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REFERENCE LINKING PLATFORM OF KOREA S&T JOURNALS
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Journal DOI :
Korean Society of Electron Microscopy
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Volume & Issues
Volume 35, Issue 4 - Dec 2005
Volume 35, Issue 3 - Sep 2005
Volume 35, Issue 2 - Jun 2005
Volume 35, Issue 1 - Mar 2005
Selecting the target year
A Study of the Crystal Structure of the Fine S-Phase Precipitate in Al-Cu-Mg Alloy by Electron Diffraction Experiments
Kim, Hwang-Su ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 1~9
In this paper it is reported that a comprehensive study of the crystal structure of the fine size S-phase (
) precipitate in Al-Cu-Mg alloy by electron diffraction experiments. The experiments involve taking the selected area diffraction pattern for a S-phase particle, simulations of the pattern based on the kinematical diffraction theory and quantitative data collection from the zone axis diffraction patterns for the comparison with calculated diffraction intensity using both the kinematical and the dynamical diffraction theory. As a result, a good fitting model of the S-phase structure turns out to be the model reported early by X-ray methods (Perlitz & Westgren, 1943), not the new model determined by HRTEM methods (Radmilovic et al., 1999).
TEM Sample Preparation for Cultured Neurons on a Glass Coverslip
Oh, Hyun-Woo ; Park, Ho-Yong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 10~15
Cultured neurons from Drosophila brain on a glass coverslip to understand the structural basis of synapse were prepared for TEM observations. Neurons on a coverslip were fixed, dehydrated and embedded in Epon without separating from coverslip. After polymerization, the block was placed in 49% hydrofluoric acid to remove the coverslip. The block was examined under a light microscope to select exact neurons, then trimmed and sectioned for TEM observation.
Mechanism of Stress-dependent Structural Change of Yeast Prx
Kang, Ji-Seoun ; Cheong, Gang-Won ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 16~23
Peroxiredoxins (Prxs) are a superfamily of thiol-specific antioxidant proteins present in all organism and involved in the hydroperoxide detoxification of the cell. To determine the structural organization of yeast-Prx, electron microscopic analysis was performed. The average images of yeast-Prxs revealed three different structure, i.e. spherical-shaped structure, ring-shaped structure and irregularly-shaped small particles. In order to analyze the conformational change of yeast-Prx by reduction and oxidation, Prxs were subjected to DTT and
. In presence of DTT, yeast-Prx showed a high tendency to form a decamer. However, they changed into dimeric or spherical structure in the oxidized state. Here we also show ionic interaction between dimeric subunits is primarily responsible for yeast-Prx oligomerization.
Studies on the Preservative Condition and the Ultrastructure of Hair of Newly Found Sixteenth Century Mummy in Paju
Lee, Gwi-Yeong ; Chang, Byung-Soo ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 24~31
The preservative condition and ultrastructure on the mummified hair collected from newly found female mummy in Paju, were investigated by using scanning and transmission electron microscopes. The female mummy was found in september, 2002 during the traditional reburial process for the buried ones. The hair of 16th century mummy showed very intact appearances during observation with electron microscope. And the structures of the cortex, medulla and cuticle were well preserved. The cuticle layer was easily discernable, which are composed of six to seven cuticular cells. Each cuticular cells surrounded and thus seperated from its neighbors by intercellular membrane complex. In the cortex, many macrofibrils and some melanin granules between them were observed. We observed well preserved rod form macrofibrils running parallel along the direction of hair shaft. Especially, melanin granules were aggregated in the cortex which was adjacent to the cuticlu layer. As to the cause for the well-preservation of 440 year old hair sample, the presence of surface coat on the hair, which are composed of various materials. As calcium was included in the surface coat in Electron Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDS), the hardening process of the surface coat by calcium might inhibit the water or microorganism infiltration into the hair.
Sperm Ultrastructure of Rana nigromaculata and Rana catesbeiana
Lee, Jung-Hun ; Park, Ki-Ryong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 32~41
The sperm morphology of two Korean frogs, Rana catesbeiana and R. nigromaculata (Ranidae) was studied with the light microscope, scanning and transmission electron microscopes. Sperm heads of the R. catesbeiana and R. nigromaculata were long-cylinder shapes. In the total length of R. nigromaculata sperm (
) was longer than those of R. catesbeiana (
). Both R. catesbeiana and R. nigromaculata had the long head and principal piece, and short middle piece, but the neck was undeveloped. The axonemal structures contain a 9+9+2 arrangement of microtubules. The number of mitochondria in middle piece have less than mammalian sperm, which irregular surrounded the axone of the middle piece. In conclusion, R. catesbeiana and R. nigromaculata shared many similar features in sperm heads, neck, middle piece, and a site of mitochondria and axial structure, and it suggests that these species should be closely related.
Sperm Ultrastructure of Bombina orientalis
Lee, Jung-Hun ; Kwon, Jung-Kyun ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 42~54
This study described the spermatozoa of the discoglossidae Bombina orientalis using light, scanning and transmission electron microscopes. Sperm head possess a crescent or leaf shape, with a moderately flexible head, and with a sharp anterior and posterior tips. The nucleus are a thick cone shaped in the widest middle part of nucleus, and a slender anterior and posterior of nuclear tips. The chromatin is not completely compact, but irregularly imbricated such as roof. Some nuclear lacunae, irregular in shape, are scattered within the nucleus. No neck and middle piece were developed. The flagellum is composed of 9+2 axoneme, axial rod and undulating membrane. The mitochondria were distributed only in cytoplasmic membrane around the nucleus. In particular, the nuclear rod contains bundles of fibers, the rod penetrating from anterior portion to the middle of the nucleus, is extended roughly two-thirds of the nucleus such as eyelashes shaped.
Primary Culture and Characteristics of Blood-Brain Barrier Endothelial Cells from Rat Brain Microvessel
Lee, Hee-Sang ; Kim, Seok-Jung ; Kim, Dae-Jin ; Chung, Yoon-Hee ; Kim, Sung-Su ; Lee, Won-Bok ; Kim, Kyung-Yong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 55~63
The characteristics of primary cultured rat brain microvessel endothelial cells (RBMECs) were studied using microscopy, immunohistochemistry and measuring of transendothelial electrical resistance (TER). The RBMECs formed a monolayer by
days after plating and showed characteristics of whirling appearance. The TER increased until day 5 and decreased then. There was few immunoreaction with anti-GFAP, anti-GalC, anti-neurofilament 160/200 kD antibodies. So the contamination of astrocyte, oligodendrocyte, and neuron. could be ruled out.. Immunoreaction to vWF antigen was widespread througout the cytoplasm as Weibel-Palade granule. Immunoreaction to tight junction proteins, i.e. occludin, ZO-1, and ZO-2 was seen at cell contact. In summary, RBMECs isolated and cultured showed morphological, immunohistochemical and electrical characteristics of blood-brain barrier (BBB). The in vitro BBB model can be used in studying characteristics of in vivo BBB.
On the LACBED Method to Determine the Nature of the Dislocation Defect in Crystalline Materials
Kim, Hwang-Su ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 64~73
In this paper we discussed in details how to determine the nature of dislocations in a crystal such as a Burgers vector, the line vector of dislocation and the associated slip plane, using LACBED and usual imaging techniques. These techniques basically involve the application of Cherns and Prestone s rules, the simulations of LACBED patterns with a certain form of the dynamical diffraction theory. The theoretical aspects including necessary approximations for calculations also were in details discussed. As a test specimen for experiments, the foils of a pure aluminum, containing many dislocations with appropriate density for LACBED experiments, were used..
Fine Structural Study of Pollen Wall Development at Late Stage of Microsporogenesis in Panax ginseng
Jeong, Byung-Kap ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 74~83
The ontogeny of pollen wall in Panax ginseng was studied with transmission and scanning electron microscopy from early tetrad stage until pollen maturity. Initial indication of exine development is undulation of plasma membrane for the preparation of bacular mound. The first recognizable structure of the pollen wall is the cellulosic primexine which is formed outside of the plasma membrane while microspore tetrads are still surrounded by callose wall. As development proceeds, foot-layer and baculum differentiation, callose dissolution and exine formation were progressed. During this process, sporopollenin is deposited into the exine, and then endexine development was followed. The intine, innermost pollen wall layer, is developing form hypertrophic Golgi vesicles. The thickness of exine is very even on all along the pollen wall, but intine thickness of apertural region is thicker than that of nonapertural region. Mature pollen of ginseng is
in size, tricolpate and shows fine reticulate sculpturing.
Germanium Increases Alveolar Macrophage Engulfment of Apoptotic Neutrophils in Acute Lung Injury Induced by Endotoxin
Cho, Hyun-Gug ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 84~90
Neutrophils that influx into the alveolar spaces from circulatory bloods play a important role in pathogenesis of acute lung injury. During the acute inflammatory phase, in order to investigate the acceleration of macrophage phagocytosis to the neutrophils is able to reduce the neutrophil-derived acute lung injury, endotoxemia was induced by insufflation of lipopolysaccharide intratracheally and organic germanium was injected intraperitoneally after endotoxin treatment. At 5 h after endotoxin treatment, lung weight and BAL protein concentration are significantly increased (p<0.001) compared to sham, and that was remarkedly decreased (p<0.001, p<0.01) by injection of germanium. In addition germanium treatment resulted to decreased the number of alveolar PMNs and to increase the percentage of engulfed neutrophils by alveolar macrophages. These observations indicate that organic germanium may have a role of reduction to neutrophil-derived acute lung injury in endotoxemia.
Comparative Ultrastructure of the Acinar Cell and Secretory Granules of Parotid Salivary Gland in the Lesser White-toothed Shrew, Crocidura suaveolens and the Big White-toothed Shrew, C. lasiura
Jeong, Soon-Jeong ; Jeong, Moon-Jin ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 91~97
The acinar cells and secretory granules of the parotid salivary gland were examined in the lesser white toothed shrew, Crocidura suaveolens and the big white-toothed shrew, C. lasiura. The parotid gland of both species were a serous gland having only one kind of serous acinar cells, and had conventional arrangement of acini and intercalated, granular and striated ducts. In case of C. suaveolens, serous acinar cells had well developed rER, prominent Golgi complex, several large mitochondria and abundant moderate dense secretory granules with various stages of the maturing or fusing process. Immature acinar secretory granules were only or mainly filled with fine strong dense specks and had an indistinct limiting membrane, and mature granules were filled with homogeneous pale large round center and had fine strong dense specks at the periphery of the homogeneous pale center and a distinct limiting membrane. In case of C. lasiula, serous acinar cells had well developed rER, prominent Golgi complex, several large mitochondria and abundant dense secretory granules with maturing or fusing process. Immature acinar secretory granules were only filled with pale rough specks and had an indistinct limiting membrane, and mature granules were only filled with rough dense specks and had a distinct limiting membrane. Eventually The acinar secretory granules of C. suaveolens were seen moderate at the light and ultrastuctural level, those of C. lasiura were strong dense at the light microscopic level and dense at the ultrastructural level.
Enlargement of Field-of-View (FOV) of the CCD Camera by the Current Adjustment of the Projection Lens System in the KBSI-HVEM
Kim, Young-Min ; Shim, Hyo-Sik ; Kim, Youn-Joong ;
Applied Microscopy, volume 35, issue 4, 2005, Pages 98~104
A FOV (field-of-view) of the HV-MSC (high voltage multi-scan CCD,
pixels) camera mounted in the post-column HV-GIF (high voltage gatan image filter) has been drastically enlarged by the projection lens current adjustment. An imaging area of the HV-MSC camera obtained at the lowest magnification (2,000x) is
which corresponds to the recording area of the film at the magnification of 8,800x, while the achievable recording area is only
at the same magnification without this technique. Ignoring the image distortion of less than 5%, we have designed an on-site reference graph to estimate projection lens currents for microscope magnifications above 8,800x, where the recording area on the HVMSC is same as that on the film.