tay ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 135~152
Prefrontal cortex is a psychological and metaphysical cortex, which deals with feeling, memory, planning, attention, personality, etc. And it also integrates above-mentioned events with motor control and locomotor activities. Prefrontal cortex works as a highest CNS center, since the above mentioned functions are very important for one's successful life, and further more they are upgraded every moments through memory and learning. Many of these highest functions are supposed to be generated via forebrain basal nuclei (caudate nucleus, fundus striati nucleus, accumbens septi nucleus, septal nucleus, etc.). In this experiment, prefrontal efferent terminals within basal forebrain nuclei were ultrastructurally studied. Spraque Dawley rats, weighing
each, were anesthetized and their heads were fixed on the stereotaxic apparatus (experimental model, David Kopf Co.). Rats were incised their scalp, perforated a 3mm-wide hole on the right side of skull at the 11mm anterior point from the frontal O point (Ref. 13, Fig. 1), suctioned out the prefrontal cortex including cortex of the frontal pole, with suction instrument. Two days following the operations, small tissue blocks of basal forebrain nuclei were punched out, fixed in 1% glutaraldehyde-1% paraformaldehyde solution followed by 2% osmium tetroxide solutions. Ultrathin sections were stained with 1% borax-toluidin blue solution, and the stained sections were obserbed with an electron microscope. Degenerating axon terminals were found within all the basal forbrain nuclei. Numbers of degenerated terminals were largest in the caudate nucleus, next in order, in the fundus striati nucleus, in the accumbens septi nucleus, and the least in the septal nucleus. Only axospinous terminals were degenerated within the caudate nucleus and the fundus striati nucleus, and they showed the characters of striatal motor control system. Axodendritic and axospinous terminals were degenerated within the accumbens septi nucleus and the lateral septal nucleus, and they showed the characters of visceral limbic system. Prefrontal role in integrating the limbic system with the striatal system, en route basal forebrain nuclei, was discussed.
Effects of BCG on Gastric Chief Cells of the Mouse Implanted with Ehrlich Carcinoma Cells
Ryoo, In-Sang ; Ahn, E-Tay ; Park, Kyung-Ho ; Park, Dae-Kyoon ; Kim, Myeong-Soo ; Ko, Jeong-Sik ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 153~163
This experiment was performed to evaluate the morphological responses of the gastric chief cells of the mouse, inoculated with Ehrlich carcinoma cells in the inguinal area, following administration of BCG (Bacillus Calmette-Guerin). Healthy adult ICR mice weighing 25 gm each were divided into normal and experimental groups (experimental control group and BCG treated group). In the experimental groups, each mouse was inoculated with
Ehrlich carcinoma cells subcutaneously in the inguinal area. From next day after inoculations, 0.2 mL of saline or BCG (0.5 mL/25 g B.W.:
CFU) were injected subcutaneously to the animals every other day, respectively. The day following the last injection, each mouse was sacrificed. Pieces of the tissue were taken from the stomach, prefixed with 2.5% glutaraldehyde-1.5% paraformaldehyde solution, followed by post-fixation with 1% osmium tetroxide solution. The ultrathin sections were stained with uranyl acetate and lead citrate. The size of zymogen granule and the size of the mitochondrion of the gastric chief cells were observed and calculated. In the BCG treated group, most chief cells did not show any difference in ultrastructure, except that myelin figures were more frequently observed, in comparison with that of nornmal control group. The size of zymogen granule in the gastric chief cells of normal control, experimental control and BCG-treated groups were
, respectively. And the mitochondrial size of the gastric chief cells of normal control, experimental control and BCG-treated groups were
, respectively. From the above results, it was concluded that BCG may slightly suppress function of the gastric chief cells.
Studies on Molecular Plasticity of Bergmann Glia following Purkinje Cell Degeneration
Yoon, Chul-Jong ; Cho, Sa-Sun ; Lee, Ha-Kyu ; Park, Min-Chul ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 165~176
Studies on molecular plasticity of Bermann glia (BG) after harmaline-induced Purkinje cell (PC) degeneration in the rat cerebellum. The intimate structural relationship between BG and PC, evidenced by the sheathing of the PC dendrites by veil-like process from the BG has been suggestive of the close functional relationship between these two cell types. However, little is known about metabolic couplings between these cells. This study designed to investigate molecular plasticity of BG in the rat cerebellum in which PCs were chemically ablated by harmaline treatment. Immunohistochemical examination reveals that harmaline induced PC degeneration causes a marked glial reaction in the cerebellum with activated BG and microglia aligned in parasagittal stripes within the vermis. In these strips, activated BG were associated with upregulaion of metallotheionein, while GLAST and was down regulated, as compared with nearby intact area where both BG are in contact with PCs. The data from this study demonstrate that BG can change their phenotypic expression when BG loose their contact with PCs. It is conceivable that activated BG may upregulate structural proteins, metallothionein expression to use for their proliferation and hypertrophy; metallothionein expression to cope with oxidative stress induced by PC degeneration and microglial activation. On the contrary, BG may down regulated expression of GLAST because sustained loss of contact with PCs would eliminate the necessity for the cellular machinery involved glutamate metabolism. In conclusion, BG might respond man to death of PCs by undergoing a change in metabolic state. It seems possible that signaling molecules released from PCs regulates the phenotype expression of BG. Also ultrastructures in the organelles of normal PC and BG are distinguished by mitochondrial appearance, and distributed vesicles at the synaptic area in the cytoplasm.
Ultrastructure of the Foregut Epithelial Cells in the Scarab Beetle, Allomyrina dichotoma Linne
Yu, Chai-Hyeock ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 3, 2005, Pages 177~186
The foregut epithelium of the last instar larva in the scarab beetle, Allomyrina dichotoma was observed with electron microscopes. The foregut epithelium of the scarab beetle larva is composed of a single-layered squamous absorptive cell. The luminal surface of the epithelium is covered with cuticular intima. The free surface of the squamous cell has a irregular array of microvilli 'brush border', while cell membrans close to the basal lamina are infolded and a lot of mitochondria are concentrated in those processes. The cytoplasm in the epithelial cells is well developed nucleus, mitochondria. And the basal region of cell contains large lipid-, protein droplets and numerous glycogen granules. The basal lamina is located between the basal membrane and muscle bundle, providing barrier between the epithelium and the hemolymph. The epithelium is surround by the subepithelial space and muscles. The subepithelial space, which is composed of fibrous connective tissue is innervated by many tracheoles and axon.